depend

verb

de·​pend di-ˈpend How to pronounce depend (audio)
depended; depending; depends

intransitive verb

1
: to be determined, based, or contingent (see contingent entry 1 sense 1)
life depends on food
the value of Y depends on X
2
: to be pending or undecided
matters of greatest moment were dependingJohn Milton
3
a
: to place reliance or trust
you can depend on me
b
: to be dependent especially for financial support
Her family depends on her paycheck.
still depends on his parents
4
: to hang down
a star was depending from his neckArnold Bennett

Examples of depend in a Sentence

whether or not we play baseball will depend on how much rain we get I know I can always depend on you for help when I really need it.
Recent Examples on the Web While these tools guide decisions, the ultimate choice depends on organizational requirements. Howard Chi, Forbes, 21 Feb. 2024 How much does a CPA make in Florida? CPA salaries in Florida range from $50,000 to $120,000 annually, depending on experience and specialization. Bryce Welker, Miami Herald, 21 Feb. 2024 At a bustling construction site outside of Dallas, there are hopes that Congress can finally pass nearly $95 billion in foreign aid including funding for Ukraine — because factory jobs in the United States depend on that money. Jamie Stengle, Fortune, 21 Feb. 2024 No uniform guidelines exist on what’s considered too little water intake, and the right amount of water for each person depends on their activity level and other health factors. Jani Hall, Health, 21 Feb. 2024 Wolff, a former deputy director general of the WTO and former deputy U.S. special trade representative, acknowledges that the revitalization of the body depends on factors beyond its control, including American domestic politics. Barry Eichengreen, Foreign Affairs, 20 Feb. 2024 Cortez said the program will continue through late spring or early summer, depending on how long the funds last. Elizabeth Campbell, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 8 Feb. 2024 Also, depending on who that person was, having steady leadership—at least steadier than Smith—could help stabilize the country, or at least keep it from tearing itself apart, to use Wisecarver’s words. Elliot Ackerman, WIRED, 8 Feb. 2024 Find it on Amazon This Pencil Skirt Can Be Customized The best part about this Pencil Skirt is that it can be adjusted to show more or less skin depending on your event or plans. Mia Meltzer, Rolling Stone, 7 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'depend.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English, from Anglo-French dependre, modification of Latin dependēre, from de- + pendēre to hang — more at pendant

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of depend was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near depend

Cite this Entry

“Depend.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/depend. Accessed 27 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

depend

verb
de·​pend di-ˈpend How to pronounce depend (audio)
1
: to be determined by or based on
success of the picnic will depend on the weather
2
: trust entry 2 sense 1a, rely
a person you can depend on
3
: to rely for support
children depend on their parents
4
: to hang down
a vine depending from a tree
Etymology

Middle English dependen "to exist or result from some other condition," from early French dependre (same meaning), derived from Latin dependēre "to hang down, hang from," from de- "from, down" and pendēre "to hang" — related to pendulum, perpendicular

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