\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes
b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans
2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)
3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun
4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics— H. J. Seldes
5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat
2 : to undergo being roasted



Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting
2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism
4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends



Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics. Noun She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Members of The Girlfriends Club, and organizer Cheree Larson, far right, gather around a campfire at a Millcreek Canyon picnic area to roast marshmallows for s'mores on Friday, July 15, 2022. Julie Jag, The Salt Lake Tribune, 22 July 2022 Others drew more heavily from the language of the internet to roast Hawley. Jonathan Edwards,, 22 July 2022 Others drew more heavily from the language of the internet to roast Hawley. Jonathan Edwards, Washington Post, 22 July 2022 Opt for the Le Creuset Signature Cast Iron Round Casserole to roast, braise, and bake one-pot recipes. Isabel Garcia,, 12 July 2022 In the end, as Joe decamps to Paris, hopefully to roast expat culture, it’s Love who dies and the Conrads who live to write a book about their ordeal, followed by the inevitable tag-team TEDx Talk. Judy Berman, Time, 17 Oct. 2021 If the burner seems too weak, roast the peppers first and turn off the main grill before lighting the side burner. Karoline Boehm Goodnick,, 5 July 2022 So the company has bought new roasters, and a larger facility to roast beans in Utah. Stefene Russell, The Salt Lake Tribune, 3 July 2022 Some specialize in highlighting small roasters, while others source and roast their own beans. Jaina Grey Scott Gilbertson, Wired, 30 June 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Place the ribs in the oven and roast, brushing occasionally with the reserved marinade, until the ribs are done and a knife slides easily into the thickest part of the rib meat, 2 hours for baby back ribs and 3 hours for St. Louis spare ribs. USA TODAY, 16 July 2022 Place in the oven and roast chicken for 10 minutes. Susan Selasky, Detroit Free Press, 8 Feb. 2022 Return the sheet pan to the oven and roast for about 5 minutes, or until the cheese is melted. Washington Post, 7 Dec. 2021 Place the turkey in the oven and roast until the flour is brown, about 25-30 minutes. Paul Stephen, San Antonio Express-News, 17 Nov. 2021 Once the turkey has rested for an hour, place the turkey sheet pan on the middle rack in the oven and roast, rotating the pan halfway through. Christian Reynoso, San Francisco Chronicle, 10 Nov. 2021 Carefully transfer to the oven and roast until farro is tender and chicken skin is crisp, 30 minutes. Adina Steiman, WSJ, 30 Sep. 2021 Return to the oven and roast until chicken juices run clear and broccoli is almost tender, 20 to 25 minutes. Tribune News Service, cleveland, 13 Sep. 2021 Highlights are Grannie’s Attic, country store, basket raffle, roast beef dinner. Susan Dunne, Hartford Courant, 20 July 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The options are egg salad, tuna salad, chicken salad, ham and Swiss, turkey club, Italian and roast beef. Susan Dunne,, 27 Jan. 2022 Christmas specials to include roast goose shanks, as well as the full regular menu. Carol Deptolla, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 9 Dec. 2021 The 10 smart Programs are roast, stew, bake, steam, slow cook, sear/sauté, rice, yogurt, ferment and warm. Mark Heim |, al, 11 Nov. 2021 Tran came up in comedy through the roast scene as a performer on Roast Battle and writer for Historical Roasts, and her stand-up retains that defiant, gutsy style. Jesse David Fox, Vulture, 1 Nov. 2021 Best of all was the evening’s special ($38), an enormous filet of tender grouper fish cooked to perfection, topped with olive tapenade and served with roast purple potato, heirloom tomatoes and a buttery sauce. San Diego Union-Tribune, 16 July 2021 Our family's traditional holiday dinner is roast beef with all the trimmings served late in the day on a candlelit table, a once-a-year, festive feast. Star Tribune, 23 Dec. 2020 Go to Fiore’s in Hoboken, New Jersey, and get the roast beef mozzarella with the hot peppers. Safid Deen,, 27 Nov. 2020 Convection Works’ toaster oven includes rotisserie spit and rods to slow-roast poultry ($174.39, save 20%). oregonlive, 14 Oct. 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of roast


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast


Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Time Traveler for roast

Time Traveler

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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Dictionary Entries Near roast

roaring twenties



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Last Updated

25 Jul 2022

Cite this Entry

“Roast.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for roast


\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)
2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other Words from roast

roaster noun



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat
2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

More from Merriam-Webster on roast

Nglish: Translation of roast for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roast for Arabic Speakers


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