finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite

Antonyms: Verb

defund

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Murray is The Plain Dealer’s personal finance writer. cleveland.com, "KeyBank drills open customer’s safe deposit box; contents MIA: Money Matters," 7 July 2019 Scott Burns is the creator of Couch Potato investing and a longtime personal finance columnist for The Dallas Morning News. Scott Burns, Dallas News, "Let's look at the real-world consequences of teacher pension fund fees," 7 July 2019 Relating to public school finance and public education; creating a criminal offense; authorizing the imposition of a fee. Roy Kent, Houston Chronicle, "THIS WEEK: State Rep. Zerwas to hold legislative update session in Katy," 7 July 2019 Growth in the services sector, which includes such varied industries as restaurants, finance and recreation, slowed in June. Time, "U.S. Hiring Rises Sharply in June as Employers Add 224,000 More Jobs," 5 July 2019 Growth in the services sector, which includes such varied industries as restaurants, finance and recreation, slowed in June. Josh Boak, chicagotribune.com, "Report shows U.S. added 224,000 jobs in June, making a Fed rate cut less certain," 5 July 2019 All three survivors are no longer students at the school: Nick Piring and Kyle Zientek have since graduated with finance degrees, and Nick Prato earned a degree in hotel and restaurant management. Lauren Castle, azcentral, "Suspect in NAU shooting case asks for GPS monitoring, curfew to end," 5 July 2019 Shelton, who has been an informal adviser to Trump, has a doctorate in business administration from the University of Utah with an emphasis on finance and international economics. Ryan Haar, BostonGlobe.com, "Trump Fed pick Judy Shelton says central bank should support markets," 5 July 2019 Growth in the services sector, which includes such varied industries as restaurants, finance and recreation, slowed in June. Josh Boak, USA TODAY, "June jobs report could show whether US economy is weakening or stabilizing," 5 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Perhaps the most obvious deviation came on charter schools, campuses that are financed with tax dollars but typically left free from the management of traditional public school systems. chicagotribune.com, "Biden, Harris join Warren in promising to choose a teacher to lead the Education Department," 5 July 2019 It was financed with $275,000 in cash that a U.S. official provided in a suitcase, Boquist said. NBC News, "GOP senator faces hearing after threats to state police: 'Come heavily armed'," 5 July 2019 Living a life of apparent ease and mild boredom with her husband and their two kids, Susannah becomes determined to nurture and eventually finance Rose-Lynn’s talent. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Review: Jessie Buckley soars in the crowd-pleaser ‘Wild Rose’," 4 July 2019 Merchants underwrote each colony’s militias and state regiments, essentially financing the revolt. Time, "The Maryland 400 Lost a Battle But Helped Win a War. On the 4th of July, We Should Remember Their Sacrifice," 4 July 2019 But France is gaining investor interest, bolstered by president Emmanuel Macron’s tech-friendly policies, while financing to British startups has slowed. Alison Griswold, Quartz, "Paris is pitching itself as the next-best thing for tech startups," 3 July 2019 For the first time, gas stations opened along widely used roads, and new state taxes on gas financed road upgrades. Jeff Guinn, WSJ, "The Invention of the Summer Road Trip," 29 June 2019 Fact check: Probably true, but that's only part of the equation for a family, and Sanders has not released a blueprint showing how his plan will be financed. CBS News, "Fact check: The first Democratic primary debate, Day 2," 28 June 2019 The $2 billion plant is majority financed and built by Chinese firms alongside a Kenyan consortium. Abdi Latif Dahir, Quartz Africa, "China’s plan to help build Kenya’s first coal plant has been stopped—for now," 27 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

10 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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