spoil

verb
spoiled\ ˈspȯi(-​ə)ld How to pronounce spoil (audio) , ˈspȯi(-​ə)lt \ or chiefly British spoilt\ ˈspȯi(-​ə)lt How to pronounce spoil (audio) \; spoiling

Definition of spoil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to damage seriously : ruin
b : to impair the quality or effect of a quarrel spoiled the celebration
2a : to impair the disposition or character of by overindulgence or excessive praise
b : to pamper excessively : coddle
3a : pillage, rob
b archaic : despoil, strip
4 archaic : to seize by force

intransitive verb

1 : to lose valuable or useful qualities usually as a result of decay the fruit spoiled
2 : to have an eager desire spoiling for a fight
3 : to practice plunder and robbery

spoil

noun
\ ˈspȯi(-ə)l How to pronounce spoil (audio) \

Definition of spoil (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : plunder taken from an enemy in war or from a victim in robbery : loot
b : something valuable or desirable gained through special effort or opportunism or in return for a favor usually used in plural
c : public offices made the property of a successful party usually used in plural
b : the act of damaging : harm, impairment
3 : an object of plundering : prey
4 : earth and rock excavated or dredged
5 : an object damaged or flawed in the making

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Other Words from spoil

Verb

spoilable \ ˈspȯi-​lə-​bəl How to pronounce spoil (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms for spoil

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for spoil

Verb

decay, decompose, rot, putrefy, spoil mean to undergo destructive dissolution. decay implies a slow change from a state of soundness or perfection. a decaying mansion decompose stresses a breaking down by chemical change and when applied to organic matter a corruption. the strong odor of decomposing vegetation rot is a close synonym of decompose and often connotes foulness. fruit was left to rot in warehouses putrefy implies the rotting of animal matter and offensiveness to sight and smell. corpses putrefying on the battlefield spoil applies chiefly to the decomposition of foods. keep the ham from spoiling

indulge, pamper, humor, spoil, baby, mollycoddle mean to show undue favor to a person's desires and feelings. indulge implies excessive compliance and weakness in gratifying another's or one's own desires. indulged myself with food at the slightest excuse pamper implies inordinate gratification of desire for luxury and comfort with consequent enervating effect. pampered by the amenities of modern living humor stresses a yielding to a person's moods or whims. humored him by letting him tell the story spoil stresses the injurious effects on character by indulging or pampering. foolish parents spoil their children baby suggests excessive care, attention, or solicitude. babying students by grading too easily mollycoddle suggests an excessive degree of care and attention to another's health or welfare. refused to mollycoddle her malingering son

Noun

spoil, plunder, booty, prize, loot mean something taken from another by force or craft. spoil, more commonly spoils, applies to what belongs by right or custom to the victor in war or political contest. the spoils of political victory plunder applies to what is taken not only in war but in robbery, banditry, grafting, or swindling. a bootlegger's plunder booty implies plunder to be shared among confederates. thieves dividing up their booty prize applies to spoils captured on the high seas or territorial waters of the enemy. the wartime right of seizing prizes at sea loot applies especially to what is taken from victims of a catastrophe. picked through the ruins for loot

Examples of spoil in a Sentence

Verb The fight spoiled the party. The camping trip was spoiled by bad weather. Don't let one mistake spoil your day. Don't spoil your appetite by snacking too much. Exposure to air will spoil the wine. I spoiled the sauce by adding too much garlic. The milk was beginning to spoil. The hotel spoils their guests with fine dining and excellent service. She always spoils me on my birthday. You should spoil yourself with a day at the spa. Noun the bandits escaped with their lives but not with the spoils
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Food: Begin by eating what’s in the refrigerator because that will spoil first. Los Angeles Times, 12 June 2021 Victor’s nervous, his boyfriend doesn’t realize, some misunderstandings ensue, and then, eventually, get resolved — which, not to spoil an obvious but satisfying arc, does happen. Jackson Mchenry, Vulture, 11 June 2021 Brandenburg, 46, pleaded guilty in February to two charges relating to his attempt to spoil hundreds of doses of Moderna vaccine. Nicholas Reimann, Forbes, 8 June 2021 The shorter knockout format means one off-night can spoil a season. Joshua Robinson, WSJ, 29 May 2021 Farabee fired a snap shot past Blackwood to spoil his attempt at a second shutout this season with 1:16 left to play. Kevin Cooney, Star Tribune, 1 May 2021 The expanding saltwater threatens to spoil the underground aquifer that supplies the region’s drinking water and crack old sewer pipes and aging septic tanks. BostonGlobe.com, 2 June 2021 Josh Bell hit a solo homer off Amir Garrett in the ninth inning to spoil the shutout, but Mahle now has something new to remember about pitching at Nationals Park. Bobby Nightengale, The Enquirer, 26 May 2021 But this momentary lapse in the bottom of the sixth, an RBI double by Branch that brought home the separating run of a 2-0 win for Lovejoy, was just enough to spoil Prager’s outing in the final two outs of the game. Kevin Reynolds, Dallas News, 15 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Yes, but living together in the spoil now called New York is not a good choice. WSJ, 2 June 2021 Because of rainwater runoff on the steep hillside over the centuries, these areas have built up a dense layer of chalk mixed with silt and spoil, like the ingrained grime of a returnee from sleepaway camp. Rebecca Mead, The New Yorker, 12 May 2021 If goods on board spoil, or shipping companies have to compensate their customers for arriving late, that could lead to a flurry of insurance claims — opening the door for insurers to file claims against the owners of the Ever Given. Washington Post, 2 Apr. 2021 Understand, however, that these two may use your allegiance as a spoil in their private war, which will affect your ability to have a relationship with either one. Amy Dickinson, oregonlive, 29 Mar. 2021 Understand, however, that these two may use your allegiance as a spoil in their private war, which will affect your ability to have a relationship with either one. Tribune, Detroit Free Press, 29 Mar. 2021 Understand, however, that these two may use your allegiance as a spoil in their private war, which will affect your ability to have a relationship with either one. Washington Post, 29 Mar. 2021 Over the past century, oil and gas exploration and pipeline construction through the marshes led to the formation of spoil banks -- piles of soil left behind after excavating a site. Halle Parker | Staff Writer, NOLA.com, 25 Dec. 2020 The creation of new land in wetland areas has been assisted by the spoil banks left behind when oil and gas exploration canals were built. Mark Schleifstein, NOLA.com, 14 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'spoil.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of spoil

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 3b

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for spoil

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French espuiller, espoiller, from Latin spoliare to strip of natural covering, despoil, from spolium skin, hide — more at spill entry 1

Noun

Middle English spoile, from Anglo-French espuille, from espuiller

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Time Traveler for spoil

Time Traveler

The first known use of spoil was in the 14th century

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Statistics for spoil

Last Updated

16 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Spoil.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/spoil. Accessed 25 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for spoil

spoil

verb

English Language Learners Definition of spoil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to have a bad effect on (something) : to damage or ruin (something)
: to decay or lose freshness especially because of being kept too long
disapproving : to give (someone, such as a child) everything that he or she wants : to have a bad effect on (someone) by allowing too many things or by not correcting bad behavior

spoil

noun

English Language Learners Definition of spoil (Entry 2 of 2)

formal
: something stolen or taken by thieves, soldiers, etc.
: something valuable or desirable that someone gets by working or trying hard

spoil

verb
\ ˈspȯil How to pronounce spoil (audio) \
spoiled\ ˈspȯild \ or spoilt\ ˈspȯilt \; spoiling

Kids Definition of spoil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to damage the character of by allowing too many things or not correcting bad behavior Grandparents sometimes spoil a child.
2 : to damage badly : ruin Frost spoiled the crop.
3 : to damage the quality or effect of A quarrel spoiled the celebration.
4 : to decay or lose freshness, value, or usefulness by being kept too long The milk spoiled.

spoil

noun

Kids Definition of spoil (Entry 2 of 2)

: stolen goods : plunder

More from Merriam-Webster on spoil

Nglish: Translation of spoil for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of spoil for Arabic Speakers

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