finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite

Antonyms: Verb

defund

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The eight-week summer initiative offers opportunities in finance, marketing, software, and real estate, according to its website. Essence, "Robert F. Smith Erased College Debt For Morehouse Class Of 2019, Now He’s Launched An Internship Program," 7 June 2019 And there are other potential developments a new finance chief will need to monitor. Maria Armental, WSJ, "Discover Financial Seeks New Finance Chief to Drive Next Phase of Growth," 6 June 2019 Topics to be addressed include dance equity issues, new theater technology, and the arts of dance finance and management. Zachary Lewis, cleveland.com, "Dance world heads to Cleveland for Dance/USA 2019 Annual Conference," 6 June 2019 Laika has parted ways with finance chief Brad Wald, the latest sign of trouble at Phil Knight’s Hillsboro animation studio. Mike Rogoway, oregonlive.com, "Laika splits with its CFO after new film bombs," 5 June 2019 Just this week, the state Fair Political Practices Commission fined Kramer $5,500 for campaign finance violations. Nate Gartrell, The Mercury News, "Grand jury seeks Assessor Gus Kramer’s removal from office for alleged misconduct," 5 June 2019 Last month, the Fair Political Practices Commission fined him $5,500 for campaign finance violations, and in 2009 the county paid $1 million to settle a lawsuit with a female employee who complained that Kramer retaliated against her. Matthias Gafni, SFChronicle.com, "Contra Costa County Assessor Gus Kramer accused of creating hostile workplace, may face removal," 5 June 2019 Twice residents have rejected a tax increase to bolster the Julian department’s finances, from the current $50 per parcel annually to $200. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: Julian station rebellion unresolved as fire season begins," 5 June 2019 With Mercury in your house of personal resources, finances, and self-esteem included, getting your money organized can occupy a considerable amount of headspace in the weeks to come. Randon Rosenbohm, Allure, "What June's Gemini Horoscope Predictions Mean for You," 29 May 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The vision requires persuading residents to change familiar habits and pay untold billions in taxes to finance it. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: Future transportation plan needs unified approach. It’s not happening.," 9 June 2019 These awards provide $500 to $2,000 annually for up to four years of undergraduate study at the institution financing the scholarship. Suzanne Baker, Naperville Sun, "Colleges give scholarships to Naperville area National Merit winners," 4 June 2019 Find my own chemist, my own perfumer, maybe independently finance it. Jenny Bailly, Allure, "Michelle Pfeiffer’s New Fragrance Is the Perfume the Clean Beauty World Has Been Missing," 8 Apr. 2019 Many homeowners borrow to finance major home improvements, so rising rates may deter some of them from starting projects. Joyce M. Rosenberg, The Seattle Times, "Rising rates, slowing home sales expected to hurt remodelers," 22 Oct. 2018 Trump continued to falsely describe how NATO is financed, saying the U.S. pays for 90% of it. Eli Stokols, latimes.com, "Trump throws NATO summit into crisis mode with demands, before switching and claiming victory," 12 July 2018 To date firms have financed their expansion plans largely by selling shares, supplemented by funding from smaller investment banks and credit unions. The Economist, "Canada’s cannabis firms plot world domination," 5 July 2018 Donations from local and regional businesses and individuals and historic preservation tax credits will finance the project. Diana Dombrowski, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "An inside look at the Walker's Point community arts center renovation," 2 July 2018 Annual deficits require the government to borrow money to finance its operations, adding debt. Jeff Stein, chicagotribune.com, "Trump's top economic adviser says deficit 'is coming down rapidly,' contradicting virtually all available data," 29 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about finance

Statistics for finance

Last Updated

12 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on finance

What made you want to look up finance? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

behavior toward others

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Words for Summer: A Quiz

  • a closeup of a sunflower
  • Which of the following words means “of or relating to summer”?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Add Diction

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!