1

yard

noun \ ˈyärd \
Updated on: 13 Oct 2017

Definition of yard

1 a :a small usually walled and often paved area open to the sky and adjacent to a building :court
b :the grounds of a building or group of buildings
2 :the grounds immediately surrounding a house that are usually covered with grass
3 a :an enclosure for livestock (such as poultry)
b (1) :an area with its buildings and facilities set aside for a particular business or activity
(2) :an assembly or storage area (as for dry-docked boats)
c :a system of tracks for storage and maintenance of cars and making up trains
4 :a locality in a forest where deer herd in winter

Origin and Etymology of yard

Middle English, from Old English geard enclosure, yard; akin to Old High German gart enclosure, Latin hortus garden

Other Railroad Terms


2

yard

adjective

Definition of yard

1 :of, relating to, or employed in the yard surrounding a building
  • yard light
2 :of, relating to, or employed in a railroad yard
  • a yard engine

First Known Use of yard

15th century

Other Railroad Terms


3

yard

verb

Definition of yard

transitive verb
1 :to drive into or confine in a restricted area :herd, pen
2 :to deliver to or store in a yard
intransitive verb
:to congregate in or as if in a yard

First Known Use of yard

1758


4

yard

noun

Definition of yard

1 :any of various units of measure: such as
a :a unit of length equal in the U.S. to 0.9144 meter — see Weights and Measures Table
b :a unit of volume equal to a cubic yard
2 a :a great length or quantity
  • remembered yards of facts and figures
b slang :one hundred dollars
3 :a long spar tapered toward the ends to support and spread the head of a square sail, lateen, or lugsail
4 :a slender glass about three feet tall having a flared opening and a bulbous bottom; also :the amount it contains
  • a yard of ale
the whole nine yards
:all of a related set of circumstances, conditions, or details
  • who could learn the most about making records, about electronics and engineering, the whole nine yards
  • —Stephen Stills
sometimes used adverbially with go to indicate an all-out effort

Origin and Etymology of yard

Middle English yerd, yerde "stick, pole, rod, spar supporting a sail, unit of measure," going back to Old English gierd "stick, rod," going back to Germanic *gazdjō (whence Old Frisian ierde "stick," Old Saxon gerdia, Old High German gerta), derivative of *gazda- "stick, rod" (whence Old High German gart "stick," Old Norse gaddr "goad, spike," Gothic gazds "sting"), going back to dialectal Indo-European *ghazdh- "stick, something pointed" (whence Latin hasta "spear," Middle Irish gat "withe, osier," probably also gas "shoot, twig"), probably a loanword from an unknown source

Other Weights and Measures Terms


Financial Definition of YARD

yard

What It Is

In the finance world, yard is slang for one billion. The term comes from the French word milliard, which means one billion.

How It Works

For example, if the United States were to buy 200 new fighter jets for the military, it might spend a yard on them.

Why It Matters

Like any other industry, the finance world has its own slang and colorful language.



YARD Defined for Kids

1

yard

noun \ ˈyärd \

Definition of yard for Students

1 :an outdoor area next to a building that is often bordered (as by shrubs or fences)
  • Children played in the yard.
2 :the grounds of a building
  • a prison yard
3 :a fenced area for livestock
  • a chicken yard
4 :an area set aside for a business or activity
  • a navy yard
5 :a system of railroad tracks especially for keeping and repairing cars

2

yard

noun

Definition of yard for Students

1 :a measure of length equal to three feet or 36 inches (about 0.91 meter)
2 :a long pole pointed toward the ends that holds up and spreads the top of a sail


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