\ˈstə-dē \
plural studies

Definition of study 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie

2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study

b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin

c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study

d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question

(2) : the published report of such a study

3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits

4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen

5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies

b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation

c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport

d : something attracting close attention or examination

6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study

7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics

8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study

b : to undertake formal study of a subject

2 dialect : meditate, reflect

3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning

2 : to engage in the study of study biology

3 : plot, design

4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study


studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for study

Synonyms: Noun

account, advisement, consideration, debate, deliberation, reflection, thought

Synonyms: Verb

con, learn, memorize

Antonyms: Noun

short shrift

Antonyms: Verb


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Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence


Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.


Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Peterson prefaces her statement on benefits of hemp by stating the FDA hasn't agreed with these statements and studies haven't completely been derived from it. Karen Pilarski, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Six things you might be asking about hemp," 13 July 2018 Well, a 2016 study on 2,000 women suggested that the association between ovarian cancer and talcum powder comes from talc — a mineral made up of magnesium, silicon, and oxygen, that absorbs moisture — not asbestos., "Johnson & Johnson Owes $4.69 Billion In Another Ovarian Cancer Case," 13 July 2018 Professor Yanich, who in 2015 produced a study on localism in TV news, found an inverse relationship between consolidation and the amount of local news coverage. Christa Case Bryant, The Christian Science Monitor, "As news ownership consolidates, will local TV become more partisan?," 13 July 2018 Then last year the potentate at the time, Illustrious Sir Mike Yavno, and the recorder at the time, Max Bearden, formed a committee to look into the restoration and hired a plaster expert to do a study on this. Maria L. La Ganga, idahostatesman, "What’s behind ’60s-era paneling at El Korah Shrine? A ballroom’s worth of ’20s art.," 12 July 2018 At this stage, the RCPG board is only considering whether to ask the county to do a General Plan Amendment so that a feasibility study can be done in the future. Julie Gallant, Ramona Sentinel, "Garden advocate wants Ramona Street completion off priority list," 11 July 2018 Allegiant officials said the Indianapolis base is expected to boost the company's economic impact in the state, citing a study by Campbell-Hill Aviation that found Allegiant generated more than $118 million in economic benefit to Indiana in 2016. Justin L. Mack, Indianapolis Star, "Allegiant pilots threaten strike, potential impact on Indianapolis flights uncertain," 11 July 2018 The next step is completion of a $1.4 million detailed study, FDOT spokeswoman Barbara Kelleher said recently. Brittany Wallman,, "State forges ahead with New River pedestrian bridge or tunnel," 11 July 2018 The study finds considerable evidence of climate gentrification, and for the elevation hypothesis in particular. Richard Florida, WIRED, "Climate Change Will Force the Poor From Their Homes," 13 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

In 2011, while Massachusetts struggled out of the recession, the state spent $752,000 to study cost savings for the State Police. Todd Wallack,, "For some State Police, it’s a posting in paradise," 14 July 2018 Slime molds are relatively easy to study, as protozoa go. Katia Moskvitch, WIRED, "Slime Molds Remember—But Do They Learn?," 14 July 2018 But when federal authorities arrived days later to study the circumstances, their aim wasn’t to second guess so much as to understand what happened and pass on those lessons. Mike Hendricks, kansascity, "In a tragic loop, firefighters continue to die from preventable mistakes," 13 July 2018 Suzane Nazir uses a Princeton Review SAT Preparation book to study for the test on March 6, 2014, in Pembroke Pines, Florida. Ben Popken /, NBC News, "Easy SAT has students crying over 'shocking' low scores," 13 July 2018 Set up a comfortable place to study Your child should have a clean, well lit, comfortable space for homework. Mary Caldwell, ajc, "6 tips to help get your kid in back-to-school mode," 12 July 2018 But as of last autumn apprentices at the AMRC have been able to study for degree courses. The Economist, "A welcome upgrade to apprenticeships," 12 July 2018 In a cavernous metal warehouse on the CSIRO campus that has long been used to study coal combustion, two of Dolan's colleagues are assembling a 2-meter-tall reactor that is dwarfed by a nearby coal reactor. Robert F. Service, Science | AAAS, "Ammonia—a renewable fuel made from sun, air, and water—could power the globe without carbon," 12 July 2018 The county continues to study the problem to try to replace Tri-City’s capacity, though all units operating in the region are generally full to capacity. Paul Sisson,, "Two county supervisors ask Tri-City to rethink mental health unit suspension," 12 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

8 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study



English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.

: an area of learning taught in a school

: something that a person studies or gives attention to



English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject

: to give careful attention to (something)

: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)


\ˈstə-dē \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing

2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing

2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease

3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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Comments on study

What made you want to look up study? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to clear from alleged fault or guilt

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