1

file

play
noun \ˈfī(-ə)l\

Definition of file

  1. 1 :  a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces especially of metal

  2. 2 :  a shrewd or crafty person

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle English, from Old English fēol; akin to Old High German fīla file


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

file

verb

Definition of file

filed

filing

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to rub, smooth, or cut away with or as if with a file

13th Century

First Known Use of file

13th century


3

file

verb

Definition of file

filed

filing

chiefly dialect

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  defile, corrupt

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle English, from Old English fȳlan, from fūl foul


First Known Use: before 12th century


4

file

verb

Definition of file

filed

filing

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to arrange in order for preservation and reference <file letters>

  3. 2 a :  to place among official records as prescribed by law <file a mortgage> b :  to send (copy) to a newspaper <filed a story> c :  to return to the office of the clerk of a court without action on the merits

  4. 3 :  to initiate (as a legal action) through proper formal procedure <threatened to file charges>

  5. intransitive verb
  6. 1 :  to register as a candidate especially in a primary election

  7. 2 :  to place items in a file

  8. 3 :  to submit documents necessary to initiate a legal proceeding <file for bankruptcy>

filer

play \ˈfī-lər\ noun

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle English, from Medieval Latin filare to string documents on a string or wire, from filum file of documents, literally, thread, from Latin; akin to Armenian ǰil sinew


First Known Use: 15th century


5

file

noun

Definition of file

  1. 1 :  a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) by means of which papers are kept in order

  2. 2 a archaic :  roll, list b :  a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified c (1) :  a collection of related data records (as for a computer) (2) :  a complete collection of data (as text or a program) treated by a computer as a unit especially for purposes of input and output

on file

  1. :  in or as if in a file for ready reference

1525

First Known Use of file

1525


6

file

noun

Definition of file

  1. 1 :  single file

  2. 2 :  any of the rows of squares that extend across a chessboard from one player's side to the other player's side

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle French, from filer to spin, draw out, from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum


First Known Use: 1598


7

file

verb

Definition of file

filed

filing

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  to march or proceed in single file

1614

First Known Use of file

1614


filé

play
noun fi·lé \fə-ˈlā, (ˌ)fē-ˈlā, ˈfē-(ˌ)lā\

Definition of filé

  1. :  powdered young leaves of sassafras used to thicken soups or stews

Variants of filé

less commonly

file

Origin and Etymology of filé

Louisiana French, from French, past participle of filer to twist, spin


First Known Use: 1806



FILE Defined for Kids

1

file

play
noun \ˈfīl\

Definition of file for Students

  1. :  a tool with sharp ridges or teeth for smoothing or rubbing down hard substances


2

file

play
verb

Definition of file for Students

filed

filing

  1. :  to rub, smooth, or cut away with a file <… they succeeded in filing the heavy brass collar from off his neck. — Jack London, The Call of the Wild>


3

file

play
verb

Definition of file for Students

filed

filing

  1. 1 :  to arrange in an orderly way <He filed the cards in alphabetical order.>

  2. 2 :  to enter or record officially <file a claim>


4

file

play
noun

Definition of file for Students

  1. 1 :  a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) for storing papers or records in an orderly way

  2. 2 :  a collection of papers or records kept in a file

  3. 3 :  a collection of data treated as a unit by a computer


5

file

play
noun

Definition of file for Students

  1. :  a row of persons or things arranged one behind the other <Please walk in single file.>


6

file

play
verb

Definition of file for Students

filed

filing

  1. :  to walk in a row <The entire class filed out of the building.>


Medical Dictionary

file

play
noun \ˈfī(ə)l\

Medical Definition of file

  1. 1:  a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces (as of a tooth)

  2. 2:  a narrow instrument for shaping fingernails with a fine rough metal or emery surface

file

transitive verb

filed

;

filing


Law Dictionary

1

file

verb

Legal Definition of file

filed

filing

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records especially as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding <filed a tax return> <a financing statement filed with the Secretary of State> <filing a notice of appeal>; also :  record <filed a mortgage in the Registry of Deeds> Editor's note: In nearly all cases, a document is deemed to be filed when it is actually received by the office to which it is directed. A few cases, however, have held that a document is filed upon the mailing of it. b :  to place (as a document) on file among the records of an office especially by formally receiving and endorsing <a complaint filed by the clerk despite the absence of the filing fee>

  3. 2 :  to return (the documentation in a case) to the records of a clerk of court without any determination of the case; broadly :  to conclude (a case) without a determination on its merits

  4. 3 :  to initiate (a judicial or administrative proceeding) by submitting the proper documents or following proper procedure :  bring <threatened to file charges> <two separate actions were filed by representatives of the estates — J. H. Friedenthal et al.>

  5. intransitive verb
  6. 1 :  to register as a candidate especially in a primary election

  7. 2 :  to place items in a file


2

file

noun

Legal Definition of file

  1. :  a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified; specifically :  the papers that make up the record of a case

on file

  1. :  in or as if in a file for ready reference



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