split

verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 4)

transitive verb

1a : to divide lengthwise usually along a grain or seam or by layers
b : to affect as if by cleaving or forcing apart the river splits the town in two
2a(1) : to tear or rend apart : burst
(2) : to subject (an atom or atomic nucleus) to artificial disintegration by fission
b : to affect as if by breaking up or tearing apart : shatter a roar that split the air
3 : to divide into parts or portions: such as
a : to divide between persons : share
b : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
c : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
d(1) : to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids
(2) : to remove by such separation split off carbon dioxide
e : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value
4 : to separate (the parts of a whole) by interposing something split an infinitive
5 : leave split the party split town

intransitive verb

1a : to become split lengthwise or into layers
b : to break apart : burst
2a : to become divided up or separated off split into factions split from the group
b : to sever relations or connections : separate
c : leave especially : to leave without delay split for the coast
3 British : to betray confidence : act as an informer usually used with on
4 : to apportion shares
split hairs
: to make oversubtle or trivial distinctions
split one's sides
: to laugh heartily
split the difference
: to arrive at a compromise

split

adjective

Definition of split (Entry 2 of 4)

2 : prepared for use by splitting split bamboo split hides
3 : heterozygous used especially by breeders of cage birds sometimes with for

split

noun

Definition of split (Entry 3 of 4)

1a : a narrow break made by or as if by splitting
b : an arrangement of bowling pins left standing with space for pins between them
2 : a piece split off or made thin by splitting
3a : a division into or between divergent or antagonistic elements or forces a cultural split
b : a faction formed in this way
4a : the act or process of splitting something (such as the stock of a corporation)
b : the act of lowering oneself to the floor or leaping into the air with legs extended at right angles to the trunk
5 : a product of division by or as if by splitting
6 : a wine bottle holding one quarter the usual amount or about .1875 liters (6 to 6.5 ounces) also : the quantity held by a split
7 : an ice cream sundae served over slices of fruit (such as banana)
8 : the recorded time at or for a specific part of a race

Split

geographical name
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce Split (audio) \

Definition of Split (Entry 4 of 4)

city and port on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea in southern Croatia population 166,500

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Choose the Right Synonym for split

Verb

tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive mean to separate forcibly. tear implies pulling apart by force and leaving jagged edges. tear up the letter rip implies a pulling apart in one rapid uninterrupted motion often along a line or joint. ripped the shirt on a nail rend implies very violent or ruthless severing or sundering. an angry mob rent the prisoner's clothes split implies a cutting or breaking apart in a continuous, straight, and usually lengthwise direction or in the direction of grain or layers. split logs for firewood cleave implies very forceful splitting or cutting with a blow. a bolt of lightning cleaved the giant oak rive occurs most often in figurative use. a political party riven by conflict

Examples of split in a Sentence

Verb

The board split in two. The hull of the ship split apart on the rocks. A large chunk of ice split off from the iceberg and crashed into the water. She split the muffin and gave me half. The class split into several small groups. Two of the band members split off to form their own band. The teacher split the class into groups. The river splits the town in two. The party is split over the issue of taxes. The church split into moderate and conservative factions.

Adjective

opinions are split on the subject

Noun

There's a split down the back of your jacket. The new policy has caused a split in the organization. a split between liberals and conservatives a wide split of opinions
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

During that same year, however, Sara and her longtime girlfriend Allison Adler split after 10 years together. Amanda Garrity, Good Housekeeping, "A Rare Look at 'The Talk' Creator Sara Gilbert's Life with Her Wife Linda Perry and Their Three Kids," 10 Apr. 2019 The Bezoses are married in Washington, a community property state, and experts say his entire fortune—as much as $140 billion—could be split right down the middle. Ben Widdicombe, Town & Country, "Billion Dollar Divorces: What Happens When the Super Wealthy Risk Everything for Love on the Down-Low," 10 Apr. 2019 The media perpetuate this narrative that America is split, and that animosity and disunity are at dangerous levels within members of the working class, who do not care about the hyperpartisan tensions seen in the news. WSJ, "Not All Americans Are So Fiercely, Divisively Extreme," 9 Apr. 2019 Considering reports broke in January that the couple had split, some followers thought Malik's recent cold yet cryptic tweets were aimed at his ex. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Zayn Malik Defends Gigi Hadid After She Shut Down Dating Rumors Linking Her to Selena Gomez's Ex," 5 Apr. 2019 With the news that Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos is splitting from his wife of 25 years, MacKenzie, folks are frothing at the mouth considering how the divorce may affect his finances. Taylor Mead, House Beautiful, "Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos Has An Insane Real Estate Portfolio," 12 Jan. 2019 These photons are generated by splitting an incoming photon from a laser. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Conservation of energy used to parallelize quantum key distribution," 17 Dec. 2018 However, based on a 2014 genetic study, the lineage may have split off from their closest relatives, a group of seabirds that today includes albatrosses and petrels, around 60 million years ago. 4. Gemma Tarlach, Discover Magazine, "20 Things You Didn't Know About ... Penguins," 6 Nov. 2018 The scheme would require that state legislative districts be split evenly between districts that are more favorable to Democrats and districts more favorable to Republicans. Zack Beauchamp, Vox, "New Jersey Democrats have a new gerrymandering plan. It is indefensible — and national Democrats need to stop it.," 14 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Not much was decisively advanced, from the somewhat split election to the always-just-out-of-reach Mueller investigation to our inability to do a thing about climate change. Danny Westneat, The Seattle Times, "A ‘ghost’ Jaguar haunts on — and other stories from a year that drove around in circles," 31 Dec. 2018 This leads to flaky skin, split lips, dry itchy eyes, and in my case, nosebleeds at the worst possible times (including debuting a new white shirt and on the dance floor on a Saturday night). Bella Cacciatore, Glamour, "The $19 Face Cream That Got Me Through Accutane," 14 Nov. 2018 There’s a similar single-band taillight at the rear, sitting beneath a split wing. Vlad Savov, The Verge, "Mercedes’ EQ Silver Arrow blends classic design with electric superpowers," 3 Oct. 2018 Start in a split stance position (with one foot about a foot and a half in front of the other) with your front knee bent slightly and your opposite arm bent in front of your chest, like a sprinter. Jenny Mccoy, SELF, "A Quick Leg, Cardio, and Agility Workout From Celebrity Trainer Simone De La Rue," 16 July 2018 But as Pelosi stands poised to take over House leadership in January and Republicans maintain a slim majority in the Senate, Tuesday will be an early show of what’s ahead for a split government. Tara Golshan, Vox, "The tumultuous relationship between Nancy Pelosi, Chuck Schumer, and Donald Trump, explained.," 11 Dec. 2018 Wide lapels and a split sleeve added drama to the already standout piece—and that’s not even the best part. Edward Barsamian, Vogue, "Victoria Beckham Is Both Posh and Socially Conscious in a Faux Leopard Coat," 27 Nov. 2018 Miley Cyrus and Liam Hemsworth came in like a wrecking ball and smashed those split rumors with our new favorite video. Rachel Epstein, Marie Claire, "Miley Cyrus and Liam Hemsworth Didn't Break Up, Guys," 19 July 2018 That’s the picture that emerged Tuesday night as a raucous campaign season ended and the votes rolled in to produce a split verdict in the race for congressional control. Gerald F. Seib, WSJ, "Trump Did What He Needed to Do in the Midterms," 6 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Opinions on the efficacy of charcoal toothpaste are split. Laura Daily, The Seattle Times, "How charcoal escaped the grill and ended up in your bathroom," 12 Apr. 2019 An old line of thinking assumed there was split in the family. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Study: Horseshoe Crabs Really Are Arachnids, Just Like Spiders," 28 Feb. 2019 The critics are split, though bettors seem more than confident that Sandra Oh and Jodie Comer's show will definitely score the win. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "See if Your 2019 Golden Globe Predictions Match Up With the Projected Winners," 5 Jan. 2019 Meanwhile, Gaga is currently single, following her split from fiancé Christian Carino. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Lady Gaga Just Channeled Her Bradley Cooper Duet at a Surprise Jazz Club Performance," 16 Mar. 2019 Following their split, the actor went on to date model Suki Waterhouse for two years, before meeting Irina Shayk in 2015. Lucy Wood, Marie Claire, "Bradley Cooper's Ex-Wife Posted a Cryptic Response to His Relationship With Lady Gaga," 26 Feb. 2019 The Bezoses’ divorce announcement provides a road map for prominent couples to publicly announce their split, experts say. Elizabeth Bernstein, WSJ, "The Art of the Public Divorce Announcement," 11 Jan. 2019 Jeff Bezos and his wife Mackezie announced their split this morning on Twitter in a joint statement. Caroline Hallemann, Town & Country, "Jeff Bezos and His Wife MacKenzie Are Divorcing," 9 Jan. 2019 Elizabeth Katz said her youngest son had increasing difficulty concentrating following his parents’ split. Michael Biesecker, The Seattle Times, "APNewsBreak: Shooting suspect had history of mental illness," 27 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'split.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of split

Verb

1567, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

1593, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1597, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for split

Verb

Dutch splitten, from Middle Dutch; akin to Middle High German splīzen to split and probably to Old High German spaltan to split

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Statistics for split

Last Updated

18 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for split

The first known use of split was in 1567

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More Definitions for split

split

verb

English Language Learners Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to break apart or into pieces especially along a straight line
: to separate or divide into parts or groups
: to separate or divide into groups that disagree

split

noun

English Language Learners Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

: a narrow break, tear, or crack
: a division or separation in a group that is caused by a disagreement
: a clear separation or difference between two or more things

split

verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Kids Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to divide lengthwise or by layers split a log
2 : to separate into parts or groups A highway splits the neighborhood. Let's split up and search different areas.
3 : to burst or break apart or in pieces The melon fell and split open.
4 : to divide into shares or sections We split the profit.

split

noun

Kids Definition of split (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a product or result of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : crack
2 : the act or process of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : division There's a split in that political party.
3 : an action or position in which a person's legs are extended in a straight line and in opposite directions

split

adjective

Kids Definition of split (Entry 3 of 3)

: divided by or as if by splitting We're split on what to do next.
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Medical Definition of split

: to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids also : to remove by such separation

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split

verb
split; splitting

Legal Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to divide into parts or portions: as
a : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
b : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
c : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value — see also stock split
d : to divide (a cause of action) into separate parts or claims in order to institute an action for less than all

Note: Splitting a cause of action is usually prohibited.

intransitive verb

: to become divided or separated the Supreme Court, splitting five to four, sustained the law— R. H. Bork

Other Words from split

split noun

split

adjective

Legal Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : divided into portions, parts, or fragments a split trial a split stock
2 : divided by or in opinion a split court a split decision

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More from Merriam-Webster on split

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with split

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for split

Spanish Central: Translation of split

Nglish: Translation of split for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of split for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about split

Comments on split

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