split

verb
\ ˈsplit \
split; splitting

Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 4)

transitive verb

1a : to divide lengthwise usually along a grain or seam or by layers
b : to affect as if by cleaving or forcing apart the river splits the town in two
2a(1) : to tear or rend apart : burst
(2) : to subject (an atom or atomic nucleus) to artificial disintegration by fission
b : to affect as if by breaking up or tearing apart : shatter a roar that split the air
3 : to divide into parts or portions: such as
a : to divide between persons : share
b : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
c : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
d(1) : to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids
(2) : to remove by such separation split off carbon dioxide
e : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value
4 : to separate (the parts of a whole) by interposing something split an infinitive
5 : leave split the party split town

intransitive verb

1a : to become split lengthwise or into layers
b : to break apart : burst
2a : to become divided up or separated off split into factions split from the group
b : to sever relations or connections : separate
c : leave especially : to leave without delay split for the coast
3 British : to betray confidence : act as an informer usually used with on
4 : to apportion shares
split hairs
: to make oversubtle or trivial distinctions
split one's sides
: to laugh heartily
split the difference
: to arrive at a compromise

split

adjective

Definition of split (Entry 2 of 4)

2 : prepared for use by splitting split bamboo split hides
3 : heterozygous used especially by breeders of cage birds sometimes with for

split

noun

Definition of split (Entry 3 of 4)

1a : a narrow break made by or as if by splitting
b : an arrangement of bowling pins left standing with space for pins between them
2 : a piece split off or made thin by splitting
3a : a division into or between divergent or antagonistic elements or forces a cultural split
b : a faction formed in this way
4a : the act or process of splitting something (such as the stock of a corporation)
b : the act of lowering oneself to the floor or leaping into the air with legs extended at right angles to the trunk
5 : a product of division by or as if by splitting
6 : a wine bottle holding one quarter the usual amount or about .1875 liters (6 to 6.5 ounces) also : the quantity held by a split
7 : an ice cream sundae served over slices of fruit (such as banana)
8 : the recorded time at or for a specific part of a race

Split

geographical name
\ ˈsplit \

Definition of Split (Entry 4 of 4)

city and port on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea in southern Croatia population 166,500

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Choose the Right Synonym for split

Verb

tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive mean to separate forcibly. tear implies pulling apart by force and leaving jagged edges. tear up the letter rip implies a pulling apart in one rapid uninterrupted motion often along a line or joint. ripped the shirt on a nail rend implies very violent or ruthless severing or sundering. an angry mob rent the prisoner's clothes split implies a cutting or breaking apart in a continuous, straight, and usually lengthwise direction or in the direction of grain or layers. split logs for firewood cleave implies very forceful splitting or cutting with a blow. a bolt of lightning cleaved the giant oak rive occurs most often in figurative use. a political party riven by conflict

Examples of split in a Sentence

Verb

The board split in two. The hull of the ship split apart on the rocks. A large chunk of ice split off from the iceberg and crashed into the water. She split the muffin and gave me half. The class split into several small groups. Two of the band members split off to form their own band. The teacher split the class into groups. The river splits the town in two. The party is split over the issue of taxes. The church split into moderate and conservative factions.

Adjective

opinions are split on the subject

Noun

There's a split down the back of your jacket. The new policy has caused a split in the organization. a split between liberals and conservatives a wide split of opinions
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Liam Payne and Cheryl Cole might have officially split over the summer, but the former couple and parents of little Bear are still keeping things amicable. Kara Nesvig, Teen Vogue, "Cheryl Cole Opens Up About Her Breakup With Liam Payne," 12 Jan. 2019 Bungie split off from Activision this week, taking control of the Destiny franchise with them, and staff reportedly cheered when the announcement was made. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "This week in games: Bungie divorces Activision, Epic gives our favorite game of 2017 away for free," 11 Jan. 2019 Sad news for Gigi and Zayn fans: the stylish couple has reportedly split. Christian Allaire, Vogue, "Post-Breakup, Gigi Hadid Goes Back to Her Athleisure Roots," 3 Jan. 2019 The Mercantile label has also been discontinued, and four board members are now splitting the position of CEO. Chavie Lieber, Vox, "A breakdown of this year’s brand winners and losers.," 27 Dec. 2018 During the sort, the drivers and package handlers split it all up among routes that service the Bronx all the way down to Manhattan’s 69th Street. Jacqueline Detwiler, Popular Mechanics, "Inside FedEx’s Christmas Miracle," 19 Dec. 2018 Juno, Gett and Via split up the remaining 2.4 percent. Rani Molla, Recode, "Lyft has eaten into Uber’s U.S. market share, new data suggests," 12 Dec. 2018 Good news: to help combat this, Delta is splitting its passengers up into even more boarding groups, so that fewer people are roaming around the gate at any one time. Meredith Carey, Condé Nast Traveler, "Delta's New Boarding Process Is Based on Colors," 11 Dec. 2018 The company has split its efforts geographically to have the best access to regional talent pools. Jonathan M. Gitlin, Ars Technica, "Rivian debuts new US-made electric truck and SUV with 400-mile range," 28 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Not much was decisively advanced, from the somewhat split election to the always-just-out-of-reach Mueller investigation to our inability to do a thing about climate change. Danny Westneat, The Seattle Times, "A ‘ghost’ Jaguar haunts on — and other stories from a year that drove around in circles," 31 Dec. 2018 This leads to flaky skin, split lips, dry itchy eyes, and in my case, nosebleeds at the worst possible times (including debuting a new white shirt and on the dance floor on a Saturday night). Bella Cacciatore, Glamour, "The $19 Face Cream That Got Me Through Accutane," 14 Nov. 2018 There’s a similar single-band taillight at the rear, sitting beneath a split wing. Vlad Savov, The Verge, "Mercedes’ EQ Silver Arrow blends classic design with electric superpowers," 3 Oct. 2018 Start in a split stance position (with one foot about a foot and a half in front of the other) with your front knee bent slightly and your opposite arm bent in front of your chest, like a sprinter. Jenny Mccoy, SELF, "A Quick Leg, Cardio, and Agility Workout From Celebrity Trainer Simone De La Rue," 16 July 2018 But as Pelosi stands poised to take over House leadership in January and Republicans maintain a slim majority in the Senate, Tuesday will be an early show of what’s ahead for a split government. Tara Golshan, Vox, "The tumultuous relationship between Nancy Pelosi, Chuck Schumer, and Donald Trump, explained.," 11 Dec. 2018 Wide lapels and a split sleeve added drama to the already standout piece—and that’s not even the best part. Edward Barsamian, Vogue, "Victoria Beckham Is Both Posh and Socially Conscious in a Faux Leopard Coat," 27 Nov. 2018 Miley Cyrus and Liam Hemsworth came in like a wrecking ball and smashed those split rumors with our new favorite video. Rachel Epstein, Marie Claire, "Miley Cyrus and Liam Hemsworth Didn't Break Up, Guys," 19 July 2018 That’s the picture that emerged Tuesday night as a raucous campaign season ended and the votes rolled in to produce a split verdict in the race for congressional control. Gerald F. Seib, WSJ, "Trump Did What He Needed to Do in the Midterms," 6 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Cabrera split last season, his 12th in the majors, with the New York Mets and the Philadelphia Phillies. Stephen Hawkins, The Seattle Times, "AP source: Rangers, Cabrera agree to $3.5M, 1-year deal," 22 Jan. 2019 That’s a marked change from Bungie’s last split, which saw Microsoft retaining ownership of Halo for all eternity. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "This week in games: Bungie divorces Activision, Epic gives our favorite game of 2017 away for free," 11 Jan. 2019 In tandem with a flash of bare leg revealed by a sleek thigh-high split, Curtis’s megawatt, Khaleesi-rivaling color transformation already has Twitter buzzing. Lauren Valenti, Vogue, "At 60, Jamie Lee Curtis Turns Shocking White Everything Into the Ultimate Red Carpet Move," 7 Jan. 2019 The island split from China in 1949, the result of a bloody civil war, and the old Republic of China government fled to the island after communist forces won victory on the mainland. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Taiwan is Reverse-Engineering Fighter Jet Engines To Power a Cruise Missile," 3 Jan. 2019 Gregg Sulkin Not long after he and Bella Thorne split, Bella was seen making out with Teen Wolf's Tyler Posey. Instead of keeping his feelings bottled up inside, Gregg tweeted his thoughts on the matter. Stacey Grant, Seventeen, "18 Celebs Who Threw Massive Amounts of Shade at Their Exes," 17 Oct. 2018 Not even white, working-class voters — measured in this poll as white voters without a college degree — were with Trump; one part of his consistent base split against him, 52% to 37%. Philip Elliott, Time, "Why Republican Lawmakers Aren't Backing Trump on Family Separations," 20 June 2018 After a nearly two year experiment in restructuring a massive American brand, the designer and the management are said to have clashed, resulting in the split. Steff Yotka, Vogue, "A Brief History of Raf Simons’s Storied Career in Fashion," 22 Dec. 2018 Amazon’s drawn-out public search for a second headquarters might end in a split between two cities, according to reporting yesterday by the Wall Street Journal. Rani Molla, Recode, "How Amazon’s proposed HQ2 and HQ3 locations compare with Seattle and the U.S. overall," 6 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'split.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of split

Verb

1567, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

1593, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1597, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for split

Verb

Dutch splitten, from Middle Dutch; akin to Middle High German splīzen to split and probably to Old High German spaltan to split

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Statistics for split

Last Updated

7 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for split

The first known use of split was in 1567

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More Definitions for split

split

verb

English Language Learners Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to break apart or into pieces especially along a straight line
: to separate or divide into parts or groups
: to separate or divide into groups that disagree

split

noun

English Language Learners Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

: a narrow break, tear, or crack
: a division or separation in a group that is caused by a disagreement
: a clear separation or difference between two or more things

split

verb
\ ˈsplit \
split; splitting

Kids Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to divide lengthwise or by layers split a log
2 : to separate into parts or groups A highway splits the neighborhood. Let's split up and search different areas.
3 : to burst or break apart or in pieces The melon fell and split open.
4 : to divide into shares or sections We split the profit.

split

noun

Kids Definition of split (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a product or result of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : crack
2 : the act or process of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : division There's a split in that political party.
3 : an action or position in which a person's legs are extended in a straight line and in opposite directions

split

adjective

Kids Definition of split (Entry 3 of 3)

: divided by or as if by splitting We're split on what to do next.
\ ˈsplit \
split; splitting

Medical Definition of split

: to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids also : to remove by such separation

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split

verb
split; splitting

Legal Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to divide into parts or portions: as
a : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
b : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
c : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value — see also stock split
d : to divide (a cause of action) into separate parts or claims in order to institute an action for less than all

Note: Splitting a cause of action is usually prohibited.

intransitive verb

: to become divided or separated the Supreme Court, splitting five to four, sustained the law— R. H. Bork

Other Words from split

split noun

split

adjective

Legal Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : divided into portions, parts, or fragments a split trial a split stock
2 : divided by or in opinion a split court a split decision

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More from Merriam-Webster on split

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with split

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for split

Spanish Central: Translation of split

Nglish: Translation of split for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of split for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about split

Comments on split

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