probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Definition of probation

1 : critical examination and evaluation or subjection to such examination and evaluation
2a : subjection of an individual to a period of testing and trial to ascertain fitness (as for a job or school)
b : the action of suspending the sentence of a convicted offender and giving the offender freedom during good behavior under the supervision of a probation officer
c : the state or a period of being subject to probation

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Other Words from probation

probational \ prō-​ˈbā-​shnəl How to pronounce probational (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ prō-​ˈbā-​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probationary (audio) \ adjective

Examples of probation in a Sentence

As a new employee, I will be on probation for three months. He hoped that the judge would grant him probation. He was sentenced to one year's probation. He was sent back to prison for violating his probation. She was arrested while on probation. Instead of firing her, they put her on probation. The student was placed on probation for copying test answers.
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Recent Examples on the Web

People have different ideas of what constitutes the appropriate punishment for a crime, ranging from life imprisonment or worse to probation. Letter Writers, Twin Cities, "Letters: Consider all the costs of separating babies from their incarcerated mothers," 15 Sep. 2019 On Friday, a Warren County Judge ordered her to three years probation for the lesser charge of corpse abuse. Fox News, "Ex-Ohio cheerleader sentenced to probation for abuse of corpse, after being acquitted of killing newborn baby," 13 Sep. 2019 In 2013, a South Dakota man was ordered to pay $85,000 (plus a $25 court assessment), and sentenced to two years probation for shooting a whooping crane. Justin Rohrlich, Quartz, "What kind of animal would shoot a whooping crane?," 29 Aug. 2019 But State Supreme Court Justice Danny Chun indicated each defendant will be sentenced in October to five years probation, according to Gonzalez. Ray Sanchez And Mirna Alsharif, CNN, "Ex-NYPD detectives to get probation for having sex with young woman in custody," 29 Aug. 2019 Oestmann was charged with assault, but the March plea agreement led to the lesser charge and to probation. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, "Denver officer charged with beating handcuffed suspect resigns," 22 Aug. 2019 Defense attorney Michael Tewalt said Mann suffers from a terminal liver condition and asked the judge to sentence him to probation. Ashley Remkus | Aremkus@al.com, al, "Huntsville man sentenced to 20 years in mother’s strangling death," 15 Aug. 2019 On Thursday, along with his jail sentence, he was also sentenced to five years probation. Cnn.com Wire Service, The Mercury News, "He poisoned her coffee with Benadryl and got a weekends-only jail sentence," 4 Aug. 2019 Stoner, a former prison social worker who met Knuff while he was locked up the in Trumbull County Correctional Facility, pleaded guilty last year to charges that accused her of helping Knuff to dispose of the bodies and was sentenced to probation. Cory Shaffer, cleveland.com, "Jury recommends death sentence in Parma Heights prison pen-pal double-murders," 23 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'probation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of probation

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for probation

Middle English probacioun, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French probation, from Latin probation-, probatio, from probare

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Statistics for probation

Last Updated

14 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for probation

The first known use of probation was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for probation

probation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of probation

: a situation or period of time in which a person who is starting a new job is tested and watched to see if that person is able to do the job properly
law : a situation or period of time in which a person who has committed a crime is allowed to stay out of prison if that person behaves well, does not commit another crime, etc.
US : a situation or period of time in which a person who has made a serious mistake or done something bad is watched and must behave well in order not to be seriously punished

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Kids Definition of probation

1 : the condition of being closely watched and evaluated for a period of time or the period of time during which this happens
2 : the early release of a prisoner on certain conditions

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Legal Definition of probation

1a : subjection to a period of evaluation and possible termination at the commencement of employment in a position for which one's fitness is to be determined
b : subjection to a period of review in the course of employment or education as a result of a violation of standards and with the possibility of dismissal if standards are not met
2a : the suspension of all or part of a sentence and its replacement by freedom subject to specific conditions and the supervision of a probation officer it is the intent of the legislature that the granting of probation shall be a matter of grace conferring no vested right to its continuanceMichigan Statutes Annotated

called also community supervision

— compare diversion, parole
b : probation as a sentence in itself
c : the period or state of being subject to probation arrested while on probation

Other Words from probation

probational \ -​shə-​nəl How to pronounce probational (audio) \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ -​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probationary (audio) \ adjective

History and Etymology for probation

Middle French, critical examination and evaluation, from Latin probation- probatio, from probare to test, approve, prove

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