causation

noun
cau·​sa·​tion | \ kȯ-ˈzā-shən How to pronounce causation (audio) \

Definition of causation

1a : the act or process of causing the role of heredity in the causation of cancer
b : the act or agency which produces an effect in a complex situation causation is likely to be multiple— W. O. Aydelotte
2 : causality

Keep scrolling for more

Examples of causation in a Sentence

the role of heredity in the causation of cancer He claimed that the accident caused his injury, but the court ruled that he did not provide sufficient evidence of causation.

Recent Examples on the Web

The point is, the correlation between high dietary fiber intake and reduced risk of health conditions does not necessarily equal causation with the intake of fiber itself. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "How Much Fiber Should I Be Eating to Feel Regular?," 30 May 2019 For example, problems presented in combat, less-discernable nuances informing certain decisions, determining causation and the analysis of a range of different interwoven variables – are arguably things best performed by the human mind. Kris Osborn, Fox News, "Pentagon makes massive new AI push for tanks, ships, weapons, drones and networks," 19 July 2018 While correlation does not imply causation, the parallels between Trump’s words and the violent actions that follow are uncanny. Zach Schermele, Teen Vogue, "Donald Trump's Ideology Is Supporting Political Violence," 30 Oct. 2018 But correlation does not imply causation, as every social science student knows. Jon Talton, The Seattle Times, "Washington’s paradox: Progressive politics but regressive tax system," 23 Oct. 2018 That issue of causation is a plague for studies beyond aggression, too. Cathleen O'grady, Ars Technica, "What do we actually know about the risks of screen time and digital media?," 17 Oct. 2018 Perhaps the global rise of authoritarians and big tech platforms are merely correlated, and no causation can be proved. Casey Newton, The Verge, "Why social media is friend to far-right politicians around the world," 30 Oct. 2018 But this is about correlation, not causation: Having schizophrenia doesn't inherently make a person dangerous. Nina Bahadur, SELF, "9 Facts to Know About Schizophrenia, Which Is Way Too Misunderstood," 15 Sep. 2018 More vital to Chicago and other cities losing their black populations is the question of causation. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "How a ‘reverse Great Migration’ is reshaping U.S. cities," 31 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'causation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of causation

1615, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for causation

borrowed from Medieval Latin causātiōn-, causātiō "accusation, objection, causal action," going back to Latin, "plea, excuse," from causārī "to plead an action in law, plead as an excuse" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of verbal action — more at cause entry 2

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about causation

Statistics for causation

Last Updated

14 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for causation

The first known use of causation was in 1615

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for causation

causation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of causation

formal
: the act or process of causing something to happen or exist
: the relationship between an event or situation and a possible reason or cause

causation

noun
cau·​sa·​tion | \ kȯ-ˈzā-shən How to pronounce causation (audio) \

Legal Definition of causation

1a : the act or process of causing proof of objective causation of injury by the perpetrator— Alan Freeman
b : the act or agency that produces an effect evidence was presented on doctor's malpractice…for…proof of causationNational Law Journal if plaintiffs could establish…that the caps were manufactured by one of the defendants, the burden of proof as to causation would shift to all the defendantsSindell v. Abbott Laboratories, 607 P.2d 924 (1980)
2 : the relation between cause and effect especially as an element to be proven in a tort or criminal case must be “legal” causation between the acts and the results— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr. — see also chain of causation

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on causation

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with causation

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for causation

Britannica English: Translation of causation for Arabic Speakers

Comments on causation

What made you want to look up causation? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

showing courage and determination

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Words for Summer: A Quiz

  • a closeup of a sunflower
  • Which of the following words means “of or relating to summer”?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!