study

noun
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique

study

verb
studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study

Verb

studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study

Verb

consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun

Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.

Verb

Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The Harvard School of Health and the National Institutes of Health are partners on this study. Irina Ivanova, CBS News, "Annual Apple event promises new iPhone, watch models against a backdrop of slowing sales," 10 Sep. 2019 The study is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Fox News, "Day the dinosaurs died: Asteroid impact site reveals devastation from power of 10 billion A-bombs," 10 Sep. 2019 These kinds of data are exactly the kind of human study the dietary guidelines focus on. Anchorage Daily News, "Seafood will get more attention in development of new U.S. dietary guidelines," 10 Sep. 2019 Apple also said on Tuesday that would participate in three new health studies that would monitor voluntary participants via the Apple Watch. Aaron Pressman, Fortune, "Apple Announces New, Apple Watch Series 5, With Always On Display," 10 Sep. 2019 After that date, any studies will require administrator approval. David Grimm, Science | AAAS, "U.S. EPA to eliminate all mammal testing by 2035," 10 Sep. 2019 The report also confirms other studies tracking an increase in inequality among the wealthiest Americans, as the top 1 percent continued to pull away from the richest 20 percent. Washington Post, "Poor and middle-class Americans are much less likely to survive into their 70s than the wealthy, federal report says," 10 Sep. 2019 Recent studies suggest that the maximum levels allowed in drinking water should be far lower than the current advisory. BostonGlobe.com, "The Nashoba Regional School District was the first public water system to be tested under the new program, suggesting that the toxic chemicals may be far more prevalent in drinking water than has been understood.," 10 Sep. 2019 More important, this study helps describe the psychological manifestations of dying. Robert Martone, Scientific American, "New Clues Found in Understanding Near-Death Experiences," 10 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Based on the fossils studied, Cryodraken appears to have had a long neck but not quite as long as the similarly huge Quetzalcoatlus, lead author David Hone, a paleontologist at Queen Mary University of London, tells the CBC. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Massive ‘Ice Dragon’ Ruled the Skies Above Ancient Alberta," 11 Sep. 2019 Forty years ago, marine biologist Omar Defeo, a professor at the University of the Republic in Uruguay, began studying this fishery. Chris Mooney, Anchorage Daily News, "Large parts of the globe have already passed a crucial climate threshold," 11 Sep. 2019 Of course, studying NDEs has significant technical hurdles. Robert Martone, Scientific American, "New Clues Found in Understanding Near-Death Experiences," 10 Sep. 2019 In the early 1970s, people studying general relativity, our modern theory of gravity, noticed rough similarities between the properties of black holes and the laws of thermodynamics. Quanta Magazine, "Are We All Wrong About Black Holes?," 10 Sep. 2019 The university’s review included studying the admissions process of 827 student-athletes who were admitted during Center’s t8-year tenure. Brittany Britto, Houston Chronicle, "UT-Austin completes review after college admissions scandal," 9 Sep. 2019 Kate attended Hall High School, Hartford College for Women, and Marlboro College, studying Irish History and Literature.?? courant.com, "Catharine M. Kurth," 9 Sep. 2019 Adults can now study for their high school equivalency test at the MiraCosta College Community Learning Center, then walk next door to the college’s new testing center to take their exam. Laura Groch, San Diego Union-Tribune, "MiraCosta College offers free high school degree education, testing," 9 Sep. 2019 Jim was at Oxford as a Rhodes scholar, studying under the great Richard Ellmann. Judith Thurman, The New Yorker, "James Atlas’s Life in Life-Writing," 9 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study

Noun

Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

13 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study

study

noun

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to

study

verb

English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)

study

verb
\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing

study

noun
plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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