1

temper

play
noun tem·per \ˈtem-pər\

Definition of temper

  1. 1a :  heat of mind or emotion :  proneness to anger :  passion she has a real temperb :  calmness of mind :  composurec :  state of feeling or frame of mind at a particular time usually dominated by a single strong emotiond :  a characteristic cast of mind or state of feeling :  disposition

  2. 2a :  characteristic tone :  trend the temper of the timesb :  high quality of mind or spirit :  couragec archaic :  a suitable proportion or balance of qualities :  a middle state between extremes :  mean, medium virtue is … a just temper between propensities — T. B. Macaulayd archaic :  character, quality the temper of the land you design to sow — John Mortimer

  3. 3a :  the state of a substance with respect to certain desired qualities (such as hardness, elasticity, or workability); especially :  the degree of hardness or resiliency given steel by temperingb :  the feel and relative solidity of leather

  4. 4 :  a substance (such as a metal) added to or mixed with something else (such as another metal) to modify the properties of the latter

Examples of temper in a Sentence

  1. The steel must be properly tempered.

Recent Examples of temper from the Web

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Mix Things Up With the Meaning of temper

The temper root keeps its basic meaning—"to mix" or "to keep within limits"—in the English word temper. When you temper something, you mix it with some balancing quality or substance so as to avoid anything extreme. Thus, it's often said that a judge must temper justice with mercy. Young people only gradually learn to temper their natural enthusiasms with caution. And in dealing with others, we all try to temper our honesty with sensitivity.

First Known Use of temper

14th century

Synonym Discussion of temper

disposition, temperament, temper, character, personality mean the dominant quality or qualities distinguishing a person or group. disposition implies customary moods and attitude toward the life around one. a cheerful disposition temperament implies a pattern of innate characteristics associated with one's specific physical and nervous organization. an artistic temperament temper implies the qualities acquired through experience that determine how a person or group meets difficulties or handles situations. a resilient temper character applies to the aggregate of moral qualities by which a person is judged apart from intelligence, competence, or special talents. strength of character personality applies to an aggregate of qualities that distinguish one as a person. a somber personality

Other Handicraft Terms


2

temper

verb tem·per

Definition of temper

tempered

;

tempering

play \-p(ə-)riŋ\
  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to dilute, qualify, or soften by the addition or influence of something else :  moderate temper justice with mercy

  3. 2a :  to anneal or toughen (glass) by a process of gradually heating and coolingb (1) :  to harden (a material, such as steel) by reheating and cooling in oil (2) :  to soften (a material, such as hardened steel or cast iron) by reheating at a lower temperature

  4. 3 :  to make stronger and more resilient through hardship :  toughen troops tempered in battle

  5. 4 :  to bring to a suitable state by mixing in or adding a usually liquid ingredient: such asa :  to mix (clay) with water or a modifier (such as grog) and knead to a uniform textureb :  to mix oil with (colors) in making paint ready for use

  6. 5a :  to put in tune with something :  attuneb :  to adjust the pitch of (a note, chord, or instrument) to a temperament

  7. 6 archaic a :  to exercise control over :  govern, restrainb :  to cause to be well disposed :  mollify tempered and reconciled them both — Richard Steele

temperable

play \-p(ə-)rə-bəl\ adjective

temperer

play \-pər-ər\ noun

Examples of temper in a Sentence

  1. She has a bad temper.

  2. That boy has quite a temper.

  3. He needs to learn to control his temper.

  4. She hit him in a fit of temper.

  5. He slammed the door and left in a temper.

  6. It's often difficult for parents not to lose their tempers.

  7. He is in a pleasant temper.

Origin and Etymology of temper

Middle English, from Old English & Anglo-French; Old English temprian & Anglo-French temprer, from Latin temperare to moderate, mix, temper; probably akin to Latin tempor-, tempus time

Other Metals and Metallurgy Terms



TEMPER Defined for English Language Learners

temper

play
verb

Definition of temper for English Language Learners

  • : to make (something) less severe or extreme

  • : to cause (something, such as steel or glass) to become hard or strong by heating it and cooling it

temper

noun

Definition of temper for English Language Learners

  • : the tendency of someone to become angry

  • : a state of being angry

  • : calmness of mind


TEMPER Defined for Kids

1

temper

play
noun tem·per \ˈtem-pər\

Definition of temper for Students

  1. 1 :  characteristic state of feeling She has a very even temper.

  2. 2 :  calmness of mind I lost my temper.

  3. 3 :  a tendency to become angry Try to control your temper.

  4. 5 :  the hardness or toughness of a substance (as metal)


2

temper

play
verb tem·per

Definition of temper for Students

tempered

;

tempering

  1. 1 :  to make less severe or extreme :  soften Mountains temper the wind.

  2. 2 :  to heat and cool a substance (as steel) until it is as hard, tough, or flexible as is wanted

Word Root of temper

The Latin word temperāre, meaning “to make mild,” “to control,” or “to soften,” gives us the root temper. Words from the Latin temperāre have something to do with mildness or control. To temper is to soften or make something less strong or difficult. Someone temperamental has little control over her or his mood and reactions to people and events. Temperature, or the degree of hotness or coldness, tells whether something is mild, too hot, or too cold.



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