trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī(-ə)l How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Definition of trial

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the formal examination before a competent tribunal of the matter in issue in a civil or criminal cause in order to determine such issue
2a : the action or process of trying or putting to the proof : test
b : a preliminary contest (as in a sport)
3a : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — compare clinical trial
b : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment
4 : a test of faith, patience, or stamina through subjection to suffering or temptation broadly : a source of vexation or annoyance
5 : attempt

trial

adjective

Definition of trial (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : of, relating to, or used in a trial
2 : made or done as a test or experiment
3 : used or tried out in a test or experiment

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Synonyms for trial

Synonyms: Noun

cross, crucible, fire, gauntlet (also gantlet), ordeal

Synonyms: Adjective

developmental, experimental, pilot

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Examples of trial in a Sentence

Noun

He did not get a fair trial. He testified at the trial. She is awaiting trial on charges of assault. Early trials have shown that the treatment has some serious side effects. Recovering from her injury was a real trial of strength. I know I was a bit of a trial to my parents when I was a teenager. Cold winters can be a trial for older people.

Adjective

trial use of the product If you choose to use the software beyond the 30-day free trial period, you are required to pay for it.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Under the terms of the settlement, which was reached one day before the two sides were to go to trial, Masonic Homes of Kentucky will pay $11 million to Schneider's wife and two sons. Billy Kobin, The Courier-Journal, "Nursing home, pharmacy to pay family nearly $13M in retired judge's death," 11 June 2019 Centerplan’s lawsuit against the city, alleging wrongful firing, headed to trial last week in Superior Court in Hartford. Rebecca Lurye, courant.com, "Hartford council approves development plan for first phase of Downtown North," 11 June 2019 On Friday, Jue entered a plea of not guilty and waived his right to a speedy trial. Nate Gartrell, The Mercury News, "East Bay elementary school teacher indicted on child porn charge, released on bond," 11 June 2019 But this week will mark the first time one of these cases has gone to trial. Alex Baker-whitcomb, WIRED, "Keanu’s E3 Surprise, a Government Photo Hack, and More News," 10 June 2019 Friends and family members of both Williams and McGrier came to the trial. Juliana Kim, baltimoresun.com, "Ex-Baltimore Police officer found guilty of 2nd-degree assault, misconduct for beating captured on viral video," 10 June 2019 But in November 2018, the US Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit ruled that the case can move forward to a trial, saying that a US District Court improperly granted Comcast's motion to dismiss ESN's complaint. Jon Brodkin, Ars Technica, "Comcast’s fight against racial-bias lawsuit is taken up by Supreme Court," 10 June 2019 Amnesty International confirmed that the public prosecutor’s office sought the death penalty for Murtaja when he was first brought to trial in August 2018. Megan Specia, New York Times, "Saudi Teenager Faces Death Sentence for Acts When He Was 10," 9 June 2019 The case took years to come to trial for several reasons, which include changes in defense attorneys and the retirement of the initial judge. Fox News, "Jury recommends death penalty for man convicted in 2 deaths," 8 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The trial scene implodes, first as the clans squabble among themselves, and then as an unexplained fire breaks out and engulfs the room. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "15 years later, Vampire: The Masquerade – Bloodlines 2 is finally happening," 21 Mar. 2019 His legal team has cited frigid cell temperature, lack of clean blankets, isolation from other inmates—and the fact that his only reading materials are trial evidence. Zolan Kanno-youngs, WSJ, "Trial of ‘El Chapo’ Poses Unprecedented Challenges," 12 Nov. 2018 People lined up in front of the downtown Orlando courthouse to get tickets for the courtroom where her mother, Casey, stood trial three years later — and was acquitted of murder. Red Huber, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Casey Anthony saga 10 years later — A look back through iconic pictures," 22 June 2018 But the bill would essentially skirt the FDA’s normal approval process to get trial medicines more rapidly to patients with life-threatening illnesses. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, "House Approves Giving Terminally Ill Quicker Access to Experimental Drugs," 22 May 2018 Only 50 of those trial color scheme hoodies were produced and sold in 23 regional shops. Avalon R. Zoppo, Philly.com, "10 years after Rowan student's brutal killing, $100K reward remains unclaimed," 30 Oct. 2017 Trial 5 (Epilogue) The Funk Situation: Standard build-up from a couple weeks of coffee/water use. Maggie Lange, Bon Appetit, "How to Get the Coffee Taste Out of Your Water Bottle," 29 Aug. 2017 Trial lawyer Jen Jordan has already announced her candidacy. Greg Bluestein, ajc, "Georgia GOP’s ex-minority engagement guru seeks state Senate gig," 17 Aug. 2017 A trial court decision that Microsoft should be broken up was overturned on appeal (though not the court’s finding of monopoly), and ultimately the case was settled by the George W. Bush administration. Paula Dwyer, Bloomberg.com, "Should America’s Tech Giants Be Broken Up?," 20 July 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'trial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of trial

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Adjective

1555, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for trial

Noun

Anglo-French, from trier to try

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Statistics for trial

Last Updated

15 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for trial

The first known use of trial was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for trial

trial

noun

English Language Learners Definition of trial

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a formal meeting in a court in which evidence about crimes, disagreements, etc., is presented to a judge and often a jury so that decisions can be made according to the law
: a test of the quality, value, or usefulness of something
: a test of someone's ability to do something that is used to see if he or she should join a team, perform in a play, etc.

trial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of trial (Entry 2 of 2)

: relating to or used in a test that is done for a period of time to see if something is worth buying, using, etc.

trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī-əl How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Kids Definition of trial

1 : the hearing and judgment of something in court
2 : a test of someone's ability to do or endure something
3 : an experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness
4 : the action or process of trying or testing

trial

noun
tri·​al | \ ˈtrī(-ə)l How to pronounce trial (audio) \

Medical Definition of trial

1 : a tryout or experiment to test quality, value, or usefulness — see clinical trial
2 : one of a number of repetitions of an experiment

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trial

noun
tri·​al

Legal Definition of trial

: a judicial examination of issues of fact or law disputed by parties for the purpose of determining the rights of the parties — compare hearing, inquest
at trial
: in or during the course of a trial

History and Etymology for trial

Anglo-French, from trier to try

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More from Merriam-Webster on trial

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with trial

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for trial

Spanish Central: Translation of trial

Nglish: Translation of trial for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of trial for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about trial

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