oil

noun, often attributive
\ ˈȯi(-ə)l \

Definition of oil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : any of numerous unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or can be liquefied easily on warming, are soluble in ether but not in water, and leave a greasy stain on paper or cloth
b(1) : petroleum
(2) : the petroleum industry
2 : a substance (such as a cosmetic preparation) of oily consistency bath oil
3a : an oil color used by an artist
b : a painting done in oil colors
4 : unctuous or flattering speech

oil

verb

Definition of oil (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to smear, rub over, furnish, or lubricate with oil

intransitive verb

: to take on fuel oil
oil the hand or oil the palm
: bribe, tip

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Synonyms for oil

Synonyms: Noun

canvas (also canvass), oil painting, painting

Synonyms: Verb

grease, lubricate, slick, wax

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Examples of oil in a Sentence

Noun

The price of crude oil is expected to rise. We heat our house with oil. A little bit of oil will help lubricate the chain. Add a little oil to the pan and stir-fry the onions. The dressing is made with oil, vinegar, and a pinch of herbs.

Verb

He oiled the bearings of the machine. if you oil the machinery on a regular basis, it will operate more efficiently
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

David Bernhardt has represented oil producers and pipeline companies and, as the No. 2 at Interior, helped lead an effort to reopen millions of acres of public lands to drillers and miners. ... Timothy Puko, WSJ, "Interior Secretary Nominee Says He Will Balance Energy, Environment," 8 Feb. 2019 Whether that means going through oils that are leaking in the kitchen, toys that are broken in the playroom, puzzles with missing pieces, etc., these are the items that are easy to get rid of right off the bat. Lucia Tonelli, ELLE Decor, "The Home Edit Founders Share Their Top Organizing Tips for 2019," 29 Jan. 2019 Havana will not want to give up its oil-producing satrapy in Latin America. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "Revolt in Venezuela," 23 Jan. 2019 For such moments, Beattie splashes her claw foot tub with her own Warm Body Oil, a sweet almond–oil concoction with an escapist fragrance—suntan lotion with a dash of musk—inspired by childhood beach days and more recent road trips. Calin Van Paris, Vogue, "From Luxurious Oils to Detoxing Soaks, How to Take the Perfect Winter Bath," 9 Jan. 2019 Meanwhile, in a bowl, toss carrots, tomatoes, garlic, and chopped peppers with remaining Tbsp oil and pinch each salt and pepper, then fold in cilantro. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Egg Pepper Rings with Carrot Salsa," 9 Jan. 2019 Go beyond pumping your own gas and find out how to do the following simple checks that can save you cash and headaches down the road: • Check your oil once a month and add it if necessary. Seventeen Editors, Seventeen, "7 Driving Tips For Teens That'll Seriously Help You Become a Pro On The Road," 14 Dec. 2018 Using harsh soap on your face weakens the skin's barrier by stripping the skin of its natural oils, ceramides (which help retain moisture), and healthy fatty acids — a perfect setup for irritated and dry skin. Mona Gohara, Good Housekeeping, "6 Reasons Why Your Skin Is Blotchy — And How to Fix It," 13 Dec. 2018 The latest oil painting of the 92-year-old monarch is now prominently displayed at her Scottish residence. Roxanne Adamiyatt, Town & Country, "Queen Elizabeth Unveiled a Regal New Portrait of Herself at the Palace of Holyroodhouse," 30 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

And just like the stock market has eventually stopped doing what the president wants, so will oil prices. Emily Stewart, Vox, "Now that the stock market is down, Trump wants to take credit for oil prices," 27 Nov. 2018 And Kelly didn't have the calmest reaction to seeing her husband all oiled up — for everyone else to see. Cierra Williams, Good Housekeeping, "Kelly Ripa Flips Over Mark Consuelos's Latest 'Riverdale' Photo," 16 Nov. 2018 Consider these 10 serums, moisturizers, and oils your crash course in all-things bakuchiol. Karina Hoshikawa, Allure, "10 Skin-Care Products With Bakuchiol, aka the New Plant-Based Retinol Alternative," 26 Oct. 2018 In the latest iteration, Grenzke says the design team found solutions to problems wearers might never have considered, from the way that oils from sunscreen, sweat, and hair products break down the jacket’s laminate to hem creep. Heather Hansman, Outside Online, "How Arc'teryx Builds the World's Priciest Jackets," 25 Apr. 2018 Pita Taufatofua, the shirtless, oiled-up flag-bearing taekwondo competitor from Tonga who turned heads at the Summer Games in Rio two years ago is now trying his hand at being a cross-country skier. USA TODAY, "Bjoergen looks to extend dominance in cross country skiing," 11 Jan. 2018 Always Clean and Oil the Grill Grate Just Before Cooking To oil the grate, hold a wad of paper towels in tongs, then dip it in vegetable oil and run it over the hot, cleaned grate. Adam Ried, BostonGlobe.com, "Everything you need to know about using a charcoal grill," 29 June 2018 To oil the grates, keep a small bowl or container of vegetable oil beside the grill. Nancy Stohs, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "5 meats to master on the grill: We went back to school to learn the best techniques," 29 May 2018 Parnham's many moving parts were oiled by the butler, with help from a housekeeper and, for a time, two cooks (one from France, the other from Dorset), who kept the flock fed. David Usborne, Town & Country, "The Mysterious Case of the Parnham House Fire," 29 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oil.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of oil

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for oil

Noun

Middle English oile, from Anglo-French, from Latin oleum olive oil, from Greek elaion, from elaia olive

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Statistics for oil

Last Updated

14 Feb 2019

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Time Traveler for oil

The first known use of oil was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for oil

oil

noun

English Language Learners Definition of oil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a thick, black liquid that comes from the ground and that is used in making various products (such as gasoline)
: a type of oil that is used as a fuel to produce heat or light
: a type of oil that makes the different parts in an engine, machine, etc., run smoothly

oil

verb

English Language Learners Definition of oil (Entry 2 of 2)

: to put oil in or on (something)

oil

noun
\ ˈȯil \

Kids Definition of oil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : any of numerous greasy usually liquid substances from plant, animal, or mineral sources that do not dissolve in water and are used especially as lubricants, fuels, and food
2 : petroleum
3 : paint made of pigments and oil
4 : a painting done in oils

oil

verb
oiled; oiling

Kids Definition of oil (Entry 2 of 2)

: to rub on or lubricate with a greasy substance

oil

noun
\ ˈȯi(ə)l \

Medical Definition of oil

1 : any of numerous unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or can be liquefied easily on warming, are soluble in ether but not in water, and leave a greasy stain on paper or cloth — see essential oil, fatty oil, volatile oil
2 : a substance (as a cosmetic preparation) of oily consistency bath oil

Other Words from oil

oil adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on oil

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with oil

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for oil

Spanish Central: Translation of oil

Nglish: Translation of oil for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of oil for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about oil

Comments on oil

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