1

without

play
preposition with·out \ wi-ˈt͟hau̇t , -ˈthau̇t \

Definition of without

1 :outside
2 used as a function word to indicate the absence or lack of something or someone
  • fight without fear
  • left without him
  • looks without seeing

Examples of without in a Sentence

  1. Do you take your coffee with or without sugar?

  2. Don't leave home without your wallet.

  3. Without water, there would be no life on Earth.

  4. I can't imagine life without a car.

  5. It happened suddenly and without warning.

  6. The prisoner will be held without bail until his trial.

  7. These cookies are made without flour.

  8. Try doing the math without a calculator.

  9. I can't see you without my glasses.

Origin and Etymology of without

Middle English withoute, from Old English withūtan, from with + ūtan outside, from ūt out — more at out

without Synonyms

Synonyms
absent, minus, sans, wanting
Antonyms
within
Related Words
except (also excepting)
Near Antonyms
inside

2

without

adverb

Definition of without

1 :on the outside :externally
2 :with something lacking or absent
  • has learned to do without

Examples of without in a Sentence

  1. Do you take your coffee with sugar or without?

Recent Examples of without from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'without.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of without

before 12th century


3

without

conjunction

Definition of without

chiefly dialectal
:unless
  • you don't know about me without you have read a book
  • —Mark Twain

First Known Use of without

14th century


4

without

noun

Definition of without

:an outer place or area
  • came from without

Recent Examples of without from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'without.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of without

15th century


WITHOUT Defined for English Language Learners

without

play
preposition

Definition of without for English Language Learners

  • : not having or including (something)

  • —used to say that someone is not with or is not involved with another person or group

  • : not using (something specified)


without

adverb

Definition of without for English Language Learners

  • : not having something


WITHOUT Defined for Kids

1

without

play
preposition with·out \ wit͟h-ˈau̇t , with- \

Definition of without for Students

1 :not accompanied by or showing
  • Don't leave without your key.
  • He spoke without thinking.
2 :completely lacking
  • They're without hope.
3 :4outside 1 They stood without the castle gates.
4 :not using something
  • Do the math without a calculator.

2

without

adverb

Definition of without for Students

1 :on the outside
2 :not having something You need to learn to do without.


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up without? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

WORD OF THE DAY

to curse or denounce

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Merriam-Webster's New Words Quiz—Fall 2017 Edition!

  • young-plant-shoots
  • Which of the following is a new sense of the word bunny?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!