cytomegalovirus

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noun cy·to·meg·a·lo·vi·rus \ ˌsī-tə-ˌme-gə-lō-ˈvī-rəs \

Definition of cytomegalovirus

1 :a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 5 of the genus Cytomegalovirus) that in healthy individuals causes an infection that is asymptomatic or is accompanied by mild symptoms (such as fever or fatigue) but in immunocompromised individuals and newborns may cause an infection marked by serious, sometimes life-threatening symptoms (such as pneumonia, hepatitis, retinitis, brain inflammation, or seizures)
2 :infection with or disease caused by the cytomegalovirus abbreviation CMV

Recent Examples of cytomegalovirus from the Web

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Origin and Etymology of cytomegalovirus

New Latin, from cytomegalia + -o- + virus


Medical Dictionary

cytomegalovirus

play
noun cy·to·meg·a·lo·vi·rus \ ˌsīt-ə-ˌmeg-ə-lō-ˈvī-rəs \

medical Definition of cytomegalovirus

1 :a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 5 of the genus Cytomegalovirus) that in healthy individuals causes an infection that is asymptomatic or is accompanied by mild symptoms (as fever or fatigue) but in immunocompromised individuals and newborns may cause an infection marked by serious, sometimes life-threatening symptoms (as pneumonia, hepatitis, retinitis, brain inflammation, or seizures)
Note: Cytomegalovirus is transmitted chiefly in infected body fluids and secretions (such as urine or saliva) and causes enlargement of infected cells and formation of inclusion bodies.
  • Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a DNA herpesvirus with more than 200 genes, is a giant among viruses.
  • —Bernard RoizmanScience30 June 2000
  • Her vision was failing at that point from CMV, cytomegalovirus, a common and usually harmless bug that can turn vicious in AIDS cases.
  • —Peter Goldman and Lucille BeachyNewsweek21 July 1986
  • Ganciclovir and foscarnet can be used to treat respiratory tract infections caused by cytomegalovirus in immunocompromised adults.
  • —Harvey B. SimonScientific American MedicineSeptember 1994
2 :infection with or disease caused by the cytomegalovirus
  • Many of recent patients had also been treated for viral inflections such as herpes, cytomegalovirus and hepatitis B, as well as parasitic infections such as amoebiasis and giardiasis, the CDC said.
  • The Springfield (Massachusetts) Morning Union29 Aug. 1981
  • Cytomegalovirus retinitis can cause retinal detachment and these patients may complain of floaters, flashing lights, or loss of vision, although the onset of vision loss in these patients tends to occur more suddenly and can be described as a “curtain coming down over the eye.”
  • —Scott M. WhitcupThe Journal of the American Medical Association10 Jan. 1996
abbreviation CMV

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