bond

noun
\ ˈbänd How to pronounce bond (audio) \

Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : something that binds or restrains : fetter prisoners freed from their bonds the bonds of oppression
2 : a binding agreement : covenant united in the bonds of holy matrimony My word is my bond.
3a : a band or cord used to tie something
b : a material (such as timber or brick) or device for binding
c chemistry : an attractive force that holds together the atoms, ions, or groups of atoms in a molecule or crystal chemical bonds
d : an adhesive, cementing material, or fusible ingredient that combines, unites, or strengthens
4 : a uniting or binding element or force : tie the bonds of friendship
5a : an obligation made binding by a forfeit of money also : the amount of the money guarantee I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond— Shakespeare The accused was released on $40,000 bond.
b : one who provides bail or acts as surety (see surety sense 3)
c finance : an interest-bearing certificate of public or private indebtedness money that she had invested in stocks and bonds
d : an insurance agreement pledging that one will become legally liable for financial loss caused to another by the act or default of a third person or by some contingency over which the third person may have no control
6 masonry : the systematic lapping (see lap entry 2 sense 4a) of brick in a wall
7 : the state of goods made, stored, or transported under the care of an agency until the duties or taxes on them are paid you may leave … tobacco in bond with customs— Richard Joseph
8 alcohol : a 100-proof straight whiskey aged at least four years under government supervision before being bottled

called also bonded whiskey

bond

verb
bonded; bonding; bonds

Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 masonry : to lap (a building material, such as brick) for solidity of construction
2a : to secure payment of duties and taxes on (goods) by giving a bond (see bond entry 1 sense 5a) warehouses for bonding tobacco
b : to convert into a debt secured by bonds (see bond entry 1 sense 5a)
c insurance : to provide a bond (see bond entry 1 sense 5d) for or cause to provide such a bond bond an employee
3a : to cause to adhere firmly Heat is used to bond the plastic sheets together.
b : to embed in a matrix (see matrix sense 3b) abrasive material bonded in a resinous binder
c chemistry : to hold together in a molecule or crystal by chemical bonds (see bond entry 1 sense 3c)

intransitive verb

1 : to hold together or solidify by or as if by means of a bond (see bond entry 1) or binder (see binder sense 3) The glue didn't bond to the glass.
2 : to form a close relationship especially through frequent association the new mother bonded with her child The retreat was a great bonding experience for the team.

Definition of bond (Entry 3 of 3)

archaic
: bound in slavery

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Other Words from bond

Verb

bondable \ ˈbän-​də-​bəl How to pronounce bond (audio) \ adjective
bonder noun

Examples of bond in a Sentence

Noun a daughter's bond with her mother Recent events have helped to strengthen the bonds between our two countries. My roommate and I share a common bond because we both grew up in the Midwest. She has invested most of her money in stocks and bonds. Verb Heat was used to bond the sheets of plastic together. The poster was bonded to the wall with glue.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Additionally, judges can deny bond to defendants convicted of two or more violent felonies in the past 15 years, or if they are charged with a violent felony while out on bail or on probation or parole for another violent felony. Angie Jackson, Detroit Free Press, "New Washtenaw County prosecutor will stop seeking cash bail," 4 Jan. 2021 He was being held at Smith County jail in lieu of $3.5 million bond, jail records show. NBC News, "Pastor killed, two other people injured in Texas church shooting," 4 Jan. 2021 Bostick revoked Jeff West’s $500,000 bond and ordered him to be held until sentencing. Carol Robinson | Crobinson@al.com, al, "Sentencing for husband in 2018 death of Kat West postponed 1 month," 4 Jan. 2021 But at this point, even a hint that the Fed might wind down its money printing and bond buying would cause interest rates to spike and send stocks into a tailspin. Washington Post, "Five (somewhat) upbeat predictions for 2021," 31 Dec. 2020 Chacua-Diaz has been released from custody on bond totaling $275,000, according to online court documents. Emily Brindley, courant.com, "Norwalk police: Investigation finds local man sexually assaulted child ‘over the course of multiple years’," 31 Dec. 2020 Senior jumped bond in late 1983, and disappeared for more than two years. Jerry Garrett, Car and Driver, "John Paul Jr., Auto-Racing Champion, Dies at 60," 31 Dec. 2020 For the rest of their lives, the Salas brothers’ bond would be tentative and rife with power struggles and creative disputes. Los Angeles Times, "Rudy Salas, cofounder of mainstay Chicano R&B band Tierra, dies at 71," 31 Dec. 2020 Natalie Flynn understands the importance of camaraderie and how fostering that bond translates into success. Brandon Chase, BostonGlobe.com, "In era of social distancing, Natalie Flynn pulling things together at alma mater Arlington Catholic," 30 Dec. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Perhaps law-abiding states should bond together and form a Union of states that will abide by the constitution. Jay Nordlinger, National Review, "The Great American Divorce?," 21 Dec. 2020 That’s why people bond with each other over experiences rather than their possessions. Popular Science, "How to spend your money for maximum happiness," 21 Dec. 2020 Yes, Ruben will bond with the other residents (played by people who are deaf in real life, some with addiction issues). Bill Goodykoontz, The Arizona Republic, "Riz Ahmed is terrific as a drummer losing his hearing in Amazon Prime's 'Sound of Metal'," 2 Dec. 2020 Olivia Dade takes that notion and spins it into romance gold in Spoiler Alert, a tale of a fan, April, and the hunky star of a popular TV series, Marcus Caster-Rupp, who unwittingly bond on a fanfic server. Maureen Lee Lenker, EW.com, "Hot Stuff: October romances bring early holiday cheer," 5 Nov. 2020 Limestone County authorities say a Madison woman who came to the jail Tuesday to bond out her boyfriend was arrested herself. William Thornton | Wthornton@al.com, al, "Madison woman shows up to bond out boyfriend, gets arrested," 30 Sep. 2020 Unlike state prisons, the populations of county jails are always in flux, with new people being arrested and booked each day as others bond out and are released. Katie Rice, orlandosentinel.com, "Shoddy masks — some made from socks — leave Central Florida jail inmates exposed to COVID-19, attorneys say," 17 Sep. 2020 The five were given $5,000 bonds, with Detroit Will Breathe organizer and co-founder Nakia Wallace saying people were on their way to the jail to bond out those held. Christina Hall, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit Will Breathe demands charges be dropped against protesters in Shelby Township," 26 Oct. 2020 The bilingual manager was able to bond with the entire clubhouse in ways Green never could. Bryce Miller Columnist, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: Bold Padres owners Peter Seidler, Ron Fowler savor playoff return," 29 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bond.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bond

Noun

12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1700, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for bond

Noun and Verb

Middle English band, bond — more at band

Adjective

Middle English bonde, from bonde customary tenant, from Old English bōnda householder, from Old Norse bōndi

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Time Traveler for bond

Time Traveler

The first known use of bond was in the 12th century

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Statistics for bond

Last Updated

11 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Bond.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bond. Accessed 16 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for bond

bond

noun
How to pronounce bond (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something (such as an idea, interest, experience, or feeling) that is shared between people or groups and forms a connection between them
finance : an official document in which a government or company promises to pay back an amount of money that it has borrowed and to pay interest for the borrowed money
formal : a chain or rope that is used to prevent someone from moving or acting freely

bond

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 2)

: to join (things) together
: to join to something else
: to form a close relationship with someone

bond

noun
\ ˈbänd How to pronounce bond (audio) \

Kids Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something that binds
2 : the condition of being held together The glue forms a strong bond.
3 : a force or influence that brings or holds together a bond of friendship
4 : a chain or rope used to prevent someone from moving or acting freely
5 : a promise to do something My word is my bond.
6 : a legal agreement in which a person agrees to pay a sum of money if he or she fails to do a certain thing
7 : a government or business certificate promising to pay a certain sum by a certain day

bond

verb
bonded; bonding

Kids Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to stick or cause to stick together
2 : to form a close relationship The girls quickly bonded.

bond

noun
\ ˈbänd How to pronounce bond (audio) \

Medical Definition of bond

: an attractive force that holds together atoms, ions, or groups of atoms in a molecule or crystal usually represented in formulas by a line

Other Words from bond

bond verb

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bond

noun

Legal Definition of bond

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a usually formal written agreement by which a person undertakes to perform a certain act (as appear in court or fulfill the obligations of a contract) or abstain from performing an act (as committing a crime) with the condition that failure to perform or abstain will obligate the person or often a surety to pay a sum of money or will result in the forfeiture of money put up by the person or surety also : the money put up

Note: The purpose of a bond is to provide an incentive for the fulfillment of an obligation. It also provides reassurance that the obligation will be fulfilled and that compensation is available if it is not fulfilled. In most cases a surety is involved, and the bond makes the surety responsible for the consequences of the obligated person's behavior. Some bonds, such as fidelity bonds, function as insurance agreements, in which the surety promises to pay for financial loss caused by the bad behavior of an obligated person or by some contingency over which the person may have no control.

appeal bond
: a cost bond required by a rule of procedure to be given by an appellant in order to cover the costs of an appeal
appearance bond
: an often unsecured bond given by a defendant in a criminal trial to guarantee the defendant's appearance in court as scheduled
attachment bond
1 : a bond given by a plaintiff seeking to attach the defendant's property that ensures payment to the defendant of any damages suffered because of the attachment in the event the plaintiff loses the suit
2 : a bond given by a defendant in order to have an attachment released that ensures payment of a judgment awarded to the plaintiff
bail bond
: a bond given by a criminal defendant or by his or her surety to ensure compliance with the terms of bail and especially with the requirement that the defendant appear in court as scheduled
bid bond
: a surety bond often required of contractors bidding on construction work to ensure that the successful bidder will accept the job and will also provide a performance bond
blanket bond
: a fidelity bond covering all persons or all of a category of persons employed (as by a bank) or holding office (as of a trustee in bankruptcy)
completion bond
: performance bond in this entry
contract bond
: a bond given to protect a person or business entity against loss caused by a breach of a contract (as for building, construction, or supply)
cost bond
: a bond given by a plaintiff to ensure payment of court costs
depository bond
: a bond given by a bank often for deposits from state or municipal governments that covers the amount of the deposit in the event of the bank's insolvency
fidelity bond
: a bond or other form of contract to cover an employer or government entity against financial loss due to the dishonesty of an employee or other trusted person
injunction bond
: a bond required to be given by the applicant for an injunction to cover costs and damages incurred by a party found to have been wrongfully enjoined
judicial bond
: a bond (as an appeal bond or bail bond) required to be given in a court proceeding
license bond
: a surety bond required by law or as a condition to the conduct of a specific business or profession

called also permit bond

payment bond
: a surety bond that covers payment to certain parties (as suppliers) in the event that a contractor breaches a construction contract
peace bond
: a bond required to be given by a defendant to ensure good behavior and discourage breaches of the peace
penal bond
: a bond that ensures payment of a stipulated sum in the event of a party's nonperformance and that is often required for government contracts
performance bond
: a surety bond that ensures a property owner (as a developer or municipality) of the completion of a construction contract or payment of actual damages to the extent of the bond in the event that the contractor fails to complete it

called also completion bond

permit bond
: license bond in this entry
personal bond
: a criminal defendant's unsecured promise to appear in court as scheduled after release from custody
replevin bond
: a bond given by a plaintiff in a replevin action to cover losses to the defendant or court officer seizing the property in the defendant's possession and transferring it to the plaintiff in the event that the plaintiff loses the case
supersedeas bond
: a bond given by an appellant in order to obtain a stay of the judgment awarded at trial and for the purpose of ensuring that if the appellant loses the appeal the appellee will be paid the judgment plus any damages incident to the delay caused by the appeal
surety bond
: a bond in which a surety agrees to assume responsibility for the performance of an obligation of another in the event of a default
b : one who acts as a surety
2 : an interest-bearing document giving evidence of a debt issued by a government body or corporation that is sometimes secured by a lien on property and is often designed to take care of a particular financial need — see also collateralized mortgage obligation
accrual bond
: a bond that is usually the last tranche of a collateralized mortgage obligation and from which no payments of principal or interest are made until the earlier tranches are paid in full

called also Z-bond

adjustment bond
: a bond that is issued in settlement of a prior obligation as part of a business reorganization and on which interest payments are usually contingent upon earnings
baby bond
: a bond having a face value of usually $500 or less
bearer bond
: a fully negotiable bond payable to its bearer — compare registered bond in this entry
book-entry bond
: a bond whose ownership is recorded by computer but for which no certificate is issued
convertible bond
: a bond that may be exchanged for another type of security (as common stock) at prearranged terms
coupon bond
: a bearer bond that has coupons that must be cut off and presented for payment of interest
debenture bond
: a bond backed by the general credit of the issuer rather than by a specific lien on particular assets : debenture
discount bond
: a bond with a market value lower than its face value
flower bond
: a Treasury bond that may be redeemed at face value before maturity if used in settling federal estate taxes
guaranteed bond
: a bond on which payment of interest or principal or both is guaranteed by a corporation other than the issuer
income bond
: a bond that pays interest at a rate based on the issuer's earnings
junk bond
: a high-risk bond that offers a high yield and is often issued to finance the takeover of a company
mortgage bond
: a bond secured by a mortgage on property — compare debenture
municipal bond
: a bond issued by a municipality to fund the expenses of running the government or of specific programs or projects
registered bond
: a bond registered in the name of the holder on the books of the company and issued with the name of the holder written on the bond certificate — compare bearer bond in this entry
revenue bond
: a bond issued by a public agency authorized to build, acquire, or improve a revenue-producing property (as a toll road) and payable solely out of the revenue derived from such property
savings bond
: a nontransferable registered bond issued by the U.S. government in denominations of $50 to $10,000
serial bond
: one of a series of bonds maturing periodically rather than on a single maturity date
Treasury bond
: a long-term government bond issued by or under the authority of the U.S. Treasury — compare Treasury bill at bill, Treasury note at note
zero-coupon bond
: a bond that is sold at a price significantly below face value, pays no annual interest, and is redeemable at full value at maturity — compare strip

Legal Definition of bond (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to convert into a debt secured by bonds
2 : to provide a bond for bond an employee

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