finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Verb

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances. Verb His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun More than $90,000 has been raised to promote the measure, according to state campaign finance filings. oregonlive, "New police oversight group, new taxes for parks funding, new uses of water customer money among local ballot measures seeking Portland voter approval," 20 Oct. 2020 Those companies have received at least $1.7 million from Republican political campaigns and conservative groups, according to tax records and campaign finance reports, the only payments that could be traced in public records. Davey Alba And Jack Nicas New York Times, Star Tribune, "As local news dies, a pay-for-play network rises in its place," 18 Oct. 2020 The Albuquerque Journal is out with a dive into the latest campaign finance reports around the Land of Enchantment. Mark Olalde, USA TODAY, "Climate Point: Low-emission metal, green hydrogen and electric buses," 17 Oct. 2020 Current state law uses election results to determine the makeup of state election boards and the board of the state’s campaign finance regulator, the Alaska Public Offices Commission. James Brooks, Anchorage Daily News, "Ballot Measure 2 would change the way Alaskans vote for statewide candidates and those running for the Legislature. Here’s how.," 17 Oct. 2020 Campaign finance reports for the most recent weeks heading into Election Day are not yet available. Johnny Magdaleno, The Indianapolis Star, "Weinzapfel outspending Rokita in attorney general's race, second-quarter reports show," 17 Oct. 2020 At that point, according to federal campaign finance filings, none of his opponents reported raising a dime. Bryn Stole | Staff Writer, NOLA.com, "U.S. Rep. Cedric Richmond faces five challengers in bid for sixth term," 17 Oct. 2020 According to campaign finance records, Adel's campaign received a donation of $6,500 from Steve Twist. Lauren Castle, The Arizona Republic, "After tumultuous year, County Attorney Allister Adel points to changes in prosecutor's office as she seeks election," 16 Oct. 2020 According to campaign finance laws, candidates are not allowed to use funds for the general election on the primary. Tyler Van Dyke, Washington Examiner, "Joe Kennedy campaign self-reports improperly using $1.5M in election funds," 16 Oct. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The government may need to borrow more both at home and abroad to finance its widening budget deficit after relying on spending to help the economy ride out the pandemic. Asli Kandemir, Bloomberg.com, "JPMorgan Calls Turnaround on Turkey as More Borrowers Return," 20 Oct. 2020 That was the highest level since 1945, when the U.S. was borrowing heavily to finance World War II. Arkansas Online, "U.S. posts record $3.1 trillion budget deficit for fiscal 2020," 16 Oct. 2020 That was the highest level since 1945, when the U.S. was borrowing heavily to finance World War II. NBC News, "Federal budget deficit hits $3.1 trillion, more than double the previous record," 16 Oct. 2020 Ivey is trying a different approach, hiring private developers to finance, build, and maintain the prisons and lease them to the state, a plan that does not require legislative approval. Mike Cason | Mcason@al.com, al, "Brierfield residents oppose Alabama prison plan that caught them by surprise," 9 Oct. 2020 The poorest Chileans are spending nearly a quarter of their monthly wages to finance debts. Daniel Alarcón, The New Yorker, "Chile at the Barricades," 5 Oct. 2020 To finance and maintain the navy that Britain relied on to protect its islands and its increasingly global empire, the British government learned how to borrow from the public and created a new institution—the Bank of England—to issue bonds. Margaret Macmillan, WSJ, "The World That War Has Made," 2 Oct. 2020 Capital One’s commercial real estate group provided Freddie Mac loans to finance the acquisition. Steve Brown, Dallas News, "$270 million debt deal funds recent Dallas-area apartment sales," 1 Oct. 2020 Trump has capitalized on cost incurred from his businesses to finance a luxurious lifestyle. CBS News, "7 takeaways from New York Times report on President Trump's tax returns," 29 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 3") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Time Traveler for finance

Time Traveler

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

23 Oct 2020

Cite this Entry

“Finance.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/finance. Accessed 30 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun
How to pronounce finance (audio) How to pronounce finance (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans \

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Comments on finance

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