supply

noun
plural supplies

Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available beer was in short supply in that hot weather— Nevil Shute
b : provisions, stores usually used in plural
c : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
d obsolete : reinforcements often used in plural
2 : the act or process of filling a want or need engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
3 : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
4 : something that maintains or constitutes a supply
5 obsolete : assistance, succor

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 [ Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier ]

a : to make available for use : provide supplied the necessary funds
b : to satisfy the needs or wishes of
c : to provide for : satisfy laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
d : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
2 : to substitute for another in specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)
3 : to add as a supplement

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

supply

Definition of supply (Entry 3 of 3)

less common spelling of

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from supply

Verb

supplier \ sə-​ˈplī(-​ə)r How to pronounce supplier (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for supply

Synonyms: Noun

budget, force, fund, inventory, pool, repertoire, reservoir, stock

Synonyms: Verb

accoutre (or accouter), equip, fit (out), furnish, gird, kit (up or out) [chiefly British], outfit, provision, rig

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of supply in a Sentence

Noun

adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply.

Verb

The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

When products turn up spiked, the people or companies behind them often blame counterfeiting or contamination in the supply and distribution chain. Washington Post, "Some CBD vapes contain street drug instead of the real thing," 18 Sep. 2019 When products turn up spiked, the people or companies behind them often blame counterfeiting or contamination in the supply and distribution chain. Author: Holbrook Mohr, Anchorage Daily News, "State authorities concerned by street drug in some CBD vapes," 17 Sep. 2019 But, the United Farm Workers union has seen the rising farm wages as a good thing, a function of supply and demand. Fox News, "Trump administration sees support from farmers over push to cut labor costs," 17 Sep. 2019 When products turn up spiked, the people or companies behind them often blame counterfeiting or contamination in the supply and distribution chain. BostonGlobe.com, "That’s because what he was vaping didn’t have any CBD, the suddenly popular compound extracted from the cannabis plant that marketers say can treat a range of ailments without getting users high. Instead, the oil was spiked with a powerful street drug.," 17 Sep. 2019 Yet despite all that, sales aren’t that much slower than a year ago, and measures of supply and demand in the housing market suggest a seller’s market remains. oregonlive, "Homebuyers may have an edge as sales flatten," 17 Sep. 2019 All the same, she was encouraged by recent developments in representation both in front of and behind the camera, and by changes in supply and demand. Jiayang Fan, The New Yorker, "Constance Wu’s Hollywood Destiny," 16 Sep. 2019 Domestic gas prices are mostly linked to global supply and demand. Megan Cerullo, CBS News, "U.S. gas prices expected to rise after Saudi Arabia attack," 16 Sep. 2019 When products turn up spiked, the people or companies behind them often blame counterfeiting or contamination in the supply and distribution chain. Holbrook Mohr, chicagotribune.com, "Vapes spiked with illegal drugs show dark side of CBD craze," 16 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Grassroots donors, those contributing $200 or less, supplied 35% of Trump’s haul, down from 56% in January-March. Washington Post, "Kamala Harris Raises Nearly $12 Million in 2Q: Campaign Update," 18 Sep. 2019 Musk has sought to depose Mac for the case, but Buzzfeed has objected, arguing that Mac has already supplied both parties all relevant information about the case. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "Musk spent $50,000 digging into critic’s personal life," 17 Sep. 2019 Pressley’s resolution would permit an impeachment inquiry, set up a task force to further investigate the allegations made against the Justice, and supply the necessary funding to complete the probe. Tanya A. Christian, Essence, "Rep. Ayanna Pressley To File Resolution For Kavanaugh Impeachment," 17 Sep. 2019 Companies that service and supply the supermajors also declined; Halliburton and Schlumberger Limited had shed than 4 percent. Taylor Telford, Anchorage Daily News, "Oil prices plunge on report Saudi production will be restored sooner than expected," 17 Sep. 2019 As the news of the attacks broke, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reassured that the United States would work with its partners and allies to make sure that energy markets remain well supplied. NBC News, "Oil prices spike after attack on Saudi facilities hits global supply," 16 Sep. 2019 One of the biggest is that plants alone can’t supply enough protein, minerals, and other key nutrients to meet an athlete’s needs. Cynthia Sass, Mph, Health.com, "The New ‘Game Changers’ Documentary Proves Even Pro Athletes Can Eat Plant-Based," 15 Sep. 2019 The small, llamalike creatures, introduced to Chimborazo decades ago from farther south in the Andes, defecate on communal dung heaps, supplying a boon of nitrogen for plants. Tim Appenzeller, Science | AAAS, "Global warming has made iconic Andean peak unrecognizable," 11 Sep. 2019 The edited stem cells survived and are still keeping his body supplied with all the necessary blood and immune cells, and a small percentage of them continue to carry the protective CCR5 mutation. Wired, "Chinese Scientists Try to Cure One Man's HIV With Crispr," 11 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'supply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of supply

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 3

History and Etymology for supply

Verb

Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub-, full

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about supply

Statistics for supply

Last Updated

7 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for supply

The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for supply

supply

noun

English Language Learners Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the amount of something that is available to be used
: things (such as food, equipment, fuel, etc.) that are needed for a particular purpose and that will be used by a particular person or group
: the process or system by which something is provided to a person, place, etc.

supply

verb

English Language Learners Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make (something) available to be used : to provide someone or something with (something that is needed or wanted)

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Kids Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to provide for : satisfy There is enough to supply the demand.
2 : to make available : furnish The tree supplies shade.

supply

noun
plural supplies

Kids Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the amount of something that is needed or can be gotten medical supplies
2 : store entry 2 sense 3 I keep a supply of pencils in my desk.
3 : the act or process of providing something The company is engaged in the supply of raw materials.
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Medical Definition of supply

: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers) used of nerves and blood vessels the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on supply

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with supply

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for supply

Spanish Central: Translation of supply

Nglish: Translation of supply for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of supply for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about supply

Comments on supply

What made you want to look up supply? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

friendly or mild

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Where in the World? A Quiz

  • peter bruegel tower of babel painting
  • What language does pajama come from?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Dictionary Devil

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!