medium

noun
me·​di·​um | \ ˈmē-dē-əm How to pronounce medium (audio) \
plural mediums or media\ ˈmē-​dē-​ə How to pronounce medium (audio) \

Definition of medium

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something in a middle position These shirts are all mediums.
b : a middle condition or degree : mean Look for a happy medium.
2 : a means of effecting or conveying something: such as
a plural usually media
(1) : a channel or system of communication, information, or entertainment — compare mass medium
(2) : a publication or broadcast that carries advertising
(3) : a mode of artistic expression or communication as his literary medium he has chosen a biographical form— Ernest Newman
(4) : something (such as a magnetic disk) on which information may be stored
b media plural : digital audio or video files available for playback or streaming … the free video broadcasts can be downloaded to portable media players from a number of popular pod[cast] and vodcast Web sites.— Steve Miller Apple's current keyboards can use the function keys … for alternate functions such as controlling volume, screen brightness, media playback …— Dan Frakes
c : material or technical means of artistic expression (such as paint and canvas, sculptural stone, or literary or musical form)
d plural mediums : an individual held to be a channel of communication between the earthly world and a world of spirits
e(1) : a substance regarded as the means of transmission (see transmission sense 1) of a force or effect air is the medium that conveys sound
(2) : a surrounding or enveloping substance
(3) : the tenuous material (such as gas and dust) in space that exists outside large agglomerations (see agglomeration sense 2) of matter (such as stars) interstellar medium
f : go-between, intermediary the medium of introduction was no doubt … the publisher— Richard Garnett
3a : a condition or environment in which something may function or flourish Ocean fish live in a medium of salt water.
b plural media
(1) : a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms and especially bacteria
(2) : a fluid or solid in which organic (see organic entry 1 sense 1) structures are placed (as for preservation or mounting)
c : a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter

medium

adjective

Definition of medium (Entry 2 of 2)

: intermediate in quantity, quality, position, size, or degree

Is media singular or plural?: Usage Guide

Noun

The singular media and its plural medias seem to have originated in the field of advertising over 70 years ago; they are still so used without stigma in that specialized field. In most other applications media is used as a plural of medium. The popularity of the word in references to the agencies of mass communication is leading to the formation of a mass noun, construed as a singular. there's no basis for it. You know, the news media gets on to something — Edwin Meese 3d the media is less interested in the party's policies — James Lewis, Guardian Weekly This use is not as well established as the mass-noun use of data and is likely to incur criticism especially in writing.

Examples of medium in a Sentence

Noun These shirts are all mediums and I take a large. Make my French fries a medium. Her preferred medium is sculpture. The artist works in two media , pencil and watercolor. Adjective These T-shirts are available in three sizes: small, medium, and large. a person of medium build How would you like your steak, sir: rare, medium, or well-done? See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Turn heat to medium-high to crisp tortilla until golden and some brown spots start to appear. Kim Sunée, Anchorage Daily News, 4 Aug. 2022 Sprinkle with carne asada seasoning and lemon pepper; toss to combine. Step 3Heat oil in a large cast-iron skillet over medium-high. People Staff, PEOPLE.com, 2 Aug. 2022 If using a gas grill, preheat to medium-high (375 to 400 degrees) with the lid closed. Olga Massov, Washington Post, 20 July 2022 Add 1 teaspoon of salt and reduce the heat to medium-high. Robin Miller, USA TODAY, 26 June 2022 Once preheated, adjust the temperature to medium-high for direct grilling. Elizabeth Karmel, Forbes, 26 May 2022 Prepare a charcoal grill or heat a gas grill to medium-high. Sally Pasley Vargas, BostonGlobe.com, 24 May 2022 Add 1 teaspoon of salt and reduce the heat to medium-high. Robin Miller, The Arizona Republic, 15 May 2022 In a 12-inch cast-iron or heavy skillet, heat 1 inch of oil over medium-high until sizzling. Tribune News Service, cleveland, 14 Apr. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Ukraine has effectively used HIMARS launchers, which fire medium-range rockets and can be quickly moved before Russia can target them with return fire, and have been seeking more launchers from the United States. Aamer Madhani, BostonGlobe.com, 3 Aug. 2022 The latest package includes Phoenix Ghost drones, medium range rocket systems as well as ammunition and anti-armor systems. Jeanine Santucci, USA TODAY, 24 July 2022 Ukraine has long sought more HIMARS launchers, which fire medium-range rockets and also can be quickly moved before Russia can target them. Nomaan Merchant And Aamer Madhani, Anchorage Daily News, 22 July 2022 When asked why the Chinese have been able to field a medium-range hypersonic weapon and the U.S. had not, Austin bristled. Jennifer Griffin, Fox News, 16 July 2022 The Pentagon will provide two medium-range air defense systems to Ukraine, but the contracting process may take weeks or months, a senior defense official said Friday. Eleanor Watson, CBS News, 1 July 2022 In the metro area, Multnomah, Washington and Clackamas counties are in the medium range, with people at high-risk of severe infection encouraged to talk with a health care provider about whether to wear masks. oregonlive, 27 June 2022 Biden recently confirmed that his administration was sending medium-range advanced rocket systems to Ukraine, responding to a top request from Ukrainian officials who say the weapons are necessary to curb the advance of Russian forces in the east. Timothy Bella, Washington Post, 11 June 2022 As President Biden previously signaled, the systems and their rockets will be medium-range, and the Ukrainians have promised not to fire them into Russia. David Meyer, Fortune, 1 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'medium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of medium

Noun

1589, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1670, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for medium

Noun and Adjective

Latin, from neuter of medius middle — more at mid

Learn More About medium

Dictionary Entries Near medium

mediterraneous

medium

medium artillery

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Statistics for medium

Last Updated

6 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Medium.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/medium. Accessed 15 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for medium

medium

noun
me·​di·​um | \ ˈmē-dē-əm How to pronounce medium (audio) \
plural mediums or media\ -​dē-​ə \

Kids Definition of medium

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something that is in a middle position (as in size)
2 : the thing by which or through which something is done Writing is a medium of communication.
3 : the substance in which something lives or acts the medium of air
4 plural usually media : a form or system of communication, information, or entertainment
5 : a person through whom other persons try to communicate with the spirits of the dead

medium

adjective

Kids Definition of medium (Entry 2 of 2)

: intermediate in amount, quality, position, or degree medium size

medium

noun
me·​di·​um | \ ˈmēd-ē-əm How to pronounce medium (audio) \
plural mediums or media\ -​ē-​ə How to pronounce medium (audio) \

Medical Definition of medium

1 : a means of effecting or conveying something: as
a : a substance regarded as the means of transmission of a force or effect
b : a surrounding or enveloping substance
2 plural media
a : a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms and especially bacteria
b : a fluid or solid in which organic structures are placed (as for preservation or mounting)

More from Merriam-Webster on medium

Nglish: Translation of medium for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of medium for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about medium

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