fume

noun
\ ˈfyüm How to pronounce fume (audio) \

Definition of fume

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a smoke, vapor, or gas especially when irritating or offensive engine exhaust fumes
b : an often noxious suspension of particles in a gas (such as air)
2 : something (such as an emotion) that impairs one's reasoning sometimes his head gets a little hot with the fumes of patriotism— Matthew Arnold
3 : a state of excited irritation or anger usually used in the phrase in a fume
on fumes
: with little of the original strength or energy remaining tired ballplayers running on fumes

fume

verb
fumed; fuming

Definition of fume (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to expose to or treat with fumes
2 : to give off in fumes fuming thick black smoke
3 : to utter while in a state of excited irritation or anger

intransitive verb

1a : to emit fumes
b : to be in a state of excited irritation or anger fretted and fumed over the delay
2 : to rise in or as if in fumes

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Other Words from fume

Noun

fumy \ ˈfyü-​mē How to pronounce fumy (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms for fume

Synonyms: Verb

boil, burn, foam, rage, rankle, seethe, sizzle, steam, storm

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Examples of fume in a Sentence

Verb

She's still fuming about not being invited to the party. We sat there waiting for him, fuming with anger at the delay. “They made these changes without even asking our opinion,” one employee fumed. The volcano was fuming thick black smoke.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The reason that selling a home on a busy artery is problematic is that many buyers fear heavy traffic will translate to noise and fumes. Ellen James Martin, courant.com, "Selling a house that’s on a busy street," 10 July 2019 This can increase ventilation and carry away any potentially harmful fumes. Markham Heid, Time, "Are Paint Fumes a Health Concern? Here's What the Latest Science Says," 5 July 2019 Woodford County Emergency Management Director Drew Chandler said in a telephone interview the only thing left burning is ethanol fumes. chicagotribune.com, "Authorities fear Jim Beam bourbon fire’s booze-laden runoff will end up killing fish," 5 July 2019 Woodford County Emergency Management Director Drew Chandler said in a telephone interview the only thing left burning is ethanol fumes. Washington Post, "Decision on extinguishing Jim Beam fire a ‘day or two’ away," 4 July 2019 But many of the campaigns — more than half the field is registering in single digit percentages or lower in national polls— could be running on fumes by the end of the summer. Aamer Madhani, USA TODAY, "Democrats take first swipes, highlight their differences in first night of debate," 26 June 2019 An elderly couple and a Scottsdale firefighter were transported to the hospital after being exposed to exhaust fumes in the couple's home, the Phoenix Fire Department said. Molly Hudson, azcentral, "Elderly couple and firefighter sent to hospital after car left running overnight," 16 June 2019 Aggressively pretty clothes were worn in a fume flecked background that prefigured the gilet jaunes Parisian chaos of the last few months. Vogue, "Vogue Editors Share Their Favorite Fashion Shows of the Year," 28 Dec. 2018 Meanwhile, the study did not comment on how well pilots can perform when a cockpit is filled with vaping fumes. Janine Puhak, Fox News, "Pilots risk making mistakes in cockpits with poor air quality, Harvard study claims," 10 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Paul Sauer spins his head like a hawk, standing on the roof of the Marine Air Terminal at La Guardia Airport, as jets whine and fume on the tarmac below. Andrew Blum, Time, "Inside the Weather Wars That May Threaten the Daily Forecast You Depend On," 27 June 2019 The paused protesters spun and ran again, smoke fumes licking at their backs. Alice Su, latimes.com, "A new kind of Hong Kong activism emerges as protesters mobilize without any leaders," 14 June 2019 As Alceste, Elliott Kashner fumes and stammers with disgust, often while dangling a couplet’s final word for comic effect. Nelson Pressley, Washington Post, "‘A Misanthrope’ brings Molière’s fabulous fakes into the 21st century," 5 June 2019 Tie Game: Mané Scores This time it’s Madrid’s defenders who are fuming. Rory Smith, New York Times, "Real Madrid Beats Liverpool in Champions League Final on a Wonder and Two Blunders," 27 May 2018 Last month, the chief of staff who once fumed about the access given to Wolff carved out time in his schedule for a book interview of his own. Washington Post, BostonGlobe.com, "John Kelly: Is White House chief of staff on the outside looking in?," 9 Apr. 2018 Last month, the chief of staff who once fumed about the access given to Wolff carved out time in his schedule for a book interview of his own. Author: Ashley Parker, Josh Dawsey, Philip Rucker, Anchorage Daily News, "'When you lose that power': How John Kelly faded as White House disciplinarian," 8 Apr. 2018 Last month, the chief of staff who once fumed about the access given to Wolff carved out time in his schedule for a book interview of his own. The Washington Post, NOLA.com, "'When you lose that power': How John Kelly faded as White House disciplinarian," 7 Apr. 2018 The irony is that the same progressives who obsess over inequality and statistical disparities also fume at education reforms... Jason L. Riley, WSJ, "Progressives Threaten to Destroy School Reform," 2 Apr. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fume.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fume

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for fume

Noun

Middle English, "smoke, exhalation," borrowed from Anglo-French fum, going back to Latin fūmus "smoke, fumes," going back to Indo-European *dhuh2-mó- "smoke, vapor" (whence also Old Church Slavic dymŭ "smoke," Lithuanian dū́mai, Sanskrit dhūmáḥ, and probably Greek thȳmós "spirit, mind, courage"), noun derivative from a verbal base *dhu̯eh2- or *dheu̯h2- "produce smoke by burning," whence Greek thýō, thýein "to sacrifice," Latin suffiō, suffīre "to subject to smoke, fumigate," Old Church Slavic dujǫ, duti "to blow" and perhaps Tocharian B twās- "kindle, ignite"

Note: Also allied are Hittite tuhhae-, perhaps "to smoke out, drive out by smoke," from an unattested noun derivative (earlier glossed as "gasp, cough"; see A. Kloeckhorst, Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon, Brill, 2008); and Old High German toum "vapor, smoke," Middle Dutch doom "vapor, steam," going back to Germanic *dauma-, presumably from an o-grade derivative *dhou̯h2-mo-. Greek thȳmós is an exact phonetic correspondent to the other words, though the sense divergence suggests influence from some phonetically similar base of different meaning.

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Statistics for fume

Last Updated

15 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for fume

The first known use of fume was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for fume

fume

noun

English Language Learners Definition of fume

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: smoke or gas that smells unpleasant

fume

verb

English Language Learners Definition of fume (Entry 2 of 2)

: to show or feel anger
: to say (something) in an angry way
: to produce or give off (smoke, fumes, etc.)

fume

noun
\ ˈfyüm How to pronounce fume (audio) \

Kids Definition of fume

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a disagreeable smoke, vapor, or gas usually used in pl. noxious fumes

fume

verb
fumed; fuming

Kids Definition of fume (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give off a disagreeable smoke, vapor, or gas
2 : to be angry
3 : to say something in an angry way “Don't ever ask me again,” I fumed.

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More from Merriam-Webster on fume

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with fume

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for fume

Spanish Central: Translation of fume

Nglish: Translation of fume for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fume for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about fume

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