1

medium

play
noun me·di·um \ ˈmē-dē-əm \

Definition of medium

plural mediums or media play \ˈmē-dē-ə\
1 a :something in a middle position
  • These shirts are all mediums.
b :a middle condition or degree :mean
  • Look for a happy medium.
2 :a means of effecting or conveying something: such as
a (1) :a substance regarded as the means of transmission (see transmission 1) of a force or effect
  • air is the medium that conveys sound
(2) :a surrounding or enveloping substance
(3) :the tenuous material (such as gas and dust) in space that exists outside large agglomerations (see agglomeration 2) of matter (such as stars)
  • interstellar medium
b plural usually media
(1) :a channel or system of communication, information, or entertainment — compare mass medium
(2) :a publication or broadcast that carries advertising
(3) :a mode of artistic expression or communication
  • as his literary medium he has chosen a biographical form
  • —Ernest Newman
(4) :something (such as a magnetic disk) on which information may be stored
c media plural :digital audio or video files available for playback or streaming
  • … the free video broadcasts can be downloaded to portable media players from a number of popular pod[cast] and vodcast Web sites.
  • —Steve Miller
  • Apple's current keyboards can use the function keys … for alternate functions such as controlling volume, screen brightness, media playback …
  • —Dan Frakes
d :go-between, intermediary
  • the medium of introduction was no doubt … the publisher
  • —Richard Garnett
d plural mediums :an individual held to be a channel of communication between the earthly world and a world of spirits
e :material or technical means of artistic expression (such as paint and canvas, sculptural stone, or literary or musical form)
3 a :a condition or environment in which something may function or flourish
  • Ocean fish live in a medium of salt water.
b plural media
(1) :a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms and especially bacteria
(2) :a fluid or solid in which organic (see 1organic 3) structures are placed (as for preservation or mounting)
c :a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter

Is media singular or plural?

The singular media and its plural medias seem to have originated in the field of advertising over 70 years ago; they are still so used without stigma in that specialized field. In most other applications media is used as a plural of medium. The popularity of the word in references to the agencies of mass communication is leading to the formation of a mass noun, construed as a singular.
    • there's no basis for it. You know, the news media gets on to something
    • —Edwin Meese 3d
    • the media is less interested in the party's policies
    • —James LewisGuardian Weekly
This use is not as well established as the mass-noun use of data and is likely to incur criticism especially in writing.


Examples of medium in a Sentence

  1. These shirts are all mediums and I take a large.

  2. Make my French fries a medium.

  3. Her preferred medium is sculpture.

  4. The artist works in two media , pencil and watercolor.

Origin and Etymology of medium

Latin, from neuter of medius middle — more at mid

medium Synonyms

Other Paints and Dyes Terms


2

medium

adjective

Definition of medium

:intermediate in quantity, quality, position, size, or degree

Examples of medium in a Sentence

  1. These T-shirts are available in three sizes: small, medium, and large.

  2. a person of medium build

  3. How would you like your steak, sir: rare, medium, or well-done?

Recent Examples of medium from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'medium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of medium



MEDIUM Defined for English Language Learners

medium

play
noun

Definition of medium for English Language Learners

  • : something that is sold in a medium size : something that is the middle size when compared with things that are larger and smaller

  • : a particular form or system of communication (such as newspapers, radio, or television)

  • : the materials or methods used by an artist


medium

adjective

Definition of medium for English Language Learners

  • : in the middle of a range of possible sizes, amounts, etc.

  • of meat : cooked to a point that is between rare and well-done


MEDIUM Defined for Kids

1

medium

play
noun me·di·um \ ˈmē-dē-əm \

Definition of medium for Students

plural mediums or media \-dē-ə\
1 :something that is in a middle position (as in size)
2 :the thing by which or through which something is done
  • Writing is a medium of communication.
3 :the substance in which something lives or acts
  • the medium of air
4 plural usually media :a form or system of communication, information, or entertainment
5 :a person through whom other persons try to communicate with the spirits of the dead

2

medium

adjective

Definition of medium for Students

:intermediate in amount, quality, position, or degree
  • medium size

Medical Dictionary

medium

play
noun me·di·um \ ˈmēd-ē-əm \

medical Definition of medium

plural mediums or media play \-ē-ə\
1 :a means of effecting or conveying something: as
a :a substance regarded as the means of transmission of a force or effect
b :a surrounding or enveloping substance
2 plural media
a :a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms and especially bacteria
b :a fluid or solid in which organic structures are placed (as for preservation or mounting)


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