roast

verb
\ ˈrōst \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast 

(Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes

b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans

2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)

3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun

4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics —H. J. Seldes

5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat

2 : to undergo being roasted

roast

noun

Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting

2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand

3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism

4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends

roast

adjective

Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

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Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

chaff, jive, joke, josh, kid, rally, razz, rib, ride, tease

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Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb

The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics.

Noun

She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Endiro Coffee offers darker roasted and handcrafted coffee utilizing pour methods, or a French press immersed in hot water and pressed through a mesh filter. Patrick Z. Mcgavin, Aurora Beacon-News, "Guide to outdoor dining in Chicago suburbs: Endiro Coffee in Aurora," 6 July 2018 Central Florida isn’t quite warm enough for an invasion of iguanas like that in South Florida, where an emerging approach to controlling their numbers is roasting them for dinner. Kevin Spear, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Iguana invasion: Could Orlando could be next?," 5 July 2018 Although studies have found that coffee confers more health benefits than risks and is not associated with cancer, an advocacy group sued for the warning based on the trace presence of a roasting byproduct. Josh Gohlke, SFChronicle.com, "Last Word: Coffee reprieve grounds for celebration," 22 June 2018 The new members roasted him by playing the part of a racist conservative character. Angela Helm, The Root, "15 Syracuse University Fraternity Members Suspended Over ‘Extremely Racist’ Video Skit," 10 June 2018 At a traditional luau, the pig would be cooked outdoors in an underground imu pit, but Disney roasts it in an oven (that must be one huge oven). Arthur Levine, USA TODAY, "Disney’s Hawiian resort Aulani offers a melting pot of dining options," 8 June 2018 After the games and music, the park district employees lit a campfire for roasting marshmallows, making s’mores and telling stories. Diane Dachota, chicagotribune.com, "Families camp overnight in Spring Rock Park," 14 July 2018 Millions of Americans from the plain states to the East Coast are roasting, and a heat wave with temperatures that feel like the triple digits. Fox News, "Trump, Democrats gear up for Supreme Court showdown," 3 July 2018 Asson roasts his lizard catches over fire, then seasons the meat with curry and fresh produce. Ellie Rushing, Sun-Sentinel.com, "How to cook iguana burritos," 29 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The Bundt pan roast chicken: A vast improvement on the once-ubiquitous beer can chicken, this roasting technique maximizes crispy, delicious skin by inserting the middle cone into the business end of the bird keeping it upright. Paul Stephen, San Antonio Express-News, "6 ways to use a Bundt pan you probably haven’t tried," 20 June 2018 Your sandwich will get soggy, like the roll of a meatball sub soaked in marinara, or a hot roast beef sandwich that’s dunked in beef broth or covered in gravy. Tyler Kord, Bon Appetit, "In Defense of the Soggy Sandwich," 26 Feb. 2018 In June, the BrewVino Roast featured special releases of von Stiehl wine and Ahnapee beer plus a steer roast. Chelsey Lewis, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Algoma is a day trip away along Lake Michigan," 12 July 2018 Headed south to South Ponte Vedra next week, for the annual family clambake and weenie roast. Paul Daugherty, Cincinnati.com, "Paul Daugherty's Morning Line: Cincinnati Reds need the off day, and other MLB thoughts," 12 July 2018 On the menu: Lamb, steak and seafood are restaurant specialties, with the customers’ favorite being the signature roast lamb shank served with roasted potatoes, says Chresanthakes. Joan Cary, Aurora Beacon-News, "Guide to outdoor dining in Chicago suburbs: Basil’s Greek Dining in Aurora," 8 July 2018 This adaptation of the traditional Mexican-style dish features an array of warm spices, chipotle chiles, and fresh lime juice—all used to impart deep flavor into a beef chuck roast. John Boyd, Houston Chronicle, "You know you grew up in Texas if ...," 7 July 2018 Once the shoulder has reached 200 degrees, shut off the oven and let the roast cool for a couple of hours before removing from the oven. Lauren Delgado, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Ghost Scream’s recipe for Spicy Pulled Pork Mini Sliders," 3 July 2018 But Jujubee’s best roast came at the expense of Tatianna during an episode of Untucked. Stephen Daw, Billboard, "10 of the Best Reads in 'RuPaul's Drag Race' Herstory," 2 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The Killingly Grange, 801 Hartford Turnpike, will host its fifth annual silent auction and roast pork dinner at 4:30 p.m. Saturday, June 2. Courant Community, "Community News For The Putnam-Killingly Edition," 29 May 2018 My foodie friend Peter Bella, retired Chicago police officer and boss of thecookingcop.com, has a recipe for roast peaches with basil and Greek yogurt. John Kass, chicagotribune.com, "In search of summer's perfect peach," 22 June 2018 Or slice, sauté briefly to soften, then roast meat/fish on top. Bethany Jean Clement, The Seattle Times, "A super-easy chilled soup that’s a hot-day lifesaver: Can you say vichyssoise?," 13 June 2018 The bowls of stewed chicken ($15) and the roast pork plate ($15) were comforting and deeply satisfying. Stephanie Schorow, BostonGlobe.com, "Spice up your palate with Haitian delights," 8 June 2018 Visits to my father's office in Manhattan would yield trips to Wienerwald for foreign sausages steamed with sauerkraut; salty pretzels and charred roast chestnuts from street carts; the mysterious joys of the dirty-water hot dog. Anthony Bourdain, Bon Appetit, "How Anthony Bourdain Came to Be Anthony Bourdain," 8 June 2018 Jonathan Waxman’s book A Great American Homesuggests combining roast eggplant, peppers, and zucchini with pesto for a sandwich. Alex Van Buren, Health.com, "Why Basil Is So Good for You—Plus 14 Ways to Use More of It All Summer Long," 14 May 2018 Buy Photo Philly’s food scene — often highlighted for its cheesesteaks, roast pork and water ice — has experienced a restaurant renaissance over the past decade. Josh Rosenblat, Philly.com, "Where to eat in Philadelphia," 15 June 2018 With 4505 Meats, smoker demo/discussion; The Perennial, roast vegetables technique discussion; Stanford Neuroscience, food science; extended aquarium/exhibition hours; planetarium screening; cocktails. 6-10 p.m. Thurs., July 5. SFChronicle.com, "Exhibits listings," 28 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roast

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast

Verb

Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Statistics for roast

Last Updated

13 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for roast

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for roast

roast

verb

English Language Learners Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to cook (food such as chicken, potatoes, or beef) with dry heat in an oven or over a fire

: to dry (something, such as a bean or nut) with heat

: to be very hot

roast

noun

English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: a piece of meat that is roasted

: an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

: an event at which someone is honored and people tell jokes or funny stories about that person in a friendly way

roast

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: cooked by roasting

roast

verb
\ ˈrōst \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)

2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other words from roast

roaster noun

roast

adjective

Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef

roast

noun

Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat

2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

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Comments on roast

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