polyomavirus

noun

poly·​oma·​vi·​rus ˌpä-lē-ˈō-mə-ˌvī-rəs How to pronounce polyomavirus (audio)
: any virus of a family (Polyomaviridae and especially genus Polyomavirus) of double-stranded DNA viruses that induce tumors in specific mammals

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web In recent years, researchers have suggested that viruses such as herpes virus-6, Merkel cell polyomavirus and Epstein-Barr could trigger LCH. Amitha Kalaichandran, Discover Magazine, 9 Aug. 2020 The raccoon polyomavirus is more closely related to the human version, rather than that of animals, according to the study published in the January issue of Emerging Infectious Disease. Breanna Draxler, Discover Magazine, 10 Jan. 2013 In that case, the JC polyomavirus may become active and destroy the cells that make myelin, according to the National Organization of Rare Diseases (NORD). Sara Gaynes Levy, SELF, 7 Mar. 2022 Twarock’s tilings therefore applied to a wider range of viruses, including the polyomaviruses and papillomaviruses that had evaded Caspar and Klug’s classification. Quanta Magazine, 19 July 2017 The lab extracted and sequenced the genetic material in the sample, intending to look for an organism called JC polyomavirus that is a research interest of one of the team members. National Geographic, 8 Dec. 2016

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'polyomavirus.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

New Latin polyoma, from poly- + -oma

First Known Use

1958, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of polyomavirus was in 1958

Dictionary Entries Near polyomavirus

Cite this Entry

“Polyomavirus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polyomavirus. Accessed 28 Jan. 2023.

Medical Definition

polyomavirus

noun
poly·​oma·​vi·​rus
ˌpäl-ē-ˈō-mə-
1
capitalized : a genus of double-stranded DNA viruses (family Polyomaviridae) that contain a single molecule of DNA, have a capsid composed of 72 capsomers, and induce tumors usually in specific mammals and that include simian virus 40 and the causative agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
2
: any of the genus Polyomavirus of double-stranded DNA viruses

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