poliovirus

noun po·lio·vi·rus \ ˈpō-lē-(ˌ)ō-ˌvī-rəs \
variants: or less commonly polio virus

Definition of poliovirus

:an enterovirus (species Poliovirus) occurring in three distinct serotypes that cause polio
Note: The poliovirus is typically transmitted orally by food, drink, or hands that are contaminated with infected fecal matter. The virus may sometimes be transmitted by the respiratory droplets or saliva of an infected individual. The poliovirus multiplies in the intestinal tract and sometimes spreads in the bloodstream throughout the body.

Recent Examples of poliovirus from the Web

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Origin and Etymology of poliovirus

New Latin, from poliomyelitis + virus


Medical Dictionary

poliovirus

noun po·lio·vi·rus \ ˈpō-lē-(ˌ)ō-ˌvī-rəs \
variants: also polio virus

medical Definition of poliovirus

:a picornavirus of the genus Enterovirus (species Poliovirus) that occurs in three distinct serotypes that cause polio
Note: The poliovirus is typically transmitted orally by food, drink, or hands that are contaminated with infected fecal matter. The virus may sometimes be transmitted by the respiratory droplets or saliva of an infected individual. The poliovirus multiplies in the intestinal tract and sometimes spreads in the bloodstream throughout the body.
  • A distinctive characteristic of acute polio infection is the predilection of the poliovirus for the nerve cells that control muscles.
  • —Lauro S. HalsteadScientific AmericanApril 1998

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