\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

Other Words from study


studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce study (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year. Verb Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun His study also didn’t account for colonial slavery or the loss of wealth due to discrimination after slavery. Bybeatrice Peterson, ABC News, 14 May 2022 In his 2021 study published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Trujillo-Falcón noted that Latino or Hispanic population is roughly 20% of the U.S. total and over 70% of them speak Spanish at home. Marshall Shepherd, Forbes, 13 May 2022 Our study shows that calorie production in these crops increased by more than 200% between the 1960s and the 2010s. Deepak Ray, The Conversation, 13 May 2022 The researchers focused their study on children who socially transitioned, and not those who began physical transitions using medications like hormones and puberty blockers. Julie Mazziotta,, 11 May 2022 At the time, our study revealed that English faculty were being paid at about 90% of their market value, nursing faculty a little ahead of their market and business faculty a whopping 33% behind their market. WSJ, 11 May 2022 The scholarship will help her study to become a nurse. Los Angeles Times, 10 May 2022 The clinic conducted their study on participants who used the Apple Watch to monitor their ECG signals, which were then analyzed by the researchers’ A.I. system to detect the health of their hearts. Jonathan Vanian, Fortune, 10 May 2022 The funding will be used for upcoming studies, including its patient screening study and the upcoming Phase 1/2a clinical trial, subject to U.S. Food and Drug Administration clearance. Mike Freeman, San Diego Union-Tribune, 9 May 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Surabhi is going to Yale University to study cell and molecular biology and plans to become a physician. Ana Goñi-lessan, USA TODAY, 19 May 2022 Almost half of the respondents shared that their feelings and thoughts about climate change negatively impacted their everyday lives, including their ability to concentrate, eat, sleep, study and enjoy their relationships. Antonia Mufarech, Smithsonian Magazine, 18 May 2022 Gregory Coll wants to continue to study and address environmental concerns, stop pollution, and stop over-stressing our natural resources, especially marine resources like fisheries. Baltimore Sun, 18 May 2022 Panozzo brought a resolution to study and make improvements to the intersection before the Ashippun Town Board on March 11. Drew Dawson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 18 May 2022 The abbey library, for instance, draws clerics and scholars to study ancient texts and find enlightenment from some of the greatest minds in human history. oregonlive, 14 May 2022 Since then, leaders with the DRC visited parks nationwide to study and bring back the best features to Detroit, and a community advisory team for the park gathered input from Detroit residents through more than 100 community meetings. Miriam Marini, Detroit Free Press, 10 May 2022 Starke wants to study business and finance in college and hopes to combine that education with his passion for baseball and math in order carve out his own career niche. Jonathan Saxon, The Courier-Journal, 6 May 2022 The charter revision commission is formed, by law, every 10 years to study and propose changes to what’s effectively the city’s constitution. Ted Glanzer, Hartford Courant, 6 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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Last Updated

20 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Study.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 26 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for study


\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

More from Merriam-Webster on study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers


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