split

verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 4)

transitive verb

1a : to divide lengthwise usually along a grain or seam or by layers
b : to affect as if by cleaving or forcing apart the river splits the town in two
2a(1) : to tear or rend apart : burst
(2) : to subject (an atom or atomic nucleus) to artificial disintegration by fission
b : to affect as if by breaking up or tearing apart : shatter a roar that split the air
3 : to divide into parts or portions: such as
a : to divide between persons : share
b : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
c : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
d(1) : to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids
(2) : to remove by such separation split off carbon dioxide
e : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value
4 : to separate (the parts of a whole) by interposing something split an infinitive
5 : leave split the party split town

intransitive verb

1a : to become split lengthwise or into layers
b : to break apart : burst
2a : to become divided up or separated off split into factions split from the group
b : to sever relations or connections : separate
c : leave especially : to leave without delay split for the coast
3 British : to betray confidence : act as an informer usually used with on
4 : to apportion shares
split hairs
: to make oversubtle or trivial distinctions
split one's sides
: to laugh heartily
split the difference
: to arrive at a compromise

split

adjective

Definition of split (Entry 2 of 4)

2 : prepared for use by splitting split bamboo split hides
3 : heterozygous used especially by breeders of cage birds sometimes with for

split

noun

Definition of split (Entry 3 of 4)

1a : a narrow break made by or as if by splitting
b : an arrangement of bowling pins left standing with space for pins between them
2 : a piece split off or made thin by splitting
3a : a division into or between divergent or antagonistic elements or forces a cultural split
b : a faction formed in this way
4a : the act or process of splitting something (such as the stock of a corporation)
b : the act of lowering oneself to the floor or leaping into the air with legs extended at right angles to the trunk
5 : a product of division by or as if by splitting
6 : a wine bottle holding one quarter the usual amount or about .1875 liters (6 to 6.5 ounces) also : the quantity held by a split
7 : an ice cream sundae served over slices of fruit (such as banana)
8 : the recorded time at or for a specific part of a race

Split

geographical name
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce Split (audio) \

Definition of Split (Entry 4 of 4)

city and port on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea in southern Croatia population 166,500

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Choose the Right Synonym for split

Verb

tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive mean to separate forcibly. tear implies pulling apart by force and leaving jagged edges. tear up the letter rip implies a pulling apart in one rapid uninterrupted motion often along a line or joint. ripped the shirt on a nail rend implies very violent or ruthless severing or sundering. an angry mob rent the prisoner's clothes split implies a cutting or breaking apart in a continuous, straight, and usually lengthwise direction or in the direction of grain or layers. split logs for firewood cleave implies very forceful splitting or cutting with a blow. a bolt of lightning cleaved the giant oak rive occurs most often in figurative use. a political party riven by conflict

Examples of split in a Sentence

Verb The board split in two. The hull of the ship split apart on the rocks. A large chunk of ice split off from the iceberg and crashed into the water. She split the muffin and gave me half. The class split into several small groups. Two of the band members split off to form their own band. The teacher split the class into groups. The river splits the town in two. The party is split over the issue of taxes. The church split into moderate and conservative factions. Adjective opinions are split on the subject Noun There's a split down the back of your jacket. The new policy has caused a split in the organization. a split between liberals and conservatives a wide split of opinions
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The front portion of the building holds Undertow, an immersive tiki bar, and the back half of the building is split between Platform 18 and the Grey Hen. Tirion Morris, The Arizona Republic, "Save yourself a seat: These 8 cocktail bars in metro Phoenix now accept reservations," 8 Apr. 2021 Patagonia just announced a $1 million donation to be split equally between the Black Votes Matter Fund and the New Georgia Project, two organizations fighting an anti-voting law in Georgia. Wes Siler, Outside Online, "Patagonia Donates $1 Million to Georgia Voting Rights," 7 Apr. 2021 At Southeast Alaska, 14 hatcheries operate, split between northern and southern regions. Anchorage Daily News, "Masking requirement on commercial fishing boats draws ire of Alaska senators and state officials," 6 Apr. 2021 Until then, the Triple-A team is at Bowie staying sharp as major league depth while the rest of the group is split between the Orioles’ two Sarasota, Florida, sites to prepare for their season. Jon Meoli, baltimoresun.com, "Orioles reset: Another hot start to savor, and this one’s going according to plan | ANALYSIS," 5 Apr. 2021 Easy to carve and freely split in any direction without shattering, the stone was commonly used throughout Virginia for pediments, quoins and other decorative details in 18th-century houses and churches. Washington Post, "Hiking along Virginia’s Aquia Creek and finding history a stone’s throw from home," 2 Apr. 2021 The Milwaukee Bucks added a guard to the roster with the addition of Jeff Teague and split two games in Los Angeles. Jr Radcliffe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Point Forward Podcast: Jeff Teague joins the fold and early impressions from out west," 2 Apr. 2021 The artist and record label each receive 42% of net profits during the term, while the remainder is split between collaborators. Tatiana Cirisano, Billboard, "Nvak Collective Label Gives Artists Healthcare, Master Ownership: 'There's No Excuse'," 31 Mar. 2021 In the age of COVID, Baldelli held large meetings outdoors this spring, and the team was split between clubhouses to allow for social distancing. Star Tribune, "Twins build spring camaraderie, despite the masks and social distancing," 30 Mar. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The vote to approve the business plan was 6 to 3, the first time in years that board dissension resulted in a split vote. Ralph Vartabedian, Los Angeles Times, "Bullet train contractor warns of further two-year delay as state struggles to secure land," 29 Mar. 2021 The latest effort stalled on March 1, on a split vote. Time, "Getting a Prescription to Die Remains Tricky Even As Aid-in-Dying Bills Gain Momentum Across the U.S.," 29 Mar. 2021 Still, the split vote, 91-88 — with 42 members not participating — came down against developing a new policy, suggesting that vigorous debate is likely to continue. New York Times, "Selling Art to Pay the Bills Divides the Nation’s Museum Directors," 19 Mar. 2021 Most fashion houses seem to be on the same page, anchoring outfits with attention-grabbing heels, from Jacquemus’s architectural sandals to Prada’s split sole designs. Alexis Bennett, Vogue, "Even With Nowhere to Go, Escape With a Pair of Springy Heels," 17 Mar. 2021 The budget passed on a split 5-2 vote with no last-minute changes to police funding despite objections by Jalali and Council Member Nelsie Yang. Shannon Prather, Star Tribune, "Mitra Jalali pushes St. Paul City Council to the left," 17 Mar. 2021 Stocks have typically thrived under legislative gridlock in Washington, and a split Congress has historically been the best scenario for investors. Jessica Menton, USA TODAY, "Biden vs Trump: Dow futures fluctuate as Wall Street awaits presidential election results," 4 Nov. 2020 That makes your sale even more regrettable, as shares of Netflix were recently trading near $480 apiece, post-split. Dallas News, "Motley Fool: Starbucks isn’t just waiting for the pandemic to end; it’s innovating," 20 Sep. 2020 For leather, Marlowe recommends full grain and top grain, which are more durable than split and bonded leathers. Washington Post, "More people are shopping for furniture online during the pandemic. Here’s what to look for.," 17 July 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The plans were revealed at the April 8 school board meeting, with officials saying a split ceremony is the best option to ensure students can take part in a traditional graduation, while allowing each student to have up to two guests attend. Steve Schering, chicagotribune.com, "Two outdoor graduation ceremonies being planned for OPRF High School students in May," 9 Apr. 2021 The centerpiece is the V-style front hood split that showcases the rose gold carbon and classic carbon weave. Rachel Cormack, Robb Report, "This One-of-a-Kind Pagani Hurayra Roadster BC Is the Most Otherworldly Car You’ll See Today," 9 Apr. 2021 Businesses are eligible for a maximum of $10 million split between initial and supplemental grants. Taylor Mims, Billboard, "Shuttered Venue Operators Grant Application Process Begins: When Funds Arrive," 8 Apr. 2021 Richie's outing with Morton came after her split from Scott Disick last August after three years together. Eric Todisco, PEOPLE.com, "Sofia Richie Confirms Her Relationship with Boyfriend Elliot Grainge in PDA-Filled Photo," 8 Apr. 2021 Britain’s economic split from the European Union at the end of 2020 has disturbed the political balance in Northern Ireland, a part of the U.K. where some people identify as British and some as Irish. Fox News, "Northern Ireland leaders call for calm after night of rioting," 8 Apr. 2021 Even if the Senate filibuster is eliminated as some Democrats want to do, Senate Democrats probably don’t have the votes to pass it through a 50-50 split chamber. Jennifer Haberkorn, Los Angeles Times, "Biden faces question of whether to keep abortion funding ban in his budget," 7 Apr. 2021 When the crown is pressed, the center sweep-second hand and the split-seconds hand both begin running but are superimposed. Roberta Naas, Forbes, "Vacheron Constantin Unveils High Complication Watches At Watches & Wonders Geneva 2021," 7 Apr. 2021 This political split is manifested through a family that lost a child during Godzilla’s fight against the MUTOs in the 2014 film. Matt Zoller Seitz, Vulture, "My Heart Belongs to the MonsterVerse," 7 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'split.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of split

Verb

1567, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

1593, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1597, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for split

Verb

Dutch splitten, from Middle Dutch; akin to Middle High German splīzen to split and probably to Old High German spaltan to split

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Learn More about split

Statistics for split

Last Updated

10 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Split.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/split. Accessed 13 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for split

split

verb

English Language Learners Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to break apart or into pieces especially along a straight line
: to separate or divide into parts or groups
: to separate or divide into groups that disagree

split

noun

English Language Learners Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

: a narrow break, tear, or crack
: a division or separation in a group that is caused by a disagreement
: a clear separation or difference between two or more things

split

verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Kids Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to divide lengthwise or by layers split a log
2 : to separate into parts or groups A highway splits the neighborhood. Let's split up and search different areas.
3 : to burst or break apart or in pieces The melon fell and split open.
4 : to divide into shares or sections We split the profit.

split

noun

Kids Definition of split (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a product or result of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : crack
2 : the act or process of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : division There's a split in that political party.
3 : an action or position in which a person's legs are extended in a straight line and in opposite directions

split

adjective

Kids Definition of split (Entry 3 of 3)

: divided by or as if by splitting We're split on what to do next.
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Medical Definition of split

: to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids also : to remove by such separation

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split

verb
split; splitting

Legal Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to divide into parts or portions: as
a : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
b : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
c : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value — see also stock split
d : to divide (a cause of action) into separate parts or claims in order to institute an action for less than all

Note: Splitting a cause of action is usually prohibited.

intransitive verb

: to become divided or separated the Supreme Court, splitting five to four, sustained the law— R. H. Bork

Other Words from split

split noun

split

adjective

Legal Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : divided into portions, parts, or fragments a split trial a split stock
2 : divided by or in opinion a split court a split decision

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Comments on split

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