probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Definition of probation

1 : critical examination and evaluation or subjection to such examination and evaluation
2a : subjection of an individual to a period of testing and trial to ascertain fitness (as for a job or school)
b : the action of suspending the sentence of a convicted offender and giving the offender freedom during good behavior under the supervision of a probation officer
c : the state or a period of being subject to probation

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Other Words from probation

probational \ prō-​ˈbā-​shnəl How to pronounce probational (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ prō-​ˈbā-​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probationary (audio) \ adjective

Examples of probation in a Sentence

As a new employee, I will be on probation for three months. He hoped that the judge would grant him probation. He was sentenced to one year's probation. He was sent back to prison for violating his probation. She was arrested while on probation. Instead of firing her, they put her on probation. The student was placed on probation for copying test answers.
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Recent Examples on the Web

After violating her probation by using drugs, Harris has a hearing Wednesday morning to decide what will happen to her next. Andy Marso, kansascity, "Overdoses, prison, scant treatment: Mother's story shows state of KC’s opioid crisis," 26 June 2018 Cruz was released as part of a plea deal, then arrested a second time earlier this month, this time for allegedly violating his probation. Rafael Olmeda, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Zachary Cruz gets permission to move to Virginia," 11 May 2018 Couch initially got no jail time, but violated his probation and fled to Mexico, with the help of his mother, in 2015, authorities said, WFAA reported. Crystal Hill, star-telegram, "‘Affluenza effect’ explains decision to reduce murder suspect’s bail, Texas lawyer says | Fort Worth Star-Telegram," 11 May 2018 Ezekiel was ordered to pay the remainder — $6,850.49 — by the end of her probation. Matt Rocheleau, BostonGlobe.com, "Former State Police payroll head pleads guilty to stealing $23,000 from agency," 25 June 2018 The device, usually worn on the ankle, can detect alcohol consumption through the skin, alerting authorities if the user has broken his or her probation by drinking. Emily Matchar, Smithsonian, "This Implantable Chip Could Monitor Alcohol Intake," 17 Apr. 2018 Auxier pleaded no contest to theft of a person 65 years or older and unlawful contracting and was sentenced to 10 years probation in June 2017. David Harris, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Man on probation for scamming elderly woman gets prison for latest scheme in Apopka," 26 June 2018 At the time of the robbery, Kaba was on probation in Johnson County for indecent solicitation of a child. Tony Rizzo, kansascity, "Shawnee man goes to prison for robbing Overland Park bank," 26 June 2018 Florea allegedly violated his probation at least three times. John Sowell, idahostatesman, "She seeks $1 million for home invader who died in Meridian fire that killed woman, 84," 15 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'probation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of probation

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for probation

Middle English probacioun, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French probation, from Latin probation-, probatio, from probare

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Statistics for probation

Last Updated

13 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for probation

The first known use of probation was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for probation

probation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of probation

: a situation or period of time in which a person who is starting a new job is tested and watched to see if that person is able to do the job properly
law : a situation or period of time in which a person who has committed a crime is allowed to stay out of prison if that person behaves well, does not commit another crime, etc.
US : a situation or period of time in which a person who has made a serious mistake or done something bad is watched and must behave well in order not to be seriously punished

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Kids Definition of probation

1 : the condition of being closely watched and evaluated for a period of time or the period of time during which this happens
2 : the early release of a prisoner on certain conditions

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Legal Definition of probation

1a : subjection to a period of evaluation and possible termination at the commencement of employment in a position for which one's fitness is to be determined
b : subjection to a period of review in the course of employment or education as a result of a violation of standards and with the possibility of dismissal if standards are not met
2a : the suspension of all or part of a sentence and its replacement by freedom subject to specific conditions and the supervision of a probation officer it is the intent of the legislature that the granting of probation shall be a matter of grace conferring no vested right to its continuanceMichigan Statutes Annotated

called also community supervision

— compare diversion, parole
b : probation as a sentence in itself
c : the period or state of being subject to probation arrested while on probation

Other Words from probation

probational \ -​shə-​nəl How to pronounce probational (audio) \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ -​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probationary (audio) \ adjective

History and Etymology for probation

Middle French, critical examination and evaluation, from Latin probation- probatio, from probare to test, approve, prove

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