noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a(1) : a series of things in a line : row
(2) : a series of mountains
(3) : one of the north-south rows of townships in a U.S. public-land survey that are numbered east and west from the principal meridian of the survey
b : an aggregate of individuals in one order
c : a direction line
2 : a cooking stove that has an oven and a flat top with burners or heating elements
3a : a place that may be ranged over
b : an open region over which animals (such as livestock) may roam and feed
c : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
4 : the act of ranging about
5a(1) : the horizontal distance to which a projectile can be propelled
(2) : the horizontal distance between a weapon and target
b : the maximum distance a vehicle or craft can travel without refueling
c(1) : a place where shooting is practiced
6a : the space or extent included, covered, or used : scope
b : the extent of pitch covered by a melody or lying within the capacity of a voice or instrument
7a : a sequence, series, or scale between limits a wide range of patterns
b : the limits of a series : the distance or extent between possible extremes
c : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
8a : the set of values a function may take on
b : the class of admissible values of a variable


ranged; ranging

Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to set in a row or in the proper order
b : to place among others in a position or situation
c : to assign to a category : classify
2a : to rove over or through
b : to sail or pass along
3 : to arrange (an anchor cable) on deck
4 : to graze (livestock) on a range

intransitive verb

1a : to roam at large or freely
b : to move over an area so as to explore it
2 : to take a position
3a : to correspond in direction or line : align
b : to extend in a particular direction
4 : to have range
5 : to change or differ within limits
6 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

Choose the Right Synonym for range


range, gamut, compass, sweep, scope, orbit mean the extent that lies within the powers of something (as to cover or control). range is a general term indicating the extent of one's perception or the extent of powers, capacities, or possibilities. the entire range of human experience gamut suggests a graduated series running from one possible extreme to another. a performance that ran the gamut of emotions compass implies a sometimes limited extent of perception, knowledge, or activity. your concerns lie beyond the narrow compass of this study sweep suggests extent, often circular or arc-shaped, of motion or activity. the book covers the entire sweep of criminal activity scope is applicable to an area of activity, predetermined and limited, but somewhat flexible. as time went on, the scope of the investigation widened orbit suggests an often circumscribed range of activity or influence within which forces work toward accommodation. within that restricted orbit they tried to effect social change

Examples of range in a Sentence

Noun knew exactly how many head of cattle were turned out on the range that morning to graze didn't know she had such a wide range of knowledge until I talked to her Verb The selection of food ranged from mild to very spicy. Items on the menu range from American fare like hamburgers and hot dogs to Italian pasta dishes. Grizzly bears range over a much smaller area than they once did. The plant once ranged across the island.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun And yet, despite its range, the writing is always recognizably Sjón. New York Times, 13 Jan. 2022 Junior guard Jaylen Lee scored all 10 of his points in the first quarter, showing his range with a three-pointer, then his ability to finish at the rim with several drives. Chip Souza, Arkansas Online, 12 Jan. 2022 The studio is currently diversifying its programming range. Martin Dale, Variety, 11 Jan. 2022 The company expects fourth-quarter net revenue to be near the low end of its range of $2.125 billion to $2.165 billion. Phil Wahba, Fortune, 10 Jan. 2022 Campbell explores her vocal range, seamlessly transitioning from airy falsetto to chesty belts, landing every note with laser precision. Azizi Gibson feat. Neena Rouhani, Billboard, 10 Jan. 2022 Ridley says Saget consistently wowed Comedy Castle guests with his remarkable range of material and ability to riff and improvise. Julie Hinds, Detroit Free Press, 10 Jan. 2022 The French tech company was founded more than a decade ago and is known for its range of tracking devices for cars and motorbikes. Demetrius Simms, Robb Report, 7 Jan. 2022 The appeals court said the court should have calculated his advisory sentencing range between 17 1/2 years and just under 22 years in prison, rather than between just under 22 years and 27 years in prison. Garfield Hylton, orlandosentinel.com, 7 Jan. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The weather service in Huntsville said snow totals could range from a dusting south of the Tennessee River to 4 to 6 inches in the higher terrain of northeast Alabama. Leigh Morgan, al, 16 Jan. 2022 With wind gusts expected to range from 25 to 40 mph and above throughout the day, the National Weather Service is urging people to help avoid fires. Megan Rodriguez, San Antonio Express-News, 15 Jan. 2022 Prices vary by location and experience and range from $50 to $200 an hour. Marni Jameson, orlandosentinel.com, 14 Jan. 2022 Here’s what to keep in mind about the current numbers — including why estimates range so widely — as well as what needs to be done in order to get population-level statistics. Elizabeth Yuko, Rolling Stone, 14 Jan. 2022 Career opportunities range from infantry and Special Forces, occupations such as radar repairers, signal support systems specialists and motor transport operators, the U.S. Army Recruiting Command said in a news release. Gabriela Miranda, USA TODAY, 14 Jan. 2022 Each product has its own price, but costs usually range from $6 to $9 each. Bridget Degnan, PEOPLE.com, 13 Jan. 2022 The incentives for new recruits range from $1,000 to $40,000 for certain jobs the Army needs to fill quickly or that are difficult to fill because of qualifications needed, such as Special Forces or radar repairers, the USAREC said. Chandelis Duster, CNN, 13 Jan. 2022 Fans can purchase hoodies, t-shirts, and crewnecks that range in price from $25 to $70. Leah Campano, Seventeen, 12 Jan. 2022

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'range.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of range


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for range


Middle English, row of persons, from Anglo-French range, renge, from renger to range


Middle English, from Anglo-French renger, from renc, reng line, place, row — more at rank entry 1

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Time Traveler for range

Time Traveler

The first known use of range was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near range



range angle

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Statistics for range

Last Updated

18 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Range.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/range. Accessed 26 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for range



English Language Learners Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a group or collection of different things or people that are usually similar in some way
: a series of numbers that includes the highest and lowest possible amounts
: the total amount of ability, knowledge, experience, etc., that a person has



English Language Learners Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

: to include everything between specified limits
: to live or grow in a particular area
: to move around an area


\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Kids Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a series of things in a line a range of mountains
2 : the distance over which someone or something can be seen, heard, or reached
3 : a cooking stove
4 : open land over which livestock may roam and feed
5 : a variety of choices within a scale a range of colors
6 : the difference between the least and greatest of a set of values
7 : the distance a gun will shoot
8 : a place where shooting is practiced


ranged; ranging

Kids Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to arrange in a particular place or order There were at least a thousand musicians ranged in a great arc …— Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth
2 : to roam over or through The horses range freely.
3 : to come within specified limits We range in age from 7 to 13.


noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Medical Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
2 : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution


intransitive verb
ranged; ranging

Medical Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to change or differ within limits symptoms range in severity from mild to severe
2 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

More from Merriam-Webster on range

Nglish: Translation of range for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of range for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about range


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