finance

noun
fi·​nance | \fə-ˈnan(t)s, ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s \

Definition of finance 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities

3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.

4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house

b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college

2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

endow, fund, subsidize

Antonyms: Verb

defund, disendow

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The number of donors and their donations will be filed in Garcia’s next campaign finance report, which is due July 16. Richard Ruelas, Arizona Republic, "AZ gubernatorial hopeful David Garcia holds fundraiser at Tom Steyer's San Francisco home," 27 June 2018 That includes $730,010 spent between Jan. 1 and May 25, the cutoff date for the post-primary finance report. William L. Spence, idahostatesman, "Idaho governor candidates spent $11 million trying to get your votes," 19 June 2018 Levi Sanders has only raised about $11,500 through March, according to the latest campaign finance reports. CBS News, "Bernie Sanders declining to endorse even his own son fits a pattern," 16 June 2018 As of May 19, the date of the most recent state finance report, Conlon had raised $5,774, with $1,460 remaining in the bank for his fall run.. John Wildermuth is a San Francisco Chronicle staff writer. John Wildermuth, San Francisco Chronicle, "California politicians waste no time asking for cash for fall campaign," 7 June 2018 Campaign finance reports show the state’s prison guard union also rallied to their defense. Abbie Vansickle, latimes.com, "Big spending by George Soros and liberal groups fails to sway D.A. races in California," 7 June 2018 The information comes from the candidates, not from official campaign finance reports, which aren’t due until midnight Sunday. Anthony Man, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Bill Nelson announces impressive fundraising haul; still dwarfed by Rick Scott," 13 July 2018 While North Carolina Democrats are boasting record fund-raising, three Mecklenburg County Democrats have bigger war chests than incumbent Republican lawmakers, according to new finance reports. Jim Morrill, charlotteobserver, "Why one GOP strategist says ‘Republicans are going to have to work harder than ever’," 12 July 2018 Legislators also added provisions to the bill to require political parties to file more frequent and timely campaign finance reports with the state. Taryn Luna, sacbee, "More campaign money could flow to California legislative leaders under new bill," 11 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Like most state programs, it is financed via payroll taxes on employees. Simon Montlake, The Christian Science Monitor, "Paid family leave: While US lags behind, more states set policies," 12 July 2018 The $120 million Colt Gateway redevelopment — about a third of which is financed by public funds — dates back nearly 20 years. Kenneth R. Gosselin, courant.com, "Renovations Begin In Last Major Structure At Hartford's Colt Complex," 11 July 2018 The group of architects has mostly financed The ORB itself, including the costs of 30 tons of steel and the 2,500 hours of welding and sewing. Alex Bazeley, Curbed, "This Burning Man orb by Bjarke Ingels and Jakob Lange seeks your crowdfunding dollars," 5 July 2018 But the biggest banks, without whom nothing substantial is financed in Canada, have been wary. The Economist, "Canada’s cannabis firms plot world domination," 5 July 2018 The documentary is financed by Mill’s record label, Roc Nation. Mark Fazlollah, Philly.com, "Philly Judge Genece Brinkley's lawyer on tape: She made big mistakes in Meek Mill case," 3 July 2018 The deal finances spending increases by raising the income tax on people making $5 million and above from 8.97 percent to 10.75 percent. CBS News, "New Jersey avoids shutdown one year after Christie's infamous beach photos," 30 June 2018 That lawsuit has been financed by Prokhorov, the billionaire oligarch who has publicly defended Russian athletes implicated in the system of doping Rodchenkov revealed. Rachel Axon, USA TODAY, "Russian whistleblower is healthy, lawyer says, refuting reports of suicide attempt," 27 June 2018 The album was financed by the father of drummer Doug Tull and self-released on the band’s Hookah label, but Josefus originally recorded the songs in 1969 in Phoenix with producer Jim Musil. Leor Galil, Chicago Reader, "Houston proto-metal misfits Josefus make a rare trip to Chicago," 21 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

30 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled; especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies

finances : money available to a government, business, or person

: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)

: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \fə-ˈnans, ˈfī-ˌnans\

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities

3 : the science or study of the management of funds

4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover

b : to furnish with necessary funds

2 : to sell something to on credit

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