Synonyms & Antonyms of random

See the Dictionary Definition 

Frequently Asked Questions About random

How is the word random distinct from other similar adjectives?

The words casual and haphazard are common synonyms of random. While all three words mean "determined by accident rather than design," random stresses lack of definite aim, fixed goal, or regular procedure.

a random selection of books

When is casual a more appropriate choice than random?

While in some cases nearly identical to random, casual suggests working or acting without deliberation, intention, or purpose.

a casual collector

When is it sensible to use haphazard instead of random?

Although the words haphazard and random have much in common, haphazard applies to what is done without regard for regularity or fitness or ultimate consequence.

a haphazard collection of rocks

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about random

Time Traveler for random

Time Traveler

The first known use of random was in 1561

See more words from the same year

Cite this Entry

“Random.” Thesaurus, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Aug. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on random

Dictionary: Definition of random

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with random

Spanish Central: Translation of random

Nglish: Translation of random for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of random for Arabic Speakers

Comments on random

What made you want to look up random? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


Test Your Vocabulary

July 2020 Words of the Day Quiz

  • papercraft sunset
  • Which is a synonym of mien?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Dictionary Devil

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!