this

pronoun
\ ˈt͟his How to pronounce this (audio) , t͟həs \
plural these\ ˈt͟hēz How to pronounce this (audio) \

Definition of this

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned these are my hands
(2) : what is stated in the following phrase, clause, or discourse I can only say this: it wasn't here yesterday
b : this time or place expected to return before this
2a : the one nearer or more immediately under observation or discussion this is iron and that is tin
b : the one more recently referred to

this

adjective
plural these

Definition of this (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : being the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned this book is mine early this morning
b : constituting the immediately following part of the present discourse
c : constituting the immediate past or future friends all these years
d : being one not previously mentioned used especially in narrative to give a sense of immediacy or vividness then this guy runs inhad this urge to go shopping
2 : being the nearer at hand or more immediately under observation or discussion this car or that one

this

adverb
\ ˈt͟his How to pronounce this (audio) \

Definition of this (Entry 3 of 3)

: to the degree or extent indicated by something in the immediate context or situation didn't expect to wait this long

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Synonyms & Antonyms for this

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of this in a Sentence

Pronoun This is my favorite T-shirt. Anything would be better than this. “What's this right here?” “It's a very rare gold coin.” Would you take a look at this, please? All of this is mine. This is the most fun I've had in years! “It will be difficult.” “This is true.” What is the meaning of this? This is silver and that is gold. This is my jacket and that's yours. Adjective some of the best restaurants are on this side of town Adverb We've waited this long for the pizza, we might as well stay until it's ready. I need a nail about this long.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020 The two planets won't be this close to each other again until March 15, 2080, and sometime after the year 2400, Hartigan said. Chris Ciaccia, Fox News, "'Christmas star' in pictures: Jupiter and Saturn come together in rare celestial event," 21 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'this.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of this

Pronoun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adverb

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for this

Pronoun

Middle English, pronoun & adjective, from Old English thes (masculine), this (neuter); akin to Old High German dese this, Old English thæt that

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Time Traveler for this

Time Traveler

The first known use of this was before the 12th century

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Cite this Entry

“This.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/this. Accessed 20 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for this

this

pronoun

English Language Learners Definition of this

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned
: the thing that is closest to you or that is being shown to you
: the present time

this

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of this (Entry 2 of 3)

used to indicate the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned
used to indicate the thing that is closest to you or that is being shown to you
used to indicate the present period of time or a period of time that is near the present time

this

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of this (Entry 3 of 3)

: to the degree or extent that is suggested in the present situation
: to the degree or extent indicated by a gesture

this

pronoun
\ ˈt͟his How to pronounce this (audio) \
plural these\ ˈt͟hēz \

Kids Definition of this

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the one nearer I believe this is your book and that is mine.
2 : the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned This is where it happened. This is your last chance.

this

adjective
plural these

Kids Definition of this (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : being the one present, near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned this morning We've been friends all these years.
2 : being the one nearer Are you reading this book or that one?

this

adverb
\ ˈt͟his How to pronounce this (audio) \

Kids Definition of this (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : to the degree suggested by something in the present situation I didn't expect to wait this long.
2 : to the extent shown (as with the hands) I need a nail this long.

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More from Merriam-Webster on this

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for this

Nglish: Translation of this for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of this for Arabic Speakers

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