\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting; roasts

Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to cook by exposing to dry heat (as in an oven or before a fire) or by surrounding with hot embers, sand, or stones roast a potato in ashes
b : to dry and parch by exposure to heat roast coffee beans
2 : to heat (inorganic material) with access of air and without fusing to effect change (such as expulsion of volatile matter, oxidation, or removal of sulfur from sulfide ores)
3 : to heat to excess roasted by the summer sun
4 : to subject to severe criticism or ridicule films have been roasted by most critics— H. J. Seldes
5 : to honor (a person) at a roast

intransitive verb

1 : to cook food by heat
2 : to undergo being roasted



Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for roasting
2 : a gathering at which food is roasted before an open fire or in hot ashes or sand
3 : an act or process of roasting specifically : severe banter or criticism
4 : a banquet honoring a person (such as a celebrity) who is subjected to humorous tongue-in-cheek ridicule by friends



Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: that has been roasted roast beef

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Synonyms for roast

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of roast in a Sentence

Verb The chicken is roasting in the oven. We roasted the peanuts over the fire. The peanuts roasted over the fire. We were roasting in the hot sun. The movie is being roasted by the critics. Noun She made a roast for dinner. We're having pork roast for dinner.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb As the name suggests, solar power is used to roast the beans rather than natural gas or propane. Anna Staver, The Denver Post, "Built by steel, baked by the sun: Pueblo is steeped in tradition, but a new leader hopes to grow this southern Colorado city," 1 Sep. 2019 Another Place honors the most classic of deli offerings by perfecting each individual component, from roasting all of their meats in-house to sourcing their veggies locally. Lindsey Mcclave, The Courier-Journal, "This 50-year-old lunch spot is the best place to grab a sandwich in downtown Louisville," 7 Aug. 2019 The ticket line moved steadily toward the goal of a roasted chicken meal with all-you-can-eat corn roasted in the husk atop old-fashioned cookers. Lois Szymanski,, "A year after flooding forced cancellation, Union Mills Homestead enjoys sun, crowds at corn roast," 3 Aug. 2019 Place on a cookie sheet to roast in oven (375°) or put on a grill top medium-heat and cook for about 6-8 minutes. CBS News, "The Dish: Chef Nina Compton shares her signature recipes," 3 Aug. 2019 Heads up, America: A massive heatwave is expected to roast much of the nation through the weekend. Fox News, "Massive heat wave to affect most of US, some temperatures surpassing 90 degrees," 18 July 2019 First the duck is roasted in the oven in order to melt the fat. Claire Perez,, "Sage French Café demystifies crispy duck," 7 June 2019 Rich red tile lines the 20-seat bar, where guests might order a glass of Chilean wine and potatoes roasted in chicken drippings—or pick up takeout, a first for their restaurants. Thomas Gebremedhin, WSJ, "The Restaurateurs Behind Hart’s and Cervo’s Open a New Wine Bar in Brooklyn," 9 Jan. 2019 Two tortillas are hit with mounds of sweet and spicy pork (roasted in banana leaves), pickled red onion, cilantro and lime crema, served with handful of crunchy pork rinds. James Patrick Kelly, idahostatesman, "Boise’s trendy new taquerias redefine the taco – and diners get to taste the difference," 27 June 2018 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Specialty sandwiches included Fucci’s take on the classics, such as a roast pork with broccoli rabe and provolone cheese ($11.25) and the chicken cordon bleu with ham and cheese ($9.75)., "Chef Mike’s brings old-world Italian classics to Needham - The Boston Globe," 12 Sep. 2019 Our summery tacos rely on our go-to fish-cooking method—slow-roast, baby!—for tender, flaky fish every time. Amiel Stanek, Bon Appétit, "Enough With the Salmon Already!," 16 Aug. 2019 Police officers and firefighters visited the warehouse on numerous occasions before the fire, including one time that a fire captain made an informal visit and later attended a pig-roast party, Mr. Almena testified. Zusha Elinson, WSJ, "Ghost Ship Fire Defendant Takes Stand," 9 July 2019 This won’t be a s’mores-and-weenie-roast kind of family vacation. Bethanne Patrick, Washington Post, "In Susan Richards Shreve’s ‘More News Tomorrow,’ a woman takes her family on a harrowing adventure," 6 June 2019 What home cook doesn’t appreciate a new and creative way to reimagine those few ounces of leftover roast chicken, a meager bowl of last night’s chickpeas, or the remaining blueberries languishing in the refrigerator? Washington Post, "A lighter and prettier potato knish for your holiday table — and beyond," 17 Sep. 2019 Up your grilling game with these tools for getting the perfect sear, smoke, roast, or pizza. Scott Gilbertson, WIRED, "8 Great Grilling Accessories," 8 Aug. 2019 The Italian Stallion layers killer giardiniera with slivers of fine salumi; and the Clubber Lang, with house roast beef and spicy provolone, conveys all the punch of its namesake. Dominic Armato, azcentral, "These are the best restaurants in Tempe," 6 Aug. 2019 Guests dined on tomato basil soup, roast beef sandwiches and blueberry pie — an homage to the Three Course Dinner Chewing Gum that was character Violet Beauregarde’s downfall. Sara Cardine, La Cañada Valley Sun, "La Cañada officials recreate world of Wonka in city-sponsored mixer," 19 July 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The vibe at the Bar-Bill is warm and friendly, and those roast beef sandwiches served on soft salt- and caraway-studded German rolls are reason enough to visit. Melissa Rayworth, Houston Chronicle, "Eating along New York state’s ‘Buffalo Wing Trail’," 13 Sep. 2019 The vibe at the Bar-Bill is warm and friendly, and those roast beef sandwiches served on soft salt- and caraway-studded German rolls are reason enough to visit. Washington Post, "Eating along New York State’s ‘Buffalo Wing Trail’," 26 Aug. 2019 Folks adverse to seafood (gasp!) can nosh on North Shore roast beef sandwiches (hot or cold, $11), Boston Baked Beans (like mom used to make, with salt pork, molasses and brown sugar, for $4), or a Le Big Max burger ($10). Barbara Ellis, The Know, "Take a peek inside Maine Shack, a New England seafood spot opening Tuesday in LoHi," 26 July 2019 Throughout the season team members will roast Hatch chiles outside the stores to perfume the aisles with that sweet, roast-y smell and get customers excited. Priya Krishna, Bon Appétit, "How Hatch Chile Season Became the Pumpkin Spice of the Southwest," 13 Sep. 2019 Smear brisket with cottonseed oil and place on top of vegetables in pan and roast 20 minutes, uncovered. Claire Perez,, "Make-ahead beef brisket makes holiday prep easier," 13 Sep. 2019 The roast lineup is limited but robust in flavor, featuring a clarity of purpose reflective of owner Melissa Villanueva and soon-to-be head roaster McMahon. Steve Zimmerman,, "Some of Chicago’s most interesting coffee is roasted in the suburbs. Here’s where to find it.," 3 Sep. 2019 Generally, people roast one chicken at a time, but the standard baking sheet provides ample room for at least three birds weighing in the 4-pound range. Paul Stephen,, "The new meal prep: 6 dinners from 3 basic ingredients," 28 Aug. 2019 And does Canadian Thanksgiving feature a roast turkey as an edible centerpiece too? Rebekah Lowin, Country Living, "When Is Thanksgiving in Canada? Here's Everything You Need to Know," 13 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'roast.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of roast


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for roast


Middle English rosten, from Anglo-French rostir, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German rōsten to roast

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Time Traveler for roast

Time Traveler

The first known use of roast was in the 13th century

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Statistics for roast

Last Updated

25 Oct 2019

Cite this Entry

“Roast.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 21 November 2019.

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More Definitions for roast


How to pronounce roast (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to cook (food such as chicken, potatoes, or beef) with dry heat in an oven or over a fire
: to dry (something, such as a bean or nut) with heat
informal : to be very hot



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: a piece of meat that is roasted
US : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire
US : an event at which someone is honored and people tell jokes or funny stories about that person in a friendly way



English Language Learners Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

: cooked by roasting


\ ˈrōst How to pronounce roast (audio) \
roasted; roasting

Kids Definition of roast

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : to cook with dry heat (as in an oven)
2 : to be or make very hot I roasted in the sun.

Other Words from roast

roaster noun



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 2 of 3)

: cooked with dry heat roast beef



Kids Definition of roast (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a piece of meat suitable for cooking with dry heat
2 : an outdoor party at which food is cooked over an open fire

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More from Merriam-Webster on roast

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for roast

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with roast

Spanish Central: Translation of roast

Nglish: Translation of roast for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of roast for Arabic Speakers

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