chastise

verb

chastised; chastising

transitive verb

1
: to censure severely : castigate
The coach chastised the players for their mistakes.
2
: to inflict punishment on (as by whipping)
3
archaic : chasten sense 2
chastisement
(ˌ)cha-ˈstīz-mənt How to pronounce chastise (audio)
 also  ˈchas-təz-
noun
chastiser noun

Did you know?

There are many words to express the infliction of a penalty in return for wrongdoing—for example, chastise, castigate, chasten, correct, discipline, and punish. Of these, chastise, chasten, and castigate share similar origins as well as similar meanings. Chastise developed as an altered form of chasten, which comes from the Anglo-French chastier, which has its roots in the Latin verb castigare, which also gave English the word castigate.

Choose the Right Synonym for chastise

punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict a penalty on in requital for wrongdoing.

punish implies subjecting to a penalty for wrongdoing.

punished for stealing

chastise may apply to either the infliction of corporal punishment or to verbal censure or denunciation.

chastised his son for neglecting his studies

castigate usually implies a severe, typically public censure.

an editorial castigating the entire city council

chasten suggests any affliction or trial that leaves one humbled or subdued.

chastened by a landslide election defeat

discipline implies a punishing or chastening in order to bring under control.

parents must discipline their children

correct implies punishing aimed at reforming an offender.

the function of prison is to correct the wrongdoer

Example Sentences

The waiter was chastised for forgetting the customer's order. The coach is always chastising the players for minor mistakes.
Recent Examples on the Web At this, Ackermann stops, then almost seems to chastise himself for talking so loftily. Liam Hess, Vogue, 18 Nov. 2022 The couple’s conclusions prompted Griffin to chastise his own clerk, Robyn Holmes, a Republican who has thirty years of experience running elections in the county. Annie Gowen, Anchorage Daily News, 11 Sep. 2022 Christian used his platforms to chastise his father for his past violent behavior and for lying to the public. Staff Writer Follow, Los Angeles Times, 5 Oct. 2022 Still, Twitter was ablaze with sound bites during Brian Kelly’s press conference Tuesday when the LSU coach appeared to chastise a reporter for being late. Mark Heim | Mheim@al.com, al, 6 Sep. 2022 TechCrunch reports that reengaged the co-founders, who took to the company Slack to chastise the leaker. Chris Morris, Fortune, 20 July 2022 The couple’s conclusions prompted Griffin to chastise his own clerk, Robyn Holmes, a Republican who has thirty years of experience running elections in the county. Annie Gowen, Anchorage Daily News, 11 Sep. 2022 The couple’s conclusions prompted Griffin to chastise his own clerk, Robyn Holmes, a Republican who has thirty years of experience running elections in the county. Annie Gowen, Washington Post, 8 Sep. 2022 Although the plaintiff in Ricard v. USD 475 was a teacher, Judge Teeter went out of her way to chastise the school’s intrusion on parental rights. Michael Toth, WSJ, 27 July 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chastise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English chastisen, alteration of chasten — see chasten

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of chastise was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near chastise

Cite this Entry

“Chastise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chastise. Accessed 30 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition

chastise

verb

chas·​tise (ˈ)chas-ˈtīz How to pronounce chastise (audio)
chastised; chastising
1
: to punish severely (as by whipping)
2
: to criticize harshly
chastisement
(ˈ)chas-ˈtīz-mənt How to pronounce chastise (audio)
 also  ˈchas-təz-
noun
chastiser noun

More from Merriam-Webster on chastise

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