\ˈrōst \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast 

(Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes

b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans

2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)

3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun

4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics— H. J. Seldes

5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat

2 : to undergo being roasted



Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting

2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand

3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism

4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends



Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

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Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

chaff, jive, joke, josh, kid, rally, razz, rib, ride, tease

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Examples of roast in a Sentence


The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics.


She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Remove the meat from the grill and place it in a large, oven-safe Dutch oven or roasting pan. Roxanne Wyss And Kathy Moore, kansascity, "Flavorful roast beef highlights this dad’s skill with the grill," 19 June 2018 In a skillet, roast the carrots over medium-head until tender. Polly Campbell,, "Chef and a Recipe: Justin Uchtman of Sartre does spring vegetables," 4 June 2018 These peas are being split before roasting for lunch service at Monk. Tom Downey, WSJ, "Explore Kyoto With the Chefs Who Are Turning Culinary Tradition on Its Head," 28 May 2018 Cook cauliflower: In a 10- to 12-inch (25- to 30-cm) cazuela, roasting pan, or ovenproof frying pan, heat the olive oil over medium-low heat, using a heat diffuser if using a cazuela. Debbi Snook,, "Paula Wolfert's Armenian Cauliflower (recipe)," 25 Apr. 2018 Chop in quarters two onions, scrape and cut in half 4 carrots, clean 4 to 6 ribs of celery, and place all vegetables in the bottom of a roasting pan. Kathryn Gregory, The Courier-Journal, "Want to feast like a true Kentucky Derby pro? Try these traditional sandwich recipes," 6 Apr. 2018 Read this: Twitter is roasting Papa John's founder for using the N-word 2 p.m. Schnatter issues a statement admitting to the remarks. Louisville Courier Journal, The Courier-Journal, "Fallout over Papa John's N-word scandal: Here's what we know," 12 July 2018 While dancing by the lake, taking polaroids, and roasting campfire marshmallows, the boy band serenades a few lucky ladies into the sunset. Sofia Mele, Billboard, "PRETTYMUCH Takes Us on the Perfect Camping Trip in 'Summer on You' Video: Watch," 11 July 2018 One spud takes the place of the thimble and button that Barrie’s Peter and Wendy exchange as kisses; elsewhere potatoes get roasted by the pirates on Hook’s ship before the crew members meet their end by disappearing into one of the deck’s holds. Robert Greskovic, WSJ, "‘Peter Pan’ Review: A Modern Neverland," 11 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The coffeehouse created a personal blend with Anodyne that's a medium roast. Hannah Kirby, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "South Milwaukee's Avenue Coffeehouse blends California vibes with Milwaukee brew," 13 June 2018 The big annual party, which predates me, is a Labor Day pig roast, when everybody’s friends and friends of friends cover the lawn in a patchwork of picnic blankets, bring side dishes or desserts, and make sure their kids don’t drown in the pond. Peter Meehan, Bon Appetit, "Entering a National Barbecue Competition Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time," 4 June 2018 The highlight of the night was a roast of Lloyd Carr, as several panelists told humorous stories both in person and through video. Nick Baumgardner, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan football community rallies in support of ChadTough Foundation," 19 May 2018 There will also be a pig roast and some refreshments., "Tom Petty and David Bowie tributes, Olympics at the Penn Museum, Valentine's Day Cheese-making and more things to do in Philadelphia, Feb. 9-16," 8 Feb. 2018 Spread the blue cheese mixture onto the remaining 2 bread slices, and place, blue cheese side down, onto the roast beef and pear slices. Daniel Neman, sacbee, "Main dishes? Fruit is not forbidden," 26 June 2018 Or, roast in oven for five minutes for a drier, meatier texture. Nancy Miller, The Courier-Journal, "More than just a gastropub. Food at Monnik is as awesome as the beer," 10 July 2018 Transfer skillet to oven and roast until filling is hot, about 5 minutes. Jonah Miller, WSJ, "Throw a Summer Party the Effortless Spanish Way," 6 July 2018 Transfer to the oven and roast for 5 minutes for medium-rare. Robin Currie,, "Bring the tapas bar home with 'Boqueria'," 5 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The recipe calls for blue cheese, which of course makes the ultimate combination with roast beef. Daniel Neman, sacbee, "Main dishes? Fruit is not forbidden," 26 June 2018 Keep it simple this holiday season with this classic and deliciously moist roast turkey. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Basic Roast Turkey," 3 Nov. 2015 In the Chief Bruno series, a Bergerac red almost always is at hand when the table is set with roast lamb. Mike Dunne, sacbee, "A French wine mystery: Where's the Bergerac?," 6 June 2018 Traditionally, pretop, the drippings, are leftover from the previous night's whole roast lamb or pig roast. Mike Sula, Chicago Reader, "Astoria Café is home to some heroic buns," 26 Apr. 2018 The Killingly Grange, 801 Hartford Turnpike, will host its fifth annual silent auction and roast pork dinner at 4:30 p.m. Saturday, June 2. Courant Community, "Community News For The Putnam-Killingly Edition," 29 May 2018 My foodie friend Peter Bella, retired Chicago police officer and boss of, has a recipe for roast peaches with basil and Greek yogurt. John Kass,, "In search of summer's perfect peach," 22 June 2018 Or slice, sauté briefly to soften, then roast meat/fish on top. Bethany Jean Clement, The Seattle Times, "A super-easy chilled soup that’s a hot-day lifesaver: Can you say vichyssoise?," 13 June 2018 The bowls of stewed chicken ($15) and the roast pork plate ($15) were comforting and deeply satisfying. Stephanie Schorow,, "Spice up your palate with Haitian delights," 8 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roast


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast


Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Statistics for roast

Last Updated

25 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for roast

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for roast



English Language Learners Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to cook (food such as chicken, potatoes, or beef) with dry heat in an oven or over a fire

: to dry (something, such as a bean or nut) with heat

: to be very hot



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: a piece of meat that is roasted

: an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

: an event at which someone is honored and people tell jokes or funny stories about that person in a friendly way



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: cooked by roasting


\ˈrōst \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)

2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other Words from roast

roaster noun



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat

2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

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Comments on roast

What made you want to look up roast? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


a private place of worship

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