\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study


studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence


Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.


Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

On the other hand the study sample was relatively small, so a larger population might reveal a stronger connection, Adesman said., "Women’s exposure to solvents at work tied to autism in children," 2 July 2019 Meanwhile, Christian, who’s planning on ending things with her, would rather hang with his study buddies Josh (William Jackson Harper), Mark (Will Poulter) and Pelle (Vilhelm Blomgren) than show any real empathy. Brian Truitt, USA TODAY, "Review: 'Hereditary' director's 'Midsommar' is a nightmarish take on a toxic relationship," 1 July 2019 As a result, Pasachoff’s studies have a uniquely urgent terrestrial payoff. Eric Adams, WIRED, "The Blazing Science of This Year's Total Solar Eclipse," 1 July 2019 Women who reported dancing frequently were 73 percent less likely to become disabled during the study period than women who didn’t dance. Detroit Free Press, "How dancing improves overall health," 1 July 2019 Collecting and analyzing data from 350 researchers and policy experts, the study forecast what is likely to happen to the Greater Himalaya, and its inhabitants over the next 80 years as the Earth continues to warm. National Geographic, "Inside the Everest expedition that built the world’s highest weather station," 27 June 2019 The risk is greater for postmenopausal women, the study authors said. Maggie O'neill,, "What is Triclosan? Study Links Common Ingredient in Toothpastes and Soaps With Osteoporosis," 27 June 2019 However, this newfound femur is the first evidence that giant, flightless birds inhabited Europe during the Pleistocene epoch (2.6 million to 11,700 years ago), the study authors wrote. Mindy Weisberger, Scientific American, "Extinct 11-Foot “Super-Ostrich” Was As Massive As a Polar Bear," 27 June 2019 The Geological Survey & Services program studies earthquakes, landslides, coastal erosion and other hazards and develops plans to reduce risk to the public., "The Oregon agency that studies earthquakes could be abolished after going over budget," 27 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

With plans to study business and sports management, Stanton, an avid Dallas Cowboys fan, said his dream position would be working in the front office of a professional sports team. Glenn Graham,, "2018-19 High School Male Athlete of the Year: Century four-season star Jalen Stanton," 3 July 2019 Researchers will continue to study why Vespersaurus was monodactyl, and the hope that means more attention will be paid to fossil beds in Parana. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "This Little Brazilian Dinosaur Ran Across the Desert on One Toe," 3 July 2019 Such missions could support China’s plans for a research station near the lunar south pole to study resources such as water ice, which can be used to manufacture rocket fuel, potable water and breathable air. The Editors, Scientific American, "The U.S. Should Go Back to the Moon--But Not on Its Own," 3 July 2019 After finishing high school, Rivera went to India to study meditation and yoga. Josefin Dolsten,, "Filipino-American dancer turned rabbi wants to change the conversation about Jews of color," 3 July 2019 Fast radio bursts may also allow astronomers to study the way matter is distributed in the universe. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "Fast radio burst came from galaxy 7.9 billion light-years away," 2 July 2019 As a student in the engineering school, Gupta plans to study computer science with a specialization in artificial intelligence, and a minor in economics., "Portland’s ‘Jeopardy!’ champ Avi Gupta on winning $100,000: ‘It was like stepping into my TV’," 2 July 2019 Councilman James Pasch, a member of the city’s Planning and Zoning Commission, proposed waiting until Aug. 5 so that the city would have more time to study the impact of making zoning changes in the area of Park East Drive., "Beachwood council delays zoning decision for proposed luxury apartments," 2 July 2019 But in 1975 he was chosen by his peers and bosses to study the language in Beijing. The Economist, "How a victim of the cultural revolution mastered economics," 2 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

5 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study



English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to



English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)


\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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