noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a(1) : a series of things in a line : row
(2) : a series of mountains
(3) : one of the north-south rows of townships in a U.S. public-land survey that are numbered east and west from the principal meridian of the survey
b : an aggregate of individuals in one order
c : a direction line
2 : a cooking stove that has an oven and a flat top with burners or heating elements
3a : a place that may be ranged over
b : an open region over which animals (such as livestock) may roam and feed
c : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
4 : the act of ranging about
5a(1) : the horizontal distance to which a projectile can be propelled
(2) : the horizontal distance between a weapon and target
b : the maximum distance a vehicle or craft can travel without refueling
c(1) : a place where shooting is practiced
6a : the space or extent included, covered, or used : scope
b : the extent of pitch covered by a melody or lying within the capacity of a voice or instrument
7a : a sequence, series, or scale between limits a wide range of patterns
b : the limits of a series : the distance or extent between possible extremes
c : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
8a : the set of values a function may take on
b : the class of admissible values of a variable


ranged; ranging

Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to set in a row or in the proper order
b : to place among others in a position or situation
c : to assign to a category : classify
2a : to rove over or through
b : to sail or pass along
3 : to arrange (an anchor cable) on deck
4 : to graze (livestock) on a range

intransitive verb

1a : to roam at large or freely
b : to move over an area so as to explore it
2 : to take a position
3a : to correspond in direction or line : align
b : to extend in a particular direction
4 : to have range
5 : to change or differ within limits
6 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

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Choose the Right Synonym for range


range, gamut, compass, sweep, scope, orbit mean the extent that lies within the powers of something (as to cover or control). range is a general term indicating the extent of one's perception or the extent of powers, capacities, or possibilities. the entire range of human experience gamut suggests a graduated series running from one possible extreme to another. a performance that ran the gamut of emotions compass implies a sometimes limited extent of perception, knowledge, or activity. your concerns lie beyond the narrow compass of this study sweep suggests extent, often circular or arc-shaped, of motion or activity. the book covers the entire sweep of criminal activity scope is applicable to an area of activity, predetermined and limited, but somewhat flexible. as time went on, the scope of the investigation widened orbit suggests an often circumscribed range of activity or influence within which forces work toward accommodation. within that restricted orbit they tried to effect social change

Examples of range in a Sentence

Noun knew exactly how many head of cattle were turned out on the range that morning to graze didn't know she had such a wide range of knowledge until I talked to her Verb The selection of food ranged from mild to very spicy. Items on the menu range from American fare like hamburgers and hot dogs to Italian pasta dishes. Grizzly bears range over a much smaller area than they once did. The plant once ranged across the island.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For the current fiscal year, Gap expects adjusted earnings per share to be in the range of $1.70 to $1.75 compared to previous guidance of $2.05 to $2.15. Washington Post, "Gap CEO Art Peck steps down amid slumping sales, stock price," 8 Nov. 2019 Several left empty-handed after learning that the deals were currently in the range of 5 to 10 percent off and that wares from LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton were excluded entirely. Sapna Maheshwari, New York Times, "Barneys New York Closing Sales Have Started," 5 Nov. 2019 Illinois Illinois has now three in a row, the latest coming with a 38-10 romp against Rutgers, to move to 5-4 and in range of a bowl game under coach Lovie Smith. Paul Myerberg, USA TODAY, "Winners and losers from Week 10 in college football led by Georgia, Florida State," 3 Nov. 2019 There was something in the air in that range of mountains. Carl Nolte, SFChronicle.com, "Fires are nothing new in California. The population of nearly 40 million is," 3 Nov. 2019 Davis, who turns 25 in two weeks, has one year remaining on his current contract, and his option year would cost the Lions somewhere in the $10 million range. Dave Birkett, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit Lions sign Christian Jones to two-year contract extension," 2 Nov. 2019 Although this version is being shopped around out there in the $30-40 range. Mike Oliver | Moliver@al.com, al, "MVC says lightning is the spark that brings life -- and death," 2 Nov. 2019 The movie is projected to open in the $5 million to $7 million range. Pamela Mcclintock, The Hollywood Reporter, "Box Office: 'Terminator: Dark Fate' Earns $2.4M in U.S. on Halloween," 1 Nov. 2019 One developer’s estimate to clean up and re-engineer the poor soil across the entire site fell in the $5 million range, Schroeder said. Nick Ferraro, Twin Cities, "Neighbors oppose apartments planned for shuttered West St. Paul golf course," 26 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Prices are expected to range from $1.99 for a pupusa to $10.99 for dinner plates. Carol Deptolla, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "A Salvadoran restaurant, Pupuseria Los Angeles, could open as soon as January," 8 Nov. 2019 Genomic Prediction is, however, offering something more wide-ranging. The Economist, "Modern genetics will improve health and usher in “designer” children," 7 Nov. 2019 One Uber employee who joined pre-IPO says they were given an offer sheet that assumed the stock price would range from about $40 on the low end up to around $100. Washington Post, "Uber employees can finally sell their stock. They won’t be as rich as they hoped.," 7 Nov. 2019 The resulting material is generally a dark gray to black color, and can range from smooth to textured depending on the conditions under which it was formed. Emma Bazilian, House Beautiful, "Basalt Just May Be the Magic Floor Material," 7 Nov. 2019 The wide-ranging, four-year deal, called the Collective Bargaining Agreement, was struck Wednesday between soccer governing body Football Federation Australia (FFA) and the players' union, Professional Footballers Australia (PFA). Helen Regan, CNN, "Australia's women footballers get equal pay in landmark deal," 6 Nov. 2019 The issue of investigations was unavoidable at the event, where tickets ranged from $200 a person to $25,000 for corporate sponsors. Rick Pearson, chicagotribune.com, "At Democratic fundraiser, Gov. J.B. Pritzker says public right to be angry at indicted pols and that he’ll push ethics reform," 6 Nov. 2019 The cruises depart from Baltra, Ecuador and fares range from $3,999 to $24,099 a person, depending on the ship and time of year. Ron Hurtibise, sun-sentinel.com, "Celebrity Xpedition evacuated after running aground in the Galápagos," 6 Nov. 2019 The Red Planet once had a very wet surface, covered in wide, ranging rivers. Fox News, "Mars Curiosity rover posts stunning black and white desolate image," 6 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'range.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of range


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for range


Middle English, row of persons, from Anglo-French range, renge, from renger to range


Middle English, from Anglo-French renger, from renc, reng line, place, row — more at rank entry 1

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Learn More about range

Time Traveler for range

Time Traveler

The first known use of range was in the 14th century

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Statistics for range

Last Updated

12 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Range.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/range. Accessed 22 November 2019.

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More Definitions for range


How to pronounce range (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a group or collection of different things or people that are usually similar in some way
: a series of numbers that includes the highest and lowest possible amounts
: the total amount of ability, knowledge, experience, etc., that a person has



English Language Learners Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

: to include everything between specified limits
: to live or grow in a particular area
: to move around an area


\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Kids Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a series of things in a line a range of mountains
2 : the distance over which someone or something can be seen, heard, or reached
3 : a cooking stove
4 : open land over which livestock may roam and feed
5 : a variety of choices within a scale a range of colors
6 : the difference between the least and greatest of a set of values
7 : the distance a gun will shoot
8 : a place where shooting is practiced


ranged; ranging

Kids Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to arrange in a particular place or order There were at least a thousand musicians ranged in a great arc …— Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth
2 : to roam over or through The horses range freely.
3 : to come within specified limits We range in age from 7 to 13.


noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Medical Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
2 : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
ranged; ranging

Medical Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to change or differ within limits symptoms range in severity from mild to severe
2 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

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More from Merriam-Webster on range

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for range

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with range

Spanish Central: Translation of range

Nglish: Translation of range for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of range for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about range

Comments on range

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