split

verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to divide lengthwise usually along a grain or seam or by layers
b : to affect as if by cleaving or forcing apart the river splits the town in two
2a(1) : to tear or rend apart : burst
(2) : to subject (an atom or atomic nucleus) to artificial disintegration by fission
b : to affect as if by breaking up or tearing apart : shatter a roar that split the air
3 : to divide into parts or portions: such as
a : to divide between persons : share
b : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
c : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
d(1) : to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids
(2) : to remove by such separation split off carbon dioxide
e : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value
4 : to separate (the parts of a whole) by interposing something split an infinitive
5 : leave split the party split town

intransitive verb

1a : to become split lengthwise or into layers
b : to break apart : burst
2a : to become divided up or separated off split into factions split from the group
b : to sever relations or connections : separate
c : leave especially : to leave without delay split for the coast
3 British : to betray confidence : act as an informer usually used with on
4 : to apportion shares
split hairs
: to make oversubtle or trivial distinctions
split one's sides
: to laugh heartily
split the difference
: to arrive at a compromise

split

adjective

Definition of split (Entry 2 of 3)

2 : prepared for use by splitting split bamboo split hides
3 : heterozygous used especially by breeders of cage birds sometimes with for

split

noun

Definition of split (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : a narrow break made by or as if by splitting
b : an arrangement of bowling pins left standing with space for pins between them
2 : a piece split off or made thin by splitting
3a : a division into or between divergent or antagonistic elements or forces a cultural split
b : a faction formed in this way
4a : the act or process of splitting something (such as the stock of a corporation)
b : the act of lowering oneself to the floor or leaping into the air with legs extended at right angles to the trunk
5 : a product of division by or as if by splitting
6 : a wine bottle holding one quarter the usual amount or about .1875 liters (6 to 6.5 ounces) also : the quantity held by a split
7 : an ice cream sundae served over slices of fruit (such as banana)
8 : the recorded time at or for a specific part of a race

Choose the Right Synonym for split

Verb

tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive mean to separate forcibly. tear implies pulling apart by force and leaving jagged edges. tear up the letter rip implies a pulling apart in one rapid uninterrupted motion often along a line or joint. ripped the shirt on a nail rend implies very violent or ruthless severing or sundering. an angry mob rent the prisoner's clothes split implies a cutting or breaking apart in a continuous, straight, and usually lengthwise direction or in the direction of grain or layers. split logs for firewood cleave implies very forceful splitting or cutting with a blow. a bolt of lightning cleaved the giant oak rive occurs most often in figurative use. a political party riven by conflict

Examples of split in a Sentence

Verb The board split in two. The hull of the ship split apart on the rocks. A large chunk of ice split off from the iceberg and crashed into the water. She split the muffin and gave me half. The class split into several small groups. Two of the band members split off to form their own band. The teacher split the class into groups. The river splits the town in two. The party is split over the issue of taxes. The church split into moderate and conservative factions. Adjective opinions are split on the subject Noun There's a split down the back of your jacket. The new policy has caused a split in the organization. a split between liberals and conservatives a wide split of opinions See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Congress has restored $25 million in funding for firearm injury prevention research, which is split between the C.D.C. and the National Institutes of Health. New York Times, 10 May 2022 The Coalition — Upped Paid Parental leave to 20 weeks in total, which parents can decide how to split between themselves. Justine Landis-hanley, refinery29.com, 9 May 2022 Russia plans to build at least eight Borei submarines, split between the Northern (Atlantic) and Pacific Fleets. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 9 May 2022 Proceeds from the forthcoming sale are expected to be split between charitable donations and reinvestment in the team. Nicholas Reimann, Forbes, 7 May 2022 DeWine got another boost because his opposition was split between former U.S. Rep. Jim Renacci and farmer Joe Blystone. Nicholas Riccardi, Anchorage Daily News, 4 May 2022 Since then, about 230 miles of bicycle infrastructure have been built, roughly split between on-street bike lanes, and greenways or multi-use trails. Kayla Dwyer, IndyStar, 2 May 2022 The crew is the first to be equally split between men and women. Emma Hinchliffe, Fortune, 29 Apr. 2022 The production continues to be equally split between Ye and Pharrell throughout. Kyle Eustice, Variety, 22 Apr. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The split-screen format compounds the sense of escalating insanity. Justin Changfilm Critic, Los Angeles Times, 6 May 2022 Enlarge / Uconnect 5 uses the now-familiar split-screen setup. Eric Bangeman, Ars Technica, 22 Jan. 2022 While couples therapy might sound like an odd basis for a game, this clever, split-screen, co-op adventure is one of our favorites. Louryn Strampe, Wired, 28 Nov. 2021 The couple talked through how to more evenly split tasks, which was made easier when her husband’s fellowship ended and his work transitioned to more-manageable hours, Choi said. Washington Post, 2 May 2022 For all the talk of whether MLS would ever adopt a European, fall-to-spring calendar, the split-season format used in Mexico and much of Central America would solve more problems for the league. Ian Nicholas Quillen, Forbes, 30 Apr. 2022 The maps the commission produced split Democrats, with Evers championing them but some Democratic lawmakers calling them inadequate. Patrick Marley, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 29 Apr. 2022 There was the split finger and the choke change, which helped Trevor Hoffman to the Hall of Fame. John Maffei, San Diego Union-Tribune, 27 Apr. 2022 But then in the bottom of the 10th, the brown and yellow swaths of a split 44,444-person crowd began the chant again, spurred on by a video board graphic and accompanying drum beat over the stadium speakers. Jack Harris, Los Angeles Times, 23 Apr. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Harris can provide a tie-breaking vote in the 50-50 split Senate, but that was beside the point on Wednesday. Lisa Mascaro, Chicago Tribune, 11 May 2022 Harris can provide a tie-breaking vote in the 50-50 split Senate, but that was beside the point on Wednesday. Lisa Mascaro, BostonGlobe.com, 11 May 2022 As Democrats fight to hold onto their majority in the 50-50 split Senate — several Democrats running to unseat Republicans immediately weighed in. Sarah Ewall-wice, CBS News, 3 May 2022 Campaign split-screen co-op is on deck for season 3 but has no ETA. Paul Tassi, Forbes, 23 Apr. 2022 In a split-second, the pebbles became rocks and hit the windows, which cracked into spiderwebs of glass. Mark Johanson, Travel + Leisure, 23 Apr. 2022 But within a split-second of the snap, the hole collapsed in front of him. Ryan Kartje, Los Angeles Times, 9 Apr. 2022 With three Republicans supporting her in the 50-50 split Senate, Jackson is on a glidepath to confirmation and on the brink of making history as the third Black justice and only the sixth woman in the court’s more than 200-year history. Alexandra Kukulka, chicagotribune.com, 6 Apr. 2022 With three Republicans supporting her in the 50-50 split Senate, Jackson is on a glide path to confirmation and on the brink of making history as the third Black justice and only the sixth woman in the court’s more than 200-year history. Anchorage Daily News, 5 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'split.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of split

Verb

1567, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Adjective

1593, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1597, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for split

Verb

Dutch splitten, from Middle Dutch; akin to Middle High German splīzen to split and probably to Old High German spaltan to split

Learn More About split

Dictionary Entries Near split

splish-splash

split

Split

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Statistics for split

Last Updated

16 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Split.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/split. Accessed 23 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for split

split

verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Kids Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to divide lengthwise or by layers split a log
2 : to separate into parts or groups A highway splits the neighborhood. Let's split up and search different areas.
3 : to burst or break apart or in pieces The melon fell and split open.
4 : to divide into shares or sections We split the profit.

split

noun

Kids Definition of split (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a product or result of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : crack
2 : the act or process of dividing, separating, or breaking apart : division There's a split in that political party.
3 : an action or position in which a person's legs are extended in a straight line and in opposite directions

split

adjective

Kids Definition of split (Entry 3 of 3)

: divided by or as if by splitting We're split on what to do next.

split

transitive verb
\ ˈsplit How to pronounce split (audio) \
split; splitting

Medical Definition of split

: to divide or break down (a chemical compound) into constituents split a fat into glycerol and fatty acids also : to remove by such separation

split

verb
split; splitting

Legal Definition of split

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to divide into parts or portions: as
a : to divide into factions, parties, or groups
b : to mark (a ballot) or cast or register (a vote) so as to vote for candidates of different parties
c : to divide (stock) by issuing a larger number of shares to existing shareholders usually without increase in total par value — see also stock split
d : to divide (a cause of action) into separate parts or claims in order to institute an action for less than all

Note: Splitting a cause of action is usually prohibited.

intransitive verb

: to become divided or separated the Supreme Court, splitting five to four, sustained the law— R. H. Bork

Other Words from split

split noun

split

adjective

Legal Definition of split (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : divided into portions, parts, or fragments a split trial a split stock
2 : divided by or in opinion a split court a split decision

Split geographical name

\ ˈsplit How to pronounce Split (audio) \

Definition of Split

city and port on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea in southern Croatia population 166,500

More from Merriam-Webster on split

Nglish: Translation of split for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of split for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about split

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