as·​size | \ə-ˈsīz \

Definition of assize 

1a : a judicial inquest

b : an action to be decided by such an inquest, the writ for instituting it, or the verdict or finding rendered by the jury

2a : the former periodical sessions of the superior courts in English counties for trial of civil and criminal cases usually used in plural

b : the time or place of holding such a court, the court itself, or a session of it usually used in plural

First Known Use of assize

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for assize

Middle English assise, from Anglo-French, session, legal action, from asseer, asseoir to seat, from Vulgar Latin *assedēre, from Latin assidēre to sit beside, assist in the office of a judge, from ad- + sedēre to sit — more at sit

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The first known use of assize was in the 13th century

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