\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes
b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans
2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)
3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun
4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics— H. J. Seldes
5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat
2 : to undergo being roasted



Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting
2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism
4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends



Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

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Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics. Noun She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb BoyChoy offers authentic-style dishes that range from dumplings to roast duck. Michael Alpiner, Forbes, "How To Travel With That South Beach And Miami Vibe," 10 May 2021 Toss the artichokes with 2 tablespoons olive oil in a bowl, then transfer to the prepared baking sheet to roast. Tribune News Service, cleveland, "The freedom, and serenity, in using prepared artichokes," 26 Apr. 2021 One insulting letter lights the fuse and then ships full of men sink, battalions rush into machine-gun fire and atomic bombs roast cities. WSJ, "The Cause of the Pacific War and Its Miseries," 22 Apr. 2021 The Jenkins hope to expand to other locations and eventually roast their own coffee. Beth Thames |, al, "At Charlie Foster’s coffee shop, ‘nobody is going to judge us’," 21 Apr. 2021 Note: If rhubarb is out of season, use fresh or frozen raspberries instead (but don't roast them). Bill Ward Special To The Star Tribune, Star Tribune, "Lemon-tinted herbs perking up sweet and savory dishes," 21 Apr. 2021 Other items on the lunch and dinner menu range from chicken, lamb or pork gyros to roast chicken and leg of lamb. Anna Caplan, Dallas News, "This new Greek restaurant in McKinney is labor of love for its owners," 9 Apr. 2021 To roast beets, position a rack in the middle of the oven and preheat to 400 degrees. Katie Workman, Washington Post, "Make a spring Cobb salad the centerpiece of a festive and thrifty Easter brunch," 29 Mar. 2021 In Peru, a local chef and her son teach the puppets how to roast potatoes in a huatia, an outdoor oven made of rocks and soil. Doreen St. Félix, The New Yorker, "Michelle Obama’s Lesson to Kids: You Are What You Watch," 29 Mar. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun As far as prepared dishes go, my go-to is either a strawberry jelly and sunflower-seed butter sandwich or roast chicken. Gabriella Gershenson, WSJ, "No Gluten, Dairy or Refined Sugar? In This Chef’s Paleo-Friendly Recipes, You Don’t Miss Them," 13 May 2021 Transfer them to a second rimmed baking sheet in one layer and roast for 10 to 15 minutes, tossing occasionally, until lightly crisped and golden brown. Washington Post, "Roast the seeds and peel for a crunchy garnish on this butternut squash and sage pasta," 22 Apr. 2021 Roll the roast in the flour until it is coated all over; shake off the excess., "Recipe: The classic flavors of French onion soup go into this delectable pot roast with Gruyere toasts," 9 Mar. 2021 Place hazelnuts on a baking sheet and roast for 10 to 12 minutes, until fragrant. Star Tribune, "Recipes: Yeasted Waffles With Maple Syrup, Maple Caramel Hazelnut Sandwich Cookies," 3 Mar. 2021 Put okra in a pan and toss with olive oil, and roast in oven for 20 minutes. Dallas News, "‘I just kept cooking’: How chef Tiffany Derry has persisted during the pandemic," 17 Nov. 2020 Place the diced tomatoes and garlic in a roasting pan and roast for 30 minutes. Tara Duggan,, "5 recipes to bring comfort, from Hainanese chicken rice to stewed short ribs with adobo," 30 Oct. 2020 Add the garlic and onion slices to the pan, then roast for 25 minutes, turning the pan halfway through cook time. Anita L. Arambula, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Grilled eggplant pizza gets a Moroccan touch," 7 Oct. 2020 Place the pork roast in the smoker with lid closed and cook for 2 hours, or until the temperature registers 145 degrees at the thickest part. Chuck Blount,, "Recipe: Smoked Herbed Mayonnaise Pork Roast," 21 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Our family's traditional holiday dinner is roast beef with all the trimmings served late in the day on a candlelit table, a once-a-year, festive feast. Star Tribune, "Breakfast bread pudding is naughty and nice," 23 Dec. 2020 Go to Fiore’s in Hoboken, New Jersey, and get the roast beef mozzarella with the hot peppers. Safid Deen,, "Dolphins assistant Anthony Campanile shares his passion for football, family and Sunday dinners," 27 Nov. 2020 Convection Works’ toaster oven includes rotisserie spit and rods to slow-roast poultry ($174.39, save 20%). oregonlive, "Amazon Prime Day 2020: Best kitchen deals end tonight," 14 Oct. 2020 Our favorite Middle Eastern dinner recipes run the gamut from roast chicken (done the traditional Iraqi and Palestinian ways) to the grilled, stewed, and fried lamb methods that are popular throughout the region. Saveur Editors, Saveur, "53 Best Middle Eastern Recipes," 18 May 2020 C&M Restaurant in Oakland Chinatown, Oakland beer garden Arthur Mac’s Tap & Snack and Oakland’s Monster Pho have shuttered their dine-in areas completely but are still offering to-go roast duck, pizza and Vietnamese noodle soup, respectively. Janelle Bitker,, "Bay Area restaurants turn to delivery, takeout amid coronavirus outbreak," 13 Mar. 2020 Then, a riff on Roman staples — roast duck and turnips — finished with Pompeian red wine (which the town once produced and exported in abundance). Meara Sharma, New York Times, "How to Eat Dinner Like the Last Citizens of Pompeii," 24 Dec. 2019 Most French press experts tend to prefer medium and dark roast coffee, which lends to the slower extraction of oils, flavor, and character of brewing. Myo Quinn, Good Housekeeping, "How to Use a French Press Coffee Maker," 17 Mar. 2020 But the newfangled beverage system dispenses nitro cold brew, dark roast coffee and teas instead of beer. Doreen Christensen,, "New ‘next generation’ Dunkin’ opens in South Florida," 12 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roast


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast


Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Time Traveler for roast

Time Traveler

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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Statistics for roast

Last Updated

14 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Roast.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 15 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for roast



English Language Learners Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to cook (food such as chicken, potatoes, or beef) with dry heat in an oven or over a fire
: to dry (something, such as a bean or nut) with heat
informal : to be very hot



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: a piece of meat that is roasted
US : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire
US : an event at which someone is honored and people tell jokes or funny stories about that person in a friendly way



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: cooked by roasting


\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)
2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other Words from roast

roaster noun



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat
2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

More from Merriam-Webster on roast

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for roast

Nglish: Translation of roast for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roast for Arabic Speakers

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