sharp

adjective
\ ˈshärp How to pronounce sharp (audio) \

Definition of sharp

 (Entry 1 of 5)

1 : adapted to cutting or piercing: such as
a : having a thin keen edge or fine point
b : briskly or bitingly cold : nipping a sharp wind
2a : keen in intellect : quick-witted
b : keen in perception : acute sharp sight
c : keen in attention : vigilant keep a sharp lookout
d : keen in attention to one's own interest sometimes to the point of being unethical a sharp trader also : corrupt, unethical sharp business practices
3 : keen in spirit or action: such as
a : full of activity or energy : brisk sharp blows
b : capable of acting or reacting strongly especially : caustic
4 : severe, harsh: such as
a : inclined to or marked by irritability or anger a sharp temper
b : causing intense mental or physical distress a sharp pain
c : cutting in language or import a sharp rebuke
5 : affecting the senses or sense organs intensely: such as
a(1) : having a strong odor or flavor sharp cheese
(2) : acrid
b : having a strong piercing sound
c : having the effect of or involving a sudden brilliant display of light a sharp flash
6a : terminating in a point or edge sharp features
b : involving an abrupt or marked change especially in direction a sharp turn
c : clear in outline or detail : distinct a sharp image
d : set forth with clarity and distinctness sharp contrast
7a of a tone : raised a half step in pitch
b : higher than the proper pitch
c : major, augmented used of an interval in music

sharp

adverb

Definition of sharp (Entry 2 of 5)

1 : in a sharp manner
2 : exactly 1:15 sharp

sharp

noun
plural sharps

Definition of sharp (Entry 3 of 5)

: one that is sharp: such as
a : a sharp edge or point
b(1) : a musical note or tone one half step higher than a note or tone named
(2) : a character ♯ on a line or space of the musical staff indicating a pitch a half step higher than the degree would indicate without it
c : a needle with a small eye for sewing by hand
d : a real or self-proclaimed expert also : sharper
e : a medical instrument (such as a scalpel, lancet, or syringe needle) that is sharp or may produce sharp pieces by shattering usually plural It is no longer legal to dispose of sharps in the regular trash, Health Director Jeanne M. Galloway said in announcing the new collection station.— Angela Carbone

sharp

verb
sharped; sharping; sharps

Definition of sharp (Entry 4 of 5)

transitive verb

: to raise (a musical tone) in pitch especially : to raise in pitch by a half step

intransitive verb

: to sing or play above the proper pitch

Sharp

biographical name
\ ˈshärp How to pronounce Sharp (audio) \

Definition of Sharp (Entry 5 of 5)

Phillip Allen 1944–     American biologist

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Other Words from sharp

Adjective

sharply adverb
sharpness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for sharp

Synonyms: Adjective

cutting, edged, edgy, ground, honed, keen, sharpened, stropped, trenchant, whetted

Synonyms: Adverb

due, exactly, full, just, precisely, right, smack-dab, squarely

Synonyms: Noun

ace, adept, artist, authority, cognoscente, connoisseur, crackerjack (also crackajack), dab [chiefly British], dab hand [chiefly British], expert, fiend, geek, guru, hand, hotshot, maestro, master, maven (also mavin), meister, past master, proficient, scholar, shark, virtuoso, whiz, wizard

Antonyms: Adjective

blunt, blunted, dull, dulled, obtuse

Antonyms: Noun

amateur, inexpert, nonexpert

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Choose the Right Synonym for sharp

Adjective

sharp, keen, acute mean having or showing alert competence and clear understanding. sharp implies quick perception, clever resourcefulness, or sometimes questionable trickiness. sharp enough to spot a confidence game keen suggests quickness, enthusiasm, and a penetrating mind. a keen observer of the political scene acute implies a power to penetrate and may suggest subtlety and sharpness of discrimination. an acute sense of style

Examples of sharp in a Sentence

Adjective

a sharp drop in temperature He took a sharp left turn. a sharp curve in the road Her cheerful mood stands in sharp contrast to her dreary surroundings.

Adverb

be there at four o'clock sharp

Noun

the computer sharp that the rest of the staff turns to whenever their PCs act up
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

One study notes that, after 2–3 years in a monogamous relationship, men’s libidos plateau while women’s take a sharp decline. Amanda Mitchell, Marie Claire, "The "Wonderful Weirdness" of Female Sexuality," 23 Oct. 2018 That was due mainly to a sharp decline in the number of attacks in Iraq, where the Islamic State group has been largely displaced. Matthew Lee, Fox News, "US tags Iran anew as top terror sponsor, global attacks fall," 19 Sep. 2018 Most of the biggest rappers of the 1980s and 1990s saw their commercial peaks go into sharp decline after as little as a few years, but Jay’s longevity set a new standard. Stereo Williams, Billboard, "Drake's 2018 Has Been Huge. But Is He the Biggest Rapper Ever?," 13 July 2018 After announcing its plans to cut nearly a quarter of its global staff, the company’s June numbers reveal a sharp decline in sales. Erin Corbett, Fortune, "Smartphone Maker HTC Saw a Sharp Decline in Sales Last Month," 8 July 2018 But 2017 marked a significant change: The United States resettled 33,000 refugees, a sharp decline from 97,000 the year before, while the rest of the world combined resettled 69,000 refugees. Frank Witsil, Detroit Free Press, "Report: US no longer takes in more refugees than the rest of the world," 6 July 2018 Arrests were still more than double from 16,077 in June 2017, but the sharp decline from spring could undercut the Trump administration’s narrative of a border in crisis. Time, "U.S. Border Patrol Arrests Dropped Sharply in June, Report Says," 3 July 2018 Getty Images Known for her dark brown pixie cut, Jenner switched up her signature 'do for a hot, razor-sharp blonde bob. Ineye Komonibo, Marie Claire, "Kris Jenner Debuted a Hot New Look at the 2019 Met Gala," 6 May 2019 Side-by-side with other women at court, Cersei's wardrobe is thrown into sharper relief. Glamour, "Game of Thrones," 12 Apr. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

While most of the area’s top athletes run for clubs and compete in regional and national meets during the off-season, Romero was busy staying sharp as a gymnast. Mark Stewart, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Success in golf and gymnastics set the stage for Brookfield Central's Lexi Romero to shine on the track," 17 May 2018 Ross’ stuff has been sharp more often than not since arriving in Arizona. Kevin Acee, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Tyson Ross making healthy run at Padres' rotation spot," 6 Mar. 2018 But he's picked it up real sharp, real quick with that. Nick Baumgardner, Detroit Free Press, "Jim Harbaugh: Michigan football's quarterback battle still wide open," 28 Apr. 2018 The two-time Oscar-winning actress took a 23-year detour into politics, and clearly her blistering broadsides as a member of Parliament against the Conservative opposition have kept her histrionic powers sharp within a certain range. Charles Mcnulty, latimes.com, "Glenda Jackson steals the show in a thrilling, emotionally affecting 'Three Tall Women' on Broadway," 30 Mar. 2018 Kentucky hasn’t looked particularly sharp through the first two weeks of the 2017 season, but the Wildcats have an all-important 2-0 record on their resume. Joe Mussatto, ajc, "2017 SEC Country Power Poll: Where Kentucky is ranked (Week 2)," 10 Sep. 2017 Footage from Japanese broadcaster NHK showed a sharp horizontal cut across the bow area, which looked like a shark's mouth. baltimoresun.com, "Halethorpe man among 7 sailors who died in USS Fitzgerald collision off Japan," 18 June 2017 Footage from Japanese broadcaster NHK showed a sharp horizontal cut across the bow area, which looked like a shark’s mouth. Washington Post, "Mother: Son tried to save Navy shipmates after collision," 18 June 2017 Look sharp: Here are 10 new and classic models worth taking on the water. Troy Patterson, Bloomberg.com, "Ten Sailing Watches That Look Sharp on Either Land or Water," 12 May 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Sometimes that nervousness and those butterflies get you extra-sharp. George Ramsay, CNN, "Mind game: When rugby stars are 'too nervous to take the field'," 1 June 2018 LONDON—European airlines are flying into smoother air with ticket prices, bolstered by improving corporate bookings and steadily growing economies, showing signs of recovery after years of sharp falls. Robert Wall, WSJ, "European Airlines Set for Lift From Rising Ticket Prices," 5 May 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

It was followed the following year by the Harvard business case program, where students sharped business skills. Staff Report, chicagotribune.com, "Giving back: Ridgewood students recognized for their mentoring work," 21 June 2018 But strong pitching was the order of the day Friday, with Tanaka looking sharp himself. Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY, "Dallas Keuchel in command: Astros cruise to Game 1 ALCS win over Yankees," 13 Oct. 2017 North Korea if America or its allies come under attack is, in fact, not all that sharp a break from existing U.S. policy. Ankit Panda, The Atlantic, "A Presidential Misunderstanding of Deterrence," 20 Sep. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sharp.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sharp

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1662, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for sharp

Adjective

Middle English, from Old English scearp; akin to Old High German scarf sharp and perhaps to Old English scrapian to scrape — more at scrape

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Statistics for sharp

Last Updated

6 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for sharp

The first known use of sharp was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for sharp

sharp

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of sharp

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: having a thin edge that is able to cut things or a fine point that is able to make a hole in things
: sudden and quick
: involving a sudden change in direction

sharp

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of sharp (Entry 2 of 3)

: above the correct musical pitch

sharp

noun

English Language Learners Definition of sharp (Entry 3 of 3)

: a musical note that is one semitone higher than a specified note also : a written symbol ♯ that is placed before a note to show that it should be played a semitone higher

sharp

adjective
\ ˈshärp How to pronounce sharp (audio) \
sharper; sharpest

Kids Definition of sharp

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : having a thin edge or fine point (as for cutting or piercing) a sharp knife
2 : brisk and cold a sharp wind
3 : very smart a sharp student
4 : attentive sense 1 He kept a sharp watch.
5 : having very good ability to see or hear You have sharp eyes.
6 : energetic, brisk We kept up a sharp pace.
7 : showing anger or disapproval a sharp reply
8 : causing distress : severe a sharp pain sharp criticism
9 : strongly affecting the senses The workshop … had the sharp, warm scent of wood shavings and sawdust.— Lloyd Alexander, Time Cat
10 : ending in a point or edge a sharp mountain peak
11 : involving a sudden and quick change a sharp drop in the temperature a sharp turn
12 : clear in outline or detail : distinct a sharp image
13 : raised in pitch by a half step F sharp
14 : higher than true pitch Her singing was slightly sharp.
15 : stylish a sharp outfit

Other Words from sharp

sharply adverb
sharpness noun

sharp

adverb

Kids Definition of sharp (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : at an exact time four o'clock sharp
2 : at a higher than true pitch He sang sharp.

sharp

noun

Kids Definition of sharp (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a musical note or tone that is a half step higher than the note named
2 : a sign ♯ that tells that a note is to be made higher by a half step

sharp

noun
\ ˈshärp How to pronounce sharp (audio) \

Medical Definition of sharp

: a medical instrument (as a scalpel, lancet, or syringe needle) that is sharp or may produce sharp pieces by shattering As I passed the hemostat, the needle clipped my glove and my skin … I then disposed of the sharp and tried to force bleeding.The Journal of the American Medical Association, 4 Jan. 2012 usually used in plural It is no longer legal to dispose of sharps in the regular trash, Health Director Jeanne M. Galloway said in announcing the new collection station.— Angela Carbone, The Springfield (Massachusetts) Republican, 18 Oct. 2008

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More from Merriam-Webster on sharp

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with sharp

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for sharp

Spanish Central: Translation of sharp

Nglish: Translation of sharp for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of sharp for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about sharp

Comments on sharp

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