\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes
b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans
2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)
3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun
4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics— H. J. Seldes
5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat
2 : to undergo being roasted



Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting
2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism
4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends



Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

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Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics. Noun She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Place in oven and roast 10 to 20 minutes, or until cauliflower is tender and begins to brown slightly. Darlene Zimmerman, Detroit Free Press, 21 May 2021 Transfer to oven and roast until chicken is cooked through, 8 to 10 minutes. Gabriella Vigoreaux, Good Housekeeping, 20 May 2021 To roast the beets, scrub them well and then roughly chop, trimming the tops and the bottom of the root. Katy Severson,, 17 Apr. 2021 BoyChoy offers authentic-style dishes that range from dumplings to roast duck. Michael Alpiner, Forbes, 10 May 2021 Toss the artichokes with 2 tablespoons olive oil in a bowl, then transfer to the prepared baking sheet to roast. Tribune News Service, cleveland, 26 Apr. 2021 One insulting letter lights the fuse and then ships full of men sink, battalions rush into machine-gun fire and atomic bombs roast cities. WSJ, 22 Apr. 2021 The Jenkins hope to expand to other locations and eventually roast their own coffee. Beth Thames |, al, 21 Apr. 2021 Note: If rhubarb is out of season, use fresh or frozen raspberries instead (but don't roast them). Bill Ward Special To The Star Tribune, Star Tribune, 21 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For the record, God’s secret ingredient for the perfect roast chicken? Sara Netzley,, 28 May 2021 Place baking sheet in oven and roast for 15 minutes, until beets are fork tender. Dallas News, 16 Apr. 2021 Place the asparagus on the lower rack in the oven and roast for 10 to 12 minutes, or until bright green and tender. Washington Post, 15 Apr. 2021 Place the fish in the oven and roast until golden brown at the edges and a paring knife inserted in the thickest fillets slides in and out with no resistance, 10 to 15 minutes, depending on the size and thickness of the fillets. Los Angeles Times, 12 Mar. 2021 If the skin is getting too crispy but the center of the salmon is still a little pink and firm, put the skillet in a 350° oven and roast for 5 minutes. Patricia S York, Southern Living, 20 Feb. 2021 Transfer to the oven and roast for 30 to 35 minutes, tossing halfway through cooking, or until the edges start to char. Sheryl Julian,, 16 Feb. 2021 There are also spinoff recipes for his roast chicken, sesame chili salmon, chili, pizza, beer bread, kalua pork and many more. Pam Kragen, San Diego Union-Tribune, 24 Nov. 2020 Genuine serves comforting pastas, roast chicken and steak frites along with crudo, falafel, crispy pig ears, kimchi and many other all-over-the-map delights. Andy Wang, Robb Report, 11 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Our family's traditional holiday dinner is roast beef with all the trimmings served late in the day on a candlelit table, a once-a-year, festive feast. Star Tribune, 23 Dec. 2020 Go to Fiore’s in Hoboken, New Jersey, and get the roast beef mozzarella with the hot peppers. Safid Deen,, 27 Nov. 2020 Convection Works’ toaster oven includes rotisserie spit and rods to slow-roast poultry ($174.39, save 20%). oregonlive, 14 Oct. 2020 Our favorite Middle Eastern dinner recipes run the gamut from roast chicken (done the traditional Iraqi and Palestinian ways) to the grilled, stewed, and fried lamb methods that are popular throughout the region. Saveur Editors, Saveur, 18 May 2020 C&M Restaurant in Oakland Chinatown, Oakland beer garden Arthur Mac’s Tap & Snack and Oakland’s Monster Pho have shuttered their dine-in areas completely but are still offering to-go roast duck, pizza and Vietnamese noodle soup, respectively. Janelle Bitker,, 13 Mar. 2020 Then, a riff on Roman staples — roast duck and turnips — finished with Pompeian red wine (which the town once produced and exported in abundance). Meara Sharma, New York Times, 24 Dec. 2019 Most French press experts tend to prefer medium and dark roast coffee, which lends to the slower extraction of oils, flavor, and character of brewing. Myo Quinn, Good Housekeeping, 17 Mar. 2020 But the newfangled beverage system dispenses nitro cold brew, dark roast coffee and teas instead of beer. Doreen Christensen,, 12 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roast


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast


Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Time Traveler for roast

Time Traveler

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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Statistics for roast

Last Updated

7 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Roast.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 19 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for roast



English Language Learners Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to cook (food such as chicken, potatoes, or beef) with dry heat in an oven or over a fire
: to dry (something, such as a bean or nut) with heat
informal : to be very hot



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: a piece of meat that is roasted
US : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire
US : an event at which someone is honored and people tell jokes or funny stories about that person in a friendly way



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: cooked by roasting


\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)
2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other Words from roast

roaster noun



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat
2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

More from Merriam-Webster on roast

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for roast

Nglish: Translation of roast for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roast for Arabic Speakers


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