finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite

Antonyms: Verb

defund

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Eleanor: Both of us are very upfront about our finances. Marie Claire, "A Brooklyn Couple, a Brand-New Living Situation, and Two Paychecks," 4 Apr. 2019 Christine Lagarde — Lagarde is managing director of the International Monetary Fund and served as France’s finance minister for four years until 2011. Kurt Wagner, Recode, "The social networking giant is on a hunt all over the globe for a new head of policy and communications.," 10 Oct. 2018 Earlier this year, nationwide protests erupted over economic anxiety, and lawmakers fired Rouhani's labor and finance ministers this month amid the economic crisis. Travis Fedschun, Fox News, "Iran's president vows to overcome 'anti-Iranians' in White House, as lawmakers issue public rebuke," 28 Aug. 2018 In addition to pursuing a degree in project management finance and risk from City University London, Boulos helps run his family business in Nigeria, even serving as a director for some of his father’s companies. Rose Minutaglio, Town & Country, "Inside Tiffany Trump's Relationship with New Boyfriend Michael Boulos," 18 Mar. 2019 Cohen pleaded guilty to financial crimes, campaign finance violations, and lying to Congress, and on December 12 was sentenced to three years in prison. Alex Finley - Center For Public Integrity, Vox, "Trump got the National Enquirer to bury his secrets. Did he do the same with Putin?," 21 Dec. 2018 On August 2nd, Musk emailed Tesla’s board of directors, head of finance, and general counsel to explain his reasoning for taking Tesla private. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "Elon Musk sued by SEC over ‘funding secured’ tweet," 27 Sep. 2018 Cohen has pleaded guilty to campaign finance violations for arranging payments to both Daniels and a former Playboy model to influence the election. Bradford Betz, Fox News, "Judge appears ready to dismiss Stormy Daniels lawsuit against Trump: report," 25 Sep. 2018 The tax department subpoena comes a day after Cohen pleaded guilty to eight criminal counts — including tax fraud, false statements to a bank and campaign finance violations tied to his work for Trump. Recode Staff, Recode, "Recode Daily: Is it already too late to protect the 2018 U.S. midterm elections?," 23 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The money was used to finance Jammeh’s lavish lifestyle and is believed to still support him in his exile in Equatorial Guinea, the investigative group said. Abdoulie John, The Seattle Times, "Inquiry into Gambia’s ex-president submits findings report," 29 Mar. 2019 But the system by and large favors kids who know financing their college education won’t be an issue, further disadvantaging low-income students in a process that already sidelines them. James Wellemeyer, Teen Vogue, "Applying to College Early Is a Privilege Not Every Student Can Afford," 20 Mar. 2019 Trump, 25, is a Georgetown Law student in D.C. and Boulos studies finance at City University of London. Rose Minutaglio, Town & Country, "Inside Tiffany Trump's Relationship with New Boyfriend Michael Boulos," 18 Mar. 2019 But this is going to be a problem, and the crunch is coming in about three or four years when this high level of debt will be financed at high interest rates. Eric Johnson, Recode, "American capitalism broke in the 1980s. Can it be fixed?," 7 Nov. 2018 Mary Ritti, one of Snap’s earliest hires, is following the heads of strategy and finance out the door. Casey Newton, The Verge, "Facebook is pushing out its most creative skeptics," 28 Sep. 2018 The airport is city-owned, but independently operated and financed. Ely Portillo, charlotteobserver, "Charlotte’s airport manages ‘tricky balance’ between low-cost hub and fancy new gates," 12 July 2018 The first attempt came in April 2014, with the launch of around 120 Sprites aboard a shoebox-sized satellite called KickSat-1 — so named because Manchester financed the mission through a crowdfunded KickStarter campaign. Steve Nadis, Discover Magazine, "The Tiny Satellites That Might Fly to Another Solar System," 18 Oct. 2018 Those proceeds will go towards financing camping activities, programs and trips for the girls. Michelle Darrisaw, Essence.com, "Homeless Girl Scouts Troop Slay Their First Cookie Sale, Selling More Than 32,000 Boxes Of Cookies," 24 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

17 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Comments on finance

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