ci·​ta·​tion | \ sī-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce citation (audio) \

Definition of citation

1 : an official summons to appear (as before a court)
2a : an act of quoting especially : the citing of a previously settled case at law
b : excerpt, quotation His homily included several biblical citations.
3 : mention: such as
a : a formal statement of the achievements of a person receiving an academic honor
b : specific reference in a military dispatch to meritorious performance of duty a citation for bravery

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Other Words from citation

citational \ sī-​ˈtā-​shnəl How to pronounce citational (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for citation

encomium, eulogy, panegyric, tribute, citation mean a formal expression of praise. encomium implies enthusiasm and warmth in praising a person or a thing. received encomiums from literary critics eulogy applies to a prepared speech or writing extolling the virtues and services of a person. delivered the eulogy at the funeral service panegyric suggests an elaborate often poetic compliment. her lyrical memoir was a panegyric to her mentor tribute implies deeply felt praise conveyed either through words or through a significant act. the concert was a musical tribute to the early jazz masters citation applies to the formal praise of a person offered in a military dispatch or in awarding an honorary degree. earned a citation for bravery

Examples of citation in a Sentence

He was issued a citation. He received a citation for reckless driving. gave her a citation for bravery
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Recent Examples on the Web The city's nighttime parking citation for wrong-side parking or not having a permit is $20 currently. Alison Dirr, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Milwaukee's night parking regulations to be reinstated Nov. 2," 13 Oct. 2020 Rapper Jay-Z offered to pay bail bonds and citation fees for the family and others arrested for peacefully protesting with Team ROC, the social justice branch of his Roc Nation entertainment company. NBC News, "Wisconsin police chief says he has no reason to fire officer who fatally shot Alvin Cole," 12 Oct. 2020 These administrative citation cases will go before the Ohio Liquor Control Commission for possible penalties, including fines or the suspension or revocation of liquor permits, according to the OIU. Jane Morice |, cleveland, "Maple Heights lounge receives third coronavirus health order violation citation; Kent bar also cited," 11 Oct. 2020 Adams’s citation is a misdemeanor punishable by up to a year in jail and a $5,000 fine. Zachary Halaschak, Washington Examiner, "Surgeon General Jerome Adams cited for coronavirus violation: Report," 6 Oct. 2020 Companies have 15 working days to contest violations from the day the citation was issued. Miriam Marini, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan fines 10 businesses, including city of Port Huron, for COVID-19 violations," 3 Oct. 2020 Another citation was issued to a residence in the Five Points area, where about 100 people gathered before kickoff. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, "Football parties, ‘Twin Peaks’ hotel, ballot rules: News from around our 50 states," 2 Oct. 2020 The study didn’t identify examples of prominent journals or articles that were lost, nor collect data on the journals’ impact factors and citation rates to the articles. Jeffrey Brainard, Science | AAAS, "Dozens of scientific journals have vanished from the internet, and no one preserved them," 8 Sep. 2020 Police officers heavily patrolled the beaches and were largely effective in keeping people moving through persuasion, rather than citation. Michael Smolens Columnist, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: San Diego’s reopening 2.0 success may depend on mask enforcement," 2 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'citation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of citation

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for citation

see cite

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Time Traveler for citation

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The first known use of citation was in the 14th century

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Last Updated

20 Oct 2020

Cite this Entry

“Citation.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 25 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for citation


How to pronounce citation (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of citation

US : an official order to appear before a court of law
: a formal public statement that praises a person for doing something good or brave
: a line or short section taken from a piece of writing or a speech


ci·​ta·​tion | \ sī-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce citation (audio) \

Kids Definition of citation

1 : an official order to appear in court
2 : an act or instance of quoting
4 : a formal public statement praising a person for doing something good a citation for bravery


ci·​ta·​tion | \ sī-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce citation (audio) \

Legal Definition of citation

1 : a writ giving notice to a person to appear in court: as
a : a process served upon an interested party in a probate proceeding
b : a notice to a person that he or she is charged with a petty offense (as a traffic violation) also : the document embodying the notice

Note: Citations are issued in minor criminal cases as an alternative to arrest. Often a person may consent in writing to the penalty specified on the citation and forgo an appearance in court.

2 : the citing of a previously decided case or recognized legal authority as support for an argument also : the caption used for referring to such a case or authority especially as published in a reporter

Other Words from citation

citational \ -​shə-​nəl How to pronounce citational (audio) \ adjective

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