1

shock

play
noun \ˈshäk\

Definition of shock

  1. :  a pile of sheaves of grain or stalks of corn set up in a field with the butt ends down

Origin and Etymology of shock

Middle English; akin to Middle High German schoc heap


First Known Use: 14th century

Other Agriculture/Gardening Terms


2

shock

verb

Definition of shock

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to collect into shocks

15th Century

First Known Use of shock

15th century

Other Agriculture/Gardening Terms


3

shock

noun, often attributive

Definition of shock

  1. 1 :  the impact or encounter of individuals or groups in combat

  2. 2a :  a violent shake or jar :  concussionb :  an effect of such violence

  3. 3a (1) :  a disturbance in the equilibrium or permanence of something (2) :  a sudden or violent mental or emotional disturbanceb :  something that causes such disturbance <the loss came as a shock>c :  a state of being so disturbed <were in shock after they heard the news>

  4. 4 :  a state of profound depression of the vital processes associated with reduced blood volume and pressure and caused usually by severe especially crushing injuries, hemorrhage, or burns

  5. 5 :  sudden stimulation of the nerves and convulsive contraction of the muscles caused by the discharge of electricity through the animal body

  6. 6a :  stroke 5b :  coronary thrombosis

  7. 7 :  shock absorber

Origin and Etymology of shock

Medieval French choc, from choquer to strike against, from Old French choquier, probably of Germanic origin; akin to Middle Dutch schocken to jolt


First Known Use: 1565

Synonym Discussion of shock

impact, collision, shock, concussion mean a forceful, even violent contact between two or more things. impact may be used to imply contact between two things, at least one of which is impelled toward the other <the glass shattered on impact with the floor>. collision implies the coming together of two or more things with such force that both or all are damaged or their progress is severely impeded <the collision damaged the vehicle>. shock often denotes the effect produced by a collision and carries the suggestion of something that strikes or hits with force <the shock of falling rocks>. concussion when not in technical use, often suggests the shattering, disrupting, or weakening effects of a collision, explosion, or blow <bystanders felt the concussion of the blast>.

4

shock

verb

Definition of shock

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a :  to strike with surprise, terror, horror, or disgustb :  to cause to undergo a physical or nervous shockc :  to subject to the action of an electrical discharge

  3. 2 :  to drive by or as if by a shock

  4. intransitive verb
  5. 1 :  to meet with a shock :  collide

  6. 2 :  to cause surprise or shock <an exhibit meant to shock>

shockable

play \ˈshä-kə-bəl\ adjective

1656

First Known Use of shock

1656


5

shock

adjective

Definition of shock

Origin and Etymology of shock

perhaps from 1shock


First Known Use: 1681


6

shock

noun

Definition of shock

  1. :  a thick bushy mass (as of hair)

1819

First Known Use of shock

1819



SHOCK Defined for English Language Learners


5

shock

adjective

Definition of shock for English Language Learners

  • —used to describe something that surprises and usually upsets people


SHOCK Defined for Kids

1

shock

play
noun \ˈshäk\

Definition of shock for Students

  1. :  a bunch of sheaves of grain or stalks of corn set on end (as in a field)


2

shock

play
noun

Definition of shock for Students

  1. 1 :  a sudden strong unpleasant or upsetting feeling <a shock of surprise>

  2. 2 :  something that causes a sudden unpleasant or upsetting feeling <His resignation came as a shock.>

  3. 3 :  a severe shake, jerk, or impact <an earthquake shock>

  4. 4 :  the effect of a charge of electricity passing through the body of a person or animal

  5. 5 :  a serious bodily reaction that usually follows severe injury or large loss of blood


3

shock

play
verb

Definition of shock for Students

shocked

shocking

  1. 1 :  to strike with surprise, horror, or disgust <Their behavior shocked us.>

  2. 2 :  to affect by a charge of electricity

  3. 3 :  to move to action especially by causing upset, surprise, or disgust <“Oh, Davy,” said Dora primly, shocked into speaking … — Lucy Maud Montgomery, Anne of Avonlea>


4

shock

play
noun

Definition of shock for Students

  1. :  a thick bushy mass <a shock of red hair>


Medical Dictionary

1

shock

play
noun \ˈshäk\

Medical Definition of shock

  1. 1:  a sudden or violent disturbance in the mental or emotional faculties

  2. 2:  a state of profound depression of the vital processes of the body that is characterized by pallor, rapid but weak pulse, rapid and shallow respiration, reduced total blood volume, and low blood pressure and that is caused usually by severe especially crushing injuries, hemorrhage, burns, or major surgery

  3. 3:  sudden stimulation of the nerves or convulsive contraction of the muscles that is caused by the discharge through the animal body of electricity from a charged source—compare electroconvulsive therapy


2

shock

transitive verb

Medical Definition of shock

  1. 1:  to cause to undergo a physical or nervous shock

  2. 2:  to subject to the action of an electrical discharge


Law Dictionary

shock

adjective

Legal Definition of shock

  1. :  of, relating to, or being a criminal sentence or condition of release involving participation in a program of vigorous physical training, discipline, regimentation, and rehabilitation therapy <shock incarceration> <shock probation> <shock parole>



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