division

noun di·vi·sion \ də-ˈvi-zhən \

Definition of division

1 a :the act or process of dividing :the state of being divided
b :the act, process, or an instance of distributing among a number :distribution
2 :one of the parts or groupings into which a whole is divided or is divisible
3 :the condition or an instance of being divided in opinion or interest :disagreement, disunity
  • exploited the divisions between the two countries
4 a :something that divides, separates, or marks off
b :the act, process, or an instance of separating or keeping apart :separation
5 :the mathematical operation of dividing something
6 a :a self-contained major military unit capable of independent action
b :a tactical military unit composed of headquarters and usually three to five brigades
c (1) :the basic naval administrative unit
(2) :a tactical subdivision of a squadron of ships
d :a unit of the U.S. Air Force higher than a wing and lower than an air force
7 a :a portion of a territorial unit marked off for a particular purpose (such as administrative or judicial functions)
b :an administrative or operating unit of a governmental, business, or educational organization
8 :the physical separation into different lobbies of the members of a parliamentary body voting for and against a question
9 :plant propagation by dividing parts and planting segments capable of producing roots and shoots
10 :a group of organisms forming part of a larger group; specifically :a primary category of the plant kingdom in biological taxonomy that is typically equivalent to a phylum
11 :a competitive class or category (as in boxing or wrestling)

divisional

play \-ˈvizh-nəl, -ˈvi-zhə-nᵊl\ adjective

Examples of division in a Sentence

  1. the process of cell division

  2. a division of profits into equal shares

  3. After learning multiplication, the students were taught division.

Recent Examples of division from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'division.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of division

Middle English, from Anglo-French devision, from Latin division-, divisio, from dividere to divide

Synonym Discussion of division

part, portion, piece, member, division, section, segment, fragment mean something less than the whole. part is a general term appropriate when indefiniteness is required.
    • they ran only part of the way
portion implies an assigned or allotted part.
    • cut the pie into six portions
piece applies to a separate or detached part of a whole.
    • a puzzle with 500 pieces
member suggests one of the functional units composing a body.
    • a structural member
division applies to a large or diversified part.
    • the manufacturing division of the company
section applies to a relatively small or uniform part.
    • the entertainment section of the newspaper
segment applies to a part separated or marked out by or as if by natural lines of cleavage.
    • the retired segment of the population
fragment applies to a part produced by or as if by breaking off.
    • only a fragment of the play still exists

DIVISION Defined for English Language Learners

division

noun

Definition of division for English Language Learners

  • : the act or process of dividing something into parts : the way that something is divided

  • : something that physically divides or separates something else

  • mathematics : the process of finding out how many times one number is contained in another


DIVISION Defined for Kids

division

noun di·vi·sion \ də-ˈvi-zhən \

Definition of division for Students

1 :the act or process of dividing or separating :the state of being divided or separated
  • cell division
2 :the mathematical process of finding out how many times one number is contained in another
3 :something that divides, separates, or marks off
  • The river is the division between the two towns.
4 :one of the parts or groups that make up a whole
5 :a large military unit
6 :a level of competitors
  • He finished third in his weight division.
7 :a group of plants that ranks above the class and below the kingdom and in scientific classification is typically equal to a phylum

Medical Dictionary

division

noun di·vi·sion \ də-ˈvizh-ən \

medical Definition of division

1 :the act or process of dividing :the state of being divided — see cell division
2 :a group of organisms forming part of a larger group; specifically :a primary category of the plant kingdom that is typically equivalent to a phylum

divisional

play \-ˈvizh-nəl, -ˈvizh-ən-ᵊl\ adjective


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