finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite

Antonyms: Verb

defund

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

For me, in a way, to navigate him through my finances. Marie Claire, "A New Couple, A Newer Home, and 2 Paychecks," 7 Feb. 2019 Elsewhere, federal workers deprived of pay have been forced to take out loans to manage their personal finances, while the Senate is set to vote today on a pair of bills that could potentially end the shutdown. Sam Blum, Popular Mechanics, "Flight Attendants Union President: Government Shutdown Is 'Disaster' for Aviation Safety," 24 Jan. 2019 Todd Underwood, Intel’s vice president of finance and director of corporate planning and reporting, will serve as interim CFO while the company conducts an internal and external search for a permanent replacement. Ezequiel Minaya, WSJ, "Intel’s New CEO Advances From CFO Spot a Second Time," 31 Jan. 2019 Women are hit with a double whammy: Not only is personal finance and investing rarely taught in schools or at home, but women are often discouraged from talking about or managing money. Ellen Sheng, Marie Claire, "Women Need to Think About Investing Differently Than Men," 30 Jan. 2019 This might explain why so many top Tesla executives ankled the company, including the head of global finance and the company’s accounting lead. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "The Verge 2018 tech report card: Tesla," 29 Dec. 2018 On top of that, Democrats are expected to launch investigations into Trump’s finances and foreign connections, and have already signaled that Trump’s business ties to Saudi Arabia will be part of those investigations. Jen Kirby, Vox, "The 7 biggest foreign news stories to watch in 2019, from Brexit to North Korea," 24 Dec. 2018 And suggesting there’s any way to separate the strands of social and cultural and business and finance and progressivism and activism and tradition is naïve. Eric Johnson, Recode, "John Skipper, ESPN’s former president, is back ... at a rival sports media company.," 8 Nov. 2018 This cosmic alignment has been major for you, Libra, activating the areas of your chart associated with finances and stability. Aliza Kelly Faragher, Allure, "What September's Libra Horoscope Means for You," 30 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Democrats are also getting help from outside groups like Higher Ground Labs, which finances start-ups that build campaign technology. New York Times, "4,500 Tech Workers, 1 Mission: Get Democrats Elected," 13 July 2018 So this, for him, was a larger psychological reckoning than just the guy who financed his movies. Lisa Miller, The Cut, "The Weaponized Amber Tamblyn," 8 July 2018 But in June, the administration denied a grant that would have financed one-third of the project. Washington Post, "Trump’s own tariffs make it harder to rebuild infrastructure," 30 June 2018 The purchase would technically be made by the county’s Urban Redevelopment Agency, which would finance about $330,000 per acre for 104 acres of the site — a total of more than $34 million. Tyler Estep, ajc, "Gwinnett plans $34M purchase of site once pitched for movie campus," 21 May 2018 The Paradise Papers show the Packard Foundation put $50 million in the private equity concern Energy Capital Partners III L.P., which financed oil and gas infrastructure. NBC News, "Leaked documents show fossil fuel holdings of green nonprofits," 17 May 2018 Tax receipts from the Grand Victoria are used to provide grants that finance literacy efforts, Habitat for Humanity, food banks, the Elgin YWCA and many more programs in the Fox Valley. Mike Danahey, Elgin Courier-News, "Sale of Grand Victoria Casino could be good for Elgin, city council member says," 16 Apr. 2018 The professional wrestler’s case against Gawker was secretly financed by billionaire venture capitalist Peter Thiel. Jonathan Randles, WSJ, "Gizmodo Media Group Settles Defamation Lawsuits Led by Charles Harder," 18 Jan. 2019 The case, along with a raft of other lawsuits against Gawker, was financed by billionaire Peter Thiel, with Harder representing all comers—a class action of sorts by the irritated and/or embarrassed. Ben Widdicombe, Town & Country, "How Much Does It Cost to Keep Your Name Out of the News?," 18 Jan. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

20 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans , ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Comments on finance

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