without

1 of 4

preposition

1
2
used as a function word to indicate the absence or lack of something or someone
fight without fearleft without himlooks without seeing

without

2 of 4

adverb

1
: on the outside : externally
2
: with something lacking or absent
has learned to do without

without

3 of 4

conjunction

chiefly dialectal
: unless
you don't know about me without you have read a book Mark Twain

without

4 of 4

noun

: an outer place or area
came from without

Example Sentences

Preposition Do you take your coffee with or without sugar? Don't leave home without your wallet. Without water, there would be no life on Earth. I can't imagine life without a car. It happened suddenly and without warning. The prisoner will be held without bail until his trial. These cookies are made without flour. Try doing the math without a calculator. I can't see you without my glasses. Adverb Do you take your coffee with sugar or without? See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Preposition
Black activists and community leaders will keep pressing forward, with or without De León. Los Angeles Times, 21 Nov. 2022 Except for the occasional cosmetic change to its homepage that might give longtime users pause, Google Search evolves without much notice. Omar L. Gallaga, WIRED, 21 Nov. 2022 Offensive line: Speaking of turnarounds, MSU’s offensive line continued to show growth and development — even without veterans Matt Carrick, Jarrett Horst and Brian Greene. Chris Solari, Detroit Free Press, 21 Nov. 2022 One way to reduce the weight without compromising durability is to switch to titanium. Chris Smith, BGR, 21 Nov. 2022 Free entry at all Great Parks without the need for a motor vehicle permit. Luann Gibbs, The Enquirer, 21 Nov. 2022 And obviously diabetic patients right now tell me that that would be such a game changer to have two years without constantly checking your sugars. Taylor Wilson, USA TODAY, 21 Nov. 2022 The palace said the decision was made so that the princess, who retains her appellation, can more freely pursue other interests without the restrictions of being affiliated with the crown. Janine Henni, Peoplemag, 18 Nov. 2022 Visitors can also walk straight to the herb garden in the center without following the winding circular path. Andrea Beck, Better Homes & Gardens, 18 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'without.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Preposition

Middle English withoute, from Old English withūtan, from with + ūtan outside, from ūt out — more at out entry 1

First Known Use

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of without was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near without

Cite this Entry

“Without.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/without. Accessed 2 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

without 1 of 3

preposition

with·​out wit͟h-ˈau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) with- How to pronounce without (audio)
1
a
: outside entry 4 sense 1
they stood without the castle gates
b
: out of the range or limits of
not without our capabilities
2
a
: not having : in the absence of
without food
b
: not accompanied by or showing
spoke without thinking

without

2 of 3

adverb

1
: on the outside
2
: with something lacking or absent
learn to do without

without

3 of 3

noun

: an outer place or area

More from Merriam-Webster on without

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