emphysema

noun
em·​phy·​se·​ma | \ ˌem(p)-fə-ˈzē-mə How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -ˈsē- How to pronounce emphysema (audio) \

Definition of emphysema

: a condition characterized by air-filled expansions of body tissues specifically : a condition of the lung marked by abnormal enlargement of the alveoli with loss of pulmonary elasticity that is characterized especially by shortness of breath and may lead to impairment of heart action

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Other Words from emphysema

emphysematous \ ˌem(p)-​fə-​ˈze-​mə-​təs How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -​ˈse-​ , -​ˈzē-​ , -​ˈsē-​ \ adjective
emphysemic \ ˌem(p)-​fə-​ˈzē-​mik How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -​ˈsē-​ \ adjective

Examples of emphysema in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The broad category includes COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, as well as asthma, pulmonary hypertension, and occupational lung diseases with smoking the leading cause. Lois Szymanski, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, 10 May 2021 These are the particles that easily lodge in the lungs, leading to health concerns for children, the elderly and people with pre-existing asthma, emphysema and heart disease. Star Tribune, 28 Feb. 2021 Vaping does not have ash particulates, charcoal or tar — the major ingredients that cause cancer, emphysema and heart disease. Shaune Walter, The Denver Post, 5 May 2020 Those could include: diabetes, emphysema, heart disease or failure, liver disease, or chemotherapy treatments. oregonlive, 9 Apr. 2020 On March 14, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced the state’s first death in an elderly woman with advanced emphysema. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, 5 Apr. 2020 Ann Schonberg was a Detroit homemaker and a lifelong smoker with mild emphysema. Paula Span, New York Times, 16 Mar. 2020 Cuomo said the victim was an 82-year-old woman with emphysema. Fox News, 15 Mar. 2020 Campbell has a history of emphysema and asthma, putting her at greater risk for exposure to the virus. Cassandra Jaramillo, Dallas News, 21 May 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'emphysema.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of emphysema

circa 1587, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for emphysema

New Latin, from Greek emphysēma, from emphysan to inflate, from em- en- entry 2 + physan to blow, from physa breath — more at pustule

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Time Traveler for emphysema

Time Traveler

The first known use of emphysema was circa 1587

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Statistics for emphysema

Last Updated

22 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Emphysema.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/emphysema. Accessed 13 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for emphysema

emphysema

noun

English Language Learners Definition of emphysema

medical : a disease in which the lungs become stretched and breathing becomes difficult

emphysema

noun
em·​phy·​se·​ma | \ ˌem-fə-ˈzē-mə How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -ˈsē-mə \

Kids Definition of emphysema

: a disease in which the lungs become stretched and inefficient

emphysema

noun
em·​phy·​se·​ma | \ ˌem(p)-fə-ˈzē-mə How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -ˈsē- How to pronounce emphysema (audio) \

Medical Definition of emphysema

: a condition characterized by air-filled expansions in interstitial or subcutaneous tissues specifically : a condition of the lung that is marked by distension and eventual rupture of the alveoli with progressive loss of pulmonary elasticity, that is accompanied by shortness of breath with or without cough, and that may lead to impairment of heart action

Other Words from emphysema

emphysematous \ -​ˈzem-​ət-​əs How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -​ˈsem-​ How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -​ˈzēm-​ How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -​ˈsēm-​ How to pronounce emphysema (audio) \ adjective
emphysemic \ -​ˈzē-​mik How to pronounce emphysema (audio) , -​ˈsē-​ How to pronounce emphysema (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on emphysema

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about emphysema

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