above

adverb
\ ə-ˈbəv \

Definition of above

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : in the sky : overhead the clouds above
b : in or to heaven
2a : in or to a higher place
b : higher on the same page or on a preceding page except as stated above
c : upstairs
d : above zero 10 degrees above
3 : in or to a higher rank or number 30 and above
4 archaic : in addition : besides
5 : upstage

above

preposition

Definition of above (Entry 2 of 4)

1a : in or to a higher place than : over a room above the store
b : upriver of anchored about 10 miles above the city
2a : superior to (as in rank, quality, or degree) A sergeant is above a corporal.
b : out of reach of above suspicion
c : in preference to puts his child's needs above his own needs
d : too proud or honorable to stoop to not above taking undue credit
3 : exceeding in number, quantity, or size : more than men above 50 years old
4 : as distinct from and in addition to heard the whistle above the roar of the crowd

above

noun
plural above

Definition of above (Entry 3 of 4)

1a : something that is above Select one of the above.
b : a person whose name is written above Contact any of the above for more information.
2a : a higher authority
b : heaven

above

adjective

Definition of above (Entry 4 of 4)

: written or discussed higher on the same page or on a preceding page Contact me at the above address.

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Synonyms & Antonyms for above

Synonyms: Adverb

aloft, over, overhead

Synonyms: Preposition

over

Synonyms: Noun

bliss, elysian fields, Elysium, empyrean, heaven, kingdom come, New Jerusalem, paradise, sky, Zion (also Sion)

Antonyms: Adverb

below, beneath, under

Antonyms: Preposition

below, beneath, under

Antonyms: Noun

Gehenna, hell, Pandemonium, perdition

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Using Above as an Adjective or Noun: Usage Guide

Noun

Although still objected to by some, the use of above as a noun to mean "something that is above" none of the above the above is Theseus's opinion — William Blake and as an adjective without the above reserve — O. W. Holmes †1935 I was brought up on the above words — Viscount Montgomery has been long established as standard.

Examples of above in a Sentence

Adverb

up above and down below Temperatures range from 5 below to 5 above.

Preposition

He raised his arms above his head. They hung a mirror above the mantel. We rented an apartment above a restaurant. Temperatures were above average all week. men above 50 years old She values her private time above her fame. He puts his child's needs above his own.

Noun

in her dying days she was supposedly visited by an angel from above
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

All of the galleries have portal holes that filter sunlight from above into the underground space. Liz Stinson, Curbed, "Otherworldly new museum is built into a sand dune," 17 Dec. 2018 Tucked away in the Piazza della Signoria, Gucci Garden is comprised of a restaurant (Gucci Osteria) and boutique on the floor level (shown in the images above and below) and the Galleria exhibition space, which is located on the top two floors. Sophia Panych, Allure, "Art History, Florence, and Fragrance: Lessons From Gucci's Nettare di Fiori Perfume," 25 Sep. 2018 The American Humane Hero Dog Awards are an annual competition to distinguish pups who go above and beyond in categories such as law enforcement, service, therapy, guide, search and rescue, and more. Isabella Gomez, Teen Vogue, "Ariel Winter Wears Strapless Pink Dress to American Humane Hero Dog Awards," 30 Sep. 2018 Trauma centers require special certification to provide emergency care for patients suffering very serious injuries above and beyond a regular emergency department. Jenny Gold, Vox, "A baby was treated with a nap and a bottle of formula. His parents received an $18,000 bill.," 20 July 2018 Fire management and public lands officials from across Idaho on Thursday warned of the likelihood for above-average wildfire activity this season. Nicole Blanchard, idahostatesman, "Idaho agencies bracing for 'interesting,' 'above-average' wildfire season," 28 June 2018 From the glass dining room above, diners can look directly down on to the hand of God. Candace Taylor, WSJ, "A Silicon Valley Retreat Where ‘Star Trek’ Meets ‘Star Wars’," 6 Dec. 2018 Most people in the battle seem to be around level 45 and above and are decked in Power Armor. Patricia Hernandez, The Verge, "Fallout 76’s first end-game nuke launches, starts apocalyptic battle," 15 Nov. 2018 Fresh off their bye, the Seahawks can go above .500 for the first time this season. Seattle Times Sports Staff, The Seattle Times, "Seattle Seahawks vs. Detroit Lions: Week 8 national media predictions," 26 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition

Designed by David Thulstrup, the 4,300-square-foot loft sits above the offices of Danish furniture company Vipp and serves as a livable retail concept store for the brand. Liz Stinson, Curbed, "Rent this cozy loft that doubles as a furniture showroom," 27 Dec. 2018 Keeping the skirt at knee-length or above adds flounce and fun, while simple heels and a single stand-out piece of jewelry add just the right dose of glitz without going over the top. Lauren Hubbard, Town & Country, "6 Chic New Years Eve Outfit Ideas," 17 Dec. 2018 Even then, road decks and emergency exits sit several feet above the tunnel bottom, where water could surge without drowning people. Mike Lindblom, The Seattle Times, "What will the Highway 99 tunnel opening mean for bus routes, detours and tsunamis? We answer those questions and more," 12 Dec. 2018 An official Kashgar notice posted in February states that children in the fourth grade and above with parents in detention must be sent to boarding school immediately — even if one parent is still at home. Yanan Wang And Dake Kang, Fox News, "China distances children from families to subdue Muslim west," 21 Sep. 2018 Making an epic entrance to the Venice Film Festival, where her upcoming film A Star Is Born will debut, Gaga sat on the side of a boat while dangling her crossed legs (and stiletto pumps) above the water. Lauren Alexis Fisher, Harper's BAZAAR, "Lady Gaga’s Boat Ride to Venice Film Festival Was An Inspiring Level of Extra," 30 Aug. 2018 In expensive, often unionized, metros, labor costs run far above the national average. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "Rising labor costs send the price of house construction skyward," 17 Dec. 2018 At Base Coat in Denver, CO, for example, nail techs have the option to either earn an hourly rate, which starts at $13/hour (and is above minimum wage) or earn 35 to 50 percent commission per service. Jennifer Lance, Glamour, "What No One Tells You About Tipping at the Nail Salon," 12 Dec. 2018 The union argues that is still barely above Seattle’s minimum wage, which will increase to $16 an hour for large employers in January. Heidi Groover, The Seattle Times, "With contract talks still stalled, Seattle EMTs set strike deadline of Dec. 21," 11 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

To see images taken from high above was to realize this still novel technology might one day show far more than previously imagined. Peter Manseau, Smithsonian, "Meet Mr. Mumler, the Man Who “Captured” Lincoln’s Ghost on Camera," 11 Oct. 2017 After the war, however, Roman coins (like the one above) match the signature of the silver mines in the Iberian Peninsula. Lizzie Wade, Science | AAAS, "This coin reveals when Rome became an empire," 14 Aug. 2017 All of the above are made from chemicals or materials that are bad for the environment, so follow Forecastle's lead and stay away from the cliche party accessories. 5. Bailey Loosemore, The Courier-Journal, "5 ways to help save the planet at Forecastle Festival," 6 July 2017 Above, 16 of our favorite makes (at every price point) of Mary Janes. Rachel Waldman, Vogue, "Ditch Your Ballet Flats For Mary Janes," 28 June 2017 Above is Turkish coffee ice cream, Jivara-coffee Chantilly cream, ginger caramel, and chocolate fondant. Alex Beggs, Bon Appetit, "5 Fancy Desserts from the Best Pastry Chefs in the Country," 21 Apr. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

In addition to the above, your chest pain is fleeting and subsides after a short period of time on its own. Cassie Shortsleeve, SELF, "Is Your Chest Pain Physical or Mental?," 14 Nov. 2018 The three-disc deluxe edition features new stereo mixes and officially unreleased demos, whereas the seven-disc super-deluxe edition features all of the above, plus outtakes, instrumental tracks, impromptu jams and studio chatter. Darryn King, WSJ, "50 Years Later, a New Spin on the Beatles’ ‘White Album’," 30 Oct. 2018 In addition to the above, the other herbs featured in our kitchen cutting garden include dill, tarragon, oregano, thyme, rosemary, chamomile, lemon balm, basil, St. John’s Wort and lavender. Philip Potempa, Post-Tribune, "‘Goat’ herb garden always within convenient kitchen reach," 22 June 2018 Keith Wyman says his family was in their backyard in Attleboro Monday when his 2-year-old son Cody began to climb the gate blocking the ladder to their above-ground pool. Fox News, "Child scales 'un-climbable' pool ladder in viral video," 19 June 2018 All of the above, of course, doesn’t even consider how the passage of FOSTA/SESTA has disrupted how workers communicate with one another and with their clientele. Rick Paulas, Longreads, "Sex Workers vs. The Internet," 15 June 2018 When the Democrats’ survey asked if voters trust Mueller or his team, the FBI or the Department of Justice to handle the investigation, the biggest response was none of the above, with 45%. Philip Elliott, Time, "Democrats Have Avoided Talking About Russia. Here's Why That's Changing," 23 May 2018 The New York Red Bulls certainly qualify for much of the above, as a 3-1 win in Atlanta cemented their status as contenders even further. Avi Creditor, SI.com, "The MLS XI, Week 12: Portland Picks up the Pace; Wins but Worry in New York," 21 May 2018 Dawn's niece, 14-year-old Madison Hannaford, dipped her finger in an above-ground pool filled with water and kept walking. Eric D. Lawrence, Detroit Free Press, "Warm weather makes Winter Blast in Detroit more of a blast," 27 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'above.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of above

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1691, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

Adjective

circa 1515, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for above

Adverb

Middle English above, aboven, going back to Old English abufan, from a- a- entry 1 + bufan "above" (akin to Old Saxon bi-oƀan, Middle Dutch bōven, Old Frisian bova, Middle High German bobene), from be- be- + ufan "above, from above," going back to Germanic *uban- (whence Old Saxon oƀana "from above," Old High German obana), from *ub- "above, on" + *-an-, adverbial suffix — more at over entry 1

Preposition

Middle English above, aboven, derivative of above, aboven above entry 1

Noun

Middle English above "a higher position," derivative of above, aboven above entry 1

Adjective

derivative of above entry 1

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Statistics for above

Last Updated

14 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for above

The first known use of above was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for above

above

adverb
\ ə-ˈbəv \

Kids Definition of above

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: in or to a higher place Stars shine above.

above

preposition

Kids Definition of above (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : higher than : over above the clouds
2 : too good for You're not above that kind of work.
3 : more than I won't pay above ten dollars.
4 : to a greater degree than She values her family above all else.
5 : having more power or importance than A captain is above a lieutenant.

above

adjective

Kids Definition of above (Entry 3 of 3)

: said or written earlier Read the above definition.

above

adverb

Legal Definition of above

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : higher on the same page or on a preceding page the discussion above
2 : higher or superior in rank or authority the court above
above the line
: in calculations that yield adjusted gross income or profit

above

adjective

Legal Definition of above (Entry 2 of 2)

: written or discussed higher on the same page or on a preceding page the above argument

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More from Merriam-Webster on above

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with above

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for above

Spanish Central: Translation of above

Nglish: Translation of above for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of above for Arabic Speakers

Comments on above

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