study

noun
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique

study

verb
studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study

Verb

studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study

Verb

consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun

Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.

Verb

Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The study also says that the average age of the deaths is 22-years-old and 72.5% of victims were male. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "This Teen Fell Off A Bridge While Trying To Take a Selfie And Broke Almost Every Bone in His Face," 21 Feb. 2019 The global fragrance house Firmenich, which developed the Nue Co.’s Functional Fragrance and partnered with the University of Geneva in the study, has many other clients. April Long, Marie Claire, "Aromatherapy Perfumes: Do They Really Work?," 20 Feb. 2019 The study is in Monday’s Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Seth Borenstein, The Seattle Times, "Trump’s speech: Less analytical, more sure than predecessors," 13 Feb. 2019 The largest study of cancer survival trends, published in 2018 in the Lancet, pulled data from cancer registries in 71 countries covering 67 percent of the world’s population from 2000 to 2014. Julia Belluz, Vox, "We’re making real progress against cancer. But you may not know it if you’re poor.," 8 Jan. 2019 That’s the largest single increase that the Monitoring the Future study has seen in its history, says Richard Miech, the survey’s principal investigator and a member of University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. Angela Chen, The Verge, "Teens are turning away from cigarettes and alcohol and toward vaping," 17 Dec. 2018 Equatorial regions of the potentially life-supporting Europa, which harbors a huge ocean of salty liquid water beneath its icy shell, are probably studded with blades of ice up to 50 feet (15 meters) tall, a new study suggests. Mike Wall, Space.com, "Jupiter Moon Europa's Jagged Ice Towers Could Imperil Robot Landers," 8 Oct. 2018 According to a study published in the Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 259 people have died trying to take selfies in dangerous situations. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "This Teen Fell Off A Bridge While Trying To Take a Selfie And Broke Almost Every Bone in His Face," 21 Feb. 2019 In fact, people now buy aerosol cans almost as much as lotions, according to a 2018 study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "How to Use Spray Sunscreen the Right Way, According to Dermatologists," 15 Feb. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Prior to stepping into the design arena, Darré, who studied at Studio Berçot—and would have been eligible for a Ph.D. in nightclubbing, had Le Palace nightclub awarded them—worked in the fashion industry. Laird Borrelli-persson, Vogue, "Vincent Darré, Surrealist Dandy of Paris, Discusses His New Book and Dashing Personal Style," 25 Feb. 2019 As of now, such longevity income annuities are rare, say Tom Totten, chairman of Nyhart Co., a benefits-consulting firm in Indianapolis, and Laurence Siegel of the Research Foundation of CFA Institute, a nonprofit that studies investments. Jason Zweig, WSJ, "Forget the 401(k). Let’s Invent a New Retirement Plan.," 10 Feb. 2019 The media blackout when William was studying will be a lot more challenging in an era where anyone can take and publish a photograph. Victoria Murphy, Town & Country, "How the Internet’s Obsession with the Royal Family Turned Toxic," 10 Feb. 2019 Lack of sleep can make studying harder, increase stress levels, and have many more adverse effects on your health. Brittney Mcnamara, Teen Vogue, "College Students Are Sleep Texting Potentially Embarrassing Things," 5 Dec. 2018 After studying transit and job patterns, Bluestone found that roughly 80 percent of workers tend to work and commute within the northern or southern halves of Boston, meaning the job market for many Bostonians is geographically segregated. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "As top innovation hub expands, can straining local infrastructure keep pace?," 6 Nov. 2018 Colby Fleming, a sociologist at Westat who has studied masculinity and virginity, told Mel Magazine that this behavior plays out in social settings, acting as a way for a virgin's peers to basically bring them into the club. Brittney Mcnamara, Teen Vogue, "The Bachelor's Focus on Colton Underwood's Virginity Shows a Bigger Problem," 8 Jan. 2019 This stunning outfit should come as no surprise to anyone who has studied Michelle's former first lady style and her iconic outfits. Marina Liao, Marie Claire, "Michelle Obama Wore a Pair of Glittery Balenciaga Boots for the Last Stop on Her 'Becoming' Tour," 20 Dec. 2018 People were just studying it in order to have a better understanding of how biology operates. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Gene drive used to turn all female mosquitos sterile," 27 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study

Noun

Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

15 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study

study

noun

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to

study

verb

English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)

study

verb
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing

study

noun
plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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