an·​a·​lyze ˈa-nə-ˌlīz How to pronounce analyze (audio)
analyzed; analyzing

transitive verb

: to study or determine the nature and relationship of the parts of (something) by analysis
: to subject to scientific or grammatical analysis
chemically analyze a specimen
analyze a sentence
analyzable adjective
analyzer noun
Choose the Right Synonym for analyze

analyze, dissect, break down mean to divide a complex whole into its parts or elements.

analyze suggests separating or distinguishing the component parts of something (such as a substance, a process, a situation) so as to discover its true nature or inner relationships.

analyzed the collected data

dissect suggests a searching analysis by laying bare parts or pieces for individual scrutiny.

commentators dissected every word of the speech

break down implies a reducing to simpler parts or divisions.

break down the budget

Examples of analyze in a Sentence

While Wroe offers some basic biographical information and quotes copiously from Shelley's writings, she does not tell a chronological story or analyze individual poems. Adam Kirsch, New Yorker, 27 Aug. 2007
They are not doing the math. Doing the math would mean demonstrating that the voters' intuitive judgments are roughly what they would get if they analyzed the likely effects of candidates' policies, and this is a difficult calculation to perform. Louis Menand, New Yorker, 30 Aug. 2004
Ms. Magazine's online daily weblog, written by Christine Cupaiuolo, analyzes the representation of women in media and popular culture. Here are excerpts from recent postings. Ms., Fall 2003
The data was recorded and analyzed by computer. We took the sample to be chemically analyzed by a lab. Researchers are busy analyzing the results of the study. The bacteria were analyzed under a powerful microscope. See More
Recent Examples on the Web Artificial Intelligence is like a highly specialized tool in a corporate setting, adept at performing specific tasks such as analyzing data, predicting patterns or automating routine processes. Q Hamirani, Forbes, 15 Feb. 2024 Scientists steamed the rice to analyze it, finding that rice with higher muscle content smelled more like beef and almonds, while rice with higher fat content smelled like cream or coconut oil. Jessie Yeung, CNN, 15 Feb. 2024 The District Attorney’s Office contracts with the California Department of Justice to analyze all forensic evidence in Placer County criminal cases. Rosalio Ahumada, Sacramento Bee, 14 Feb. 2024 To search for patterns that might further explain animal burials, the team analyzed the demographics, diets, genetics, and burial conditions of the humans and animals. Laura Baisas, Popular Science, 14 Feb. 2024 Machine learning can analyze the data to help providers identify treatment interventions and close gaps in care. Sunita Mishra, Fortune, 14 Feb. 2024 This article was generated by the Kansas City Star Bot, artificial intelligence software that analyzes structured information from TomTom and applies it to templates created by journalists in the newsroom. Kansas City Star Bot, Kansas City Star, 13 Feb. 2024 As of late January, about 700,000 seniors nationwide had filed applications, down from about 1.5 million applicants the same time last year, according to National College Attainment Network, which analyzed data from the U.S. Department of Education. Howard Blume, Los Angeles Times, 13 Feb. 2024 Washington Attorney General Bob Ferguson said the company provided physicians with digital recorders so Publicis and Purdue could analyze conversations that the prescribers had with patients about taking opioids. Geoff Mulvihill, Fortune, 2 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'analyze.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


probably by back-formation from analysis, with -is taken as a suffix, and -ys- identified with the verb-forming suffix -ize, spelled -yze/-ize/-yse/-ise in the 17th century

Note: Alternatively, the verb could arise by haplology from*analysise. Note that analysis comes into vernacular use only a couple decades before the verb. Compare analyst.

First Known Use

1587, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of analyze was in 1587

Dictionary Entries Near analyze

Cite this Entry

“Analyze.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition


an·​a·​lyze ˈan-ᵊl-ˌīz How to pronounce analyze (audio)
analyzed; analyzing
: to study or find out the nature and relationship of the parts of by analysis
analyzable adjective
analyzer noun

Medical Definition


transitive verb
variants or British analyse
analyzed or British analysed; analyzing or British analysing
: to study or determine the nature and relationship of the parts of by analysis
especially : to examine by chemical analysis

More from Merriam-Webster on analyze

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