cytomegalovirus

noun
cy·​to·​meg·​a·​lo·​vi·​rus | \ ˌsī-tə-ˌme-gə-lō-ˈvī-rəs How to pronounce cytomegalovirus (audio) \

Definition of cytomegalovirus

1 : a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 5 of the genus Cytomegalovirus) that in healthy individuals causes an infection that is asymptomatic or is accompanied by mild symptoms (such as fever or fatigue) but in immunocompromised individuals and newborns may cause an infection marked by serious, sometimes life-threatening symptoms (such as pneumonia, hepatitis, retinitis, brain inflammation, or seizures)
2 : infection with or disease caused by the cytomegalovirus abbreviation CMV

Examples of cytomegalovirus in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Moderna also has a cytomegalovirus (CMV) vaccine about to enter phase 3 trials that has six mRNAs, and has preclinical data on another comprising 10 mRNAs. Laura Defrancesco, Scientific American, 6 Jan. 2022 For example, some small studies during the pandemic offered hints that severe COVID-19 is associated with a quickening of latent cytomegalovirus or herpes simplex virus. Roxanne Khamsi, The Atlantic, 17 Nov. 2021 As of right now, there are no medications that can prevent a cytomegalovirus infection. Maggie O'neill, Health.com, 20 Oct. 2021 Moderna’s only current product is its Covid-19 vaccine, but the company is developing other vaccines against Zika, influenza, cytomegalovirus and other pathogens that could be made at the plant and meet demand in Africa. Peter Loftus, WSJ, 7 Oct. 2021 The technology has been studied and tested for decades, including in the development of vaccines for flu, Zika, rabies and cytomegalovirus. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, 19 Sep. 2021 The lawsuit says Monroe-Lynch was inseminated with sperm from a donor who was a carrier for cytomegalovirus, or CMV, a herpes virus that causes severe birth defects or fetal death if contracted during pregnancy. Stephen Singer, courant.com, 29 June 2021 Unlike human cytomegalovirus, the coronavirus doesn’t seem capable of hiding inside our bodies in the same way for decades. Sarah Zhang, The Atlantic, 7 Apr. 2021 In work that has not yet been published, Zhu’s team loaded up the cytomegalovirus with anti-aging gene targets, including telomerase. Megan Molteni, STAT, 3 May 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cytomegalovirus.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of cytomegalovirus

1960, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for cytomegalovirus

New Latin, from cytomegalia + -o- + virus

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The first known use of cytomegalovirus was in 1960

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Dictionary Entries Near cytomegalovirus

cytomegalic

cytomegalovirus

cytomembrane

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Cite this Entry

“Cytomegalovirus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cytomegalovirus. Accessed 13 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for cytomegalovirus

cytomegalovirus

noun
cy·​to·​meg·​a·​lo·​vi·​rus | \ ˌsīt-ə-ˌmeg-ə-lō-ˈvī-rəs How to pronounce cytomegalovirus (audio) \

Medical Definition of cytomegalovirus

1 : a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 5 of the genus Cytomegalovirus) that in healthy individuals causes an infection that is asymptomatic or is accompanied by mild symptoms (as fever or fatigue) but in immunocompromised individuals and newborns may cause an infection marked by serious, sometimes life-threatening symptoms (as pneumonia, hepatitis, retinitis, brain inflammation, or seizures)

Note: Cytomegalovirus is transmitted chiefly in infected body fluids and secretions (such as urine or saliva) and causes enlargement of infected cells and formation of inclusion bodies.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a DNA herpesvirus with more than 200 genes, is a giant among viruses.— Bernard Roizman, Science Her vision was failing at that point from CMV, cytomegalovirus, a common and usually harmless bug that can turn vicious in AIDS cases.— Peter Goldman and Lucille Beachy, Newsweek Ganciclovir and foscarnet can be used to treat respiratory tract infections caused by cytomegalovirus in immunocompromised adults.— Harvey B. Simon, Scientific American Medicine
2 : infection with or disease caused by the cytomegalovirus Many of recent patients had also been treated for viral inflections such as herpes, cytomegalovirus and hepatitis B, as well as parasitic infections such as amoebiasis and giardiasis, the CDC said.The Springfield (Massachusetts) Morning Union Cytomegalovirus retinitis can cause retinal detachment and these patients may complain of floaters, flashing lights, or loss of vision, although the onset of vision loss in these patients tends to occur more suddenly and can be described as a "curtain coming down over the eye."— Scott M. Whitcup, The Journal of the American Medical Association abbreviation CMV

More from Merriam-Webster on cytomegalovirus

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cytomegalovirus

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