study

noun
\ ˈstə-dē \
plural studies

Definition of study 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique

study

verb
studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study

Verb

studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study

Verb

consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun

Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.

Verb

Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The typical American consumes about 52% of calories from carbs, 33% from fat, and 16% from protein, according to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Karla Walsh, Woman's Day, "What Is the Keto Diet, Exactly?," 27 Dec. 2018 Psychologists Barbara Fredrickson and Michael Cohn explored this question by following a group that had participated in a short-term study on the benefits of meditation. Samantha Boardman, Marie Claire, "How to Make 2019 Your Best Year Yet," 19 Dec. 2018 One lesson that could be taken from the Manchester study on sending scientists to faraway places: don't skimp on living conditions. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "To Survive Antarctica, Scientists Enter a Kind of 'Psychological Hibernation'," 5 Dec. 2018 And according to 2015 study published on the U.S. National Library of Medicine, more than 40 percent of women who reported a pregnancy scare went on to experience an unintended pregnancy. Seventeen Editors, Seventeen, "How to Deal with a Pregnancy Scare," 28 Nov. 2018 These lost works are worthy of study on their own, an intriguing thought experiment of what might have been. Megan Barber, Curbed, "Lost Frank Lloyd Wright buildings reimagined in new renderings," 5 Nov. 2018 Either way, the study shows this generation of royals is wildly popular in the U.S. Megan Friedman, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton Is Even More Influential Than Meghan Markle in the U.S.," 1 Nov. 2018 Last week, a University of Michigan study on misinformation (PDF) had similar findings about the effectiveness of our work. Casey Newton, The Verge, "Facebook hired a new public defender, and he should start with WhatsApp," 20 Oct. 2018 Romantics know that choosing an outfit for a date can often be as nerve-wracking as the occasion itself, making findings from a recent study on fashion and attraction all the more intriguing. Fox News, "These are the biggest first-date fashion deal-breakers, say singles," 2 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

This new work promises to be all about the beech tree, which Wright studied for years before her sudden death in 2016. Bridget Read, Vogue, "Most Anticipated Books of 2019: 19 Picks You Should Have on Your Reading List," 1 Jan. 2019 Again, until this is studied more rigorously and thoroughly, there's not enough evidence to show that consuming ACV will lower blood pressure. Zahra Barnes, SELF, "10 Apple Cider Vinegar Facts to Know Before You Drink It," 1 Jan. 2019 He and Rodriguez-Rodriguez study the behavior of various fluids (including paints), and carbonation is a particularly fascinating topic within that discipline. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "The secret to champagne’s universal appeal is the physics of bubbles," 31 Dec. 2018 Sabine Schmidtke of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J., the portal aims to preserve, study and make available online the rich patrimony of Zaydi texts. Christian C. Sahner, WSJ, "Yemen’s Threatened Cultural Heritage," 25 Dec. 2018 Mnangagwa said that his government will study the report before deciding on its next steps. Farai Mutsaka, The Seattle Times, "Zimbabwe inquiry finds army, police killed 6 during protest," 19 Dec. 2018 Amira is now enjoying learning German and sees studying the challenging language as fulfilling. Anna Lekas Miller, Marie Claire, "The Surprising Upside For Female Refugees," 17 Dec. 2018 Each one has its own unique task, such as studying the radiation belts around Earth or demonstrating new ways to propel vehicles through space. Loren Grush, The Verge, "Small satellite launcher Rocket Lab is poised to send up its first batch of spacecraft for NASA," 12 Dec. 2018 Know what designers are carried by the salon and study the looks in their last several runway shows. Melissa Colgan, Harper's BAZAAR, "How to Shop for a Wedding Dress—When Bridal Salons Aren’t What You’d Expect," 11 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study

Noun

Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

4 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study

study

noun

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.

: an area of learning taught in a school

: something that a person studies or gives attention to

study

verb

English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject

: to give careful attention to (something)

: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)

study

verb
\ ˈstə-dē \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing

study

noun
plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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