1

median

play
noun me·di·an \ ˈmē-dē-ən \

Definition of median

1 :a medial (see medial 2b) part (such as a vein or nerve)
2 a :a value in an ordered set of values below and above which there is an equal number of values or which is the arithmetic mean of the two middle values if there is no one middle number
b :a vertical line that divides the histogram of a frequency distribution into two parts of equal area
c :a value of a random variable for which all greater values make the cumulative distribution function greater than one half and all lesser values make it less than one half
3 a :a line from a vertex (see vertex 2) of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side
b :a line joining the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezoid (see trapezoid 1a)

Recent Examples of median from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'median.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Did You Know?

People often use the word average without realizing that there are two common forms of average. Suppose you want to find the average net worth of a group of people—that is, the average value of everything they possess. To find one type of average, called the mean, you'd simply add up the total value of money and property of everyone in the group and divide it by the number of people. To find the other type, called the median, you'd identify the net worth of the person who is richer than half the people and poorer than the other half. So if Warren Buffett drove through a tiny village in India, the mean net worth of those in the village would suddenly rise to perhaps a billion dollars, but their median net worth would remain close to zero. Which figure would be more meaningful?

Origin and Etymology of median

Middle English mediane, from Late Latin mediana (vena) median (vein), from feminine of Latin medianus in the middle, central, from medius middle — more at mid

Synonym Discussion of median

average, mean, median, norm mean something that represents a middle point. average is the quotient obtained by dividing the sum total of a set of figures by the number of figures.
    • scored an average of 85 on tests
mean may be the simple average or it may represent value midway between two extremes.
    • a high of 70° and a low of 50° give a mean of 60°
median applies to the value that represents the point at which there are as many instances above as there are below.
    • average of a group of persons earning 3, 4, 5, 8, and 10 dollars an hour is 6 dollars, whereas the median is 5 dollars
norm means the average of performance of a significantly large group, class, or grade.
    • scores about the norm for fifth grade arithmetic

2

median

adjective

Definition of median

1 :being in the middle or in an intermediate position :medial
2 :lying in the plane dividing a bilateral animal into right and left halves
3 :relating to or constituting a statistical median
4 :produced without occlusion along the lengthwise middle line of the tongue

medianly

adverb

Examples of median in a Sentence

  1. What is the median price of homes in this area?

  2. the median price of a home in the area

Recent Examples of median from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'median.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of median

Latin medianus — see 1median


MEDIAN Defined for English Language Learners

median

play
noun

Definition of median for English Language Learners

  • mathematics : the middle value in a series of values arranged from smallest to largest


median

adjective

Definition of median for English Language Learners

  • : in the middle; especially mathematics : having a value that is in the middle of a series of values arranged from smallest to largest


MEDIAN Defined for Kids

median

noun me·di·an \ ˈmē-dē-ən \

Definition of median for Students

:a value in a series arranged from smallest to largest below and above which there are an equal number of values or which is the average of the two middle values if there is no one middle value
  • The median of the set 1, 3, 7, 12, 19 is 7.

Medical Dictionary

1

median

play
noun me·di·an \ ˈmēd-ē-ən \

medical Definition of median

1 :a medial part (as a vein or nerve)
2 a :a value in an ordered set of values below and above which there is an equal number of values or which is the arithmetic mean of the two middle values if there is no one middle number
b :a vertical line that divides the histogram of a frequency distribution into two parts of equal area

2

median

adjective

medical Definition of median

:situated in the middle; specifically :lying in a plane dividing a bilateral animal into right and left halves


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