finance

noun
fi·nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s , fī-ˈnan(t)s \

Definition of finance 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities

3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.

4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable —F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house

b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college

2 : to sell something to on credit

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Verb

endow, fund, subsidize

Antonyms: Verb

defund, disendow

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun

She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances.

Verb

His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

His onetime employees at Chopper chipped in another $37,500, state campaign finance records show. Bill Ruthhart, chicagotribune.com, "Who is in Asia with Emanuel? Campaign donors, lobbyists, developers, business heavyweights," 13 July 2018 O’Donoghue, former head of the Residential Builders Association, couldn’t have given that much money to Breed’s campaign directly because of campaign finance limits. SFChronicle.com, "Suit contends former Mayor Willie Brown misdirected campaign donation," 12 July 2018 There’s no telling exactly how far the Court will push this logic, but the pernicious thing about it is that the initial premise in the campaign finance cases that there is an intimate connection between money and speech is not totally absurd. Matthew Yglesias, Vox, "Brett Kavanaugh and the new judicial activism," 12 July 2018 Yet talking to The Economist in his office in the finance ministry, the centrist former mayor of Hamburg advances a different strategy. The Economist, "An interview with Germany’s finance minister, Olaf Scholz," 12 July 2018 Sorry Motor City—according to a study released by the personal finance website WalletHub on Tuesday, Detroit is the worst city to drive in. Sarah Gray, Fortune, "These Are the 10 Worst Cities for Driving in 2018," 12 July 2018 London’s finance industry is already losing business and jobs to other European financial centers, which are only too happy to take them. Jonah Shepp, Daily Intelligencer, "The Brexit Crisis Finally Engulfs the Party That Started It," 11 July 2018 Prior to launching AUrate, Kahn and Ezzahraoui had careers in finance and consulting, respectively. refinery29.com, "Affordable & Ethically Sourced Diamonds You Can Try Before You Buy," 13 July 2018 The two entertainment companies plan to establish a combined 450 jobs in Stamford in finance and operations, production, post-production and other areas in exchange for $9 million in state aid. Stephen Singer, courant.com, "In Pursuit Of NYC Businesses, 5 Fairfield County Towns Go Their Own Way," 13 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Russia’s federal government, for example, sent about $550 million to Nizhny Novgorod, an industrial hub on the confluence of Volga and Oka rivers, to help finance a new airport as well as a metro station near the stadium, which opened this year. Ivan Nechepurenko, New York Times, "Peeking Around Corners in the World Cup’s Provincial Cities," 14 July 2018 The City of Madison received a $500,000 state grant Wednesday to help finance infrastructure upgrades needed for redevelopment of the former Oscar Mayer plant. Stephanie Morse, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "State pledges $500,000 to help redevelop former Oscar Mayer plant in Madison," 11 July 2018 The suggestion is that he, Alex Sandro and Daniele Rugani will all be sold to help finance the deal, with Chelsea a probable destination for the central defender and a possible one for the Argentinian. Jonathan Wilson, SI.com, "Cristiano Ronaldo's Transfer Has Seismic Impact at Real Madrid, Juventus, Beyond," 10 July 2018 The dissatisfied shareholders’ chief complaint, according to the people: The deal undervalues the tracking stock, created to help finance Dell’s $67 billion purchase of EMC and its VMware stake in 2016. Cara Lombardo, WSJ, "BlackRock, Other Big Investors Have Misgivings About Dell Offer," 10 July 2018 The tracking stock was created to help Dell finance its $67-billion purchase of data storage company EMC Corp. in 2016, the largest technology takeover ever at the time and one that nearly tripled Dell’s debt load. Bloomberg, latimes.com, "Dell stock will trade publicly again, five years after leveraged buyout," 3 July 2018 The other residents, who qualify for affordable housing, were put in front of them because housing subsidies were used to help finance the construction. Jan Hefler, Philly.com, "Nine new houses sit empty in Mount Holly. Here's why," 2 July 2018 The decision to cancel Famous in Love comes weeks after Freeform was forced to cancel Shadowhunters after producer Constantin Film lost its output deal with Netflix that ultimately helped finance the pricey genre drama. Lesley Goldberg, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Famous in Love' Canceled After 2 Seasons on Freeform," 26 June 2018 Media: Fox 13 Tampa The property is eligible for multiple historic designations from the local to federal level as well as tax credits that could help finance its rehabilitation. Nancy Sarnoff, Houston Chronicle, "Fears mount as rumors spread that Kirby Mansion close to sold," 20 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 1") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about finance

Phrases Related to finance

finance house

high finance

Statistics for finance

Last Updated

4 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for finance

The first known use of finance was in 1739

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled; especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies

finances : money available to a government, business, or person

: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)

: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·nance | \ fə-ˈnans , ˈfī-ˌnans \

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·nance

Legal Definition of finance 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1  plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual

2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities

3 : the science or study of the management of funds

4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover

b : to furnish with necessary funds

2 : to sell something to on credit

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on finance

What made you want to look up finance? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

an open space surrounded by woods

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Name that Food Quiz

Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!