\ ˈbänd How to pronounce bond (audio) \

Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : something that binds or restrains : fetter prisoners freed from their bonds the bonds of oppression
2 : a binding agreement : covenant united in the bonds of holy matrimony My word is my bond.
3a : a band or cord used to tie something
b : a material (such as timber or brick) or device for binding
c chemistry : an attractive force that holds together the atoms, ions, or groups of atoms in a molecule or crystal chemical bonds
d : an adhesive, cementing material, or fusible ingredient that combines, unites, or strengthens
4 : a uniting or binding element or force : tie the bonds of friendship
5a : an obligation made binding by a forfeit of money also : the amount of the money guarantee I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond — Shakespeare The accused was released on $40,000 bond.
b : one who provides bail or acts as surety (see surety sense 3)
c finance : an interest-bearing certificate of public or private indebtedness money that she had invested in stocks and bonds
d : an insurance agreement pledging that one will become legally liable for financial loss caused to another by the act or default of a third person or by some contingency over which the third person may have no control
6 masonry : the systematic lapping (see lap entry 2 sense 4a) of brick in a wall
7 : the state of goods made, stored, or transported under the care of an agency until the duties or taxes on them are paid you may leave … tobacco in bond with customs— Richard Joseph
8 alcohol : a 100-proof straight whiskey aged at least four years under government supervision before being bottled

called also bonded whiskey


bonded; bonding; bonds

Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 masonry : to lap (a building material, such as brick) for solidity of construction
2a : to secure payment of duties and taxes on (goods) by giving a bond (see bond entry 1 sense 5a) warehouses for bonding tobacco
b : to convert into a debt secured by bonds (see bond entry 1 sense 5a)
c insurance : to provide a bond (see bond entry 1 sense 5d) for or cause to provide such a bond bond an employee
3a : to cause to adhere firmly Heat is used to bond the plastic sheets together.
b : to embed in a matrix (see matrix sense 3b) abrasive material bonded in a resinous binder
c chemistry : to hold together in a molecule or crystal by chemical bonds (see bond entry 1 sense 3c)

intransitive verb

1 : to hold together or solidify by or as if by means of a bond (see bond entry 1) or binder (see binder sense 3) The glue didn't bond to the glass.
2 : to form a close relationship especially through frequent association the new mother bonded with her child The retreat was a great bonding experience for the team.



Definition of bond (Entry 3 of 3)

: bound in slavery

Other Words from bond


bondable \ ˈbän-​də-​bəl How to pronounce bond (audio) \ adjective
bonder noun

Examples of bond in a Sentence

Noun a daughter's bond with her mother Recent events have helped to strengthen the bonds between our two countries. My roommate and I share a common bond because we both grew up in the Midwest. She has invested most of her money in stocks and bonds. Verb Heat was used to bond the sheets of plastic together. The poster was bonded to the wall with glue. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Dabate, who is free on a $1 million bond, is charged with killing his wife, Connie Dabate, in their Ellington home just before Christmas in 2015, staging a home invasion and lying to police. Taylor Hartz, Hartford Courant, 6 May 2022 He is currently being held on a $500,000 bond each for the two charges of murder and tampering with evidence. Tristan Balagtas,, 6 May 2022 Smith is free on a $20,000 bond and their cases are transferred to the DC federal district court. Laura Johnston, cleveland, 5 May 2022 Taylor surrendered to authorities on Wednesday and since has been released on bond. Carol Robinson |, al, 5 May 2022 He was released on $100,000 bond pending his trial Dec. 13. Andrew Wolfson, The Courier-Journal, 5 May 2022 Rocky was quickly released on bond and the guns found in his house were deemed legal. Kai Grady, Los Angeles Times, 5 May 2022 Lee is being held on $30,000 bond, according to the release. Elise Brisco, USA TODAY, 4 May 2022 He is being held on a $1 million bond and is set to appear in court on May 9. Angela Cordoba Perez, The Arizona Republic, 4 May 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb According to a report from the Utah Avalanche Center, snow at this site accumulated over facets (angular grains that do not bond well with other snow) from late January through early February, burying the facets about two feet below the surface. Alan Arnette, Outside Online, 8 Apr. 2022 Audiences were first introduced to Charles, Oliver and Mabel as three strangers who bond over their obsession with true crime. Karen Mizoguchi,, 27 Mar. 2022 Rajiv Joseph's comedy about two men who bond through their Cleveland Cavaliers fandom. Jim Higgins, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 23 Mar. 2022 They are often used in crafting projects since hot glue can bond more quickly and strongly than regular glue. Kate Gibson, CBS News, 15 Apr. 2022 Players were able to bond early in the summer while touring the state to host youth basketball camps. Jon Hale, The Courier-Journal, 5 Nov. 2021 The Sheths were glad to be able to bond on the streets of Detroit. Wright Wilson, Detroit Free Press, 17 Oct. 2021 While parents have become more able to bond with their newborns over the years, the people working there have become closer too. Melinda Moore,, 17 Mar. 2022 The infants that had their mother’s scent present, versus those exposed to a clean t-shirt, were able to bond with the new adult more easily, a finding that may help parents share child-rearing duties. Corryn Wetzel, Smithsonian Magazine, 10 Dec. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bond.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of bond


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1700, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for bond

Noun and Verb

Middle English band, bond — more at band


Middle English bonde, from bonde customary tenant, from Old English bōnda householder, from Old Norse bōndi

Learn More About bond

Time Traveler for bond

Time Traveler

The first known use of bond was in the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near bond




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Last Updated

11 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Bond.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 19 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for bond


\ ˈbänd How to pronounce bond (audio) \

Kids Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something that binds
2 : the condition of being held together The glue forms a strong bond.
3 : a force or influence that brings or holds together a bond of friendship
4 : a chain or rope used to prevent someone from moving or acting freely
5 : a promise to do something My word is my bond.
6 : a legal agreement in which a person agrees to pay a sum of money if he or she fails to do a certain thing
7 : a government or business certificate promising to pay a certain sum by a certain day


bonded; bonding

Kids Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to stick or cause to stick together
2 : to form a close relationship The girls quickly bonded.


\ ˈbänd How to pronounce bond (audio) \

Medical Definition of bond

: an attractive force that holds together atoms, ions, or groups of atoms in a molecule or crystal usually represented in formulas by a line

Other Words from bond

bond verb



Legal Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a usually formal written agreement by which a person undertakes to perform a certain act (as appear in court or fulfill the obligations of a contract) or abstain from performing an act (as committing a crime) with the condition that failure to perform or abstain will obligate the person or often a surety to pay a sum of money or will result in the forfeiture of money put up by the person or surety also : the money put up

Note: The purpose of a bond is to provide an incentive for the fulfillment of an obligation. It also provides reassurance that the obligation will be fulfilled and that compensation is available if it is not fulfilled. In most cases a surety is involved, and the bond makes the surety responsible for the consequences of the obligated person's behavior. Some bonds, such as fidelity bonds, function as insurance agreements, in which the surety promises to pay for financial loss caused by the bad behavior of an obligated person or by some contingency over which the person may have no control.

appeal bond
: a cost bond required by a rule of procedure to be given by an appellant in order to cover the costs of an appeal
appearance bond
: an often unsecured bond given by a defendant in a criminal trial to guarantee the defendant's appearance in court as scheduled
attachment bond
1 : a bond given by a plaintiff seeking to attach the defendant's property that ensures payment to the defendant of any damages suffered because of the attachment in the event the plaintiff loses the suit
2 : a bond given by a defendant in order to have an attachment released that ensures payment of a judgment awarded to the plaintiff
bail bond
: a bond given by a criminal defendant or by his or her surety to ensure compliance with the terms of bail and especially with the requirement that the defendant appear in court as scheduled
bid bond
: a surety bond often required of contractors bidding on construction work to ensure that the successful bidder will accept the job and will also provide a performance bond
blanket bond
: a fidelity bond covering all persons or all of a category of persons employed (as by a bank) or holding office (as of a trustee in bankruptcy)
completion bond
: performance bond in this entry
contract bond
: a bond given to protect a person or business entity against loss caused by a breach of a contract (as for building, construction, or supply)
cost bond
: a bond given by a plaintiff to ensure payment of court costs
depository bond
: a bond given by a bank often for deposits from state or municipal governments that covers the amount of the deposit in the event of the bank's insolvency
fidelity bond
: a bond or other form of contract to cover an employer or government entity against financial loss due to the dishonesty of an employee or other trusted person
injunction bond
: a bond required to be given by the applicant for an injunction to cover costs and damages incurred by a party found to have been wrongfully enjoined
judicial bond
: a bond (as an appeal bond or bail bond) required to be given in a court proceeding
license bond
: a surety bond required by law or as a condition to the conduct of a specific business or profession

called also permit bond

payment bond
: a surety bond that covers payment to certain parties (as suppliers) in the event that a contractor breaches a construction contract
peace bond
: a bond required to be given by a defendant to ensure good behavior and discourage breaches of the peace
penal bond
: a bond that ensures payment of a stipulated sum in the event of a party's nonperformance and that is often required for government contracts
performance bond
: a surety bond that ensures a property owner (as a developer or municipality) of the completion of a construction contract or payment of actual damages to the extent of the bond in the event that the contractor fails to complete it

called also completion bond

permit bond
: license bond in this entry
personal bond
: a criminal defendant's unsecured promise to appear in court as scheduled after release from custody
replevin bond
: a bond given by a plaintiff in a replevin action to cover losses to the defendant or court officer seizing the property in the defendant's possession and transferring it to the plaintiff in the event that the plaintiff loses the case
supersedeas bond
: a bond given by an appellant in order to obtain a stay of the judgment awarded at trial and for the purpose of ensuring that if the appellant loses the appeal the appellee will be paid the judgment plus any damages incident to the delay caused by the appeal
surety bond
: a bond in which a surety agrees to assume responsibility for the performance of an obligation of another in the event of a default
b : one who acts as a surety
2 : an interest-bearing document giving evidence of a debt issued by a government body or corporation that is sometimes secured by a lien on property and is often designed to take care of a particular financial need — see also collateralized mortgage obligation
accrual bond
: a bond that is usually the last tranche of a collateralized mortgage obligation and from which no payments of principal or interest are made until the earlier tranches are paid in full

called also Z-bond

adjustment bond
: a bond that is issued in settlement of a prior obligation as part of a business reorganization and on which interest payments are usually contingent upon earnings
baby bond
: a bond having a face value of usually $500 or less
bearer bond
: a fully negotiable bond payable to its bearer — compare registered bond in this entry
book-entry bond
: a bond whose ownership is recorded by computer but for which no certificate is issued
convertible bond
: a bond that may be exchanged for another type of security (as common stock) at prearranged terms
coupon bond
: a bearer bond that has coupons that must be cut off and presented for payment of interest
debenture bond
: a bond backed by the general credit of the issuer rather than by a specific lien on particular assets : debenture
discount bond
: a bond with a market value lower than its face value
flower bond
: a Treasury bond that may be redeemed at face value before maturity if used in settling federal estate taxes
guaranteed bond
: a bond on which payment of interest or principal or both is guaranteed by a corporation other than the issuer
income bond
: a bond that pays interest at a rate based on the issuer's earnings
junk bond
: a high-risk bond that offers a high yield and is often issued to finance the takeover of a company
mortgage bond
: a bond secured by a mortgage on property — compare debenture
municipal bond
: a bond issued by a municipality to fund the expenses of running the government or of specific programs or projects
registered bond
: a bond registered in the name of the holder on the books of the company and issued with the name of the holder written on the bond certificate — compare bearer bond in this entry
revenue bond
: a bond issued by a public agency authorized to build, acquire, or improve a revenue-producing property (as a toll road) and payable solely out of the revenue derived from such property
savings bond
: a nontransferable registered bond issued by the U.S. government in denominations of $50 to $10,000
serial bond
: one of a series of bonds maturing periodically rather than on a single maturity date
Treasury bond
: a long-term government bond issued by or under the authority of the U.S. Treasury — compare Treasury bill at bill, Treasury note at note
zero-coupon bond
: a bond that is sold at a price significantly below face value, pays no annual interest, and is redeemable at full value at maturity — compare strip


transitive verb

Legal Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to convert into a debt secured by bonds
2 : to provide a bond for bond an employee

More from Merriam-Webster on bond

Nglish: Translation of bond for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bond for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about bond


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