medium

noun
me·​di·​um | \ ˈmē-dē-əm How to pronounce medium (audio) \
plural mediums or media\ ˈmē-​dē-​ə How to pronounce media (audio) \

Definition of medium

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something in a middle position These shirts are all mediums.
b : a middle condition or degree : mean Look for a happy medium.
2 : a means of effecting or conveying something: such as
a(1) : a substance regarded as the means of transmission (see transmission sense 1) of a force or effect air is the medium that conveys sound
(2) : a surrounding or enveloping substance
(3) : the tenuous material (such as gas and dust) in space that exists outside large agglomerations (see agglomeration sense 2) of matter (such as stars) interstellar medium

b plural usually media

(1) : a channel or system of communication, information, or entertainment — compare mass medium
(2) : a publication or broadcast that carries advertising
(3) : a mode of artistic expression or communication as his literary medium he has chosen a biographical form— Ernest Newman
(4) : something (such as a magnetic disk) on which information may be stored
c media plural : digital audio or video files available for playback or streaming … the free video broadcasts can be downloaded to portable media players from a number of popular pod[cast] and vodcast Web sites.— Steve Miller Apple's current keyboards can use the function keys … for alternate functions such as controlling volume, screen brightness, media playback …— Dan Frakes
d : go-between, intermediary the medium of introduction was no doubt … the publisher— Richard Garnett
d plural mediums : an individual held to be a channel of communication between the earthly world and a world of spirits
e : material or technical means of artistic expression (such as paint and canvas, sculptural stone, or literary or musical form)
3a : a condition or environment in which something may function or flourish Ocean fish live in a medium of salt water.

b plural media

(1) : a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms and especially bacteria
(2) : a fluid or solid in which organic (see organic entry 1 sense 3) structures are placed (as for preservation or mounting)
c : a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter

medium

adjective

Definition of medium (Entry 2 of 2)

: intermediate in quantity, quality, position, size, or degree

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Is media singular or plural?: Usage Guide

Noun

The singular media and its plural medias seem to have originated in the field of advertising over 70 years ago; they are still so used without stigma in that specialized field. In most other applications media is used as a plural of medium. The popularity of the word in references to the agencies of mass communication is leading to the formation of a mass noun, construed as a singular. there's no basis for it. You know, the news media gets on to something — Edwin Meese 3d the media is less interested in the party's policies — James Lewis, Guardian Weekly This use is not as well established as the mass-noun use of data and is likely to incur criticism especially in writing.

Examples of medium in a Sentence

Noun

These shirts are all mediums and I take a large. Make my French fries a medium. Her preferred medium is sculpture. The artist works in two media , pencil and watercolor.

Adjective

These T-shirts are available in three sizes: small, medium, and large. a person of medium build How would you like your steak, sir: rare, medium, or well-done?
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The news media has touted the park’s transformation from a bustling open-air drug market to one of the most beautiful fields in the country. Kate Morgan, Woman's Day, "A New Jersey Softball Team Is Lifting Its City's Spirits," 21 Mar. 2019 Gen studio: Images are the medium of this hack, where each image is analyzed for connections to other works of art in the Met archive. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Microsoft uses AI to bring the Met's art collection to the web—and your Instagram," 4 Feb. 2019 Over the course of the first field season, all of the excavators—underground astronauts, a term the media seized on—took turns on shift. Lydia Pyne, Ars Technica, "Rising Star found a new species—now it wants to find a new way for paleoanthropology," 20 Dec. 2018 The first is continuing public disenchantment with political, media, financial and cultural establishments. Ted Van Dyk, WSJ, "Democrats May Blow It in 2020," 17 Mar. 2019 Available in three sizes — Small (Women's small to medium, Men's small), Medium (Women's large to 2XL, Men's medium to XL), and Large (Men's 2XL to 3XL). Popular Mechanics, "This Universal Coat Heater Will Help You Fight the Cold," 1 Feb. 2019 Originally published November 2, 2018 What happens when media, entertainment and technology collide? Eric Johnson, Recode, "Recode has published 240 podcasts in 2018. Here are the 10 you really shouldn’t miss.," 6 Dec. 2018 Return to medium and cook, stirring constantly, until mixture pulls away from side of pan and forms a ball, 1 to 2 minutes. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Coconut Cream Éclairs," 7 Mar. 2019 Every day you are inundated with an overexposure of advertising and mainstream media, social media and endless comparisons, distorting the truth, and trying to manipulate the power of positive thinking. Caroline Hallemann, Town & Country, "Prince Harry Just Gave a Powerful Speech at This Year's WE Day," 6 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Make the salad: Divide the lettuce among 4 large or 6 medium salad bowls. Zoe Ruffner, Vogue, "Sakara Brings Healthy Eating Home With Their New Made-for-Instagram Cookbook," 19 Mar. 2019 Meanwhile, make glaze: In a medium bowl, combine sugar and 2 tsp milk, stirring until combined and adding more milk if necessary to make a very thick glaze. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Coconut Cream Éclairs," 7 Mar. 2019 In a medium bowl, combine wafer crumbs, cocoa, sugar and nuts. 2. Philip Potempa, Post-Tribune, "Chesterton Oz Fest ‘First Lady’ still greeting fans," 13 July 2018 Combine corn kernels, half the cheese, jalapeno and red onion in a medium bowl, mixing well. Claire Perez, Sun-Sentinel.com, "At Bonefish Grill, summer corn calls for scallops," 13 July 2018 Melt white chocolate and coconut oil in a medium microwave safe bowl in 22-second intervals until almost no, but a few, chocolate pieces remain. Abigail Wilt, ajc, "3 no-bake cookie recipes you'll love," 10 July 2018 In a medium bowl, whisk together coconut cream and lime zest and juice. Teri Mena, sacbee, "Dessert anxiety? Pie keeps you chill," 10 July 2018 In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour and salt. Noelle Carter, charlotteobserver, "Grilling burgers this summer? Up your game with these homemade bun recipes," 6 July 2018 In a medium bowl, whisk the shallot-lemon juice mixture with the remaining ingredients and taste. Sarah Fritsche, SFChronicle.com, "Recipe: Tawla’s Fattoush," 3 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'medium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of medium

Noun

1589, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1670, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for medium

Noun and Adjective

Latin, from neuter of medius middle — more at mid

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Statistics for medium

Last Updated

10 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for medium

The first known use of medium was in 1589

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More Definitions for medium

medium

noun

English Language Learners Definition of medium

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that is sold in a medium size : something that is the middle size when compared with things that are larger and smaller
: a particular form or system of communication (such as newspapers, radio, or television)
: the materials or methods used by an artist

medium

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of medium (Entry 2 of 2)

: in the middle of a range of possible sizes, amounts, etc.
of meat : cooked to a point that is between rare and well-done

medium

noun
me·​di·​um | \ ˈmē-dē-əm How to pronounce medium (audio) \
plural mediums or media\ -​dē-​ə \

Kids Definition of medium

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something that is in a middle position (as in size)
2 : the thing by which or through which something is done Writing is a medium of communication.
3 : the substance in which something lives or acts the medium of air
4 plural usually media : a form or system of communication, information, or entertainment
5 : a person through whom other persons try to communicate with the spirits of the dead

medium

adjective

Kids Definition of medium (Entry 2 of 2)

: intermediate in amount, quality, position, or degree medium size

medium

noun
me·​di·​um | \ ˈmēd-ē-əm How to pronounce medium (audio) \
plural mediums or media\ -​ē-​ə How to pronounce media (audio) \

Medical Definition of medium

1 : a means of effecting or conveying something: as
a : a substance regarded as the means of transmission of a force or effect
b : a surrounding or enveloping substance

2  plural media

a : a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms and especially bacteria
b : a fluid or solid in which organic structures are placed (as for preservation or mounting)

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More from Merriam-Webster on medium

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with medium

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for medium

Spanish Central: Translation of medium

Nglish: Translation of medium for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of medium for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about medium

Comments on medium

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