probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Definition of probation

1 : critical examination and evaluation or subjection to such examination and evaluation
2a : subjection of an individual to a period of testing and trial to ascertain fitness (as for a job or school)
b : the action of suspending the sentence of a convicted offender and giving the offender freedom during good behavior under the supervision of a probation officer
c : the state or a period of being subject to probation

Other Words from probation

probational \ prō-​ˈbā-​shnəl How to pronounce probation (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ prō-​ˈbā-​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probation (audio) \ adjective

Examples of probation in a Sentence

As a new employee, I will be on probation for three months. He hoped that the judge would grant him probation. He was sentenced to one year's probation. He was sent back to prison for violating his probation. She was arrested while on probation. Instead of firing her, they put her on probation. The student was placed on probation for copying test answers.
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Recent Examples on the Web For Bryan, the state is seeking life in prison with the chance of parole, followed by 15 years on probation. Shaddi Abusaid, ajc, 7 Jan. 2022 Under the terms of his plea agreement, he is expected to get two years probation. Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press, 6 Jan. 2022 The remaining 21 defendants were placed on probation. Arkansas Online, 2 Jan. 2022 The remaining 21 defendants were placed on probation. Keith L. Alexander, Anchorage Daily News, 1 Jan. 2022 Four have been sentenced to jail for 45 days or less, while a fifth was placed on probation for two years. John Caniglia, cleveland, 30 Dec. 2021 He was released from the facility on probation Oct. 28 and was placed on an ankle monitor that tracked his location. Cameron Knight, The Enquirer, 30 Dec. 2021 Apple has put a Foxconn manufacturing plant that makes iPhone 12s and is running trial production of the iPhone 13 on probation, Reuters reported today. Scharon Harding, Ars Technica, 29 Dec. 2021 One suspect was put on probation weeks before the fatal Christmas Eve shooting. Scott D. Pierce, The Salt Lake Tribune, 28 Dec. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'probation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of probation

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for probation

Middle English probacioun, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French probation, from Latin probation-, probatio, from probare

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Time Traveler for probation

Time Traveler

The first known use of probation was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near probation

probate homestead

probation

probationer

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Statistics for probation

Last Updated

9 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Probation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/probation. Accessed 20 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for probation

probation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of probation

: a situation or period of time in which a person who is starting a new job is tested and watched to see if that person is able to do the job properly
: a situation or period of time in which a person who has committed a crime is allowed to stay out of prison if that person behaves well, does not commit another crime, etc.
: a situation or period of time in which a person who has made a serious mistake or done something bad is watched and must behave well in order not to be seriously punished

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Kids Definition of probation

1 : the condition of being closely watched and evaluated for a period of time or the period of time during which this happens
2 : the early release of a prisoner on certain conditions

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Legal Definition of probation

1a : subjection to a period of evaluation and possible termination at the commencement of employment in a position for which one's fitness is to be determined
b : subjection to a period of review in the course of employment or education as a result of a violation of standards and with the possibility of dismissal if standards are not met
2a : the suspension of all or part of a sentence and its replacement by freedom subject to specific conditions and the supervision of a probation officer it is the intent of the legislature that the granting of probation shall be a matter of grace conferring no vested right to its continuanceMichigan Statutes Annotated

called also community supervision

— compare diversion, parole
b : probation as a sentence in itself
c : the period or state of being subject to probation arrested while on probation

Other Words from probation

probational \ -​shə-​nəl How to pronounce probation (audio) \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ -​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probation (audio) \ adjective

History and Etymology for probation

Middle French, critical examination and evaluation, from Latin probation- probatio, from probare to test, approve, prove

More from Merriam-Webster on probation

Nglish: Translation of probation for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of probation for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about probation

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