study

1 of 2

noun

plural studies
1
: a state of contemplation : reverie
2
a
: application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge
years of study
b
: such application in a particular field or to a specific subject
the study of Latin
c
: careful or extended consideration
the proposal is under study
d(1)
: a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2)
: the published report of such a study
3
: a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4
: purpose, intent
it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknessesJane Austen
5
a
: a branch or department of learning : subject
often used in plural
American studies
b
: the activity or work of a student
returning to her studies after vacation
c
: an object of study or deliberation
every gesture a careful studyMarcia Davenport
d
: something attracting close attention or examination
6
: a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play)
usually used with a qualifying adjective
he's a quick study
7
: a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8
: a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique

study

2 of 2

verb

studied; studying

intransitive verb

1
a
: to engage in study
b
: to undertake formal study of a subject
2
dialect : meditate, reflect
3

transitive verb

1
: to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2
: to engage in the study of
study biology
3
4
: to consider attentively or in detail
studying his face for a reaction
studier noun
Choose the Right Synonym for study

consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision.

consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision.

refused even to consider my proposal

study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae.

study the plan closely

contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision.

contemplate the consequences of refusing

weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence.

weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year. Verb Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
His latest paper, accepted but not yet published, studies thefts of catalytic converters in California. Chris Baraniuk, WIRED, 20 Feb. 2024 Demand for electric vehicles remains strong but is moving into a new phase, a recent study shows. Bill Koenig, Forbes, 20 Feb. 2024 Among Latinos, the Dodgers are followed by 43% of local fans, ahead of the Lakers (27%), and Angels and Rams (25% each), according to a Scarborough Research study last year. Bill Shaikin, Los Angeles Times, 20 Feb. 2024 The new species was identified by its spikes, scale pattern, coloring and other subtle physical features, the study said. Aspen Pflughoeft, Miami Herald, 20 Feb. 2024 In recent years, many countries have decentralized further, and studies generally show that the more decentralized countries are, the more satisfied their citizens are. Andrew Moravcsik, Foreign Affairs, 20 Feb. 2024 For the study, researchers looked at school closures in 26 states between 2006 and 2013. Silas Allen, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 20 Feb. 2024 The findings are described in a study published February 7 in the journal Science Advances and can be applied to other fruits including slides, damsons, and juniper berries. Laura Baisas, Popular Science, 8 Feb. 2024 The organization recently announced the launch of a new scholarship program, Voices Today for Change Tomorrow, for descendants of the Black men who participated in the the study represents. Jasmine Browley, Essence, 8 Feb. 2024
Verb
Planning for a Mars mission Researchers studied some of these issues during the Mars500 program, a collaboration between the Russian and other space agencies. Nick Kanas, The Conversation, 21 Feb. 2024 What’s the most effective way to use the early morning hours for studying? Bryce Welker, Miami Herald, 21 Feb. 2024 Astronomers had just begun using prisms to investigate spectroscopy, splitting the sun's light into its component colors to study the star's chemical makeup. Rebecca Boyle, Scientific American, 20 Feb. 2024 The fossil appeared in book and article citations over the decades, but no one ever studied it in detail. Ashley Strickland, CNN, 20 Feb. 2024 Mendler worked with the agency in 2022 and has studied at the University of Southern California, MIT and Harvard, per her LinkedIn profile. Ingrid Vasquez, Peoplemag, 20 Feb. 2024 Menzies also studied Gregory Peck’s towering performance as Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird. Sarah Crompton, Vogue, 20 Feb. 2024 Despite the huge interest in CAM treatments for IBD—among both patients and their care providers—a lot of these approaches have not been thoroughly studied. Markham Heid, TIME, 9 Feb. 2024 However, the analysis didn’t study how well tirzepatide works to manage hypertension (high blood pressure). Claire Bugos, Verywell Health, 9 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'study.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

First Known Use

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of study was in the 13th century

Dictionary Entries Near study

Cite this Entry

“Study.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/study. Accessed 1 Mar. 2024.

Kids Definition

study

1 of 2 noun
plural studies
1
: a state of thinking about something steadily : reverie
2
a
: use of the mind to acquire knowledge
years of study
b
: careful or prolonged consideration
the proposed change is under study
c
: a careful examination or investigation of something
also : a report or publication based on such a study
3
: a building or room devoted to study, reading, or writing
4
a
: a division or area of learning : subject
American studies
b
: the actions or work of a student
returned to her studies after vacation
5
: a person who learns or memorizes something (as a part in a play)
usually used with an adjective
he's a quick study

study

2 of 2 verb
studied; studying
1
: to engage in study or the study of
studied hard
liked to study geography
2
: to give close attention to
study a part in a play
studied the request carefully

More from Merriam-Webster on study

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