with·​out | \ wi-ˈt͟hau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) , -ˈthau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) \

Definition of without

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : outside
2 used as a function word to indicate the absence or lack of something or someone fight without fearleft without himlooks without seeing



Definition of without (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : on the outside : externally
2 : with something lacking or absent has learned to do without



Definition of without (Entry 3 of 4)

chiefly dialectal
: unless you don't know about me without you have read a book— Mark Twain



Definition of without (Entry 4 of 4)

: an outer place or area came from without

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Synonyms for without

Synonyms: Preposition

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Examples of without in a Sentence

Preposition Do you take your coffee with or without sugar? Don't leave home without your wallet. Without water, there would be no life on Earth. I can't imagine life without a car. It happened suddenly and without warning. The prisoner will be held without bail until his trial. These cookies are made without flour. Try doing the math without a calculator. I can't see you without my glasses. Adverb Do you take your coffee with sugar or without?
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Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Hubbard and Lisa Kennedy from College Station, Texas, arrived in Louisville without a few key pieces of their wardrobes. Kirby Adams, The Courier-Journal, "Fancy hats, bright colors and masks make for a vibrant, sunny Kentucky Derby Day," 1 May 2021 Newsom has also come under fire for decisions he's made regarding economic shutdowns in the state — ones that were arrived at opaquely and without reference to the specific data that supposedly underpinned them. Lanhee J. Chen, CNN, "The real reason some Californians want to recall Gov. Gavin Newsom," 30 Apr. 2021 The committee also was able to collect data from other states and national tournaments, as well as the NCAA championships, some of which competed without masks. BostonGlobe.com, "MIAA unanimously approves wrestling modifications for spring season," 30 Apr. 2021 The order, which takes effect at 5 p.m. Friday, allows North Carolinians to venture outdoors without masks. Nyamekye Daniel, Washington Examiner, "Some North Carolina COVID-19 restrictions will be scaled back starting Friday," 29 Apr. 2021 Videos posted by the group showed hundreds of attendees, some without masks, singing and dancing in an indoor venue. Hayley Smith, Los Angeles Times, "Coronavirus outbreak in Humboldt County is linked to local church," 29 Apr. 2021 Pictures from last weekend's Marshall High School prom showed students, indoors and outdoors, huddled without masks. Jeremy Olson, Star Tribune, "Minnesota teens urged to stay wary of COVID-19 ahead of proms, celebrations," 29 Apr. 2021 That means anyone regardless of vaccination status can be outdoors without masks. Alex Mann, baltimoresun.com, "As COVID mask guidance changes for outdoors, some things for Marylanders to consider," 29 Apr. 2021 Those who are unvaccinated can go outside without masks in some situations, too. Compiled Democrat-gazette Staff From Wire Reports, Arkansas Online, "Biden, CDC ease up on masks," 28 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'without.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of without


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above


15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for without


Middle English withoute, from Old English withūtan, from with + ūtan outside, from ūt out — more at out entry 1

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Time Traveler for without

Time Traveler

The first known use of without was before the 12th century

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Statistics for without

Last Updated

3 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Without.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/without. Accessed 6 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for without



English Language Learners Definition of without

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: not having or including (something)
used to say that someone is not with or is not involved with another person or group
: not using (something specified)



English Language Learners Definition of without (Entry 2 of 2)

: not having something


with·​out | \ wit͟h-ˈau̇t How to pronounce without (audio) , with- \

Kids Definition of without

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : not accompanied by or showing Don't leave without your key. He spoke without thinking.
2 : completely lacking They're without hope.
3 : outside entry 4 sense 1 They stood without the castle gates.
4 : not using something Do the math without a calculator.



Kids Definition of without (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : on the outside
2 : not having something You need to learn to do without.

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Comments on without

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