supply

noun
plural supplies

Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available beer was in short supply in that hot weather— Nevil Shute
b : provisions, stores usually used in plural
c : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
d obsolete : reinforcements often used in plural
2 : the act or process of filling a want or need engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
3 : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
4 : something that maintains or constitutes a supply
5 obsolete : assistance, succor

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 [Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier]
a : to make available for use : provide supplied the necessary funds
b : to satisfy the needs or wishes of
c : to provide for : satisfy laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
d : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
2 : to substitute for another in specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)
3 : to add as a supplement

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

supply

Definition of supply (Entry 3 of 3)

less common spelling of

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Other Words from supply

Verb

supplier \ sə-​ˈplī(-​ə)r How to pronounce supplier (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for supply

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of supply in a Sentence

Noun adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply. Verb The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In August, the company said that the distribution network expansion is part of a $1.7 billion investment announced in 2018 to transform its supply chain through 2023. Alexandria Burris, The Indianapolis Star, "Lowe's new Greenwood distribution terminal will create up to 100 jobs," 13 Nov. 2020 There has been real movement in the past several years on increasing disclosure and transparency around companies’ commitment to their stakeholders, such as their greenhouse gas emissions, human capital investment, and supply chain policies. Alison Omens, Fortune, "Why business shouldn’t want a divided government under Biden," 13 Nov. 2020 Green Century last year backed a shareholder proposal that sought to push Tyson to strengthen efforts to eliminate deforestation from its supply chain. Jack Hagel And Matt Grossman, WSJ, "Tyson Aims to Cut Deforestation Risk in Supply Chain," 12 Nov. 2020 Triumph and its owners, a coalition of industrial hog farmers, would take a hit at two points in the supply chain if the plant closed or production slowed. USA Today, "‘They think workers are like dogs.’ How pork plant execs sacrificed safety for profits.," 12 Nov. 2020 One potential obstacle may be that bottlenecks appear elsewhere in the supply chain, Forson said, since Pfizer has said the box carrying the vaccine will have only a 10-day lifespan. Christopher Jasper, Bloomberg.com, "Passenger Jets Can Play Integral Role in Frozen Vaccine Airlift," 12 Nov. 2020 While the sector experienced supply chain disruptions and construction delays in the first half of the year, the IEA says those issues have largely been resolved. Josh Siegel, Washington Examiner, "Daily on Energy: Small nuclear reactor developer claims breakthrough," 10 Nov. 2020 Foxconn is a $178 billion global powerhouse that is reorganizing a big part of its operations around the industrial supply chain of the future. Kathleen Gallagher, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Kathleen Gallagher: Foxconn complex could pay off - but in a different way than the company promised," 10 Nov. 2020 Like many other fitness executives, Barr said the unprecedented sales surge led to complex supply chain issues. oregonlive, "Fitness, outdoor companies thrive in the pandemic, but will their sudden success endure?," 10 Nov. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb News Corp, owner of The Wall Street Journal, has a commercial agreement to supply news through Facebook. Robert Mcmillan, WSJ, "Twitter and Facebook Contend With Concerns Over Election Interference, Censorship," 16 Oct. 2020 The mission used to supply breakfast as well, but since COVID-19 began, serving breakfast has stopped. Sam Pierce, Arkansas Online, "Director finds way to give back with Main Street Mission," 8 Oct. 2020 Google also captures about one-third of every dollar spent on online advertising, and its ad tools are used to supply and auction ads that appear across the internet. Cecilia Kang, New York Times, "Justice Dept. Case Against Google Is Said to Focus on Search Dominance," 22 Sep. 2020 The county used the relief to supply residents and businesses with personal protective equipment, including face masks and hand-sanitizer; pay for virus-test kits; and fund programs to help suddenly idle workers and shuttered businesses pay rent. Stephen Hudak, orlandosentinel.com, "Orange County ponders how to spend $63 million in virus aid by year’s end," 22 Sep. 2020 The initiatives are part of a Facebook campaign to register 4 million voters and to supply poll workers on Election Day. Jessica Guynn, USA TODAY, "Trump, QAnon, Russia: Facebook, Twitter, YouTube brace for a turbulent election and post-election cycle," 18 Sep. 2020 Already connected to Libya and Jordan, Egypt is also seeking to supply emerging economies on its side of the Mediterranean, according to Soliman. Mirette Magdy, Bloomberg.com, "Egypt in Talks Over Plan to Sell Power to Europe and Africa," 7 Sep. 2020 The system operator’s chief executive Steve Berberich has also said that energy regulators failed to ensure the state was prepared to supply large amounts of power on hot summer evenings when solar power wanes. J.d. Morris, SFChronicle.com, "Californians urged to conserve power and prevent blackouts on heat wave’s sixth day," 19 Aug. 2020 On 8 October, the company inked an agreement to supply the European Union with its drug remdesivir as a treatment for COVID-19—a deal potentially worth more than $1 billion. Jon Cohen, Science | AAAS, "The ‘very, very bad look’ of remdesivir, the first FDA-approved COVID-19 drug," 27 Oct. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'supply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of supply

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 3

History and Etymology for supply

Verb

Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub-, full

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Time Traveler for supply

Time Traveler

The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

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Statistics for supply

Last Updated

15 Nov 2020

Cite this Entry

“Supply.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/supply. Accessed 25 Nov. 2020.

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More Definitions for supply

supply

noun

English Language Learners Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the amount of something that is available to be used
: things (such as food, equipment, fuel, etc.) that are needed for a particular purpose and that will be used by a particular person or group
: the process or system by which something is provided to a person, place, etc.

supply

verb
How to pronounce supply (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make (something) available to be used : to provide someone or something with (something that is needed or wanted)

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Kids Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to provide for : satisfy There is enough to supply the demand.
2 : to make available : furnish The tree supplies shade.

supply

noun
plural supplies

Kids Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the amount of something that is needed or can be gotten medical supplies
2 : store entry 2 sense 3 I keep a supply of pencils in my desk.
3 : the act or process of providing something The company is engaged in the supply of raw materials.
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Medical Definition of supply

: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers) used of nerves and blood vessels the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

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Comments on supply

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