1

heave

verb \ ˈhēv \

Definition of heave

heaved or hove play \ˈhōv\; heaving
transitive verb
1 obsolete :elevate
2 :lift, raise
  • heaved the trunk onto the table
3 :throw, cast
  • heaved her books on the floor
4 a :to cause to swell or rise
  • a spent horse gasping and heaving his chest
  • Frost had heaved the sidewalk.
b geology :to displace (something, such as a rock stratum or a mineral vein) especially by a fault
5 :to utter with obvious effort or with a deep breath
  • heave a sigh of relief
6 :to draw, pull, or haul on (something, such as a rope)
  • heave a line
intransitive verb
1 :to strain or labor to do something difficult :struggle
2 :retch, vomit
  • nearly heaved at the gruesome sight
3 a :to rise and fall rhythmically
  • The boat heaved up and down on the waves.
b :pant
  • runners heaving at the finish line
4 a :pull, push
  • heaving on a rope
b :to move a ship in a specified direction or manner
c past tense usually hove :to move in an indicated way
  • the ship hove into view
5 :to rise or become thrown or raised up
  • Roads had begun to heave with frost.

heaver

noun
heave to
:to halt the headway of a ship (as by positioning a sailboat with the jib aback and the rudder turned sharply to windward)

Examples of heave in a Sentence

  1. She heaved the door shut.

  2. The quarterback heaved the ball down the field.

  3. She sat down and heaved a sigh of relief.

Recent Examples of heave from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'heave.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of heave

Middle English heven, from Old English hebban; akin to Old High German hevan to lift, Latin capere to take

heave Synonyms

Synonyms
boost, heft, hoist, jack (up), upheave
Antonyms
drop, lower
Related Words
elevate, hike, pick up, raise, rear, up, uplift, upraise, uprear
Near Antonyms
depress, drop, lower; sink, submerge, submerse

Synonym Discussion of heave

lift, raise, rear, elevate, hoist, heave, boost mean to move from a lower to a higher place or position. lift usually implies exerting effort to overcome resistance of weight.
    • lift the chair while I vacuum
raise carries a stronger implication of bringing up to the vertical or to a high position.
    • scouts raising a flagpole
rear may add an element of suddenness to raise.
    • suddenly reared itself up on its hind legs
elevate may replace lift or raise especially when exalting or enhancing is implied.
    • elevated the taste of the public
hoist implies lifting something heavy especially by mechanical means.
    • hoisted the cargo on board
heave implies lifting and throwing with great effort or strain.
    • heaved the heavy crate inside
boost suggests assisting to climb or advance by a push.
    • boosted his brother over the fence

2

heave

noun

Definition of heave

1 a :an effort to pull or raise something
  • with each heave of the rope
b :an act or instance of throwing :hurl
  • gave the ball a heave toward the basket
2 :an upward motion :rising; especially :a rhythmical rising
  • the heave of his chest
3 geology :horizontal displacement especially by the faulting of a rock
  • the total heave of the strata
4 heaves plural in form but singular or plural in construction, veterinary medicine :chronic pulmonary emphysema of the horse resulting in difficult expiration, heaving of the flanks, and a persistent cough

Examples of heave in a Sentence

  1. We lifted the box onto the table with a heave.

  2. He gave the rope a mighty heave.

  3. The quarterback uncorked a mighty heave.

Recent Examples of heave from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'heave.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of heave

see 1heave



HEAVE Defined for English Language Learners

heave

verb

Definition of heave for English Language Learners

  • : to lift or pull (something) with effort

  • : to throw (something) with effort

  • : to breathe in and breathe out (a sigh) in a slow or loud way


heave

noun

Definition of heave for English Language Learners

  • : an act of lifting or pulling something with effort

  • : a forceful throw


HEAVE Defined for Kids

1

heave

verb \ ˈhēv \

Definition of heave for Students

heaved or hove \ˈhōv\; heaving
1 :to raise with an effort
  • Help me heave this box onto the truck.
2 :hurl, throw
  • He heaved rocks into the water.
3 :to utter with an effort
  • She heaved a sigh of relief.
4 :to rise and fall again and again
  • The runner's chest was heaving.
5 :to be thrown or raised up
  • Frost caused the ground to heave.

2

heave

noun

Definition of heave for Students

1 :an effort to lift or raise
  • With a final heave they jammed him into the crate.
  • —E. B. White, Charlotte's Web
2 :a forceful throw
3 :an upward motion (as of the chest in breathing or of waves in motion)

Medical Dictionary

heave

verb \ ˈhēv \

medical Definition of heave

heaved; heaving
transitive verb
:vomit
  • got carsick and heaved his lunch
intransitive verb
:to undergo retching or vomiting


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