\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes
b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans
2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)
3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun
4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics— H. J. Seldes
5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat
2 : to undergo being roasted



Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting
2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism
4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends



Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

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Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics. Noun She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Last week energy speculators got roasted by the plunge in U.S. oil futures prices to negative-$40 a barrel as they were forced to take a loss rather than accept physical delivery. Spencer Jakab, WSJ, "‘Frac Holiday’ Means Prolonged Pain for Oil Industry," 27 Apr. 2020 Chickens are roasted every two hours during the day, an employee said, and birds unsold after four hours are pulled. Carol Deptolla, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "A field guide to Milwaukee-area rotisserie chickens, ranging from $4.50 to a $40 meal," 10 Mar. 2020 The major religious event in Greektown was Easter, which was celebrated with a big gathering behind the Cosmopolitan Market, off Third Street between Folsom and Harrison, at which as many as 20 lambs were roasted. Gary Kamiya,, "San Francisco’s Greektown was a big part of South of Market. Now it’s long gone," 21 Feb. 2020 Urushiol is the reason cashews are never sold in the shell and are typically roasted. Everyday Einstein Sabrina Stierwalt, Scientific American, "What Do Cashews, Mangoes and Poison Ivy Have in Common?," 26 Jan. 2020 The 340 victims who cowered inside the structures, called fornici, suffocated and then were slowly roasted at lower temperatures instead of quickly succumbing to the boiling, pyroclastic surges that pummeled the town. Jennifer Leman, Popular Mechanics, "Damn, Look What Vesuvius Did to This Poor Guy's Brain," 24 Jan. 2020 Growing up, whenever the round, purple vegetable got roasted, our home would fill up with smoke and burning smell. Quartz Staff, Quartz India, "Culinary confessions: At times “Indian food” can completely put off Indians themselves," 26 Nov. 2019 Once the vegetables are roasted and the rice is cooked, stir them into the broth and serve., "Recipe: Vegan Winter Jambalaya," 6 Nov. 2019 No guy wants to be the first to open up; odds are you’ll be roasted. Henry Dawson, Bon Appétit, "I Didn't Know How to Tell My Guy Friends I Cared, So I Learned to Bake," 4 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun While this might not work for older kids, my 2.5-year-old daughter will do just about anything for a marshmallow, so our indoor campfire with a fake mallow roast and camp seats is pretty fun. Joe Jackson, Outside Online, "Gear Hacks to Keep Your Kids Entertained at Home," 16 Apr. 2020 The Razorback can grill, bake, roast, and, of course, smoke. Outdoor Life, "Four Pellet-Fueled Smokers to Enhance Your Outdoor Cooking," 7 Apr. 2020 The chain known for its roast beef sandwiches added a new fish sandwich to its lineup and started a surf turf war with McDonald's over its Filet-o-Fish. Kelly Tyko, USA TODAY, "Chick-fil-A, Arby's, Wendy's, McDonald's and more serve up fish sandwiches, specials for Lent," 26 Feb. 2020 The chef designed the dish to taste like a roast beef sandwich. Washington Post, "Emilie’s, from chef Kevin Tien, brings some good news to the Hill," 5 Feb. 2020 Zach Galifianakis manned a Hollywood Arby's takeout window for several hours last year, handing out dozens of roast beef sandwiches to Television Academy members. Glenn Whipp,, "An amped-up Emmy campaign season sees big names, bigger parties and some rule breakers," 20 June 2019 Zach Galifianakis manned a Hollywood Arby’s takeout window for several hours last year, handing out dozens of roast beef sandwiches to Television Academy members. Glenn Whipp,, "An amped-up Emmy campaign season sees big names, bigger parties and some rule breakers," 19 June 2019 Plus, a roast chicken can produce leftovers that will last several days, making it a great to make on the weekend and eat through the week. Saveur, "Roasted Chicken Recipes," 22 Sep. 2015 Place the lamb leg roast in a gallon size Ziploc bag. Kathryn Gregory, The Courier-Journal, "Feel like getting fancy in the kitchen? Try 3 decadent entrees from Louisville restaurants," 6 May 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Most French press experts tend to prefer medium and dark roast coffee, which lends to the slower extraction of oils, flavor, and character of brewing. Myo Quinn, Good Housekeeping, "How to Use a French Press Coffee Maker," 17 Mar. 2020 But the newfangled beverage system dispenses nitro cold brew, dark roast coffee and teas instead of beer. Doreen Christensen,, "New ‘next generation’ Dunkin’ opens in South Florida," 12 Oct. 2019 Perhaps your find delight in reading a great novel, sipping dark roast coffee, or cheering for your favorite team, foam finger and all. Josh Linkner, Detroit Free Press, "Ask yourself these questions to find your best-self game plan," 14 Sep. 2019 For a different brand of hygge, visit the fashionable Café Atelier September, which serves light-roast coffee from Sweden’s Koppi roastery and the city’s most photographed avocado toast. New York Times, "36 Hours in Copenhagen," 26 Apr. 2018 So, drink cheap, light, filtered coffee, not fancy dark roast coffee in a French press or espresso. Polly Campbell,, "Get the most out of your food with these tips," 11 Jan. 2018 Then, for dinner, creamed corn in a skillet, roast chicken, beer and rollicking conversation at the Old Place in Agoura Hills, one of my favorite restaurants. Margaret Wappler, Los Angeles Times, "Journal the pandemic and those weird grocery store trips — with help from Michelle Obama," 17 Apr. 2020 This Upper East Side market and caterer will have classic Passover menu packages serving two ($145) or four ($265), featuring brisket with gravy, roast chicken or braised chicken with olives. Florence Fabricant, New York Times, "Breads Bakery, Eli’s Market and Others Offer Holiday Packages," 31 Mar. 2020 Jarred Olives Add olives to your cart and use them later on anything like roast chicken, farro salad, pistachio bruschetta, or tapenade. Maya Wong, Sunset Magazine, "Your Plan to Stock Up and Eat Well During the Coronavirus Era," 5 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roast


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast


Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Time Traveler for roast

Time Traveler

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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Statistics for roast

Last Updated

23 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Roast.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for roast


How to pronounce roast (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to cook (food such as chicken, potatoes, or beef) with dry heat in an oven or over a fire
: to dry (something, such as a bean or nut) with heat
informal : to be very hot



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: a piece of meat that is roasted
US : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire
US : an event at which someone is honored and people tell jokes or funny stories about that person in a friendly way



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: cooked by roasting


\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)
2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other Words from roast

roaster noun



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat
2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

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More from Merriam-Webster on roast

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for roast

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with roast

Spanish Central: Translation of roast

Nglish: Translation of roast for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roast for Arabic Speakers

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