gene

noun
\ ˈjēn How to pronounce gene (audio) \
plural genes

Definition of gene

: a specific sequence of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is located usually on a chromosome and that is the functional unit of inheritance controlling the transmission and expression of one or more traits by specifying the structure of a particular polypeptide and especially a protein or controlling the function of other genetic material

Examples of gene in a Sentence

She inherited a good set of genes from her parents.

Recent Examples on the Web

After determining which genes were likely to give bacteria these abilities, Dantas put them to the test by adding them to the DNA of an unrelated species, the bacterial workhorse E. coli. Jonathon Keats, Discover Magazine, "Bacteria That Eat Drugs Could Help Solve the Antibiotic Resistance Crisis," 8 Nov. 2018 Three Identical Strangers — and Neubauer’s study — raises the disquieting implication that genes are more important in the development of personality than home environment. refinery29.com, "The Extremely Dark Side To The Buzzy Documentary Three Identical Strangers," 28 June 2018 The Duchenne gene is one of the largest in the body and cannot fit inside a virus needed to deliver it to cells. Adam Feuerstein, STAT, "With tantalizing early results, Sarepta’s gene therapy for Duchenne raises hopes for ‘real change’," 19 June 2018 Her mom Angie, is of Caucasian heritage while dad, Mike, was born in the Philippines, so Kalea’s inherited genes are a mixture of the two. Paul Sisson, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Can you help six-year-old Kalea Ramos beat leukemia?," 29 May 2018 Research has also found that some genes involved in defending against viral infections are less active in lonely people. Sumathi Reddy, WSJ, "The Goal: Longer Life With Less Loneliness," 28 Apr. 2018 Currently, Ilardo and her colleagues only know these genes are different in the Bajau. Angus Chen, Scientific American, "Human “Sea Nomads” May Have Evolved to Be the World’s Elite Divers," 19 Apr. 2018 Certainly genes are not the determinants: Children with XY chromosomes who lack receptors for testosterone and thus have feminized anatomy — and are in turn socialized as women — all tend to identify as women, despite that Y chromosome. Alex Morris, The Cut, "Is it possible to raise your child entirely without gender from birth? Some parents are trying.," 3 Apr. 2018 Our study is the first to link a genetic cause of weaker breathing muscles with sudden infant death syndrome and suggests that genes controlling breathing muscle function could be important in this condition. Ariana Eunjung Cha, chicagotribune.com, "Genetics may make some babies more vulnerable to SIDS or 'crib death'," 29 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gene.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of gene

1909, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for gene

German Gen, short for Pangen, from pan- + -gen

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Statistics for gene

Last Updated

28 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for gene

The first known use of gene was in 1909

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More Definitions for gene

gene

noun

English Language Learners Definition of gene

biology : a part of a cell that controls or influences the appearance, growth, etc., of a living thing

gene

noun
\ ˈjēn How to pronounce gene (audio) \

Kids Definition of gene

: a unit of DNA that is usually located on a chromosome and that controls the development of one or more traits and is the basic unit by which genetic information is passed from parent to offspring

gene

noun
\ ˈjēn How to pronounce gene (audio) \

Medical Definition of gene

: a specific sequence of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is located usually on a chromosome and that is the functional unit of inheritance controlling the transmission and expression of one or more traits by specifying the structure of a particular polypeptide and especially a protein or controlling the function of other genetic material

called also determinant, determiner, factor

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More from Merriam-Webster on gene

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with gene

Spanish Central: Translation of gene

Nglish: Translation of gene for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of gene for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gene

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likely to have or produce good results

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