study

noun
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique

study

verb
studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study

Verb

studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study

Verb

consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun

Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.

Verb

Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Tons of studies have proven the above statements, giving you all the more reason to stop at your local florist or grocery store and pick up some plants—or just order them online, for even more stress-free shopping. Elizabeth Gulino, House Beautiful, "This Panda Plant is The Perfect Tiny Deskmate," 3 May 2019 Here are the most alarming facts from the study: 1. Melissa Riofrio, PCWorld, "5 alarming facts in honor of World Password Day," 2 May 2019 Based on her examination of several studies, any activity that can be done on paper can generally be done on screens without harmful consequences. Laura Turner, Glamour, "The Big Problem With the New Screen Time Guidelines for Kids," 26 Apr. 2019 The conversation comes in the wake of an NHS study in the U.K., which found that one out of every eight youths aged 5 to 19, who were assessed in 2017, had at least one mental health issue. Victoria Murphy, Town & Country, "Prince Harry Makes a Strong Statement About How Addictive Social Media Can Be," 3 Apr. 2019 Now, an archaeological study has discovered what appears to be the oldest tattooing artifact in western North America. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "The United States' Oldest Tattoo Needle Is an Inked-Up Cactus Spine," 28 Feb. 2019 According to an online study by Nielsen, Gen Zers are more inclined to support companies dedicated to sustainability. Yerin Kim, Seventeen, "How Gen Z and Millennials Are Totally Different," 17 Jan. 2019 According to an annual study commissioned by Upwork, a platform for freelance workers, more than 1 in 3 Americans freelanced in 2018. Gaby Del Valle, Vox, "Amazon is cutting costs with its own delivery service — but its drivers don’t receive benefits," 26 Dec. 2018 In an eight-week study, people taking the supplement as directed (two capsules every morning, with or without food) increased their NAD+ levels by an impressive 40%. Nicole Saporita, Good Housekeeping, "Can Elysium Health's Basis Pill Change Your Life?," 26 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Before becoming an Instagram celebrity, Kelsey studied art in Florence, Italy, and graduated from Richmond University in London with a degree in Art, Design & Media. Hadley Keller, House Beautiful, "Who is Taylor Swift's New BFF, Muralist Kelsey Montague?," 25 Apr. 2019 The number of new U.S. measles cases continued to accelerate last week as health authorities race to curb the outbreaks and scientists who study the virus say measles may be more harmful than once believed. Betsy Mckay, WSJ, "Measles Cases Continue to Soar, Stirring Concern Over Long-Term Effects," 15 Apr. 2019 Annie, who studied neuroscience at Oxford, ended up pursuing her true passion of documentary filmmaking, ultimately winning a British Academy of Film and Television Arts award; John has six children and is a retired oil and shipping businessman. Julia Bainbridge, Allure, "What Sex Is Really Like After 70, According to XConfessions' New Documentary," 14 Mar. 2019 Cassini was studying Saturn from 1997 through 2017. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Cassini Found That Titan Has Lakes of Methane Resting on Giant Mesas," 16 Apr. 2019 Her brother is studying history and her younger sister is also involved in art. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Nilüfer Yanya Is in the Fast Lane in Her New “Baby Blu” Music Video," 12 Apr. 2019 In 1987 to study industrial design at the University of Kansas. Charles Curkin, ELLE Decor, "The Africa-Inspired Furniture Designs of Jomo Tariku Are Just Gorgeous," 1 Apr. 2019 Journalists don’t study the field of cognitive science. Sean Illing, Vox, "How the media should respond to Trump’s lies: State of the Union edition," 5 Feb. 2019 The researchers typically study what people are willing to pay for things like genetically modified food, for instance, or cigarettes with graphic warning labels. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Economists calculate the true value of Facebook to its users in new study," 27 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study

Noun

Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

10 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study

study

noun

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to

study

verb

English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)

study

verb
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing

study

noun
plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

Comments on study

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