finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite

Antonyms: Verb

defund

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

It’s hard to imagine Mark having any trouble with his finances now, as the busy dad is apparently worth $4.1 billion. Megan Stein, Country Living, "'Shark Tank' Star Mark Cuban Was Once so 'Broke' He Couldn't Open a Bank Account," 28 Apr. 2019 Spears's father Jamie is the conservator of her estate, meaning that Britney has not had full legal control of her finances and career for many years. Bridget Read, Vogue, "Britney Spears Responds in Instagram Video to Fans Concerned About Her Well-Being," 24 Apr. 2019 Your finances are your own now; there’s no one to rely on, so be sure not to fall. Shelly Oria, Longreads, "How to Be Single," 2 July 2018 The play tells the tale of how, over the ensuing decades, the brothers built a giant of American finance. Bethany Mclean, Town & Country, "This New Play The Lehman Trilogy Turns the Financial Crisis Into High Art," 29 Mar. 2019 The couple, who work in finance, wanted a place to come during July and August, where their two teenage boys could have plenty of freedom and access to activities. Nancy Hass, ELLE Decor, "This Brian J. McCarthy-Designed Hamptons Home is Filled with the Unexpected," 13 Mar. 2019 Tom used to procure the release of hostages in Iraq before moving into the world of finance. Megan Friedman, Harper's BAZAAR, "Lady Gabriella Windsor, the Latest Royal to Get Engaged, Has a Pretty Controversial Family," 19 Sep. 2018 Tom used to procure the release of hostages in Iraq before moving into the world of finance. Lucy Wood, Marie Claire, "Buckingham Palace Just Announced that Prince Harry's Cousin is Marrying Pippa Middleton's Ex," 19 Sep. 2018 One of the first lady's nephews was serving as PDVSA's vice president of finance at the time the loan was repaid to Eaton. Joshua Goodman, Fox News, "Maduro's stepsons face scrutiny in $1.2 billion graft case," 24 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The Times noted that financing for her plan would come from another key proposal of her 2020 campaign: increasing taxes on the rich. Lucy Diavolo, Teen Vogue, "Elizabeth Warren Announced a Plan to Cancel Student Loan Debts and Make Public College Free," 22 Apr. 2019 Metro Market, The Oaks of Shorewood senior living community, the LightHorse 4041 apartments and HarborChase Assisted Living are some of the development projects the village financed at least in part through TIFs. Bob Dohr, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Seeing red: Which Milwaukee suburbs are closest to their debt limits?," 11 July 2018 To finance the bill, Sen. Warren is calling for estate tax rates to return to levels at the end of the Bush Administration and progressive taxes that will impact only the wealthiest 10,000 earners in the country. Diana Budds, Curbed, "Senator Warren has a $450 billion plan to fix the housing crisis," 25 Sep. 2018 Silvas is signed to BMG Music Publishing; thus Downtown is essentially stepping into a role that is not part of its day-to-day business to finance a product for an artist affiliated with one of its rivals. Tom Roland, Billboard, "Downtown Steps In to Fund a Release By BMG's Lucie Silvas: 'Hasn't Happened Before... Certainly Not in Nashville'," 20 June 2018 The money was used to finance Jammeh’s lavish lifestyle and is believed to still support him in his exile in Equatorial Guinea, the investigative group said. Abdoulie John, The Seattle Times, "Inquiry into Gambia’s ex-president submits findings report," 29 Mar. 2019 But the system by and large favors kids who know financing their college education won’t be an issue, further disadvantaging low-income students in a process that already sidelines them. James Wellemeyer, Teen Vogue, "Applying to College Early Is a Privilege Not Every Student Can Afford," 20 Mar. 2019 Trump, 25, is a Georgetown Law student in D.C. and Boulos studies finance at City University of London. Rose Minutaglio, Town & Country, "Inside Tiffany Trump's Relationship with New Boyfriend Michael Boulos," 18 Mar. 2019 But this is going to be a problem, and the crunch is coming in about three or four years when this high level of debt will be financed at high interest rates. Eric Johnson, Recode, "American capitalism broke in the 1980s. Can it be fixed?," 7 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

15 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Comments on finance

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