noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a(1) : a series of things in a line : row
(2) : a series of mountains
(3) : one of the north-south rows of townships in a U.S. public-land survey that are numbered east and west from the principal meridian of the survey
b : an aggregate of individuals in one order
c : a direction line
2 : a cooking stove that has an oven and a flat top with burners or heating elements
3a : a place that may be ranged over
b : an open region over which animals (such as livestock) may roam and feed
c : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
4 : the act of ranging about
5a(1) : the horizontal distance to which a projectile can be propelled
(2) : the horizontal distance between a weapon and target
b : the maximum distance a vehicle or craft can travel without refueling
c(1) : a place where shooting is practiced
6a : the space or extent included, covered, or used : scope
b : the extent of pitch covered by a melody or lying within the capacity of a voice or instrument
7a : a sequence, series, or scale between limits a wide range of patterns
b : the limits of a series : the distance or extent between possible extremes
c : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
8a : the set of values a function may take on
b : the class of admissible values of a variable


ranged; ranging

Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to set in a row or in the proper order
b : to place among others in a position or situation
c : to assign to a category : classify
2a : to rove over or through
b : to sail or pass along
3 : to arrange (an anchor cable) on deck
4 : to graze (livestock) on a range

intransitive verb

1a : to roam at large or freely
b : to move over an area so as to explore it
2 : to take a position
3a : to correspond in direction or line : align
b : to extend in a particular direction
4 : to have range
5 : to change or differ within limits
6 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

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Choose the Right Synonym for range


range, gamut, compass, sweep, scope, orbit mean the extent that lies within the powers of something (as to cover or control). range is a general term indicating the extent of one's perception or the extent of powers, capacities, or possibilities. the entire range of human experience gamut suggests a graduated series running from one possible extreme to another. a performance that ran the gamut of emotions compass implies a sometimes limited extent of perception, knowledge, or activity. your concerns lie beyond the narrow compass of this study sweep suggests extent, often circular or arc-shaped, of motion or activity. the book covers the entire sweep of criminal activity scope is applicable to an area of activity, predetermined and limited, but somewhat flexible. as time went on, the scope of the investigation widened orbit suggests an often circumscribed range of activity or influence within which forces work toward accommodation. within that restricted orbit they tried to effect social change

Examples of range in a Sentence

Noun knew exactly how many head of cattle were turned out on the range that morning to graze didn't know she had such a wide range of knowledge until I talked to her Verb The selection of food ranged from mild to very spicy. Items on the menu range from American fare like hamburgers and hot dogs to Italian pasta dishes. Grizzly bears range over a much smaller area than they once did. The plant once ranged across the island.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Ney’s free-range beef is entirely sourced and processed in Wisconsin, from Ney’s friends, uncles and other family members. Jennifer Rude Klett, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 9 June 2021 The law also requires employers to provide job applicants and employees with information about a job’s pay range, or what the employer anticipates paying. Stephen Singer, courant.com, 9 June 2021 An Arizona Republic investigation found that such treatments are offered at hundreds of locations across the state, but few of those businesses offer the narrow range of treatments the Food and Drug Administration has approved for use of stem cells. AZCentral.com, 9 June 2021 It was opened in 1966 by Kee Joon Lee, an immigrant from Canton, China, who envisioned a rooftop restaurant that would expand the range and amp up the sophistication of Chinese food in San Francisco. Andy Wang, Robb Report, 9 June 2021 In a tweet, the group shared the map of surge bonuses visible to drivers, which showed the range of potential rewards, with locations at $1.25 and $17, reflecting the whack-a-mole nature of surge rewards. Washington Post, 9 June 2021 Scottie Barnes is a top-10 talent in this class with the one question -- his shot and offensive production -- being significant enough to potentially push him into this range. Scott Gleeson, USA Today, 9 June 2021 Season tickets and flex passes for the 2021-2022 season range in price from $100-$288 and are available now by calling 216-521-2540. cleveland, 8 June 2021 The Alps, the expansive mountain range that stretches across much of mainland Europe, may lose the glaciers and optimal ski conditions it is best known for if temperatures continue to rise. Julia Jacobo, ABC News, 8 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Major emergencies could range from terrorist attacks, mass shootings, industrial or nuclear accidents, natural disasters such as tornadoes and floods or public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Michelle Mullins, chicagotribune.com, 10 June 2021 The food hall's dining capacity would range from 15 to 25 people. Tom Daykin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 10 June 2021 These range from draining tax oases to imposing a Tobin tax on finance speculation or redistributing revenue from levies on CO2 emissions. Christiaan Hetzner, Fortune, 2 June 2021 Essay topics range from CNN (which Green gave two out of five stars) to the Lascaux cave paintings (four and a half stars) to Nathan's Famous Hot Dog Eating Contest (two stars). Hannah Yasharoff, USA Today, 18 May 2021 These range from growing microgreens to using soap in the garden. Sally Peterson, oregonlive, 23 Apr. 2021 These range from works published from as long ago as the 1500s through to the present day. Aarian Marshall, Quartz, 20 Apr. 2021 These range from the Alpino Gimlet (vodka with lime, rosemary, and vermouth bianco) to the Duke of Aosta (rye with amaro S. Maria al Monte and smoked maple syrup). BostonGlobe.com, 1 Apr. 2021 These range from the Moon Crush festival on April 30 in Miramar Beach, Florida, to The Rust Belt on Dec. 4 in East Moline, Illinois. Mary Colurso | Mcolurso@al.com, al, 29 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'range.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of range


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for range


Middle English, row of persons, from Anglo-French range, renge, from renger to range


Middle English, from Anglo-French renger, from renc, reng line, place, row — more at rank entry 1

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Learn More About range

Time Traveler for range

Time Traveler

The first known use of range was in the 14th century

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Statistics for range

Last Updated

11 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Range.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/range. Accessed 22 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for range



English Language Learners Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a group or collection of different things or people that are usually similar in some way
: a series of numbers that includes the highest and lowest possible amounts
: the total amount of ability, knowledge, experience, etc., that a person has



English Language Learners Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

: to include everything between specified limits
: to live or grow in a particular area
: to move around an area


\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Kids Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a series of things in a line a range of mountains
2 : the distance over which someone or something can be seen, heard, or reached
3 : a cooking stove
4 : open land over which livestock may roam and feed
5 : a variety of choices within a scale a range of colors
6 : the difference between the least and greatest of a set of values
7 : the distance a gun will shoot
8 : a place where shooting is practiced


ranged; ranging

Kids Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to arrange in a particular place or order There were at least a thousand musicians ranged in a great arc …— Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth
2 : to roam over or through The horses range freely.
3 : to come within specified limits We range in age from 7 to 13.


noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Medical Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
2 : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
ranged; ranging

Medical Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to change or differ within limits symptoms range in severity from mild to severe
2 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region


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