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ap·​pro·​pri·​ate ə-ˈprō-prē-ət How to pronounce appropriate (audio)
: especially suitable or compatible : fitting
an appropriate response
remarks appropriate to the occasion
appropriately adverb
appropriateness noun


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ap·​pro·​pri·​ate ə-ˈprō-prē-ˌāt How to pronounce appropriate (audio)
appropriated; appropriating

transitive verb

: to take exclusive possession of : annex
No one should appropriate a common benefit.
: to set apart for or assign to a particular purpose or use
appropriate money for a research program
: to take or make use of without authority or right
natural habitats that have been appropriated for human use
appropriable adjective
appropriator noun

Did you know?

From its roots, the verb appropriate would mean basically "make one's own"—that is, "take", or sometimes "grab". Each year the President and Congress create a budget and appropriate funds for each item in it, funds which mostly come in the form of taxes from the public. In the House of Representatives, the powerful Appropriations Committee often gets the last word on how much money goes to each program. "Misappropriation of funds", on the other hand, is a nice way of saying "theft". If someone appropriated pieces of your novel, you might take him or her to court; and if you appropriated trade secrets from your former employers, you might be the one sued.

Choose the Right Synonym for appropriate

fit, suitable, meet, proper, appropriate, fitting, apt, happy, felicitous mean right with respect to some end, need, use, or circumstance.

fit stresses adaptability and sometimes special readiness for use or action.

fit for battle

suitable implies an answering to requirements or demands.

clothes suitable for camping

meet suggests a just proportioning.

meet payment

proper suggests a suitability through essential nature or accordance with custom.

proper acknowledgement

appropriate implies eminent or distinctive fitness.

an appropriate gift

fitting implies harmony of mood or tone.

a fitting end

apt connotes a fitness marked by nicety and discrimination.

apt quotations

happy suggests what is effectively or successfully appropriate.

a happy choice of words

felicitous suggests an aptness that is opportune, telling, or graceful.

a felicitous phrase

Example Sentences

Adjective More than almost anyone writing today, Slater, whose prose is astringent and sensuous by turn, reflects both a genuine feeling for and appreciation of foods appropriate to the season—and a tolerance for kitchen disasters. Cynthia Zarin, Gourmet, April 2007 Crepuscular means "pertaining to twilight." It sounds so lovely. I use the word as much as possible, even when it's not appropriate. Bob Berman, Astronomy, June 2006 While working as one of the exhibition curators, I was surprised to learn that, until the 1920s, ice cream was properly eaten with a fork, a cumbersome technique decried by none other than Florence Howe hall, the granddaughter of Julia Ward Howe, who wrote "The Battle Hymn of the Republic". But if high society eventually agreed on a more appropriate utensil for eating the frozen-dessert, even the most au courant hostess may have had trouble deciding what kind of device should be used for serving it … Darra Goldstein, Saveur, June-July 2006 Three days. There was no way on this earth that proper due diligence could be done in such a limited time. For a merger of this magnitude, a week's worth of due diligence would have been more appropriate. Nina Munk, Vanity Fair, January 2004 Red wine would have been a more appropriate choice with the meal. The movie is perfectly appropriate to people of all ages. Verb From this source it was appropriated by Wilhelm Ropke in his effort to develop a social and political theory in which the market economy would be reconciled with the local community. Roger Scruton, National Review, 20 June 2005 Dr. Seuss's mother, also the daughter of German immigrants, was Henrietta Seuss, and when he appropriated the name for his books Dr. Seuss pronounced it in the German manner, "soice," until he realized that Americans naturally read the name as "soose," and that the American pronunciation of "Dr. Seuss" evoked a figure advantageous for an author of children's books to be associated with—Mother Goose. Louis Menand, New Yorker, 23 & 30 Dec. 2002 Wales, in contrast, was officially appropriated into the United Kingdom by Henry VIII's Acts of Union, in 1536 and 1543, before it had developed the apparatus of a modern state. Pamela Petro, Atlantic, April 1999 The town has appropriated funds to repair the bridge and work should begin this summer. The economy has been weakened by corrupt officials who have appropriated the country's resources for their own use. Elements of the design were appropriated from other architects. The term “bad” has been appropriated by teenagers as a synonym for “good.” See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Condemnation expectedly aligns along party lines, with 96% of Democrats saying that Trump's handling of classified documents was not appropriate compared to 47% of Republicans. Brittany Shepherd, ABC News, 22 Jan. 2023 This was reconsidered after Romero worked on several racing documentaries and felt that blending the two cultures would be appropriate. Declan Gallagher,, 19 Jan. 2023 For example, sneakers like the Veja Esplar Leather Sneaker might be appropriate for more casual work environments (or on specific days, like Casual Friday), but not every. Jessie Quinn, Peoplemag, 19 Jan. 2023 Bullard said that a half-point increase would be appropriate at the Fed’s next meeting. Larry Edelman,, 19 Jan. 2023 Opting into a darker color palette signals refinement and is appropriate for both daytime work wear and evening events. Sara Klausing, Men's Health, 18 Jan. 2023 When temperatures are appropriate, take seedlings outside for a couple hours the first day and bring them in at night. Rita Pelczar, Better Homes & Gardens, 17 Jan. 2023 And then the White House counsel -- yes, of course, that's appropriate. CBS News, 15 Jan. 2023 Going forward, said Harker, rate hikes of a quarter point will be appropriate. Nicole Goodkind, CNN, 13 Jan. 2023
Some options will start the process of verifying your identity, while others will redirect you to appropriate help or password recovery pages. Paul Monckton, Forbes, 20 Dec. 2022 Last year, Ivey called a special session for lawmakers to appropriate $772 million in ARPA funds. Mike Cason |, al, 14 Dec. 2022 Also, when a designer does appropriate, they are more readily called out on mainstream and social media. Christian Allaire, Vogue, 7 Dec. 2022 The town is asking voters on Dec. 8 to appropriate another $9.7 million for the project. Don Stacom, Hartford Courant, 30 Nov. 2022 At the same time, Alaska Rep. Mary Peltola asked House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and House Appropriations Committee Chair Rosa DeLauro to appropriate $250 million in disaster relief aid in an end-of-year appropriations bill. Yereth Rosen, Anchorage Daily News, 18 Nov. 2022 Ideally, Congress would appropriate funds annually, in order to continually expand access, rather than give them out as a lump sum. The New Yorker, 19 Dec. 2022 Congress could ultimately choose to appropriate more funds for the program, though such a move seems unlikely. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 18 Oct. 2022 Republican legislators say Lee got it wrong because only the General Assembly has constitutional authority to appropriate funds. Fox News, 31 Aug. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'appropriate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History


Verb and Adjective

Middle English, from Late Latin appropriatus, past participle of appropriare, from Latin ad- + proprius own

First Known Use


15th century, in the meaning defined above


15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of appropriate was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near appropriate

Cite this Entry

“Appropriate.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 5 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition


1 of 2 verb
ap·​pro·​pri·​ate ə-ˈprō-prē-ˌāt How to pronounce appropriate (audio)
appropriated; appropriating
: to take for one's own often without right
: to set apart for a particular purpose or use
appropriate funds for research


2 of 2 adjective
ap·​pro·​pri·​ate ə-ˈprō-prē-ət How to pronounce appropriate (audio)
: especially suitable or fitting
appropriately adverb
appropriateness noun

Legal Definition


transitive verb
ap·​pro·​pri·​ate ə-ˈprō-prē-ˌāt How to pronounce appropriate (audio)
appropriated; appropriating
: to set apart for or assign to a particular recipient, purpose, or use
the legislature appropriating funds for the program
: to take or make use of without authority or right
appropriation noun

History and Etymology for appropriate

Late Latin appropriare to take possession of, from ad to, for + proprius one's own

More from Merriam-Webster on appropriate

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