causation

noun
cau·​sa·​tion | \ kȯ-ˈzā-shən \

Definition of causation

1a : the act or process of causing the role of heredity in the causation of cancer
b : the act or agency which produces an effect in a complex situation causation is likely to be multiple— W. O. Aydelotte
2 : causality

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Examples of causation in a Sentence

the role of heredity in the causation of cancer He claimed that the accident caused his injury, but the court ruled that he did not provide sufficient evidence of causation.

Recent Examples on the Web

While correlation does not imply causation, the parallels between Trump’s words and the violent actions that follow are uncanny. Zach Schermele, Teen Vogue, "Donald Trump's Ideology Is Supporting Political Violence," 30 Oct. 2018 But correlation does not imply causation, as every social science student knows. Jon Talton, The Seattle Times, "Washington’s paradox: Progressive politics but regressive tax system," 23 Oct. 2018 That issue of causation is a plague for studies beyond aggression, too. Cathleen O'grady, Ars Technica, "What do we actually know about the risks of screen time and digital media?," 17 Oct. 2018 Perhaps the global rise of authoritarians and big tech platforms are merely correlated, and no causation can be proved. Casey Newton, The Verge, "Why social media is friend to far-right politicians around the world," 30 Oct. 2018 But this is about correlation, not causation: Having schizophrenia doesn't inherently make a person dangerous. Nina Bahadur, SELF, "9 Facts to Know About Schizophrenia, Which Is Way Too Misunderstood," 15 Sep. 2018 More vital to Chicago and other cities losing their black populations is the question of causation. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "How a ‘reverse Great Migration’ is reshaping U.S. cities," 31 July 2018 Although a correlation was observed, the data does not prove causation. Jason Lemon, ajc, "Heavy drinking may increase 'bad' bacteria in your mouth, study finds," 30 Apr. 2018 Amid all these gleaming fragments are meditations on the nature of historical time, the mysteries of human motivation, the endless riddle of causation and the heart-rending loss of once-possible alternatives. Dagmar Herzog, New York Times, "Surviving Europe’s Horrendous 20th Century," 6 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'causation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of causation

1615, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for causation

borrowed from Medieval Latin causātiōn-, causātiō "accusation, objection, causal action," going back to Latin, "plea, excuse," from causārī "to plead an action in law, plead as an excuse" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of verbal action — more at cause entry 2

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Statistics for causation

Last Updated

25 Jan 2019

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Time Traveler for causation

The first known use of causation was in 1615

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More Definitions for causation

causation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of causation

formal
: the act or process of causing something to happen or exist
: the relationship between an event or situation and a possible reason or cause

causation

noun
cau·​sa·​tion | \ kȯ-ˈzā-shən \

Legal Definition of causation

1a : the act or process of causing proof of objective causation of injury by the perpetrator— Alan Freeman
b : the act or agency that produces an effect evidence was presented on doctor's malpractice…for…proof of causationNational Law Journal if plaintiffs could establish…that the caps were manufactured by one of the defendants, the burden of proof as to causation would shift to all the defendantsSindell v. Abbott Laboratories, 607 P.2d 924 (1980)
2 : the relation between cause and effect especially as an element to be proven in a tort or criminal case must be “legal” causation between the acts and the results— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr. — see also chain of causation

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More from Merriam-Webster on causation

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with causation

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for causation

Britannica English: Translation of causation for Arabic Speakers

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