probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Definition of probation

1 : critical examination and evaluation or subjection to such examination and evaluation
2a : subjection of an individual to a period of testing and trial to ascertain fitness (as for a job or school)
b : the action of suspending the sentence of a convicted offender and giving the offender freedom during good behavior under the supervision of a probation officer
c : the state or a period of being subject to probation

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from probation

probational \ prō-​ˈbā-​shnəl How to pronounce probational (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ prō-​ˈbā-​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probationary (audio) \ adjective

Examples of probation in a Sentence

As a new employee, I will be on probation for three months. He hoped that the judge would grant him probation. He was sentenced to one year's probation. He was sent back to prison for violating his probation. She was arrested while on probation. Instead of firing her, they put her on probation. The student was placed on probation for copying test answers.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web

His license has been on probation since last year for the same reason. Cat Ferguson, The Mercury News, "Five California doctors now under investigation over student vaccine exemptions," 3 July 2019 Jordan had been arrested in April, then released on probation. Danny Mcdonald, BostonGlobe.com, "West Yarmouth man found mentally incompetent to stand trial in Appalachian Trail killing," 3 July 2019 Others hurried to plead guilty for no better reason than that being on probation was cheaper than paying for a monitor. Ava Kofman, ProPublica, "Digital Jail: How Electronic Monitoring Drives Defendants Into Debt," 3 July 2019 He is expected to receive a stayed sentence and be placed on probation for 10 years. Sarah Horner, Twin Cities, "St. Paul man pleads guilty to accidentally fatally shooting cousin, tells judge he thought gun was empty," 3 July 2019 He was placed on probation for one year and had his license suspended for 210 days, The Westfield News reported. NBC News, "Driver pleads not guilty in motorcycle crash that killed 7," 25 June 2019 He was placed on probation for one year and had his license suspended for 210 days, The Westfield News reported. Michael Casey, Anchorage Daily News, "Driver pleads not guilty in New Hampshire crash into motorcyclists that killed 7," 25 June 2019 The remaining seven years are being suspended, pending his completion of five years on probation. Ashley Remkus | Aremkus@al.com, al.com, "Man sentenced in beating death of 51-year-old in Madison County," 20 June 2019 In 2013, according to court records, Fillmore pleaded guilty to drug charges and was placed on probation. Sharon Cohen, The Denver Post, "AP Investigation: Many U.S. jails fail to stop inmate suicides," 18 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'probation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of probation

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for probation

Middle English probacioun, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French probation, from Latin probation-, probatio, from probare

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about probation

Statistics for probation

Last Updated

8 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for probation

The first known use of probation was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for probation

probation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of probation

: a situation or period of time in which a person who is starting a new job is tested and watched to see if that person is able to do the job properly
law : a situation or period of time in which a person who has committed a crime is allowed to stay out of prison if that person behaves well, does not commit another crime, etc.
US : a situation or period of time in which a person who has made a serious mistake or done something bad is watched and must behave well in order not to be seriously punished

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Kids Definition of probation

1 : the condition of being closely watched and evaluated for a period of time or the period of time during which this happens
2 : the early release of a prisoner on certain conditions

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Legal Definition of probation

1a : subjection to a period of evaluation and possible termination at the commencement of employment in a position for which one's fitness is to be determined
b : subjection to a period of review in the course of employment or education as a result of a violation of standards and with the possibility of dismissal if standards are not met
2a : the suspension of all or part of a sentence and its replacement by freedom subject to specific conditions and the supervision of a probation officer it is the intent of the legislature that the granting of probation shall be a matter of grace conferring no vested right to its continuanceMichigan Statutes Annotated

called also community supervision

— compare diversion, parole
b : probation as a sentence in itself
c : the period or state of being subject to probation arrested while on probation

Other Words from probation

probational \ -​shə-​nəl How to pronounce probational (audio) \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ -​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probationary (audio) \ adjective

History and Etymology for probation

Middle French, critical examination and evaluation, from Latin probation- probatio, from probare to test, approve, prove

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on probation

What made you want to look up probation? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

appealing forcibly to the mind or reason

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Farm Idioms Quiz

  • cow coming home
  • What does 'poke' refer to in the expression 'pig in a poke'?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Add Diction

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!