finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Verb

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Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances. Verb His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Investors and companies enjoyed expanding global markets, liberalised finance and low corporate taxes. The Economist, "Labour markets Riding high in a workers’ world," 10 Apr. 2021 Holder, now founder and CEO of Marani, is a Medical Device Executive with a rich background in sales, marketing, finance, and operations. Marija Butkovic, Forbes, "Marani’s Ann Holder On The Importance Of Improving Maternal And Fetal Health Outcomes, Collaboration With The Mayo Clinic, And The Future Of Remote Healthcare," 9 Apr. 2021 Welcome to the Capital Note, a newsletter about business, finance, and economics. Daniel Tenreiro, National Review, "Semiconductor Cycle: Is This Time Different?," 9 Apr. 2021 With that knowledge, board members on Metros’s finance and capital committee approved a $4.7 billion operating and capital budget. Washington Post, "Metro board considers lowering fares to lure riders when workers return to offices," 8 Apr. 2021 Only one Democrat, Claire McKenzie, currently serves on the board and has frequently aligned with Sweeney and Carrabotta on matters of finance and policy. Jennifer Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "Maine Township Board, long a GOP bastion, appears flipping to Democrats in unofficial election results," 7 Apr. 2021 Graham has a bachelor’s degree in culinary arts from Johnson & Wales University and a master’s in global business and finance. Susan Dunne, courant.com, "Sisters behind BouNom bakery in Avon fighting racism and giving back to the community," 4 Apr. 2021 The measure is one of several in Democrats' legislation, which also includes various changes to campaign finance and ethics laws. Star Tribune, "AP-NORC poll: Majority in US back easier voter registration," 2 Apr. 2021 The company is hiring for various posts, including in engineering, member and network services, human resources, finance and information technology. Randy Diamond, San Antonio Express-News, "California medical transportation company creating 100 jobs in San Antonio," 2 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Joe Biden could finance the deal as part of its wider effort to deter Russian aggression. David Axe, Forbes, "Ukraine’s Air Force Is at A Dead End," 8 Apr. 2021 After the Supreme Court ruled in 2010 that companies could finance election spending, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R) celebrated the prospect that corporate America would enter — and influence — the political fray. Washington Post, "McConnell says companies should stay out of politics — unless they’re donating money," 7 Apr. 2021 Biden's plan would finance projects by: — Raising the corporate tax rate from 21% to 28%, one of the measures that over 15 years would cover the cost of the infrastructure program and then help to reduce the budget deficit. BostonGlobe.com, "A closer look at Biden’s infrastructure and tax proposals," 31 Mar. 2021 Customers can finance the treadmill at zero percent APR for 39 months. Dana Rose Falcone, chicagotribune.com, "NordicTrack vs. Peloton: Which treadmill is better?," 29 Mar. 2021 Hughes would finance the plan by raising taxes on the top 1 percent of income earners. Michael Smolens Columnist, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: Guaranteed income and the future of poverty, work and a changing nation," 26 Mar. 2021 According to city code enacted in 2019, the fund can finance any project related to clean energy, green infrastructure and regenerative agriculture or workforce development programs in those fields. oregonlive, "Portland’s massive clean energy fund set to bankroll first projects for communities of color, marginalized residents," 26 Mar. 2021 In 2006, Vista helped Mr. Brockman’s Universal Computer Systems finance the $2.8 billion acquisition of much larger Reynolds & Reynolds, putting Mr. Brockman atop one of the two dominant players in the auto-dealer software business. Mark Maremont, WSJ, "The Billionaire Behind the Biggest U.S. Tax Fraud Case Ever Filed," 3 Mar. 2021 The federal government and states must do more to help build the power and charging infrastructure, and a carbon tax could help finance that transition. Scott Martelle, Star Tribune, "Welcome, oil and gas lobby, to the carbon-tax table," 26 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 3") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

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Time Traveler for finance

Time Traveler

The first known use of finance was in 1739

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Statistics for finance

Last Updated

15 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Finance.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/finance. Accessed 16 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for finance

finance

noun

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans \

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

transitive verb
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

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Comments on finance

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