supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to add as a supplement

2 [ Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier ]

a : to provide for : satisfy laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
b : to make available for use : provide supplied the necessary funds
c : to satisfy the needs or wishes of
d : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
3 : to substitute for another in specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

supply

noun
plural supplies

Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 obsolete : assistance, succor
2a obsolete : reinforcements often used in plural
b : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
c : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available beer was in short supply in that hot weather— Nevil Shute
d : provisions, stores usually used in plural
3 : the act or process of filling a want or need engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
4 : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
5 : something that maintains or constitutes a supply

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Other Words from supply

Verb

supplier \ sə-​ˈplī(-​ə)r How to pronounce supplier (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for supply

Synonyms: Verb

accoutre (or accouter), equip, fit (out), furnish, gird, kit (up or out) [chiefly British], outfit, provision, rig

Synonyms: Noun

budget, force, fund, inventory, pool, repertoire, reservoir, stock

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Examples of supply in a Sentence

Verb

The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.

Noun

adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Joe Biden, in his nearly pristine ignorance, is ready to supply whatever — whomever — suits on that front. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, "How to Spot a Serious Gun-Crime Proposal," 3 Sep. 2019 That means the pro-Beijing faction, which tends to take a much more hard-line stance against democracy protesters, is due to supply the next chief executive. Keith Bradsher, BostonGlobe.com, "Hong Kong’s chief executive is disheartened, but no successor is in sight," 3 Sep. 2019 The Legislature created the UC labor center, supported by taxpayer dollars, at the behest of union leaders to supply studies and data promoting union membership. Dan Walters, The Mercury News, "Walters: California unions win in politics, lose members," 3 Sep. 2019 After all, high prices are simply a signal that demand, in this case for housing, is high relative to supply. John Phelan, Twin Cities, "John Phelan: Affordable housing is rare because it’s illegal to build," 1 Sep. 2019 Companies are already growing and serving up their foods in select, in-house taste tests, but scaling up and creating enough meat to supply the larger market remains elusive. Chase Purdy, Quartz, "The leading US cell-based meat startups just forged an alliance," 29 Aug. 2019 Google typically partners with companies like Dell and HP, and Lenovo to supply the Chrome OS while the other businesses build the laptops. Jonathan Vanian, Fortune, "Google and Dell Technologies’ New Chromebook Is Designed for Business Users," 26 Aug. 2019 The Akademik Lomonosov is operated by a 70-person crew and is able to provide enough energy to supply communities of around 100,000 residents, the news station added, citing Russian media. Greg Norman | Fox News, Fox News, "Russia launches floating nuclear power station; environmentalists warn of ‘Chernobyl on ice’," 24 Aug. 2019 To insinuate that women must create a demand before the UCI steps in to supply equal visibility is backward, sexist, and just plain wrong. Kathryn Bertine, Outside Online, "It's Time for Pro Cycling to Treat Women Equally," 22 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Russell said some drop-off spots are already stocked with relief supplies and he's fielded calls from other organizations and residents that want to help. Morgan Hines, USA TODAY, "Hurricane Dorian has wreaked havoc on the Bahamas. Here's how you can help:," 3 Sep. 2019 The agents were able to collect nearly 90 backpacks this year, some of which came from the Almaden Lion’s Club, each packed with school supplies for homeless children. Bang Staff And Correspondents, The Mercury News, "Sponsored: Compass agents donate backpacks, supplies and funds for local children," 3 Sep. 2019 Kevin Browning in Vero Beach has put up hurricane shutters, bought a generator and is stocked with supplies. Seth Borenstein, Anchorage Daily News, "Cutting it close: Florida’s fate may be a matter of miles," 2 Sep. 2019 These hotels are said to be at odds with the local cultural and architectural heritage, while their location causes problems with local food supplies. Natasha Frost, Quartzy, "What’s behind a stratospheric tourism boom in the tiny European nation of Georgia," 31 Aug. 2019 The car had been ransacked, but the only item the victim could immediately say was missing was a plastic bag filled with school supplies. La Cañada Valley Sun, "Crime Report: Victim’s credit cards, stolen while she was grocery shopping, used at Town Center store," 21 Aug. 2019 Minnesota United’s free farmers market on Aug. 13 distributed 14,000 pounds of food, 725 backpacks with school supplies and 100 blizzard bags for winter preparedness to about 600 residents. Andy Greder, Twin Cities, "Loons will be missing three starters for Thursday’s game at Kansas City," 20 Aug. 2019 Thousands of kids were given backpacks stuffed with school supplies at the annual event organized by the Santee Mobilehome Owners Action Committee. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Santee mobile home owners group hands out thousands of backpacks for kids," 19 Aug. 2019 As Kendall notes, the city’s luxury residential market is awash with supply at the moment, which has depressed prices and slowed down sales. Rey Mashayekhi, Fortune, "‘Succession’ Recap, S2E2: Media Matters," 19 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'supply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of supply

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for supply

Verb

Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub-, full

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Statistics for supply

Last Updated

8 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for supply

The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for supply

supply

verb

English Language Learners Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to make (something) available to be used : to provide someone or something with (something that is needed or wanted)

supply

noun

English Language Learners Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

: the amount of something that is available to be used
: things (such as food, equipment, fuel, etc.) that are needed for a particular purpose and that will be used by a particular person or group
: the process or system by which something is provided to a person, place, etc.

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Kids Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to provide for : satisfy There is enough to supply the demand.
2 : to make available : furnish The tree supplies shade.

supply

noun
plural supplies

Kids Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the amount of something that is needed or can be gotten medical supplies
2 : store entry 2 sense 3 I keep a supply of pencils in my desk.
3 : the act or process of providing something The company is engaged in the supply of raw materials.
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Medical Definition of supply

: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers) used of nerves and blood vessels the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

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More from Merriam-Webster on supply

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with supply

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for supply

Spanish Central: Translation of supply

Nglish: Translation of supply for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of supply for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about supply

Comments on supply

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