aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1) : clustered in a dense mass or head an aggregate flower
(2) : formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower aggregate fruit
b : composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c : taking all units as a whole aggregate sales

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender.
2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2 : the whole sum or amount : sum total spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3a : a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b : any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c : a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Other Words from aggregate

Adjective

aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

Did You Know?

Noun

We added "aggregate" to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from "aggregare" ("to add to"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to "ag-" before a "g") and "greg-" or "grex" (meaning "flock"). "Greg-" also gave us "congregate," "gregarious," and "segregate." "Aggregate" is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole" (as in the sentence "In the aggregate, the student's various achievements were sufficiently impressive to merit a scholarship"). "Aggregate" also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used for a mass of minerals formed into a rock and for a material, such as sand or gravel, used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. — Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. — Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. — Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. — Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins. Verb The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … — Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." — Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. — Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … — Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The Web site aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books Noun In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? — Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. — Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. — Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective And valuations based on aggregate earnings or book value predict stock returns just as well as the dividend yield. The Economist, "Why yields are the best guide to future stockmarket returns," 7 Sep. 2019 And differential privacy also has protections to keep aggregate data from revealing too much. Wired, "Google Wants to Help Tech Companies Know Less About You," 5 Sep. 2019 In seasons past, the conference semifinals and finals were two-leg affairs decided by aggregate goals. Kevin Baxter, Los Angeles Times, "Newsletter: Soccer! Minnesota delivers the blueprint on how to beat LAFC," 3 Sep. 2019 The five-time Ballon d'Or winner scored a hat-trick to turn the tie around, securing a 3-2 aggregate win for his team. SI.com, "10 of the Best Group Stage Games to Look Forward to in This Season's Champions League," 30 Aug. 2019 Second, average aggregate experience will not be your experience. Michael Taylor, ExpressNews.com, "Is owning a home a better investment than stocks?," 30 Aug. 2019 The coveted 2019 Extreme Championship Ring, which goes to the angler who has caught the highest aggregate weight total throughout the year, was won by Shaun Roles. Emmett Hall, sun-sentinel.com, "Extreme Kayak Fishing Tournament concludes successful Summer Slam Series," 26 Aug. 2019 Last month’s aggregate social-financing numbers, released Sunday, show the flow of new credit in (and around) the financial system fell 41 percent in February from a year earlier. Washington Post, "What China’s $30 Trillion Credit Pile Doesn’t Tell You," 18 Sep. 2019 Dortmund did the double over Leverkusen last season and an aggregate score of 7-4 means you are virtually guaranteed goals in this one too. SI.com, "This Weekend's 7 Must-Watch Games as Club Football Finally Returns," 12 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The only trade restriction on Meyers from when he was acquired from Portland on July 6 was that he could not be aggregated in a trade with another Heat player for two months. Ira Winderman, sun-sentinel.com, "ASK IRA: Is there something to notion of Waiters, Dragic as value contracts?," 29 Aug. 2019 This result was dependent on cell type: In tumor cells that have no innate immunity, being aggregated was costly. Quanta Magazine, "Viruses Have a Secret, Altruistic Social Life," 15 Apr. 2019 That data is aggregated from multiple trusted third-party sources (such as BGPStream.com) into a Web dashboard that allows network operators to identify weaknesses and problems in order to improve their networks' routing security. Sean Gallagher, Ars Technica, "A project aims to help ISPs mind their routing security manners," 5 Sep. 2019 The good folks up at SFGate.com compiled all of what’s been happening, aggregating reports from ESPN, NBC Sports, NFL Network and social media accounts from people involved in the story. Greg Moore, azcentral, "Former ASU linebacker Vontaze Burfict tried to restrain Antonio Brown, report says," 5 Sep. 2019 The downshifting is evident in a Bloomberg Economics gauge aggregating the earliest available indicators from financial markets and businesses. Fortune, "Facing New U.S. Tariffs, China Says it Will Not Retaliate," 29 Aug. 2019 But its uses are myriad, so overall corn demand is aggregated among often competing and diverse markets. Edward Lotterman, Twin Cities, "Real World Economics: Oil prices, war, and a bad corn crop," 23 June 2019 But the mutation causes hemoglobin to aggregate into rock-hard rods that give cells a sickle shape. Meredith Wadman, Science | AAAS, "A new sickle cell drug could soon get U.S. approval. But does it work?," 17 Sep. 2019 One way to avoid being misled by an outlier poll is to look at the work of the analysts who aggregate the results of multiple polls, adjusting for differences among them, and arrive at an average number. Michael Barone, WSJ, "‘Where Did You Get This Number?’ Review: Counting the Vote Ahead of Time," 4 Nov. 2018 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Both received perfect 100 scores on the Metacritic.com aggregate website. Randy Lewis, chicagotribune.com, "A new ending: Behind the Beatles’ ‘Abbey Road’ 50th-anniversary remix," 9 Aug. 2019 The report, which aggregates figures from six agencies serving the homeless, is intended to provide a more comprehensive summary of homeless spending since fiscal year 2014. Melanie Grayce West, WSJ, "New York City’s Spending on Homeless Hits $3.2 Billion This Year," 22 May 2019 Facebook aggregates posts from the official Facebook pages for news organizations, schools, government agencies and community groups like dog shelters. Washington Post, "Facebook expands new tool aiming to shrink ‘news deserts’," 12 Sep. 2019 Jimmy Butler hit the eject button, the Wolves fired Tom Thibodeau, Robert Covington missed half the season, and still Towns was dominant enough in the aggregate to keep his team in the black. Rob Mahoney, SI.com, "Top 100 NBA Players of 2020," 12 Sep. 2019 Gears 5 has debuted to critical praise, currently sporting an 86 percent on review aggregate site Metacritic. Patrick Shanley, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Gears 5' Studio Head Plans to "Grow and Flourish" Franchise With Film, Comics, Games," 6 Sep. 2019 TeamingPro mines various government databases and aggregates information into a proprietary score for government contractors. William Thornton | Wthornton@al.com, al, "Virginia software company coming to Huntsville," 5 Sep. 2019 After surrendering 4-1 and 3-0 aggregate leads against Roma and Liverpool, respectively, there is an increasing concern among fans that the club is throwing away opportunities for arguably the greatest player ever: Lionel Messi. Matias Grez, CNN, "Real Madrid heads into the new season with more questions than answers," 16 Aug. 2019 Both received perfect 100 scores on the Metacritic.com aggregate website. Randy Lewis, Los Angeles Times, "A new ending: Behind the Beatles’ ‘Abbey Road’ 50th-anniversary remix," 8 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aggregate

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for aggregate

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

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Statistics for aggregate

Last Updated

24 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for aggregate

The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for aggregate

aggregate

adjective
How to pronounce aggregate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by adding together two or more amounts

aggregate

verb
How to pronounce aggregate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

formal
: to join or combine into a single group
: to equal a specified number or amount

aggregate

noun
How to pronounce aggregate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

formal : a total amount

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Kids Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Kids Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.
2 : the whole sum or amount They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

Other Words from aggregate

aggregation \ ˌag-​ri-​ˈgā-​shən How to pronounce aggregation (audio) \ noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography, 1982

aggregate

transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole aggregated human albumin

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

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aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: taken as a total aggregate liability

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to combine or gather into a whole class members may aggregate their individual claims — compare join
2 : to amount to an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”— J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : total amount may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2 : a whole made up of individual units the aggregate of operative facts

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