finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite

Antonyms: Verb

defund

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Campaign finance seems beyond salvation, but there is still hope for higher education. BostonGlobe.com, "far above Cayuga’s waters," 17 Sep. 2019 The public-finance desks at every major bank in the world would issue economic-outlook alerts for every country whose economy depends on producing fossil fuels. Bill Mckibben, The New Yorker, "Money Is the Oxygen on Which the Fire of Global Warming Burns," 17 Sep. 2019 Cohen, of course, was sentenced to three years in prison in December for lying to Congress and for other various counts of tax fraud and campaign finance violations. Breanna Edwards, Essence, "Manhattan District Attorney's Office Subpoenas 8 Years Of Trump's Tax Returns," 17 Sep. 2019 Josi listed the donation in campaign finance disclosures as coming from Boone, not Helm. oregonlive, "Case Closed: In Oregon campaign investigations, ‘I did not’ is all it takes," 17 Sep. 2019 Levy has moved into the pantheon of state Republicans relatively recently as the state finance chairman in 2014 and as a new member of the Republican National Committee in 2016. Christopher Keating, courant.com, "After escaping Castro’s Cuba as a child, Leora Levy has become the top Republican fundraiser in Connecticut," 16 Sep. 2019 Liz Weston, Certified Financial Planner, is a personal finance columnist for NerdWallet. Liz Weston, Los Angeles Times, "Avoid this hidden risk to your retirement," 15 Sep. 2019 Since the first Marino bill was introduced, the sponsors and co-sponsors have received $1.4 million in campaign contributions from the industry and the alliance, according to campaign finance records. Anchorage Daily News, "‘Tactic 8’ in the secret drug industry plan to defeat the DEA: Find a champion in Congress," 14 Sep. 2019 The word is commonly heard in the finance world, where it's applied to equity markets, the sizes of funds raised by private equity firms, real estate markets -- pretty much anything where assets or debts are bought and sold. Glenn Peoples, Billboard, "Publishing's Huge Valuations, Catalogs' 'Frothy' Market Dominate at the Music Finance Forum," 13 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Yang said the giveaway will be financed by campaign donations from supporters. Alex Chaet, CNN, "Must-see moments from the third Democratic debate," 13 Sep. 2019 The risky picture was co-financed by Amazon Studios, which reportedly covered at least 30% of the budget in exchange for the streaming rights. Ryan Faughnder, Los Angeles Times, "Jennifer Lopez stripper movie ‘Hustlers’ could give STX some welcome relief," 11 Sep. 2019 His Spanish film, billed as a rom-com set at the San Sebastian Film Festival, was financed by Mediapro, which backed Allen's Vicky Cristina Barcelona and Midnight in Paris. Rhonda Richford, The Hollywood Reporter, "Woody Allen Defends His Record: "I've Done Everything That the #MeToo Movement Would Love to Achieve"," 6 Sep. 2019 In a lawsuit filed against the city in August, the Coalition for Reasonable Vaping Regulation, which is financed by Juul, had sought to remove language from election materials written by city officials that said Prop. Catherine Ho, SFChronicle.com, "SF voters must be told Juul’s measure may repeal city’s flavored e-cigs ban," 6 Sep. 2019 That district is financed by neighborhood commercial property owners. Tom Daykin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "New production facility to bring 250 jobs to Century City Business Park on Milwaukee's north side," 3 Sep. 2019 This unpredictable and hazardous trade was financed by investors who backed many voyages, most of which were expected to fail, in the hope that a small subset would yield outsized returns. Judith Thurman, The New Yorker, "Briefly Noted," 3 Sep. 2019 Davis’s amendment would help voters know if their representatives’ campaigns are being financed largely by groups outside their district. Joe Lonsdale, National Review, "Regulating Speech Won’t Fix Our Politics," 12 Aug. 2019 The renovation was financed by Leslie and John Malone and the Malone Family Foundation, which matched $20 million in donations for the $40 million construction project. Carina Julig, The Denver Post, "Just in time for #InternationalCatDay, Denver’s Dumb Friends League is celebrating a big expansion project," 8 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 3") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

16 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Comments on finance

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