probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Definition of probation

1 : critical examination and evaluation or subjection to such examination and evaluation
2a : subjection of an individual to a period of testing and trial to ascertain fitness (as for a job or school)
b : the action of suspending the sentence of a convicted offender and giving the offender freedom during good behavior under the supervision of a probation officer
c : the state or a period of being subject to probation

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Other Words from probation

probational \ prō-​ˈbā-​shnəl How to pronounce probation (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ prō-​ˈbā-​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probation (audio) \ adjective

Examples of probation in a Sentence

As a new employee, I will be on probation for three months. He hoped that the judge would grant him probation. He was sentenced to one year's probation. He was sent back to prison for violating his probation. She was arrested while on probation. Instead of firing her, they put her on probation. The student was placed on probation for copying test answers.
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Recent Examples on the Web Lawyers agreed on Noble’s sentence to four years on probation. Dallas News, "Man stalked high-profile lawyer Messina Madson in 2018, jury decides," 5 May 2021 As a result of the bad inspection, Missouri proposed placing Jackie’s home day care license on probation. Lizzie Presser, ProPublica, "The Child Care Industry Was Collapsing. Mrs. Jackie Bet Everything on an Impossible Dream to Save It.," 1 May 2021 Family Tapestry, which has a state contract for case management and placement of Bexar County’s foster children, could be put on probation, face monetary penalties and possibly lose the contract. Jacob Beltran, San Antonio Express-News, "'Worst of all situations' - Children's Shelter, Family Tapestry defensive after report," 28 Apr. 2021 Fees to be on probation, electronically monitored at home or released from jail to work during the day. Jessie Van Berkel, Star Tribune, "Minnesota's criminal justice fees often fall hardest on poor," 27 Apr. 2021 In addition to the shooting incident in Rhode Island, Solitro had been convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence in connection with a 2007 incident that led to his being placed on probation. Richard Winton, Los Angeles Times, "Man donned body armor, was killed by LAPD. It wasn’t the first time he was shot by police," 26 Apr. 2021 Two men who pleaded guilty to attacking participants at a Black Lives Matter protest in Imperial Beach last summer and punching a Black journalist covering the event were placed on probation Monday. City News Service, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Probation for pair who targeted protesters in Imperial Beach," 26 Apr. 2021 He was sentenced to 600 hours of community service, three years of formal probation and was to make $60,049 in restitution. New York Times, "A Cautionary Tale for Nearly Everyone," 15 Apr. 2021 On the same day, Bush commutes Libby’s prison sentence but leaves in place the $250,000 fine and 2 years of probation. Cnn Editorial Research, CNN, "CIA Leak Fast Facts," 25 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'probation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of probation

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for probation

Middle English probacioun, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French probation, from Latin probation-, probatio, from probare

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Time Traveler for probation

Time Traveler

The first known use of probation was in the 15th century

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Statistics for probation

Last Updated

9 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Probation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/probation. Accessed 9 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for probation

probation

noun

English Language Learners Definition of probation

: a situation or period of time in which a person who is starting a new job is tested and watched to see if that person is able to do the job properly
law : a situation or period of time in which a person who has committed a crime is allowed to stay out of prison if that person behaves well, does not commit another crime, etc.
US : a situation or period of time in which a person who has made a serious mistake or done something bad is watched and must behave well in order not to be seriously punished

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Kids Definition of probation

1 : the condition of being closely watched and evaluated for a period of time or the period of time during which this happens
2 : the early release of a prisoner on certain conditions

probation

noun
pro·​ba·​tion | \ prō-ˈbā-shən How to pronounce probation (audio) \

Legal Definition of probation

1a : subjection to a period of evaluation and possible termination at the commencement of employment in a position for which one's fitness is to be determined
b : subjection to a period of review in the course of employment or education as a result of a violation of standards and with the possibility of dismissal if standards are not met
2a : the suspension of all or part of a sentence and its replacement by freedom subject to specific conditions and the supervision of a probation officer it is the intent of the legislature that the granting of probation shall be a matter of grace conferring no vested right to its continuanceMichigan Statutes Annotated

called also community supervision

— compare diversion, parole
b : probation as a sentence in itself
c : the period or state of being subject to probation arrested while on probation

Other Words from probation

probational \ -​shə-​nəl How to pronounce probation (audio) \ adjective
probationally adverb
probationary \ -​shə-​ˌner-​ē How to pronounce probation (audio) \ adjective

History and Etymology for probation

Middle French, critical examination and evaluation, from Latin probation- probatio, from probare to test, approve, prove

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Comments on probation

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