without

1 of 4

preposition

1
2
used as a function word to indicate the absence or lack of something or someone
fight without fear
left without him
looks without seeing

without

2 of 4

adverb

1
: on the outside : externally
2
: with something lacking or absent
has learned to do without

without

3 of 4

conjunction

chiefly dialectal
: unless
you don't know about me without you have read a bookMark Twain

without

4 of 4

noun

: an outer place or area
came from without

Examples of without in a Sentence

Preposition Do you take your coffee with or without sugar? Don't leave home without your wallet. Without water, there would be no life on Earth. I can't imagine life without a car. It happened suddenly and without warning. The prisoner will be held without bail until his trial. These cookies are made without flour. Try doing the math without a calculator. I can't see you without my glasses. Adverb Do you take your coffee with sugar or without?
Recent Examples on the Web
Preposition
The metalwork looks lighter without the side frames, while still exuding unmistakable Rolls-Royce presence within the Cullinan’s prodigious front end. Basem Wasef, Robb Report, 6 July 2024 This cleanser effortlessly removes stubborn makeup and SPF and rinses off easily without any residue or greasiness. Iman Balagam, Vogue, 6 July 2024 No hormones added Hormones are not permitted to be given to chickens ever, so this term is no different than eggs sold without it. Susan Selasky, Detroit Free Press, 6 July 2024 Never attempt to work around a live cable (one that still carries electricity) without the proper training and equipment. Dr. Nick Goltz, Hartford Courant, 6 July 2024 See all Example Sentences for without 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'without.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Preposition

Middle English withoute, from Old English withūtan, from with + ūtan outside, from ūt out — more at out entry 1

First Known Use

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of without was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near without

Cite this Entry

“Without.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/without. Accessed 19 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition

without

1 of 3 preposition
with·​out wit͟h-ˈau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) with- How to pronounce without (audio)
1
a
: outside entry 4 sense 1
they stood without the castle gates
b
: out of the range or limits of
not without our capabilities
2
a
: not having : in the absence of
without food
b
: not accompanied by or showing
spoke without thinking

without

2 of 3 adverb
1
: on the outside
2
: with something lacking or absent
learn to do without

without

3 of 3 noun
: an outer place or area

More from Merriam-Webster on without

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