cytomegalovirus

noun
cy·​to·​meg·​a·​lo·​vi·​rus | \ ˌsī-tə-ˌme-gə-lō-ˈvī-rəs How to pronounce cytomegalovirus (audio) \

Definition of cytomegalovirus

1 : a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 5 of the genus Cytomegalovirus) that in healthy individuals causes an infection that is asymptomatic or is accompanied by mild symptoms (such as fever or fatigue) but in immunocompromised individuals and newborns may cause an infection marked by serious, sometimes life-threatening symptoms (such as pneumonia, hepatitis, retinitis, brain inflammation, or seizures)
2 : infection with or disease caused by the cytomegalovirus abbreviation CMV

Examples of cytomegalovirus in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web But the most common diagnosis for GGOs is viral pneumonias, most often caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, and coronavirus. Leah Groth, Health.com, "What Do 'Ground Glass Opacities' Mean in Lung Scans of COVID-19 Patients?," 16 Apr. 2020 Other viruses, like cytomegalovirus, Zika, and rubella, can seriously harm babies in the womb—sometimes in ways that are not immediately evident at birth. Rachel Pearson, The New Yorker, "What It’s Like to Be a Pregnant Physician During the Coronavirus Outbreak," 24 Mar. 2020 Enrollment in mid-stage study of Moderna’s mRNA-1647, a vaccine for cytomegalovirus or CMV, an infection that can lead to birth defects, has been completed for two of the three dosing arms. BostonGlobe.com, "Moderna pharmaceutical’s stock surges on virus news," 26 Feb. 2020 The scientists looked at cells infected with cytomegalovirus, a common cause of birth defects. Quanta Magazine, "Viruses Find a New Way to Hijack Cells," 6 Dec. 2016 In a small percentage of patients, mono can be caused by other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus. New York Times, "My Daughter Has Mono. Is the Whole Family at Risk?," 29 June 2018 Both are based on a herpes virus – cytomegalovirus – common in Americans and in almost everyone in the developing world. Lynne Terry, OregonLive.com, "Oregon scientist develops promising vaccine against tuberculosis," 15 Jan. 2018 Sometimes babies infected in the womb with viruses like rubella or cytomegalovirus appear normal at birth, but later turn out to have serious problems with hearing, vision or learning, and officials want to know if Zika carries the same risks. Donald G. Mcneil Jr., New York Times, "First Baby in Puerto Rico With Zika-Related Microcephaly Born," 28 Oct. 2016 Congratulations for spotlighting CMV (cytomegalovirus), a disease that can ruin the life of a fetus and baby. Dp Opinion, The Denver Post, "Spotlighting the dangers and frequency of CMV," 3 Feb. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cytomegalovirus.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of cytomegalovirus

1960, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for cytomegalovirus

New Latin, from cytomegalia + -o- + virus

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about cytomegalovirus

Time Traveler for cytomegalovirus

Time Traveler

The first known use of cytomegalovirus was in 1960

See more words from the same year

Statistics for cytomegalovirus

Last Updated

27 Apr 2020

Cite this Entry

“Cytomegalovirus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cytomegalovirus. Accessed 29 May. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for cytomegalovirus

cytomegalovirus

noun
cy·​to·​meg·​a·​lo·​vi·​rus | \ ˌsīt-ə-ˌmeg-ə-lō-ˈvī-rəs How to pronounce cytomegalovirus (audio) \

Medical Definition of cytomegalovirus

1 : a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 5 of the genus Cytomegalovirus) that in healthy individuals causes an infection that is asymptomatic or is accompanied by mild symptoms (as fever or fatigue) but in immunocompromised individuals and newborns may cause an infection marked by serious, sometimes life-threatening symptoms (as pneumonia, hepatitis, retinitis, brain inflammation, or seizures)

Note: Cytomegalovirus is transmitted chiefly in infected body fluids and secretions (such as urine or saliva) and causes enlargement of infected cells and formation of inclusion bodies.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a DNA herpesvirus with more than 200 genes, is a giant among viruses.— Bernard Roizman, Science Her vision was failing at that point from CMV, cytomegalovirus, a common and usually harmless bug that can turn vicious in AIDS cases.— Peter Goldman and Lucille Beachy, Newsweek Ganciclovir and foscarnet can be used to treat respiratory tract infections caused by cytomegalovirus in immunocompromised adults.— Harvey B. Simon, Scientific American Medicine
2 : infection with or disease caused by the cytomegalovirus Many of recent patients had also been treated for viral inflections such as herpes, cytomegalovirus and hepatitis B, as well as parasitic infections such as amoebiasis and giardiasis, the CDC said.The Springfield (Massachusetts) Morning Union Cytomegalovirus retinitis can cause retinal detachment and these patients may complain of floaters, flashing lights, or loss of vision, although the onset of vision loss in these patients tends to occur more suddenly and can be described as a "curtain coming down over the eye."— Scott M. Whitcup, The Journal of the American Medical Association abbreviation CMV

More from Merriam-Webster on cytomegalovirus

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cytomegalovirus

Comments on cytomegalovirus

What made you want to look up cytomegalovirus? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

May 2020 Words of the Day Quiz

  • a blooming wisteria tree
  • Which is a synonym of exiguous?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Citation

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!