citation

noun

ci·​ta·​tion sī-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce citation (audio)
1
: an official summons to appear (as before a court)
2
a
: an act of quoting
especially : the citing of a previously settled case at law
b
: excerpt, quotation
His homily included several biblical citations.
3
: mention: such as
a
: a formal statement of the achievements of a person receiving an academic honor
b
: specific reference in a military dispatch to meritorious performance of duty
a citation for bravery
citational
sī-ˈtā-shnəl How to pronounce citation (audio)
-shə-nᵊl
adjective
Choose the Right Synonym for citation

encomium, eulogy, panegyric, tribute, citation mean a formal expression of praise.

encomium implies enthusiasm and warmth in praising a person or a thing.

received encomiums from literary critics

eulogy applies to a prepared speech or writing extolling the virtues and services of a person.

delivered the eulogy at the funeral service

panegyric suggests an elaborate often poetic compliment.

her lyrical memoir was a panegyric to her mentor

tribute implies deeply felt praise conveyed either through words or through a significant act.

the concert was a musical tribute to the early jazz masters

citation applies to the formal praise of a person offered in a military dispatch or in awarding an honorary degree.

earned a citation for bravery

Example Sentences

He was issued a citation. He received a citation for reckless driving. gave her a citation for bravery
Recent Examples on the Web According to a press release, the citation stems from inspections at three warehouses located in Deltona, Florida, Waukegan, Illinois, and New Windsor, New York. Mitchell Clark, The Verge, 19 Jan. 2023 The Kelso citation stemmed from a Dec. 8, 2021, shooting in which Irvine shot himself in the calf with a revolver while in his white van, according to the affidavit. oregonlive, 11 Jan. 2023 Fife said the veteran who can’t afford the citation had his driver’s license suspended because of the unpaid ticket and can’t secure stable housing without a valid ID. Dallas News, 14 Dec. 2022 Before issuing the citation, city code enforcement staff had unsuccessfully tried to contact her via phone and in person. Gina Martinez, CBS News, 1 Dec. 2022 Caterpillar was given 15 days to respond to contest or comply with the citation for willfully violating OSHA rules and regulations, according to the agency. Abigail Adams, Peoplemag, 16 Nov. 2022 The University of Kentucky Police Department released the citation from the incident Monday morning. Cameron Knight, USA TODAY, 9 Nov. 2022 The University of Kentucky Police Department released the citation from the incident Monday morning. Cameron Knight, The Enquirer, 7 Nov. 2022 In its home country, the citation is bestowed by a board of authors each fall. Katy Waldman, The New Yorker, 31 Oct. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'citation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

see cite

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of citation was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near citation

Cite this Entry

“Citation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/citation. Accessed 31 Jan. 2023.

Kids Definition

citation

noun
ci·​ta·​tion sī-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce citation (audio)
1
: an official order to appear (as before a court)
2
a
: an act or instance of quoting
3
: a formal statement of what a person did to be chosen to receive an award

Legal Definition

citation

noun
ci·​ta·​tion sī-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce citation (audio)
1
: a writ giving notice to a person to appear in court: as
a
: a process served upon an interested party in a probate proceeding
b
: a notice to a person that he or she is charged with a petty offense (as a traffic violation)
also : the document embodying the notice

Note: Citations are issued in minor criminal cases as an alternative to arrest. Often a person may consent in writing to the penalty specified on the citation and forgo an appearance in court.

2
: the citing of a previously decided case or recognized legal authority as support for an argument
also : the caption used for referring to such a case or authority especially as published in a reporter
citational adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on citation

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!


Challenging Words You Should Know

  • hedgehog reading a book
  • Often used to describe “the march of time,” what does inexorable mean?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can with using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

Can you make 12 words with 7 letters?

PLAY