finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s, fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) \

Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailable— F. D. Roosevelt

finance

verb
financed; financing

Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a new house
b : to furnish with necessary funds finance a son through college
2 : to sell something to on credit

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms & Antonyms for finance

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Verb

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of finance in a Sentence

Noun She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances. Verb His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Private markets are one of the few corners of finance untouched by fee pressures that have pulled the cost of investing closer to zero. Dawn Lim, WSJ, "BlackRock Scales Back Private-Equity Fund Ambitions," 1 Jan. 2021 The first rule of personal finance is to never carry a credit card balance. Ben Carlson, Fortune, "How your personal finances can survive a pandemic," 28 Dec. 2020 They were paired with two navigators, including a finance director from General Mills. Jean Hopfensperger, Star Tribune, "'Shark Tank for Churches' is launched in Twin Cities," 24 Dec. 2020 The levy represents a $115,566 increase over the property taxes collected in 2020, finance director Kim Auchstetter said. Alicia Fabbre, chicagotribune.com, "New Lenox Board increases levy slightly, but hopes for rebate to homeowners," 15 Dec. 2020 The city’s finance director said Dec. 2 that ten city checks were cashed across the country for roughly $9,700. cleveland, "Phony CEI workers con way into resident’s home: Highland Heights Police Blotter," 11 Dec. 2020 Because the entire system cost less than $100,000, a section in the city’s municipal code allows the police department to get approval from the city manager or finance director. Gustavo Solis, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Chula Vista gives immigration officials, others access to license plate reader data," 6 Dec. 2020 Until now, Tettey served as finance director at Island Records. Lars Brandle, Billboard, "Universal Music U.K. Launches 0207 Def Jam," 25 Nov. 2020 Howes said that sense of camaraderie has existed during her 25 years as Slidell’s finance director. Andrew Canulette, NOLA.com, "Retiring Slidell finance director finds same spirit of community in her replacement," 24 Nov. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Moving to Berlin in search of adventure, Ragıp helps finance a plot against Abdülhamid’s tyranny, rubbing shoulders with Enver and Talat, Young Turk leaders who eventually deposed the sultan in 1908. Kaya Genç, The New Republic, "When Historical Fiction Is a Crime," 30 Dec. 2020 Companies finance these operations by taking out direct loans and by issuing stocks and bonds. Ula Chrobak, Popular Science, "Switching your bank might help slow the climate crisis," 29 Dec. 2020 It was created as an independent agency in 1970, and today both operates facilities and helps finance them, effectively bundling debt for infrastructure projects and straddling the line between the public and private sectors. Washington Post, "Ex-aide to Gov. Hogan declines to answer lawmakers’ questions about large severance payment," 17 Dec. 2020 The federal government is still not providing significant funding for transitional programs, so local governments or nonprofits will have to find ways to finance it without federal assistance. AZCentral.com, "'A wake-up call': 500 homeless people died in metro Phoenix in first 9 months of 2020," 17 Dec. 2020 The Alabama Department of Corrections is negotiating with two private developer teams that will finance, build, and maintain the prisons and lease them to the state, which will operate them. Mike Cason | Mcason@al.com, al, "Federal court could tell Alabama how to fix its prisons," 13 Dec. 2020 The council noted that the raise was always contingent upon money being available to finance it. Karen Caffarini, chicagotribune.com, "Hobart says no raises, but paid days off are an option in 2021," 11 Dec. 2020 Oil and gas exploration in the region would be costly at a time when demand for oil is waning, and the nation’s major banks have vowed not to finance it. Alex Demarban, Anchorage Daily News, "Trump administration schedules Arctic Alaska refuge lease sale for early January," 3 Dec. 2020 The debt-to-equity ratio, which divides total debt by shareholder equity, offers insight into how companies finance themselves. Dallas News, "Motley Fool: Slow-and-steady Verizon isn’t a sizzling stock but it’s still worth owning," 8 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of finance

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for finance

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 3") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about finance

Time Traveler for finance

Time Traveler

The first known use of finance was in 1739

See more words from the same year

Statistics for finance

Last Updated

9 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Finance.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/finance. Accessed 17 Jan. 2021.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for finance

finance

noun
How to pronounce finance (audio) How to pronounce finance (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the way in which money is used and handled especially : the way in which large amounts of money are used and handled by governments and companies
: money available to a government, business, or person
: matters relating to money and how it is spent or saved

finance

verb

English Language Learners Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for (something or someone)
: to buy (something) by borrowing money that will be paid back over a period of time

finance

noun
fi·​nance | \ fə-ˈnans How to pronounce finance (audio) , ˈfī-ˌnans \

Kids Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 finances plural : money available to a government, business, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments

finance

verb
financed; financing

Kids Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

: to provide money for She financed the trip herself.

finance

noun
fi·​nance

Legal Definition of finance

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2 : the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3 : the science or study of the management of funds
4 : the obtaining of funds or capital : financing
financed; financing

Legal Definition of finance (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to raise or provide funds or capital for finance a takeover
b : to furnish with necessary funds
2 : to sell something to on credit

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on finance

What made you want to look up finance? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Words of Snow and Ice Quiz

  • image1037863653
  • Which of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or to the act of running over such ice?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Typeshift

Anagram puzzles meet word search.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!