noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a(1) : a series of things in a line : row
(2) : a series of mountains
(3) : one of the north-south rows of townships in a U.S. public-land survey that are numbered east and west from the principal meridian of the survey
b : an aggregate of individuals in one order
c : a direction line
2 : a cooking stove that has an oven and a flat top with burners or heating elements
3a : a place that may be ranged over
b : an open region over which animals (such as livestock) may roam and feed
c : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
4 : the act of ranging about
5a(1) : the horizontal distance to which a projectile can be propelled
(2) : the horizontal distance between a weapon and target
b : the maximum distance a vehicle or craft can travel without refueling
c(1) : a place where shooting is practiced
6a : the space or extent included, covered, or used : scope
b : the extent of pitch covered by a melody or lying within the capacity of a voice or instrument
7a : a sequence, series, or scale between limits a wide range of patterns
b : the limits of a series : the distance or extent between possible extremes
c : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
8a : the set of values a function may take on
b : the class of admissible values of a variable


ranged; ranging

Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to set in a row or in the proper order
b : to place among others in a position or situation
c : to assign to a category : classify
2a : to rove over or through
b : to sail or pass along
3 : to arrange (an anchor cable) on deck
4 : to graze (livestock) on a range

intransitive verb

1a : to roam at large or freely
b : to move over an area so as to explore it
2 : to take a position
3a : to correspond in direction or line : align
b : to extend in a particular direction
4 : to have range
5 : to change or differ within limits
6 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

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Choose the Right Synonym for range


range, gamut, compass, sweep, scope, orbit mean the extent that lies within the powers of something (as to cover or control). range is a general term indicating the extent of one's perception or the extent of powers, capacities, or possibilities. the entire range of human experience gamut suggests a graduated series running from one possible extreme to another. a performance that ran the gamut of emotions compass implies a sometimes limited extent of perception, knowledge, or activity. your concerns lie beyond the narrow compass of this study sweep suggests extent, often circular or arc-shaped, of motion or activity. the book covers the entire sweep of criminal activity scope is applicable to an area of activity, predetermined and limited, but somewhat flexible. as time went on, the scope of the investigation widened orbit suggests an often circumscribed range of activity or influence within which forces work toward accommodation. within that restricted orbit they tried to effect social change

Examples of range in a Sentence

Noun knew exactly how many head of cattle were turned out on the range that morning to graze didn't know she had such a wide range of knowledge until I talked to her Verb The selection of food ranged from mild to very spicy. Items on the menu range from American fare like hamburgers and hot dogs to Italian pasta dishes. Grizzly bears range over a much smaller area than they once did. The plant once ranged across the island.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The company is targeting 250 miles of range and a $52,500 price tag. Annie White, Car and Driver, "Lordstown Endurance Unveiled with Claims It'll Be First Electric Pickup on Market," 25 June 2020 With that said, back-up iron sights are a mandatory addition to any pistol used outside of a flat range. Chris Mudgett, Outdoor Life, "Why The 10mm is The Ultimate Handgun Cartridge for Hunting and Personal Defense (Plus 8 of Best Pistols You Can Buy)," 23 June 2020 So, India had three episodes’ worth of range in her! Joey Nolfi, EW.com, "Mariah Balenciaga proudly shook the system on Drag Race return: 'My message was heard'," 22 June 2020 His ability to stretch the floor will balance out Drummond and Rodman's lack of range. Omari Sankofa Ii, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit Pistons all-time draft: Both rosters stacked with studs, but which team wins?," 18 June 2020 Auto manufacturing jobs typically pay about $35 an hour, or $65,000 to $75,000 a year — and that’s at the low end of the range, according to Austin economist Angelos Angelou. Dallas News, "To lure Tesla, a Travis County ISD could grant $68 million in property tax breaks," 18 June 2020 Stop enforcement of a range of non-serious offenses and eliminate many of the unnecessary interactions between the police and community members. Indianapolis Star, The Indianapolis Star, "What prominent community members say should be done to make Indiana better for everyone," 17 June 2020 Kepler himself later rejected this model, after concluding that the orbits of the planets did not form the singular perfect shape of a circle, but instead had the ugly appearance of an ellipse, which can take one of a whole range of shapes. Quanta Magazine, "The Two Forms of Mathematical Beauty," 16 June 2020 Musk said the action lost 2% of the vehicle's range. Jazmin Goodwin, CNN, "Tesla says Model S is the first EV to get 400 miles on a single charge," 15 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb There's the cost of the cameras themselves -- which can range from about $400 to $800 apiece, depending on the camera make and model and how many a department orders. Harmeet Kaur, CNN, "There's a renewed call for police body cameras. Here's why that may not be the right solution," 30 June 2020 Carpet, Styrofoam Stingel is known for probing processes and styles, which range from photo-realist to abstract. Katya Kazakina, Bloomberg.com, "Star Artist’s Market Implodes After Collectors ‘Paid Too Much’," 26 June 2020 Ticket prices, which range depending on the movie chosen, support the local theaters. Anne Nickoloff, cleveland, "15 things to do in Cleveland this weekend," 25 June 2020 And then there are the alcoholic drinks, which range from dry meads to nettle beers. Gareth Cook, Scientific American, "A Poetic, Mind-Bending Tour of the Fungal World," 24 June 2020 Some 100,000 people from 120 countries serve in 13 missions, which range from ceasefire monitoring in Cyprus and Lebanon to large, complex operations such as those in the CAR, Congo and Mali. The Economist, "Global firefighting The UN has too much on its plate," 18 June 2020 The Fulton County District Attorney Paul Howard Jr. is considering whether to bring criminal charges – which could range from voluntary manslaughter to murder – against the officer. Breanna Edwards, Essence, "Officer Who Killed Rayshard Brooks Had History Of Citizen Complaints," 16 June 2020 Those numbers are nearly identical to the RAV4's, which range from 27 to 30 mpg combined, and CR-V's, which the EPA rates at 29 to 30 mpg combined. Joey Capparella, Car and Driver, "2021 Nissan Rogue vs. Honda CR-V, Toyota RAV4: How the New SUV Stacks Up," 15 June 2020 The news comes a day after Fort Worth’s three major art museums — the Kimbell Art Museum, the Amon Carter Museum of American Art and the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth — announced their reopening dates, which range from mid-June to July 1. Lisa Salinas, Dallas News, "Meadows Museum is first major Dallas art museum to set reopening date," 12 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'range.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of range


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for range


Middle English, row of persons, from Anglo-French range, renge, from renger to range


Middle English, from Anglo-French renger, from renc, reng line, place, row — more at rank entry 1

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Learn More about range

Time Traveler for range

Time Traveler

The first known use of range was in the 14th century

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Statistics for range

Last Updated

4 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Range.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/range. Accessed 10 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for range


How to pronounce range (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a group or collection of different things or people that are usually similar in some way
: a series of numbers that includes the highest and lowest possible amounts
: the total amount of ability, knowledge, experience, etc., that a person has



English Language Learners Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

: to include everything between specified limits
: to live or grow in a particular area
: to move around an area


\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Kids Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a series of things in a line a range of mountains
2 : the distance over which someone or something can be seen, heard, or reached
3 : a cooking stove
4 : open land over which livestock may roam and feed
5 : a variety of choices within a scale a range of colors
6 : the difference between the least and greatest of a set of values
7 : the distance a gun will shoot
8 : a place where shooting is practiced


ranged; ranging

Kids Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to arrange in a particular place or order There were at least a thousand musicians ranged in a great arc …— Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth
2 : to roam over or through The horses range freely.
3 : to come within specified limits We range in age from 7 to 13.


noun, often attributive
\ ˈrānj How to pronounce range (audio) \

Medical Definition of range

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the region throughout which a kind of organism or ecological community naturally lives or occurs
2 : the difference between the least and greatest values of an attribute or of the variable of a frequency distribution
ranged; ranging

Medical Definition of range (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to change or differ within limits symptoms range in severity from mild to severe
2 of an organism : to live or occur in or be native to a region

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More from Merriam-Webster on range

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for range

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with range

Spanish Central: Translation of range

Nglish: Translation of range for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of range for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about range

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