study

noun
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in pluralAmerican studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjectivehe's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique

study

verb
studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study

Verb

studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study

Verb

consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year. Verb Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The study appears in the journal The Anatomical Record. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Komodo Dragons Have Skin That Looks Like Chain Mail," 17 Sep. 2019 The study was a small proof-of-concept trial of people ages 55 and older with mild cognitive impairment. Sandee Lamotte, CNN, "Regular aerobic exercise may slow progression to Alzheimer's for those most at risk," 17 Sep. 2019 The study seeks to monitor and aid the progress of the United Nations in achieving in its Sustainable Development Goals, which the foundation says are being hindered by persistent inequality. Tom Metcalf, Fortune, "How Bill Gates Has Boosted His Net Worth By $16 Billion This Year," 17 Sep. 2019 The early engineering studies did not include the final size of bridges, overpasses and track beds that would also affect utility equipment. Los Angeles Times, "California bullet train’s mishandling of land deals adds to mounting costs and delays," 16 Sep. 2019 Maine, Hawaii and Alaska didn't meet the criteria for the study and thus were not analyzed. Sarah Ladd, The Courier-Journal, "Sorry, Louisville. Lexington ranked the best college town in Kentucky," 15 Sep. 2019 The study probably predicted a range from $200 to $1,500 with $831 the central guess. Edward Lotterman, Twin Cities, "Real World Economics: Time to explain the basics of trade," 15 Sep. 2019 Armor's record of missing staffing requirements, providing poor care and falsifying inmates' records prompted supervisors to pursue the study of the feasibility of having the county provide medical care. Alison Dirr, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Report recommends against Milwaukee County moving inmate medical services in-house," 13 Sep. 2019 The study even mentions a river that doesn’t exist, pointed out Michael Wald, a co-owner of Arctic Wild. Christopher Solomon, New York Times, "Exploring a Timeless Wilderness, Before the Drilling Begins," 13 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Public health professionals have been studying social change for decades. Julie Brown, NBC News, "Men sound off on #MeToo: 'I definitely look back and cringe'," 17 Sep. 2019 Eight years ago, Ta-Nehisi Coates wrote an essay in The Atlantic asking why so few black people studied the Civil War. Eric Herschthal, The New Republic, "How Ta-Nehisi Coates’s Novel Reckons With the Past," 17 Sep. 2019 Scientists studying how life arose from the primordial soup have been too eager to clean up the clutter. Quanta Magazine, "Origin-of-Life Study Points to Chemical Chimeras, Not RNA," 16 Sep. 2019 Chenoa’s grandmother is a professional calligrapher and her mother studied art. Lisa Gregory, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, "Horses, humans ‘form a bond’ through painting at Hampstead’s Happy on Hooves," 16 Sep. 2019 The Hillbrook students have been studying the events of 9-11 and its lasting impact on the U.S. in history classes, so the Los Gatos event provided an opportunity to bring this chilling chapter of American history to life for them. Erin Schwartz, The Mercury News, "Students, vets mark 9-11 at Los Gatos memorial," 15 Sep. 2019 For Alejandra Peralta-Werns, a senior studying kinesiology in UWM's College of Health Sciences, multiple scholarships transformed her college experience. Devi Shastri, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Here's what $251 million in fundraising means: 'The gifts really touch every corner of UWM'," 13 Sep. 2019 Tensions surrounding Shane’s preparation for the February test has been a major plot point on the latest season of The Real Housewives of Orange County, with Emily admitting that his studying put a strain on their relationship. Jodi Guglielmi, PEOPLE.com, "RHOC Star Emily Simpson's Husband Shane Fails California Bar Exam," 13 Sep. 2019 For example, a study published in July 2019 found that studying a foreign language in older adulthood improves overall cognitive functioning. Roger J. Kreuz, Quartz, "The one skill that doesn’t deteriorate with age," 13 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study

Noun

Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

25 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study

study

noun
How to pronounce study (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to

study

verb

English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)

study

verb
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing

study

noun
plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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