\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in pluralAmerican studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjectivehe's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study


studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year. Verb Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun African American males were about 3.5 times more likely to be the victim of homicide compared to overall population numbers during the study period. Anchorage Daily News, "Native and black individuals make up a disproportionate number of Alaska homicide victims," 20 May 2020 By using quasars, the team hoped to overcome the observing bias faced by previous studies. Nola Taylor Redd, Scientific American, "Astronomers Get Earliest Ever Glimpse of Ancient Giant Galaxy," 20 May 2020 But many people making the decisions are not trained in statistics or rigorous study design. Tara García Mathewson And Sarah Butrymowicz, USA TODAY, "Online programs used for coronavirus-era school promise results. The claims are misleading," 20 May 2020 That expectation was based on the laws of physics and computer climate models and not on studies of actual storms. New York Times, "Cyclone Amphan Live Updates: Storm Strikes Coast as India and Bangladesh Take Shelter," 20 May 2020 According to the report, Moderna measured antibodies in eight of the dozens of study participants taking part in a Phase 1 clinical trial. Breanna Edwards, Essence, "Early Results From Moderna Coronavirus Vaccine Trial Shows Promise," 19 May 2020 With these laws waived, the federal government can skip over environmental impact studies meant to protect wildlife, the Laredo area’s source of drinking water and historic sites. Julia Wallace, Houston Chronicle, "Government to expedite border wall construction," 19 May 2020 The front porch is a study spot, a selfie studio, a home gym and a lookout place for familiar faces as evening settles. Jenna Watson, Indianapolis Star, "Portraits from the porch: An ode to the heroism of staying home," 19 May 2020 The two month ban, coming close to the peak summer months, has eaten a chunk of $27 billion that feeds Florida’s local economies every year, according to local studies. Christopher Harress |, al, "Ban on Florida vacation rentals lifted in some Gulf Coast counties; New Yorkers remain banned," 19 May 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Scholars at the University of Southern California have studied career patterns and come up with four broad categories. Arthur C. Brooks, The Atlantic, "4 Rules For Identifying Your Life’s Work," 21 May 2020 Scientists are studying the virus’s mutation rate, paying particular attention to the spike where the virus attaches to the cell. Emily Bamforth, cleveland, "How the Moderna vaccine works, and what it means for coronavirus pandemic," 20 May 2020 Richard Corsi, a Portland State University dean, has studied the spread of COVID-19 through both large and tiny droplets in the air. oregonlive, "Do you need to wear a face mask while hiking?," 20 May 2020 Either can declare cause of death, notes Alina Denham, study co-author and Ph.D. candidate at the University of Rochester. Jillian Kramer, Scientific American, "Fatal Opioid Overdoses May Be More Common Than Thought," 19 May 2020 Madeleine Clare Elish, an anthropologist at Data & Society, a research institute, has studied accidents involving automation, and says moral blame for system failures often lands unfairly on humans who didn't create them. Tom Simonite, Wired, "As Machines Get Smarter, How Will We Relate to Them?," 19 May 2020 In all, more than 600,000 words used to talk about COVID-19 were studied. Michal Lev-ram, Fortune, "As reopening becomes polarized, businesses need to use common ground language," 19 May 2020 Eventbrite also studied how event cancellations caused by recent natural disasters such as hurricanes Maria and Harvey in 2017 resulted in more refunds, albeit over a shorter window than the current pandemic. Mark Maurer, WSJ, "Eventbrite Faces New Accounting Challenges as Coronavirus Clouds Projections of Future Refunds," 18 May 2020 Trump announced Friday that as many as 100 vaccine candidates are being studied globally, and 14 have been identified as most promising and will have federal support. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, "The path to a coronavirus vaccine might run through Kalamazoo," 17 May 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Time Traveler for study

Time Traveler

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

23 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Study.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 2 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for study


How to pronounce study (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to



English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)


\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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