\ ˈstə-dē \
plural studies

Definition of study 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie

2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study

b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin

c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study

d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question

(2) : the published report of such a study

3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits

4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses —Jane Austen

5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies

b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation

c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study —Marcia Davenport

d : something attracting close attention or examination

6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study

7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics

8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study

b : to undertake formal study of a subject

2 dialect : meditate, reflect

3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning

2 : to engage in the study of study biology

3 : plot, design

4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other words from study


studier \ˈstə-dē-ər \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for study

Synonyms: Noun

account, advisement, consideration, debate, deliberation, reflection, thought

Synonyms: Verb

con, learn, memorize

Antonyms: Noun

short shrift

Antonyms: Verb


Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence


Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.


Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

According to a 2018 Pediatrics study, from 1990 to 2015, injuries related to window blinds sent nearly 17,000 children under 6 to the emergency room. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Emergency Responders Share 9 of the Biggest Death Traps in Your Home," 14 July 2018 Some of the researchers’ findings echoed a 2014 study that looked at comments on TED Talks. Adrianne Jeffries, New York Times, "Women Making Science Videos on YouTube Face Hostile Comments," 13 July 2018 The burden of treatment is why a small study that shows promise for a simpler, cheaper alternative treatment to Type 1 diabetes is being met with hope — but also with caution and skepticism. Carmen Heredia Rodriguez, Washington Post, "Retooled Vaccine Raises Hopes As A Lower-Cost Treatment For Type 1 Diabetes," 13 July 2018 In addition to the four bedrooms — one of which the current owners reconfigured into a library/study — there’s a smaller office off the dining area. Shari Rudavsky, Indianapolis Star, "Hot Property: 4-bedroom Tarkington Tower condo for $550K means amenities plus view," 13 July 2018 The new study was published online July 12 in the journal PLOS One. Dennis Thompson, CBS News, "Ticks that carry Lyme disease are spreading fast," 13 July 2018 But nothing beats it as a study of humans in their natural habitat: Cyberspace. Susan Keaton, Naperville Sun, "Keaton: It's a whole different world in cyberspace, where tiny toy soldiers and replica WWII trucks can make someone's day," 14 July 2018 Each year, the county does a study of current and projected student populations. Jess Nocera, Howard County Times, "New snags in planning for a new, or remodeled, Columbia elementary school," 13 July 2018 The Food and Drug Administration commissioned a study of various talc samples from 2009 to 2010, including of J&J's Baby Powder. NBC News, "Johnson & Johnson told to pay $4.7 billion in baby powder case," 13 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

But on June 30, his wife discovered while studying their bank account that several checks had been cashed under the man’s name., "Crime Report: Burglary victim believes thief accessed home by using garage door remote control," 11 July 2018 Investigators are studying surveillance video from the area in an effort to get a better description., "Philadelphia developer stabbed to death near Rittenhouse Square," 13 July 2018 Scientists are studying another, 4-mile-wide iceberg that broke off the Helheim Glacier. Bart Jansen, USA TODAY, "Massive iceberg looms off Greenland coast, threatening tiny village," 13 July 2018 Christopher Page, a senior biologist at Mote Marine Laboratory on Summerland Key in Florida, is studying coral that was produced in the lab from sperm and eggs collected last summer before Hurricane Irma. Evan Halper,, "Racing to save Florida’s coral from climate change, scientists turn to a once-unthinkable strategy: ‘assisted evolution’," 9 July 2018 Tempe, also a popular spot for the dockless transportation options, is studying potential regulations. Jessica Boehm, azcentral, "Phoenix and Scottsdale move to regulate bike-sharing," 7 July 2018 At any rate, that is behind Jaisaan now, who will use his scholarship to study video game design. Breanna Edwards, The Root, "Principal Stops School's 1st Black Valedictorian from Giving Speech, So Rochester, N.Y., Mayor Gives Him Platform," 5 July 2018 According to the Institute of International Education, more than 12,600 Iranians were studying in the US in 2016-17. Emily Dreyfuss, WIRED, "In Upholding Trump's Travel Ban, the Supreme Court Harms Scientists," 27 June 2018 The company is also studying a plan to allow employers to offer free, branded drugs to workers in cases where CVS has already negotiated deep discounts. John Tozzi,, "Sky-High Deductibles Broke the U.S. Health Insurance System," 26 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

13 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study



English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.

: an area of learning taught in a school

: something that a person studies or gives attention to



English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject

: to give careful attention to (something)

: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)


\ ˈstə-dē \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing

2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me. —Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing

2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease

3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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Comments on study

What made you want to look up study? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to deposit or conceal in a hiding place

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