finance

noun
fi·​nance | \fə-ˈnan(t)s, ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s \

Definition of finance 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities

3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.

4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house

b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college

2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

endow, fund, subsidize

Antonyms: Verb

defund, disendow

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Mine consists of a few major categories—career, relationship, finances, health, travel, and home. Jaime Osnato, SELF, "Amazon’s New Home Collection Is My Vision Board Come to Life—Here Are 13 Things I Want," 21 Nov. 2018 Their partnership also centered around global finance and economics. Alex Ward, Vox, "Why the US won’t break up with Saudi Arabia over Jamal Khashoggi’s murder," 20 Nov. 2018 Campa-Najjar far outpaced Hunter in fundraising in the third quarter after the incumbent was indicted, according to the latest campaign finance disclosures. Fox News, "Indicted California incumbent steps up attacks on Democrat," 16 Oct. 2018 On Monday, October 8, a new moon in Libra activates the area of your chart connected to personal finances, and since this lunation corresponds with beginnings, this is an excellent day for a money manifestation ritual. Aliza Kelly Faragher, Allure, "What October's Virgo Horoscope Means for You," 30 Sep. 2018 Having also inherited money from his mother, Princess Diana, and from the Queen Mother, Prince Harry's finances are comfortable. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry's Net Worth Compared to Kate Middleton and Prince William's," 23 Sep. 2018 How has mortgage finance changed—or not—since the crisis? Jeff Andrews, Curbed, "10 years after the financial crisis, is the housing market still at risk?," 29 Aug. 2018 The only way to get into United Airlines’ Polaris Lounge at Chicago O’Hare airport, for example, is with a first- or business-class international ticket, says Benet Wilson, the travel and rewards editor at the personal finance site MagnifyMoney. Suzanne Rowan Kelleher, Condé Nast Traveler, "The Best Ways to Get Airport Lounge Access for Every Type of Traveler," 21 Aug. 2018 For a lot of people, one big aspect of this transition is reevaluating your finances now that your pay schedule (and possibly your take-home pay) has changed. Amy Keller Laird, SELF, "Does Work/Life Balance Exist in the Gig Economy?," 8 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Each time, Tesla used revenues from one car generation to finance the development of the next one. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "Why almost everyone was wrong about Tesla’s cash flow situation," 26 Oct. 2018 Forget about those disposable Adam Sandler comedies, or the stunt blockbusters like Bright or The Cloverfield Paradox; Netflix is finally using its war chest of billions to finance movies worth watching. Taylor Antrim, Vogue, "With Hold the Dark, Netflix’s Original Movies Are Finally Getting Interesting," 28 Sep. 2018 Our expansion has been largely self-financed as well as backed with a personal loan from a friend. BostonGlobe.com, "Her circus business embraces the unconventional," 14 July 2018 Usually state-financed, European opera is unfettered by the financial concerns that hold sway on this side of the Atlantic. Paul Hodgins, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Opera NEO blazes new trails on a shoestring, focusing on education and unpredictability," 1 July 2018 Kerr oversees everything from product formulations and profits (her company is self-financed) to customer feedback. Jessica Prince Erlich, The Cut, "How I Get It Done: Model and Beauty Mogul Miranda Kerr," 30 May 2018 But self-financing your way through an off-site cadet academy (such as University of Houston Downtown or Houston Community College), can pay off. Jay R. Jordan, Houston Chronicle, "How much new police officers make in the Houston area," 23 Apr. 2018 Even more extraordinary was this unreported fact: The banks financing Schron’s purchase valued Fred Trump’s empire at nearly $1 billion. Susanne Craig, The Seattle Times, "Trump engaged in suspect tax schemes as he reaped riches from father," 2 Oct. 2018 But that arrangement was removed from the budget in 2014, when the Iraqi economy was shaken by plummeting oil prices and the urgent need to finance an all-out war against the Islamic State group. Sinan Salaheddin, Fox News, "Southern Iraq's woes to continue, renewed protests possible," 19 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

27 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled; especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies

finances : money available to a government, business, or person

: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)

: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \fə-ˈnans, ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities

3 : the science or study of the management of funds

4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover

b : to furnish with necessary funds

2 : to sell something to on credit

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