without

preposition
with·​out | \ wi-ˈt͟hau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) , -ˈthau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) \

Definition of without

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : outside
2 used as a function word to indicate the absence or lack of something or someone fight without fearleft without himlooks without seeing

without

adverb

Definition of without (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : on the outside : externally
2 : with something lacking or absent has learned to do without

without

conjunction

Definition of without (Entry 3 of 4)

chiefly dialectal
: unless you don't know about me without you have read a book— Mark Twain

without

noun

Definition of without (Entry 4 of 4)

: an outer place or area came from without

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms for without

Synonyms: Preposition

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of without in a Sentence

Preposition Do you take your coffee with or without sugar? Don't leave home without your wallet. Without water, there would be no life on Earth. I can't imagine life without a car. It happened suddenly and without warning. The prisoner will be held without bail until his trial. These cookies are made without flour. Try doing the math without a calculator. I can't see you without my glasses. Adverb Do you take your coffee with sugar or without?
See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Hubbard and Lisa Kennedy from College Station, Texas, arrived in Louisville without a few key pieces of their wardrobes. Kirby Adams, The Courier-Journal, "Fancy hats, bright colors and masks make for a vibrant, sunny Kentucky Derby Day," 1 May 2021 Newsom has also come under fire for decisions he's made regarding economic shutdowns in the state — ones that were arrived at opaquely and without reference to the specific data that supposedly underpinned them. Lanhee J. Chen, CNN, "The real reason some Californians want to recall Gov. Gavin Newsom," 30 Apr. 2021 The committee also was able to collect data from other states and national tournaments, as well as the NCAA championships, some of which competed without masks. BostonGlobe.com, "MIAA unanimously approves wrestling modifications for spring season," 30 Apr. 2021 The order, which takes effect at 5 p.m. Friday, allows North Carolinians to venture outdoors without masks. Nyamekye Daniel, Washington Examiner, "Some North Carolina COVID-19 restrictions will be scaled back starting Friday," 29 Apr. 2021 Videos posted by the group showed hundreds of attendees, some without masks, singing and dancing in an indoor venue. Hayley Smith, Los Angeles Times, "Coronavirus outbreak in Humboldt County is linked to local church," 29 Apr. 2021 Pictures from last weekend's Marshall High School prom showed students, indoors and outdoors, huddled without masks. Jeremy Olson, Star Tribune, "Minnesota teens urged to stay wary of COVID-19 ahead of proms, celebrations," 29 Apr. 2021 That means anyone regardless of vaccination status can be outdoors without masks. Alex Mann, baltimoresun.com, "As COVID mask guidance changes for outdoors, some things for Marylanders to consider," 29 Apr. 2021 Those who are unvaccinated can go outside without masks in some situations, too. Compiled Democrat-gazette Staff From Wire Reports, Arkansas Online, "Biden, CDC ease up on masks," 28 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'without.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of without

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for without

Preposition

Middle English withoute, from Old English withūtan, from with + ūtan outside, from ūt out — more at out entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about without

Time Traveler for without

Time Traveler

The first known use of without was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Statistics for without

Last Updated

3 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Without.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/without. Accessed 6 May. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for without

without

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of without

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: not having or including (something)
used to say that someone is not with or is not involved with another person or group
: not using (something specified)

without

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of without (Entry 2 of 2)

: not having something

without

preposition
with·​out | \ wit͟h-ˈau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) , with- \

Kids Definition of without

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : not accompanied by or showing Don't leave without your key. He spoke without thinking.
2 : completely lacking They're without hope.
3 : outside entry 4 sense 1 They stood without the castle gates.
4 : not using something Do the math without a calculator.

without

adverb

Kids Definition of without (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : on the outside
2 : not having something You need to learn to do without.

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on without

What made you want to look up without? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Star Wars Words Quiz

  • cu jedi training
  • The bounty portion of bounty hunters (such as Boba Fett) comes from a Latin word meaning
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Typeshift

Anagram puzzles meet word search.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!