roast

1 of 3

verb

roasted; roasting; roasts

transitive verb

1
a
: to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones
roast a potato in ashes
b
: to process a raw coffee bean by drying, heating to temperatures typically between 380-450° F (190-230° C) for seven to twenty minutes, and quickly cooling to room temperature to achieve a desired level of roast (see roast entry 2 sense 3)
roasting coffee brings out flavor, aroma, and character; it also evaporates moisture.Lisa Kolb Ruland
2
: to heat to excess
roasted by the summer sun
3
: to subject to severe criticism or ridicule
The film was roasted by critics and isn't fondly remembered …John Fox
4
: to honor (a person) at a roast (see roast entry 2 sense 5)
5
metallurgy : to heat (inorganic material) in air and without fusing (as to oxidize sulfides or eliminate volatile matter)
Zinc is refined from its ore by roasting finely crushed zinc blende … in a furnace.Daniel A. Brandt

intransitive verb

1
: to cook food by heat
Once you've tossed the potatoes in your chosen fat, you're ready to roast.Fionnula Hainey
2
: to undergo the process of being roasted
left the potatoes in the oven to roast
often used figuratively
We roasted in the stuffy classroom.

roast

2 of 3

noun

plural roasts
1
: a piece of meat suitable for roasting
Put the roast in the oven.
see also pot roast
2
: a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
was invited to a pig roast
3
: the distinctive quality or character of a coffee bean that typically includes its darkness, aroma, and flavor and is determined by the degree of roasting (see roast entry 1 sense 1b)
The difference in coffee roasts is in their levels of oil, caffeine, and acidity.Clark Nowlin
see also dark roast, light roast, medium roast
4
: an act or instance of severe banter or criticism
… did not hold back in his roast of Washington politics …, saving jabs for both parties.Kaanita Iyer
5
: a banquet honoring a person who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends
Tennis ace Boris Becker wasn't on the dais at the North Miami celebrity roast of aging bad boy Ilie Nastase, so he could observe the rites with a certain detachment.Tim Allis

roast

3 of 3

adjective

: that has been roasted
roast beef

Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics. Noun She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Verb
The couple was roasted in certain corners like a rotating apple-mouthed pig at a family reunion. Stephen Rodrick, Variety, 13 Feb. 2024 Here, chef Gerardo Vazquez Lugo roasts them with onions wrapped in an agave leaf. Claudia Alarcón, Forbes, 12 Feb. 2024 In fact, fans of other schools have roasted me repeatedly this season for ranking the Longhorns too high on my AP men’s basketball ballot. Jon Wilner, The Mercury News, 9 Feb. 2024 How to Cook a Ham Our preferred method for cooking ham is roasting a pre-cooked ham in the oven. Patricia S York, Southern Living, 6 Feb. 2024 The half chicken is brined for 24 hours, marinated for three days, grilled for a crispy skin and then roasted in a wood-fire oven blazing in the center of the kitchen before it’s finished on an open grill grate. Carlos Frías, Miami Herald, 30 Jan. 2024 The film The Menu roasted this style of fine dining like campfire marshmallows. Adam Erace, Fortune, 28 Jan. 2024 Place in the oven at 425 degrees and roast for 10 to 12 minutes, giving the pan a good jerk about halfway through to roll the spears. Kathleen Purvis, Charlotte Observer, 31 Jan. 2024 Beautiful 6-Quart Air Fryer The best-selling air fryer features a touch display that controls the settings to air fry, reheat, dehydrate, and roast your recipes. Wendy Vazquez, Southern Living, 26 Jan. 2024
Noun
And the low-key aphrodisiac of roast chicken conveys something that a boneless breast cannot. Emily Heil, Washington Post, 14 Feb. 2024 On the menu was a traditional roast duck and a Swedish princess cake, and at each place setting sat a small red cashmere pouch with a small white heart at the bottom right corner and a place card with a custom portrait drawn by illustrator Joana Avillez. Laird Borrelli-Persson, Vogue, 10 Feb. 2024 There are also a few extras not often seen here, such as roast turkey nightly or tri-tip steak. Bud Kennedy, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 5 Feb. 2024 Most rotate with the seasons but items like the roast chicken have reached fervent fanbase levels and so remain as anchors throughout the year. Ben Jarrell, Charlotte Observer, 31 Jan. 2024 The hot roast beef sandwich has roast beef, cheddar, caramelized onions, horseradish mayo and banana peppers on a ciabatta bun. Clayton Hanson, Charlotte Observer, 31 Jan. 2024 The rest of the traveling press corps waited in a lounge at the airport, where we were offered refreshments and small roast beef with cheese or egg salad sandwiches that were cut into little triangles. John Parkinson, ABC News, 13 Jan. 2024 Ham grinder, roast beef grinder, a smashburger, Italian grinder wrap and a steak and cheese. Pamela McLoughlin, Hartford Courant, 11 Jan. 2024 Eric Cheung’s Hing Lung Meat Company gets half of its sales from its roast duck, and when bird flu hit last year, Cheung opted to close the restaurant for five days. Tori Latham, Robb Report, 10 Jan. 2024
Adjective
There will be roast duck with flaky scallion tortillas in the style of fajitas and an onsite smoker turning out Chinese sticky ribs. Kate Kassin, Bon Appétit, 7 Sep. 2023 Thick slices of roast paan form a hearty base for a fuss-free sandwich eaten on the go. Vidya Balachander, Condé Nast Traveler, 23 Aug. 2023 The Menu: Starters included Lambay Island crab cake and asparagus, while Biden was treated to duck fat fondant potato, rainbow carrots, pea and mint puree, sherry vinegar lamb jus, roast saddle of lamb and confit lamb shoulder as main courses. Joey Garrison, USA TODAY, 14 Apr. 2023 My mom made roast beef hash with hers. Murr Brewster, The Christian Science Monitor, 16 Aug. 2022 Tallying nearly 35 million TikTok followers since joining the platform right before the pandemic hit, Ramsay uses his account to both hilariously roast TikTokers' culinary disasters and tap into viral food trends. Antonia Debianchi, Peoplemag, 14 Nov. 2022 The options are egg salad, tuna salad, chicken salad, ham and Swiss, turkey club, Italian and roast beef. Susan Dunne, courant.com, 27 Jan. 2022 Christmas specials to include roast goose shanks, as well as the full regular menu. Carol Deptolla, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 9 Dec. 2021 The 10 smart Programs are roast, stew, bake, steam, slow cook, sear/sauté, rice, yogurt, ferment and warm. Mark Heim | Mheim@al.com, al, 11 Nov. 2021 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'roast.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Verb

Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

First Known Use

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

Dictionary Entries Near roast

Cite this Entry

“Roast.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/roast. Accessed 23 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

roast

1 of 3 verb
1
: to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)
2
: to be or make very hot
3
: to criticize severely in either a serious or joking way

roast

2 of 3 noun
1
: a piece of meat roasted or suitable for roasting
2
: an outing at which food is roasted
3
: severe criticism or kidding

roast

3 of 3 adjective
: cooked by roasting
roast beef
roast pork

More from Merriam-Webster on roast

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